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Drug May Help Surgical Patients Stop Opioids Sooner

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 – Opioid painkillers after surgery can be the first step toward addiction for some patients. But a common drug might cut the amount of narcotics that patients need, a new study finds. When patients received a non-opioid medication called gabapentin before and after surgery, the need for continued opioid painkillers was reduced by 24 percent, said researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine. The finding comes amid an opioid epidemic in the United States. Since 1999, overdose deaths have quadrupled, in large part due to abuse of prescription painkillers such as OxyContin (oxycodone) or heroin. "Our country is facing an opioid crisis, and a lot of people are exposed to opioids after surgery," said researcher Dr. Sean Mackey, chief of the division of pain medicine. More than 51 million Americans undergo surgery each year, according to background notes in ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Percocet, Gabapentin, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Neurontin, Heroin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Roxicet, Gralise, Percocet 5/325, OxyIR, Percocet 7.5/325, Percodan, Oxyfast

FDA Warns Companies for Promoting Alternatives to Street Drugs

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

December 12, 2017 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today posted a warning letter to the marketers and distributors of Legal Lean Syrup, a drink, and Coco Loko, a “snortable” chocolate powder, for selling unapproved new drugs and misbranded drugs. The warning letter explains how the claims made in the promotional materials for Legal Lean Syrup and Coco Loko demonstrate that the products are intended to be used as alternatives to illicit street drugs and that the products, as labeled and marketed, may pose safety concerns. Drug abuse is a serious public health issue, and the FDA is concerned that products like Legal Lean Syrup and Coco Loko encourage drug abuse in individuals, including minors. Street drug alternatives are products that claim to mimic the effects of recreational drugs and are intended to be used for recreational purposes to affect psychological states. “As a phys ... Read more

Related support groups: Unisom, Substance Abuse, Alka-Seltzer, Doxylamine, Sleep Aid, Guarana, Night Time, Diclegis, All-Nite, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Dextromethorphan/Doxylamine, Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Doxylamine, Doxylamine/pyridoxine, Nyquil Cold & Flu, Fast Sleep, NyQuil D, Doxytex, All-Nite Cold, Multi-Symptom Nighttime, Robitussin Night Cold

Often, Opioid Abuse Becomes a Family Affair

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 – Opioid addiction often starts in the family medicine cabinet, a new study warns. If someone is taking prescription opioids for pain, such as OxyContin, it's more likely that others living in the home will also get an opioid prescription, the researchers found. "Prescription opioid use may spread within households, and patients may need to consider the risks to other family members," said lead researcher Marissa Seamans. She is a postdoctoral fellow at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health's department of mental health in Baltimore. Although the increased risk was small – less than 1 percent – it may be relevant across the whole population, since millions of opioids are prescribed in the United States each year, she noted. An opioid epidemic continues to wreak havoc in America. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 91 people die from ... Read more

Related support groups: OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Tylenol, Advil, Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

U.S. Courts, Jails Could Be Key Players in Curbing Opioid Abuse

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 6, 2017 – Just 5 percent of people referred for opioid addiction treatment by the U.S. criminal justice system receive the best treatment, a new study finds. Use of medications such as methadone and buprenorphine is considered the most effective way to treat opioid addiction, said researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The drugs help control the withdrawal symptoms and cravings that can lead to relapse and they reduce the risk for overdose. In contrast, the study found that 40 percent of people referred for opioid addiction treatment by other sources – such as health care providers, employers or themselves – were treated with medication. The low rate of referrals for medication among people in the criminal justice system highlights a missed opportunity to connect the highest-risk people with effective treatment, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Methadone, Opiate Dependence, Subutex, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Buprenorphine, Diskets, Substance Abuse, Methadose, Zubsolv, Methadone Diskets, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Bunavail, Buprenex, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Belbuca, Dolophine, Methadose Sugar-Free, Probuphine

Steep Rise in Deaths for People Hospitalized After Opioid OD

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 4, 2017 – The death rate has quadrupled among people whose opioid use lands them in a hospital, a new U.S. study finds. More opioid users are being sent to the hospital due to a life-threatening overdose than for treatment of drug addiction, the researchers noted. About 2 percent of people hospitalized for opioid use died in 2014, compared with 0.4 percent prior to 2000, the new analysis of federal hospital data revealed. The same analysis showed that hospitalizations due to opioid or heroin poisoning have increased in recent years, even as the rate of people seeking treatment of opioid addiction at a hospital has gone down, said senior researcher Dr. Zirui Song. He is an assistant professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School. Before the turn of the century, most opioid-related hospitalizations were for treatment of opioid dependence and abuse. The more dire ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Lortab, Heroin, MS Contin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Kadian, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, M O S, Substance Abuse

Once-Monthly Injection, Buprenorphine, Approved for Opioid Addiction

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 – Sublocade, a once-monthly injection of buprenorphine to treat opioid use disorder, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Opioid abuse is diagnosed when a person's pattern of opioid use leads to "significant impairment or distress and includes signs and symptoms that reflect compulsive, prolonged self-administration of opioid substances for no legitimate medical purpose," or opioids are taken in far higher-than-recommended doses, the agency said in a news release. The drug buprenorphine has been shown to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms and the desire to use opioids, "without causing the cycle of highs and lows associated with opioid misuse or abuse," the FDA said. "Everyone who seeks treatment for opioid use disorder deserves the opportunity to be offered the treatment best suited to the needs of each individual patient, in combination with ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Opiate Dependence, Subutex, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Buprenorphine, Substance Abuse, Zubsolv, Bunavail, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Buprenex, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Belbuca, Probuphine, Sublocade

FDA Approves Monthly Dose of Opioid Addiction Treatment

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 – A once-monthly injection of the opioid addiction drug buprenorphine has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. "Millions of Americans are suffering from addiction to opioid drugs, and millions more are worried that the overdose epidemic could claim the lives of a friend or loved one," FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb said Thursday in an agency news release. "We need immediate actions to help those suffering from an opioid use disorder transition to lives of sobriety," he added. The new dosage provides patients with "access to a new and longer-acting option for the treatment of opioid addiction," Gottlieb noted. The United States is in the grip of an opioid epidemic, with the number of overdose deaths quadrupling between 2000 and 2015, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And Johns Hopkins researchers recently ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Subutex, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Buprenorphine, Substance Abuse, Zubsolv, Bunavail, Buprenex, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Belbuca, Sublocade, Probuphine

Cops on 'Spice' Raids Getting High by Accident

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 – Police and federal agents cracking down on the makers of "designer drugs" like Spice are getting high from the mind-altering substances themselves, a new U.S. government report shows. After one raid, six of nine agents had signs of Spice and "kratom" – an herbal supplement with opium-like effects – in their urine, according to the report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Spice is a mix of herbs and man-made chemicals that mimic the psychoactive effects of marijuana. But it's often more potent than the real thing, and inhaling or swallowing Spice can lead to serious reactions, the researchers noted. "Intentional [Spice] use has resulted in multiple toxicities, but little is known about occupational exposure," wrote researchers led by Dr. Loren Tapp, a medical officer at the CDC. Because of this, federal agents requested a health hazard ... Read more

Related support groups: Drug Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Pot May Alter Brain Function of Some With HIV

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 – Using marijuana when you have HIV could lead to problems with brain function if you also abuse alcohol or drugs, a new study finds. "People with HIV infection have many reasons to have cognitive dysfunction, from the virus itself to medications for HIV infection and related conditions, particularly as they age," said lead researcher Richard Saitz. He's a professor and chair of community health sciences at Boston University School of Public Health. "They also have symptoms like chronic pain and mental health symptoms, and use of marijuana, medically or recreationally, may seem like an option to consider," Saitz said in a university news release. "But at least among people with substance use disorders, it appears to have detrimental effects on cognitive function." Little research has been done on the combined effects that alcohol and marijuana have on the brain ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Substance Abuse, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Opioid Crisis Hitting Boomers, Millennials Hardest

Posted 22 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 – The U.S. opioid epidemic seems to be taking its biggest toll on the baby boomer and millennial generations, a new study suggests. Researchers found that since 2010, boomers – born between 1946 and 1964 – have had heightened rates of death from prescription opioids and heroin. Meanwhile, millennials – people in their 20s and 30s – also have been hard hit by heroin overdoses. "The opioid epidemic has affected everyone," said senior researcher Dr. Guohua Li. "But what we're seeing is that these two generations are at highest risk," said Li, a professor of epidemiology at Columbia University. Li said he could only speculate on the reasons. But the findings on boomers were not surprising, he noted. That generation is known to have a relatively high rate of drug abuse, versus other generations. Plus, Li said, they were middle-aged when prescriptions for opioids ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Codeine, Lortab, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, MS Contin, Roxicodone

Teens' Painkiller Misuse Linked to Dating Violence

Posted 20 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 20, 2017 – Teens who abuse prescription drugs, like opioid painkillers, are prone to initiating or being victims of dating violence, a new study finds. In a nationwide survey of more than 10,000 teenagers who had dated in the past year, the researchers found that non-medical use of prescription drugs by boys was associated with sexual dating violence. And non-medical use of prescription drugs by girls was linked more often with physical dating violence, according to the study's lead researcher, Heather Clayton. She is a health scientist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The findings showed that nearly 10 percent of high school students surveyed said they had experienced physical dating violence, and slightly more than 10 percent said they were victims of sexual dating violence. "According to the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, nearly 17 ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Endocet, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Substance Abuse, Vicoprofen, Acetaminophen/Oxycodone, Hydromet, Roxicet, Tussionex Pennkinetic, Vicodin ES

FDA Grants Marketing Authorization of the First Device for Use in Helping to Reduce the Symptoms of Opioid Withdrawal

Posted 16 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

November 15, 2017 – Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted a new indication to an electric stimulation device for use in helping to reduce the symptoms of opioid withdrawal. “Given the scope of the epidemic of opioid addiction, we need to find innovative new ways to help those currently addicted live lives of sobriety with the assistance of medically assisted treatment. There are three approved drugs for helping treat opioid addiction. While we continue to pursue better medicines for the treatment of opioid use disorder, we also need to look to devices that can assist in this therapy,” said FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. “The FDA is committed to supporting the development of novel treatments, both drugs and devices, that can be used to address opioid dependence or addiction, as well as new, non-addictive treatments for pain that can serve as alternatives to opioi ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Tramadol, Hydrocodone, Methadone, OxyContin, Fentanyl, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Opiate Withdrawal, Codeine, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, MS Contin, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Hydromorphone, Ultram

Top Meds To Treat Opioid Addiction Equally Safe, Effective

Posted 15 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 2017 – The top two medications used to treat opioid addiction appear equally safe and effective, a new study finds. With the United States in the midst of an unprecedented opioid crisis, researchers conducted a head-to-head trial of two leading addiction treatments – naltrexone (Vivitrol) and buprenorphine-naloxone (Suboxone). "The newer drug, naltrexone, was as effective in keeping patients off heroin, preventing relapse and overdose, as buprenorphine," said lead researcher Dr. Joshua Lee. These results should reassure patients and health care providers that naltrexone is safe to use to break the cycle of addiction, said Lee, an associate professor at New York University School of Medicine's departments of medicine and population health. "This gives people two choices," he said. Overdoses from heroin and prescription opioid painkillers like oxycodone (OxyContin) ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Subutex, Contrave, Drug Dependence, Butrans, Buprenorphine, Naltrexone, Vivitrol, Substance Abuse, Embeda, Zubsolv, Bunavail, Buprenorphine/Naloxone, Buprenex, Revia, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Bupropion/naltrexone

Psychedelic Amazonian Drug, #Ayahuasca, Might Ease Symptoms of Depression, Alcoholism

Posted 14 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 14, 2017 – A powerful psychedelic drug out of South America might help battle both depression and alcoholism, a new British survey suggests. Ayahuasca is a brew made from a combination of Amazonian plants, including the Psychotria viridis bush and the Banisteriopsis caapi vine, said study author Will Lawn. "It is thought to have been used for several hundred years by indigenous people in the Amazon," he said. Lawn is a research associate with the clinical psychopharmacology unit at University College London. Ayahuasca is also becoming more widely used recreationally in the United States by people seeking a cathartic "trip." But after researchers questioned ayahuasca users, what was the bottom line on its effects? "People who had used ayahuasca in the last year reported better well-being than comparison survey respondents," Lawn said. "Ayahuasca users also had lower ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Childhood Spanking Could Heighten Adult Mental Health Woes

Posted 9 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 9, 2017 – Adults who were spanked as kids may face heightened risk of certain mental health problems, a new study suggests. The study found that those who were spanked were more likely to have abused drugs or attempted suicide. And that was with other factors – including more severe physical or emotional abuse – taken into account. The findings don't prove that spanking, per se, led to adulthood mental health issues, said Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, one of the researchers. But the study is far from the first to suggest spanking can have long-term consequences. For years, numerous studies have linked spanking to negative effects on children's mental health, as well as adults', said Grogan-Kaylor, an associate professor of social work at the University of Michigan. There may still be a cultural debate over the merits of spanking, he noted. But as far as research goes, there's ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Dysthymia, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

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