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'Groundbreaking Strides' Made in Zika Vaccine Research

Posted 16 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 – Development of a Zika vaccine is proceeding rapidly, but it still will be years before such a vaccine is available to the public, says the author of a new report on research efforts. Three leading vaccine candidates are being tested in humans. Two are based on cutting-edge DNA vaccine technology and the third is based on the more standard inactivated virus model, said Dr. Stephen Thomas. He's a professor of infectious disease with the State University of New York Upstate Medical University in Syracuse. "The pace of R&D for a Zika vaccine is incredibly brisk," Thomas said. "Truly, some groundbreaking strides have been made in very short periods of time." But Thomas believes it will be at least two to four years before a vaccine has received federal approval and enters mass production. Human testing currently is aimed at making sure that the vaccine is safe, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Viral Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Zika Risk May Be Lower Than Thought for Some Pregnant Women

Posted 17 days ago by

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – U.S. women traveling to areas where the Zika virus is circulating might be less likely to be infected than expected, but risk remains, a new study suggests. Only one out of 185 pregnant women at a Los Angeles clinic who visited an active Zika area between January and August 2016 wound up infected, researchers report. "Overall, for women who have had exposures to Zika virus, the risk of maternal infection is low," said lead researcher Dr. Rashmi Rao, an obstetrician and gynecologist with the University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center. But, the risk of Zika infection "isn't zero, and I want to make that very clear," Rao continued. "Our party line for women remains that we don't recommend they travel to these areas at all, particularly if they are considering pregnancy or are pregnant." The one woman who contracted Zika developed her infection during a ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Is Early Puberty in Girls a Risk Factor for Dating Abuse?

Posted 18 days ago by

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 – Girls who go through puberty earlier than their peers may be more vulnerable to abuse from a boyfriend, new research suggests. These girls were more likely to say a boyfriend had verbally or physically abused them: 32 percent did, versus 28 percent of their peers who went through puberty "on time." It's a small difference, said senior researcher Sara Jaffee, a professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Clearly, Jaffee pointed out, not all girls who mature early experience dating abuse – and girls who mature later are not immune from it. It's actually striking that dating abuse was common across the board, she said. But the findings do suggest that girls who mature early can be more vulnerable, especially if many of their friends are boys. In this study, the correlation between early maturity and dating violence was stronger when ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Precocious Puberty

Repeat Teen Births Still a Problem in United States: CDC

Posted 28 Apr 2017 by

THURSDAY, April 27, 2017 – After having one baby and tending to the infant's dirty diapers and middle-of-the night wails, you'd think that most teens would want to wait awhile before having a second baby. But, a new U.S. government report finds that's not always the case. Instead, tens of thousands of American teens are getting pregnant for a second time. Most teens do seem to be trying not to have another child. Still, about 17 percent of teen moms aren't using any form of birth control, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "These data suggest that most teen mothers are taking steps to prevent another pregnancy, but one in three is using either a least-effective method or no contraception at all," said lead researcher Deborah Dee, an epidemiologist in CDC's division of reproductive health. The CDC study defined the least-effective forms of birth ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception

What to Know About Online Dating Sites

Posted 20 Apr 2017 by

THURSDAY, April 20, 2017 – If you're looking for love, chances are you'll at least consider – if not turn to – online dating sites. But how can you make a successful romantic computer connection? Experts say that one key is picking the right dating sites. First, consider the old adage that you get what you pay for. Free sites may be more appealing to those who are just looking. Sites that charge a monthly fee may attract people more interested in a real relationship. Deciding what you're truly looking for in a partner can help narrow your choices. A so-called matchmaking site might be your best bet for a long-term relationship. Other sites are geared more to casual dating. Also consider niche-dating sites, based on a shared religion or special interests. Read reviews of dating websites and also ask friends for recommendations. Once you've found someone who looks interesting, make ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Money Spent on Teen Health a Good Global Investment

Posted 20 Apr 2017 by

THURSDAY, April 20, 2017 – Worldwide investments in teen health could yield significant economic returns, a new study contends. "Investing in young people is in everyone's interest," said Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the United Nations Population Fund. "A small investment in empowering and protecting the world's over a billion adolescents can bring a 10-fold return, or sometimes even more." Improving the physical, mental and sexual health of kids aged 10 to 19 – at a cost equivalent to US$4.60 per person per year – could result in a 10-fold economic return by preventing 12 million deaths and more than 30 million unwanted pregnancies, the study authors reported. Investing in teen education at a cost of $22.60 per person each year would generate a 12-fold economic return, and lead to an additional 12 million formal jobs for young adults, the researchers said. Investing ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Depression, Anxiety, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Drug Dependence, Postcoital Contraception, Eating Disorder, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Trump Blocks Some Funding to Abortion Providers

Posted 15 Apr 2017 by

FRIDAY, April 14, 2017 – President Donald Trump signed legislation Thursday that allows states to withhold family planning funds to clinics that provide abortion, including Planned Parenthood. The order overturns a regulation put into effect by President Barack Obama that said states couldn't stop money meant for family planning services, the Associated Press reported. Democrats and abortion rights advocates consider the new law a blow to women. The Trump administration is "enacting policies that take us backward," said Dawn Laguens, executive vice president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America. But anti-abortion activists and Republicans welcomed the law, saying states can redirect dollars to organizations that won't provide abortions. The new law "simply ensures that states are not forced to fund an abortion business with taxpayer dollars," Marjorie Dannenfelser, president ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation

Syphilis Rates Spike Among U.S. Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC

Posted 7 Apr 2017 by

THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 – Syphilis rates among gay and bisexual men have skyrocketed in the past two decades, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. In 2015, gay and bisexual men accounted for more than 60 percent of early stage syphilis cases overall. And the national rate of early stage syphilis for this group was estimated to be at 309 cases per 100,000, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That rate was 106 times higher than the rate among heterosexual men and 168 times higher than the rate among women, the CDC report noted. "I think we need to step back and examine gay and bisexual men beyond the stats on syphilis," said Fred Wyand, spokesman for the American Sexual Health Association. These men are vulnerable for many reasons, including social factors placing them at higher risk for a number of tough health outcomes, he explained. "Better access to ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Syphilis, Neurosyphilis, Tertiary Syphilis, Syphilis - Early, Syphilis - Latent

Cases of Zika-Linked Birth Defects Dropped in Brazil in 2016

Posted 29 Mar 2017 by

WEDNESDAY, March 29, 2017 – Brazil experienced a smaller-than-expected increase in cases of microcephaly in 2016, despite the continued spread of the mosquito-borne Zika virus. Researchers predicted 1,133 cases of microcephaly would occur between May and December 2016, but only 83 cases were reported by local health officials, said senior researcher Christopher Dye. He is director of strategy, policy and information for the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. Zika causes microcephaly, a birth defect where babies are born with abnormally small skulls and underdeveloped brains. Brazil served as the epicenter of the 2015 Zika outbreak in South America, and it was the country that endured the highest rates of microcephaly and other Zika-related neurological birth defects that year. Zika reemerged in Brazil early in 2016, and so researchers expected more cases of microcephaly ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Zika Virus Infection

Health Insurance a Key to IVF Success, Researchers Say

Posted 28 Mar 2017 by

TUESDAY, March 28, 2017 – Having health insurance that covers in vitro fertilization (IVF) boosts the odds the treatment will lead to childbirth, a new study finds. For women undergoing IVF, "the biggest hurdle may not be the fertility treatment, but the cost," said study lead author Dr. Emily Jungheim of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. A single IVF treatment costs $12,000 to $17,000, according to the American Pregnancy Association. If the first treatment fails, many women can't afford to try again, Jungheim's team said. The study included nearly 1,600 IVF patients at the university's Fertility and Reproductive Medicine Center, between 2001 and 2010. Of those women, 56 percent had insurance that covered IVF. The others paid for the treatment themselves. Women with IVF coverage were slightly younger than those without. Seven out of 10 who had insurance coverage ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Oligospermia, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Young Cancer Survivors Can Face Higher Risk of Pregnancy Complications

Posted 23 Mar 2017 by

THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 – Surviving a cancer when young may leave some women with another health issue: An increased risk for certain pregnancy complications. That's the conclusion of a new study of more than 15,000 births to teen and young adult women, aged 15 to 39, living in North Carolina. Those who were cancer survivors had a higher risk for preterm birth, cesarean delivery and low birth weight infants, the researchers said. "While we believe these findings are something women should be aware of, we still have a lot of work to do to understand why this risk is becoming apparent, and whether or not the children who are born preterm to these women go on to develop any health concerns," said study author Hazel Nichols. She's an assistant professor in the School of Global Public Health at the University of North Carolina. One ob/gyn said that, given the effects of cancer treatment, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Cancer, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Premature Labor, Primary Ovarian Failure, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Health Tip: Choosing a Baby Carrier

Posted 22 Mar 2017 by

-- A baby carrier is a convenient way to keep your child close and comfortable. The American Academy of Pediatrics offers these guidelines for selecting one: Check the carrier's weight limits to make sure your baby isn't too small or large. Look for a carrier with head and neck support, especially for a young infant. Skip carriers that form baby into a C-shape or allows baby's head to drop forward so the chin could touch the chest. Make sure the carrier doesn't touch baby's face. Check that the carrier is easy to load and fasten. It should also be comfortable for you to wear, especially as baby grows. Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Postpartum Bleeding, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

U.S. Sees Big Drop in Number of Babies Born With HIV

Posted 20 Mar 2017 by

MONDAY, March 20, 2017 – The number of infants born with HIV in the United States has dropped dramatically over the past two decades, a new study shows. According to new data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were 69 cases of HIV-infected infants in 2013, compared with 216 cases in 2002. Factors tied to mother-to-child transmission of HIV include late HIV diagnosis of mothers and a lack of antiretroviral and preventive treatment, say a team led by the CDC's Dr. Steven Nesheim. "Missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years," they wrote. One HIV expert who reviewed the paper noted other disparities, as well. "More than 80 percent of new cases of mother-to-child transmission of HIV are from mothers who are black/African American and Hispanic/Latino," said Dr. David Rosenthal. He directs the Center ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

Many U.S. Women Have No Access to Fertility Clinics: Study

Posted 15 Mar 2017 by

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – Nearly 40 percent of reproductive-age women in the United States have little or no access to infertility clinics, according to a new study. Advanced infertility treatments – such as in vitro fertilization – are only available in assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics, the study authors noted. "Infertility is by itself a difficult issue for couples to face emotionally and financially," said study author Dr. John Harris, of the University of Pittsburgh. He is an assistant professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at Pitt's School of Medicine. "Based on geography, many couples who are trying to start families may have only one clinic nearby where they seek these services, and many women with infertility do not have any nearby access to these services at all, adding additional anxiety during an already stressful time of life," ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Ovulation Induction, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tests to Spot 'Preemie' Birth Risk Ineffective in First Pregnancies

Posted 14 Mar 2017 by

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – Two tests that screen for preterm birth risk rarely spot trouble in first-time pregnancies, a new study suggests. The tests' predictive powers were assessed for naturally occurring preterm deliveries only, and not for medical procedures such as cesarean surgery or induced labor. "These methods of assessing women in their first pregnancy do not identify most of those who will later go on to have a spontaneous preterm delivery," said senior study author Dr. Uma Reddy. She is with the Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch at the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. "There is a need to develop better screening tests that can be performed early in pregnancy," Reddy said in an institute news release. Preterm birth, defined as a birth before 37 weeks into pregnancy, is the leading cause of neonatal death or long-term disability, according to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Apnea of Prematurity, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

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