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Only About One-Third of Americans Use Condoms: CDC

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Condoms can help prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but only about a third of Americans use them, a new federal report shows. "The use of condoms is a public health issue," said report author Casey Copen, a statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. "STDs can lead to long-term consequences, such as infertility," she said. "Condoms, when used consistently and correctly, reduce the risk of HIV and STDs." About 20 million new cases of STDs are diagnosed each year in the United States, the CDC said. These infections include human papillomavirus (HPV), gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis and HIV. The choice of whether to use a condom or not is influenced by a number of factors. These include: a woman's desire to get pregnant, one's experience using other ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Hepatitis C, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa

Syphilis Rates Spike Among U.S. Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC

Posted 7 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 – Syphilis rates among gay and bisexual men have skyrocketed in the past two decades, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. In 2015, gay and bisexual men accounted for more than 60 percent of early stage syphilis cases overall. And the national rate of early stage syphilis for this group was estimated to be at 309 cases per 100,000, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That rate was 106 times higher than the rate among heterosexual men and 168 times higher than the rate among women, the CDC report noted. "I think we need to step back and examine gay and bisexual men beyond the stats on syphilis," said Fred Wyand, spokesman for the American Sexual Health Association. These men are vulnerable for many reasons, including social factors placing them at higher risk for a number of tough health outcomes, he explained. "Better access to ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Syphilis, Neurosyphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Syphilis - Early, Syphilis - Latent

Gay Men Less Likely to Have Safe Sex Now: Survey

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – In a sign that powerful new ways to treat and prevent HIV are relaxing attitudes about safer sex, a new survey finds that gay and bisexual men are much less likely to use condoms than they were two decades ago. Men questioned at a Atlanta gay pride event in 2015 – including HIV-positive men – were more likely to say they'd recently had anal sex without a condom compared to men who were questioned at the same event in 2006 and 1997. Although there are signs that the rates of other sexually transmitted infections have increased and the possibility of a drug-resistant strain of the once-deadly virus looms, HIV experts said the condom-less trend may not be as troubling as it appears. "There has been an increase in the understanding that condom-less anal sex is not risky" if men take a drug to prevent HIV infection or take medication if they are already infected, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

Can HIV Drugs Boost Syphilis Risk?

Posted 17 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Gay and bisexual men taking antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV infection may be at increased risk for syphilis, new research contends. Based on a review of available evidence, the investigators concluded that the drugs may boost susceptibility to the bacterium that causes syphilis, although the study did not prove cause-and-effect. The finding might explain why new and repeat cases of syphilis in gay and bisexual men have risen sharply compared to other sexually transmitted infections over the past decade, the researchers wrote. The study team was led by Dr. Michael Rekart, from the University of British Columbia's School of Population and Public Health in Vancouver. The findings were published in the Jan. 16 issue of the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. The authors of an editorial that accompanied the study said the theory is "intriguing" and "warrants ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Tamiflu, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Valacyclovir, Ribavirin, Incivek, Zovirax, Syphilis, Baraclude, Famciclovir, Victrelis, Famvir, Oseltamivir, Viread, Daklinza, Kaletra, Ganciclovir

Pubic Grooming Tied to Higher STD Rates

Posted 6 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Brazilian bikini waxing and similar forms of personal grooming may be all the rage, but they come with a heightened risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease, new research suggests. The study found that frequent groomers of pubic hair are three to four times more likely to contract a sexually transmitted infection, such as herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV) or syphilis. "Grooming is linked to a heightened self-reported sexually transmitted disease risk, and for those who groom frequently or remove all of their hair often, the association is even higher," said lead researcher Dr. Charles Osterberg. He's an assistant professor of urology and surgery at the University of Texas Dell Medical School in Austin. Still, the study didn't prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship between pubic grooming and sexually transmitted infections, it was only designed to ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Cold sores, Herpes Simplex - Suppression, Herpes Simplex, Human Papilloma Virus, Syphilis, Herpes Simplex Labialis, Herpes Simplex, Mucocutaneous/Immunocompetent Host, Cervical Dysplasia, Neurosyphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Syphilis - Early, Herpes Simplex - Prophylaxis, Syphilis - Latent

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hit All-Time High: CDC

Posted 19 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19, 2016 – Sexually transmitted disease (STD) cases reached a record high in the United States in 2015, federal officials reported Wednesday. There were more than 1.5 million chlamydia cases, nearly 400,000 cases of gonorrhea, and nearly 24,000 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis, the most infectious stages of the disease, the report detailed. The largest increase in reported STD cases between 2014 to 2015 occurred in P&S syphilis (19 percent), followed by gonorrhea (13 percent) and chlamydia (6 percent), the report revealed. Findings were published in the annual Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These results point to the need for increased STD prevention efforts, especially among those at greatest risk, officials said. "We have reached a decisive moment for the nation," Dr. ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Syphilis, Neurosyphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection, Syphilis - Early, Congenital Syphilis, Syphilis - Latent

Study Dashes Millennials' Reputation as Hookup Generation

Posted 2 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 2, 2016 – A new study contradicts the common perception that young American adults – so-called Millennials – are having more casual sex than previous generations. Researchers analyzed decades of national data. They found 15 percent of young adults aged 20 to 24 born in the early 1990s (Millennials) had no sexual partners since age 18, compared with 6 percent of Americans born in the late 1960s (Generation Xers). Only people born in the 1920s reported having less sex in their early 20s. The drop in sexual activity between Generation Xers and Millennials was larger among women (2.3 percent to 5.4 percent) than men (1.7 percent to 1.9 percent). Whites were more likely to say they had no sexual partners as young adults (1.6 percent to 3.9 percent) than blacks (steady at 2.6 percent). The findings challenge "the widespread notion that Millennials are the 'hookup' generation, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Postcoital Contraception, Cold sores, Trichomoniasis, Herpes Simplex, Syphilis, Herpes Simplex Labialis, Trachoma, Gonococcal Infection, Psittacosis

Condom Use Falls When Teen Girls Opt for IUDs vs. The Pill

Posted 14 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 14, 2016 – High school girls who use long-acting contraception – such as IUDs or implants – are less likely to focus on condom use than girls who are on the Pill, a new study finds. Experts say the finding shows that many young women aren't paying enough attention to the dangers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which condoms help prevent. "We need to work on crafting a clear message about pregnancy prevention and STI prevention," Dr. Julia Potter, of the Boston Medical Center, and Dr. Karen Soren, of Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, wrote in a related editorial. "Dual protection for sexually active adolescents should be encouraged, so that adolescents are not exposed to the risk of pregnancy or the risk of STIs as a result of selecting condom use vs. effective contraception use," they said. The new study was led by Riley Steiner, of the ... Read more

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Task Force: Screen All Teens, Adults at Risk for Syphilis

Posted 15 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 – All adults and teens at increased risk for syphilis should be screened for the sexually transmitted disease, a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force draft recommendation says. The recommendation complements a 2009 task force recommendation that all pregnant women be screened for syphilis. Rates of the disease in the United States are on the rise, with nearly 20,000 cases of the earliest stages of syphilis reported in 2014, the highest since 1994. "Given the rising rates of syphilis infection, clinicians should focus on screening people at increased risk," task force member Dr. Francisco Garcia said in a task force news release. Garcia is director and chief medical officer of the Pima County Department of Health in Tucson, Ariz., and a professor of public health at the University of Arizona. Those at the highest risk for syphilis are gay and bisexual men and people ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Syphilis, Neurosyphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Congenital Syphilis, Syphilis - Early, Syphilis - Latent

CDC: Too Few Schools Teach Prevention of HIV, STDs, Pregnancy

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Too few U.S. schools teach students how to protect themselves from HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, how to prevent pregnancy, and other important sexual health information, federal officials reported Wednesday. In most of the country, fewer than half of high schools and only one-fifth of middle schools teach all 16 sexual health education topics recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 44 states, the proportion of high schools that teach all 16 topics in grades 9, 10, 11 or 12 ranges from 21 percent in Arizona to 90 percent in New Jersey. Only three states – New Hampshire, New Jersey and New York – have more than 75 percent of high schools teaching all of the topics. The proportion of middle schools that teach all 16 topics in grades 6, 7 or 8 ranges from 4 percent in Arizona to 46 percent in North Carolina. No state ... Read more

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Columbus Did Not Bring Syphilis Back to Europe, Research Shows

Posted 23 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 – It's a common notion that after discovering America, Columbus and his crew then brought back the scourge of syphilis to Europe. But there's now conclusive evidence that the theory simply isn't true, and syphilis was already present in the Old World long before Columbus set sail in 1492. Researchers at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria, say they have discovered evidence of congenital syphilis – the type of illness passed from a mother to her fetus – in skeletons buried as early as 1320 in the cathedral square of St. Polten, Austria. The investigators, from the university's Center for Anatomy and Cell Biology, cut away extremely thin slices of bones and teeth of the skeletons to examine under the microscope. The teeth provided especially good evidence supporting syphilis infection, said a team led by Karl Grossschmidt and Fabian Kanz, of the university's ... Read more

Related support groups: Syphilis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Tertiary Syphilis, Neurosyphilis, Congenital Syphilis, Syphilis - Early, Syphilitic Parkinsonism, Syphilis - Latent, Syphilitic Aortic Aneurysm, Syphilitic Aortitis

Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia Rates Rising for First Time in Years: CDC

Posted 17 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 – The number of cases of three key sexually transmitted diseases increased last year for the first time since 2006, concerned U.S. health officials reported Tuesday. In 2014, 1.4 million cases of chlamydia were reported to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – a 2.8 percent increase since 2013. This is the highest number of cases of any STD ever reported to the CDC, the government researchers said in the annual report. Substantial increases were also reported in rates of syphilis (15 percent) and gonorrhea (5 percent). And the syphilis rates were highest among gay and bisexual men, according to the CDC's Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2014 report. "In the previous years, we have had some declines in some diseases and increases in others. But, we are concerned about the alarming increases we are seeing in chlamydia, gonorrhea and ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Syphilis, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Tertiary Syphilis, Gonococcal Infection, Syphilis - Early, Congenital Syphilis, Syphilis - Latent

Sharp Increase in U.S. Babies Born With Syphilis: CDC

Posted 12 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – As syphilis cases increase among U.S. women, doctors are seeing more babies born with the serious infection, health officials report. Congenital syphilis cases, which are transmitted from an infected mother to her unborn child, increased 38 percent between 2012 and 2014, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Last year, 458 newborns were diagnosed with the infection. "Congenital syphilis is a needless tragedy, and we need to be doing a better job of protecting newborn babies from this dangerous infection," said lead researcher, CDC epidemiologist Virginia Bowen. "These cases are entirely preventable, so 458 cases is 458 cases too many," she added. This spike represents a rapid turnaround from just a few years ago. Rates of the sexually transmitted infection dropped between 2008 and 2012, and reports of syphilis-infected infants ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Syphilis, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Syphilis - Early, Congenital Syphilis

Smartphone Device Detects HIV, Syphilis

Posted 4 Feb 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 4, 2015 – A smartphone accessory that can detect HIV and syphilis has been developed by Columbia University researchers. The low-cost device can spot markers of the infectious diseases from a finger prick of blood in 15 minutes. It's the first smartphone accessory that replicates all the functions of a laboratory-based blood test, according to the researchers. The device was tested by health care workers in Rwanda who used it to analyze blood samples from 96 patients. The health care workers were given 30 minutes of training on the device, and 97 percent of the patients had a positive response to the device. The findings were published Feb. 4 in the journal Science Translational Medicine. "Our work shows that a full laboratory-quality immunoassay can be run on a smartphone accessory," team leader Samuel Sia, an associate professor of biomedical engineering at Columbia ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Syphilis, Diagnosis and Investigation

Syphilis on the Rise Among Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC

Posted 16 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 16, 2014 – The number of cases of syphilis in the United States jumped 10 percent from 2012 to 2013, with gay and bisexual men accounting for 75 percent of the increase, U.S health officials reported Tuesday. Rates of another sexually transmitted disease – chlamydia – fell for the first time in 30 years, with more than 1.4 million reported cases in 2013. This represented a 1.5 percent decrease from 2012, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "There are over 20 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases [STDs] every year in the United States, and they continue to pose a risk of lifelong complications for millions of Americans," said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. According to the report, 17,357 cases of syphilis were reported in 2013 – a rate of 5.5 per 100,000 ... Read more

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