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Related terms: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), ARDS, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Study Finds Fault With ICU Treatment of Dementia Patients

Posted 10 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 10, 2016 – A new study raises red flags about the use of ventilators among dementia patients in intensive care units. Researchers analyzed data from about 635,000 hospitalizations of U.S. nursing home patients with advanced dementia. Between 2000 and 2013, ventilator use among these patients, whose average age was 84, nearly doubled at the 2,600 hospitals studied. But more than 80 percent of the patients died within a year, the study found. The results suggest ventilators are being overused, leading to unnecessary patient suffering and higher health care costs, according to the authors of the study published Oct. 10 in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. "These findings call for new efforts to ensure that the use of mechanical ventilation is consistent with patient's goals of care and their clinical condition," said corresponding author Dr. Joan Teno. She is a professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Assisted Ventilation Therapy, Lewy Body Dementia, Drug-Induced Dementia

Heavy Drinking Might Harm the Lungs

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Heavy drinking may increase the risk of lung problems, a new study suggests. "Alcohol appears to disrupt the healthy balance in the lung," said study lead author Dr. Majid Afshar, of Loyola University Chicago. He is an assistant professor in the division of pulmonary and critical care medicine and department of public health sciences. Afshar's team analyzed data from more than 12,000 American adults. The researchers found that heavy drinkers (more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men) and people who binge-drink at least once a month had less nitric oxide in their exhaled breath than non-drinkers. Binge-drinking is consuming four or more drinks per occasion for women and five or more drinks for men. Also, the researchers found that the more alcohol heavy drinkers consumed, the lower the level of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Drug Protects Lung Function in Kids With Sickle Cell: Study

Posted 18 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 – Children with sickle cell disease may breathe easier when they're given hydroxyurea – an effective, but underused, drug for the disease, new research suggests. In a study of 94 young people with sickle cell, researchers found that hydroxyurea helped slow the decline in lung function that is typical of the disease. The study appears to be the first to show that hydroxyurea can preserve kids' lung function, said lead researcher Dr. Anya McLaren, of the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. She said the findings should give doctors more reason to prescribe hydroxyurea. The drug, she noted, is already known to prevent severe bouts of pain and serious lung complications in people with sickle cell. An expert who was not involved with the study agreed. "This is further confirmation that this medication is beneficial," said Dr. George Buchanan. He is a pediatric ... Read more

Related support groups: Anemia, Hydroxyurea, Anemia - Sickle Cell, Hydrea, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Droxia, Mylocel

Depression Strikes, Stays With Many Caregivers of Critically Ill

Posted 12 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 – Caregivers for the critically ill often suffer depression that lingers long after their loved one's hospital stay ends, new research suggests. "Caregivers to patients who have spent at least seven days in the ICU [intensive care unit] commonly experience symptoms of depression for the full first year after ICU discharge," said study leader Jill Cameron. She is a researcher at the University of Toronto. "A large portion of them improve over the year, but a [sub] group does not," Cameron said. Surprisingly, the ones who are most depressed "are not necessarily caring for the sickest patients," she added. Her team collected information on 280 caregivers of patients who had been in the ICU for seven days or longer on mechanical ventilation, which helps patients breathe. It is needed for serious medical conditions such as respiratory arrest, lung injury or traumatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Head Injury, Dysthymia, Respiratory Tract Disease, ICU Agitation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Depressive Psychosis, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Respiratory Arrest, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Smog's Health Effects Persist for Decades, Study Finds

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Air pollution can increase the risk of premature death, even decades later, one of the longest running air pollution studies suggests. British scientists found the negative health effects of air pollution – such as a higher risk of lung and heart disease – can persist for more than 30 years. The study authors suggested that more research into the long-term health effects of air pollution – often called smog – is needed. "Air pollution has well established impacts on health, especially on heart and lung disease," study author Dr. Anna Hansell, from Imperial College London, said in a university news release. "The novel aspects of our study are the very long follow-up time and the very detailed assessment of air pollution exposure, using air-quality measurements going back to the 1970s." The researchers monitored air pollution levels in areas of England and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Heart Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dyspnea, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease, Respiratory Failure, Vasomotor Rhinitis, Infectious Heart Disease

Higher Fiber Intake May Improve Lung Function

Posted 29 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 – Eating a fiber-rich diet may help protect you against lung disease, a new study suggests. "Lung disease is an important public health problem, so it's important to identify modifiable risk factors for prevention," study author Corrine Hanson, an associate professor of medical nutrition at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, said in a journal news release. "However, beyond smoking very few preventative strategies have been identified. Increasing fiber intake may be a practical and effective way for people to have an impact on their risk of lung disease," she added. The findings were published recently in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Researchers looked at federal government data from almost 2,000 American adults. They were between 40 and 79 years old. The researchers found that 68 percent of those who had the highest fiber consumption ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Aspiration Pneumonia, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Coils in Lungs Might Boost Ability to Exercise With Emphysema

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Implanting coils in the lungs may help improve the ability to exercise in people with severe emphysema, a new study suggests. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that damages the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Current treatments for severe emphysema have limited effectiveness. Lung volume reduction surgery can help, but carries a risk of complications and death, the study authors explained. Dr. Gaetan Deslee, of Reims University Hospital in France, and colleagues recruited 100 patients for the study. Fifty patients received usual care – rehabilitation and bronchodilators with or without inhaled corticosteroids and oxygen. The remaining 50 received usual care and also had coils placed in their lungs. The researchers said the coils were placed in the lungs using an endoscope – a slender, flexible device inserted into ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest

Agricultural Pesticides May Affect Kids' Breathing

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Early exposure to widely used pesticides may harm children's lungs, a new study says. Previous research has looked at the harmful effect of organophosphate pesticides – chemicals that target the nervous system – on adult agricultural workers. This new study looked at children living in an agricultural area where the organophosphates are used. "This is the first evidence suggesting that children exposed to organophosphates have poorer lung function," said study senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor of epidemiology and of maternal and child health at the University of California, Berkeley. For this study, researchers measured levels of organophosphate pesticides in urine samples collected on five occasions from 279 children in California's Salinas Valley between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The area is an agricultural hub, producing lettuce, grapes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Sore Throat, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Health Tip: Who Gets Pneumonia?

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Anyone can get pneumonia, but your age and general health are risk factors for the dangerous infection. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says other risk factors include: Being a child under age 2. The immune systems of young children are still developing. Being an adult over age 65. Having asthma, bronchitis or COPD. Having cystic fibrosis. Having a weakened immune system. Having sickle cell anemia, diabetes or heart failure. Having trouble coughing, following a stroke. Being in a hospital's intensive care unit, especially if on a ventilator. Having had the flu recently. Smoking or alcohol abuse. Read more

Related support groups: Hydrocodone, Cough, Codeine, Sinusitis, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dry Cough, Dextromethorphan, Sore Throat, Benzonatate, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Delsym, Tessalon, Tessalon Perles, Respiratory Tract Disease, Hysingla ER, Aspiration Pneumonia, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Zohydro ER

Shorter People Less Likely to Get Lung Transplants

Posted 19 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Short adults are much less likely than average-height adults to get a lung transplant, and they're more likely to die while waiting for one, the findings from a new study suggest. Women are particularly affected by this bias because they tend to be shorter than men, the researchers said. "Surgeons commonly try to match small transplant candidates with small donor lungs, because they believe it leads to better outcomes," study leader Dr. David Lederer, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, said in a medical center news release. "But the latest evidence indicates that this approach causes short people to get fewer transplants and have worse outcomes. Small recipients can cope with larger lungs, and surgeons can reduce the size of lungs before transplant, with good results. So, there's no ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Side Effects Cause Some to Stop Taking Blood Thinner Brilinta

Posted 10 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 – Side effects like bleeding or shortness of breath cause some heart attack survivors to stop taking a potentially lifesaving new blood thinner during clinical trials, researchers report. About one in five people assigned to take the highest dose of the blood thinner Brilinta (ticagrelor) during clinical trials stopped taking the drug due to side effects, the new research found. Even a lower dose of Brilinta caused one in six patients to stop using the drugs because of side effects. Researchers classified the majority of side effects as minor, and urged doctors to counsel patients to stay on the medication. "You can tell a patient that this side effect is not harmful, and if you can tolerate it you will receive benefit from this drug," said lead researcher Dr. Marc Bonaca, a cardiovascular medicine specialist at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. However, ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Brilinta, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, Family History of Myocardial Infarction

Rule Changes Might Lead to More Lung Transplants for Kids

Posted 5 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 – Twice as many young people in the United States could get lung transplants if donor lungs were available from a wider geographic area, a new study contends. "Children are dying while waiting for an organ. Geography should be one less barrier to pediatric patients receiving a potentially lifesaving transplant," said senior study author Dr. Maryam Valapour. She is a senior lung investigator at the Cleveland Clinic's Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and director of Lung Transplant Outcomes. Currently, donor lungs are first offered to transplant candidates near the donor hospital. If there are no local candidates, the lungs are offered beyond the local area in 500-mile radius increments. Child candidates are given priority for child donor lungs within a 1,000-mile radius of the donor hospital, followed by teens and then adults. Teen candidates get ... Read more

Related support groups: Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Respiratory Failure, Graft-versus-host disease, Rejection Prophylaxis

Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Living near busy roads with high levels of air pollution raises lung transplant patients' risk of organ rejection and death, but some antibiotics lower that risk, a new study shows. Researchers examined data gathered from more than 5,700 lung transplant patients in 10 European countries between 1987 and 2013. The analysis revealed that patients who lived in areas where air pollution was above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) were 10 percent more likely to die than those in areas with lower levels of pollution. But this increased risk of death was not seen among patients who took a class of antibiotics called macrolides, which include azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin), according to the study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Amsterdam. "Short and long-term exposure to air ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Biaxin, Immunosuppression, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Z-Pak, Erythrocin, Organ Transplant, Respiratory Tract Disease, Ery-Tab, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Biaxin XL, Immunodeficiency, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal

Antidepressants During Pregnancy Have Benefits, Risks: Study

Posted 11 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2015 – Women with a mental health disorder taking commonly prescribed antidepressants during pregnancy appear to have fewer delivery complications, a new study suggests. However, babies born to these women may have a higher risk of problems, such as breathing issues, the study said. "Our findings provide evidence that taking these antidepressants is associated with a lower risk of preterm birth and cesarean section, and further confirm the results from previous research of a higher risk for several neonatal problems," senior study author Dr. Alan Brown, a professor of psychiatry and epidemiology at Columbia University in New York City, said in a university news release. "Given these divergent findings, the decision whether to prescribe these medications during pregnancy should be individualized to the mother's medical and psychiatric history," he said. The researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Lexapro, Effexor, Wellbutrin, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Sertraline, Pristiq, Bupropion, Amitriptyline, Fluoxetine, Viibryd, Venlafaxine, Effexor XR

Legionnaire's Disease Most Deadly for Frail, Elderly, Experts Say

Posted 6 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2015 – As New York City health officials work to contain an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease, health experts note that the elderly, smokers and those with respiratory conditions are most vulnerable to the potentially deadly bacteria. So far, 97 people have been infected and eight have died in the current outbreak, which has been traced to cooling towers in a Bronx neighborhood, according to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Of those who died, all were older individuals with other medical conditions. And the outbreak is not over, experts noted Thursday. "There are probably going to be more cases because the disease has a long incubation period – 10 to 14 days," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an attending physician in the department of emergency medicine at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Another expert explained that the disease is more ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Legionella Pneumonia

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