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Diabetes Mellitus News

The Brain Can Produce Its Own Sugar: Report

Posted 5 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 24, 2017 – Scientists are reporting that the brain naturally produces fructose, a type of sugar associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. The Yale University researchers said follow-up studies will investigate how fructose affects the brain and eating behavior. Fructose is found in fruits, vegetables, table sugar and many processed foods. In experiments with eight healthy volunteers, the researchers said they found that fructose is converted in the brain from another simple sugar – glucose. "In this study, we show for the first time that fructose can be produced in the human brain," said study first author Dr. Janice Hwang, an assistant professor of medicine. "By showing that fructose in the brain is not simply due to dietary consumption of fructose, we've shown fructose can be generated from any sugar you eat. It adds another dimension into understanding fructose's ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Diagnosis and Investigation

Bleeding Strokes Take Heavy Toll on Brain

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 – Survivors of the most deadly type of stroke face a higher risk for developing depression and dementia, new research suggests. Often called "bleeding strokes," hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel ruptures and leaks blood into the brain. Conversely, the more common ischemic stroke happens after a blood vessel is blocked in the brain. "Our study changes the way we look at depression after a hemorrhagic stroke," said study author Dr. Alessandro Biffi, a neurologist at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "Depression is not just an isolated phenomenon following a hemorrhagic stroke," said Biffi, who is also director of the hospital's Aging and Brain Health Research Group. "It may identify those who are likely to develop dementia, and this is important when these patients are evaluated, particularly in outpatient care settings," he said. Biffi and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Insulin Resistance, Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertensive Emergency, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Head Imaging

Unhealthy in Middle Age, Dementia in Old Age?

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 – Middle-aged men and women at risk for heart disease may also face a higher chance of dementia later in life, a new study suggests. Risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes might boost the odds of dementia almost as much as carrying the gene that raises the risk of Alzheimer's disease, the researchers reported. "Most of these risk factors are treatable or preventable. And it is important to treat these vascular [circulatory system] risk factors starting at least in middle age, if not earlier," said lead researcher Dr. Rebecca Gottesman. She's an associate professor of neurology and epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Know your blood pressure, so it can be treated if it's high. Also, know if you have diabetes, so you can control and treat it. And stop smoking, Gottesman said. "These are important risk factors not only ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Dementia, Smoking Cessation, Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Heart Disease, Drug-Induced Dementia, Lewy Body Dementia, Dementia with Depressive Features

Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Poses Risks for Mom, Baby

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Diabetes that develops during pregnancy – known as gestational diabetes – carries health risks for both the mom-to-be and her baby, new research confirms. A team of French researchers analyzed data from more than 700,000 births in France occurring after 28 weeks of pregnancy in 2012. Compared to other pregnant women, those with gestational diabetes were 30 percent more likely to experience preterm birth, 40 percent more likely to require a C-section, and 70 percent more likely to have preeclampsia/eclampsia, a dangerous spike in blood pressure. Risks weren't confined to the mother, however. Babies born to women with gestational diabetes were 80 percent more likely to be of significantly larger-than-average size at birth; 10 percent more likely to suffer respiratory issues; 30 percent more likely to experience a traumatic birth, and 30 percent more likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Delivery, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Premature Labor, Gestational Diabetes, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Dealing With Diabetes Distress

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – People with diabetes have to think about their condition and make treatment decisions constantly – and all that extra work and worry can lead to psychological distress at times. "Diabetes distress" isn't the same as depression, however, diabetes experts note. It's a condition unique to the 24/7 demands that come with diabetes, particularly for people dependent on insulin. "The day you develop diabetes, it's like the universe just handed you a new full-time job that you have to do in addition to whatever else you're doing. It's a special job that has a big impact on the rest of your life. There's no pay and no vacation," said William Polonsky, president of the Behavioral Diabetes Institute in San Diego. Alicia McAuliffe-Fogarty, vice president of lifestyle management at the American Diabetes Association, put it this way: "Diabetes distress is the extra burden ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Glucophage, Novolog, Glipizide, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Janumet, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Invokana, Levemir, Actos, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Amaryl

Heart Disease Affects Far More Than the Heart

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 – Heart disease affects more than just the heart. It also can take a toll on the legs, feet, kidneys and even the brain, according to vascular surgery experts. Heart disease is a general term, usually linked to arteriosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries," the Society for Vascular Surgery explained. Arteriosclerosis is a progressive disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries. As the arteries become blocked, it becomes harder for oxygen-rich blood to flow throughout the body, said Dr. Ali AbuRahma, secretary of the society. AbuRahma is also chief of vascular-endovascular surgery at West Virginia University's Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) develops when heart disease affects the legs and feet. This condition affects about 8.5 million people in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Losartan, Benicar, Diovan, Ramipril, Cozaar, Micardis, Insulin Resistance, Enalapril, Valsartan, Benazepril, Minoxidil, Avapro, Atacand, Nitroglycerin, Irbesartan

Health Tip: Logging Your Exercise

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Logging your exercise habits helps you stay committed and address any problems. The American Diabetes Association recommends: Log an entry in a diary each time you work out. Take note of times that you didn't exercise, and times when you could have exercised more. Look for patterns, such as a day of the week that's most difficult for you to exercise. Take note of activities or habits that you enjoy and motivate you to exercise more. Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Weight Loss, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Many Hospital Workers Are an Unhealthy Lot: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – More than three-quarters of workers at six Houston hospitals are overweight or obese, a new study shows. Researchers surveyed 924 employees – mostly technicians and administrators – about their health status and diet. Doctors weren't part of the survey. The results showed that 78 percent were overweight or obese. Fruit and vegetable consumption was generally low in all weight groups. Those who were obese had much higher daily consumption of white potatoes such as french fries, regular-fat foods (versus reduced- or low-fat), sugary beverages and added butter and margarine than those of normal weight. The study also found that 65 percent of respondents had no days of vigorous physical activity. About half had no days with moderate physical activity. Compared to those with normal weight, overweight and obese respondents spent more time doing things such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Lisinopril, Metformin, Metoprolol, Insulin, Atenolol, Weight Loss, Losartan, High Cholesterol, Benicar, Diovan, Lantus, Bystolic, Glucophage, Ramipril, Novolog, Glipizide, Bisoprolol, Humalog

For Millions of Americans, Everyday Life Takes Toll on Their Hearing

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – The noise of modern life causes permanent hearing damage to many U.S. adults who don't even suspect they've experienced a loss, federal researchers reported Tuesday. Up to now, it's been suspected that work-related noise has been the culprit behind most hearing loss, the researchers said. But about 53 percent of adults with noise-induced hearing damage reported no exposure to loud sounds while on the job, according to the study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Instead, their hearing apparently has been damaged by exposure to loud noise at home (think headphones) or in their community (blame those leaf blowers). Many of these people don't even know they've lost hearing. One in four adults who believes his or her hearing is good or excellent actually has hearing damage, the CDC found. "About 20 million American adults have hearing damage ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Insulin Resistance, Diabetes Mellitus, Hearing Loss, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Sickle Cell Trait in Blacks Can Skew Diabetes Test Results

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – A blood test commonly used to diagnose and treat diabetes may be less accurate in black people who have the sickle cell anemia trait, a new study says. The test is called hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C). An A1C reading of 5.7 or more indicates prediabetes or diabetes; below 5.7 is normal, says the American Diabetes Association. But, the current study found that for blacks with a trait for sickle cell anemia, the A1C test may come back lower than it should. This discrepancy could lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment of diabetes, and it might also affect the management of known diabetes. When the researchers compared the results of A1C tests to other measures that check blood sugar levels, they showed that when A1C readings were expected to be 6 percent, they only registered 5.7 percent for blacks with sickle cell trait. "We want to make clinicians aware that things ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Lantus, Glucophage, Novolog, Glipizide, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Amaryl, Novolin N, Diabetes Mellitus, Humulin N, Glucophage XR

Sticking With One Doctor May Help Keep Seniors Out of the Hospital

Posted 2 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 – Seeing the same doctor for a long time may help keep older people out of the hospital, a new British study suggests. Researchers from the Health Foundation in London analyzed about two years' worth of medical records for more than 230,000 patients, aged 62 to 82, in England. They looked at how often the patients saw the same general practitioner (continuity of care) and how that affected their risk of hospitalization. Compared to those with low continuity of care, rates of hospital admissions were 9 percent lower among those with medium continuity of care. Admission rates were 12 percent lower in those with high continuity of care, wrote study author Creina Lilburne and colleagues. While no firm conclusions about cause and effect can be made from the study, "strategies to improve the continuity of care in general practice may reduce secondary care costs, ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Osteoarthritis, Heart Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Insulin Makers Conspired to Raise Prices: Lawsuit

Posted 31 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

Three makers of insulin conspired to boost the prices of the lifesaving diabetes drug, according to a lawsuit filed Monday in federal court in Massachusetts. A recent study in the Journal of the American Medical Association said the price of insulin nearly tripled between 2002 and 2013, and three manufacturers – Sanofi, Novo Nordisk and Eil Lilly – have raised the list prices of their insulin in near unison, The New York Times reported. The price increases have triggered anger among patient groups and doctors, who say the rising cost of insulin appears to have little to do with higher production costs. "People who have to pay out of pocket for insulin are paying enormous prices, when they shouldn't be," Steve Berman, a lawyer for the patients, told The Times. The lawsuits alleges that the three companies increased the list prices on their insulin in order to win favor with pharmacy ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Glucophage, Novolog, Glipizide, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Janumet, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Actos, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Amaryl, Novolin N

Slim But Sedentary: Risk of Prediabetes May Rise

Posted 27 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 – Here's yet another reason to get off the couch: Inactivity is associated with greater risk of prediabetes, even for healthy-weight adults, a new study finds. University of Florida researchers said the finding may help explain why up to one-third of slim American adults have prediabetes – elevated blood sugar but not full-blown diabetes. "We have found that a lot of people who we would consider to be at healthy weight – they're not overweight or obese – are not metabolically healthy," said lead investigator Arch Mainous III. He's chair of health services research, management and policy in the university's College of Public Health and Health Professions. Mainous and his colleagues analyzed data from more than 1,000 people, aged 20 and older, in England. All had a healthy weight and no diagnosis of diabetes. Those with an inactive lifestyle were more likely than ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Glucophage, Glipizide, Insulin Resistance, Glyburide, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Amaryl, Diabetes Mellitus, Glucophage XR, Prandin, GlipiZIDE XL, Glucotrol, Glumetza, Glucotrol XL, Repaglinide, Nateglinide

Kids' Sugary Drink Habits Start Early

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Despite health messages to limit sodas and other sugary beverages, most American children drink them often, new government statistics show. Nearly two-thirds of boys and girls ages 2 to 19 drink at least one sugar-sweetened beverage daily, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The national survey of dietary habits from 2011 to 2014 also found that sweetened beverages account for more than 7 percent of total calorie intake for kids. "For children, studies have shown that consuming sugary beverages is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia [high cholesterol], all of which have serious negative downstream health consequences," said CDC researcher Asher Rosinger. Consumption of sugary drinks – including sports drinks, juices and sweetened coffee – is also linked to heart disease and tooth decay, among other ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Weight Loss, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Fracture, bone, Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Kills More Americans Than Had Been Thought

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – The number of Americans who die from diabetes is much higher than previously believed, according to a new study. The research, based on federal government data, found that diabetes causes 12 percent of deaths in the United States. That makes it the third-leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer, researchers said. "Another way of saying that is, if diabetes were eliminated as a disease process, the number of deaths would decline by 12 percent," said study author Samuel Preston, a sociology professor at the University of Pennsylvania. "There has been only one similar, earlier research effort, and it was based on data from the 1980s and early '90s. It showed deaths attributable to diabetes amounted to roughly 4 percent of total deaths," he said in a university news release. Data for the new study came from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Heart Disease, Lantus, Glucophage, Novolog, Glipizide, Humalog, Insulin Resistance, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Actos, Glimepiride, Pre-Diabetes, Novolin R, Amaryl, Novolin N, Pioglitazone

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