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Diagnosis and Investigation News

New Hope Against The Disease, Progeria, That Prematurely Ages Children

Posted 11 hours ago by

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 – In April 2011, at the age of just 10 months, Ohio native Carly Kudzia was diagnosed with the rare and fatal premature aging disease known as progeria. "There was an average life span quoted to me that I shall not repeat," said Carly's mom, Heather Unsinger. "No parent should have to hear those words, nor read them." Affecting just 1 in every 20 million people, progeria ...

How a False Alarm Affects Future Cancer Screenings

Posted 1 day 11 hours ago by

MONDAY, April 23, 2018 – A cancer scare could increase the chances that you'll be diligent about recommended screenings in the future, a new study finds. People who got a false-positive result on a breast or prostate cancer screening test were more likely to adhere to screening guidelines for breast cancer and colon cancer going forward, researchers found. False-positive findings are initial ...

Love Your Hair Color? You Have Over 100 Genes to Thank.

Posted 8 days ago by

MONDAY, April 16, 2018 – The color of your hair turns out to be a complicated thing, with a full 124 genes determining whether you wind up a blonde, brunette or redhead. The researchers who pinpointed the origins of hair hue said their findings could improve understanding of health conditions linked to pigmentation, including skin, testicular, prostate and ovarian cancers. For the study, ...

Health Tip: Preparing for a Blood Test

Posted 18 days ago by

-- Having blood drawn is a mainstay of a routine annual physical. Never provided a blood sample? The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute describes what to expect: A technician usually will draw blood from a vein in your arm. Less often, the sample is obtained from a finger prick. The technician may ask you to make a fist, or tie a band around the upper part of your arm to make a vein in ...

Older Brains Replenish Cells Just Like Young Brains: Study

Posted 19 days ago by

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 – Contrary to popular thought, older adults' brains can churn out just as many new cells as younger brains do, a new study suggests. Using autopsied brain tissue, researchers found that healthy older adults had the same capacity to create new cells in the brain's hippocampus region as young adults did. The hippocampus is involved in regulating memory and emotions, and it ...

Major Project Completes Genetic 'Map' of 33 Cancers

Posted 19 days ago by

THURSDAY, April 5, 2018 – In what could prove to be a big advance in cancer care, a consortium of scientists said it has mapped the genetic blueprints of 33 cancer types. The hope: that DNA similarities observed between 10,000 tumor samples – arising in different sites in the body – might allow targeted treatments to fight cancers no matter where they occur. Ideally, "patients will have the ...

Early Promise for Eye Implant to Fight Macular Degeneration

Posted 4 Apr 2018 by

WEDNESDAY, April 4, 2018 – A new stem cell transplant might help preserve or even restore vision being lost to the dry form of age-related macular degeneration, a new pilot clinical trial has shown. In the experimental therapy, a specially engineered sheet of stem cells is transplanted into the back wall of the eye to replace a layer of cells destroyed by age-related macular degeneration (AMD). ...

ADHD Tied to Brain Size Changes in Young Children

Posted 27 Mar 2018 by

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 – Young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have smaller-than-normal brain regions that are crucial in controlling behavior, researchers have found. Along with conducting MRI brain scans, the researchers assessed the thinking skills and behavior of 90 children, ages 4 and 5. The investigators found that those children with ADHD had significantly ...

Scientists Say They Discovered a 'New Organ' in the Body

Posted 27 Mar 2018 by

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 – The human body is full of surprises. The latest: A newly identified "organ" that might affect major diseases. Using updated technology, U.S. scientists report they've discovered a "highway of moving fluid." Layers of the body long believed to be dense, connective tissues are actually interconnected, fluid-filled compartments, the scientists report in a new study. "This ...

Scientists Remove Alzheimer's Brain Plaques in Mice

Posted 26 Mar 2018 by

MONDAY, March 26, 2018 – New animal research shines a light on a therapy designed to rid the brain of much of the sticky amyloid plaque associated with early stage Alzheimer's disease. Experts have long viewed plaque buildup as a largely symptomless marker for future Alzheimer's risk, with many believing the process is a root cause of the disease. But unlike prior anti-amyloid efforts, the new ...

Could a Pap Test Spot More Than Just Cervical Cancer?

Posted 22 Mar 2018 by

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 – Pap tests have helped drive down rates of cervical cancer, and a new study suggests they also could be used to detect other gynecologic cancers early. According to the study authors, tissue and fluid collected during a Pap test can detect endometrial and ovarian cancer in women when subjected to genetic testing. If this new test bears out, it would save thousands of ...

Breast Symptoms at Mammogram May Raise Future Cancer Risk

Posted 22 Mar 2018 by

WEDNESDAY, March 21, 2018 – Women with breast symptoms at a regular cancer screening are more likely to develop breast cancer before their next screening, a new study finds. The study included women who took part in the Finnish National Breast Cancer Screening Program between 1992 and 2012. It invites women between ages 50 and 69 for mammograms every two years. Those women who reported breast ...

Chilean 'Alien' Was a Human With Bone Disorder: Study

Posted 22 Mar 2018 by

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 – Puzzling skeletal remains found in Chile 15 years ago – and rumored to be "alien" – are, in fact, from a human fetus with rare bone anomalies, researchers say. The findings may or may not put to rest any internet-driven alien theories. But the researchers said their discoveries could potentially aid in diagnosing rare bone disorders. They were able to identify ...

As Mammograms Became Widespread, Breast Tumor Size Shrank

Posted 22 Mar 2018 by

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 – After American women began to adopt annual mammography screening in the 1980s, a very healthy thing happened: the average size of newly discovered breast tumors got smaller. That's the finding from a new look at data on more than 386,000 U.S. women who were diagnosed with breast cancer between 1983 and 2014. The average size of breast tumors at diagnosis fell 23 ...

Tai Chi Beats Aerobics for Fibromyalgia Pain

Posted 22 Mar 2018 by

THURSDAY, March 22, 2018 – If you suffer from fibromyalgia, new research suggests tai chi might do more than aerobic exercise to ease your chronic pain. "Tai chi mind-body treatment results in similar or greater improvement in symptoms than aerobic exercise, the current most commonly prescribed nondrug treatment, for a variety of outcomes for patients with fibromyalgia," the study authors wrote. ...

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