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C-Sections May Be Causing Evolutionary Changes

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Why is it so difficult and painful for human females to give birth? Researchers have developed a new theory: Evolution favored small female pelvises and large newborns for good reasons. And, the researchers said, the rise of cesarean sections – the surgical delivery of a baby – in recent decades may be contributing to an even bigger gap between the size of newborns and their mothers' pelvises. In fact, the researchers estimate that the regular use of C-sections has led to a 10 to 20 percent increase in the gap between female pelvis width and babies' size. "Evolution is happening even in our modern society," said study lead author Philipp Mitteroecker, an assistant professor with the Department of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna, Austria. But, the human female pelvis has remained small, despite evolution, the researchers said. "The dimensions of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cervical Ripening, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

FDA Explains Pros, Cons of Permanent Birth Control

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Women need to carefully consider the benefits and risks of permanent birth control devices, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. The agency recently introduced labeling changes for one such device called Essure. It consists of flexible metal coils that are implanted into the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Within about three months, tissue forms around the coils and blocks sperm from reaching the eggs. Because the device is made with metal, women who are sensitive or allergic to nickel or other metals should be sure to let their doctor know about their allergy, the FDA said. The labeling changes for Essure include a boxed warning and patient decision checklist to help ensure that women receive and understand the benefits and risks of the device in order to make an informed decision about whether to use it. An important ... Read more

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Online Calculator May Help Couples Predict Fertility Rx Success

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 – Researchers say they've developed free online calculators that predict how likely a woman is to have a baby after a handful of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment cycles. There are limitations to the devices: A leading infertility expert called the calculators "practically not very useful," while its developers cautioned that couples should be careful about using them to determine whether they should even try IVF in the first place. Still, "these new calculators will help shape couples' expectations and will help them prepare emotionally and financially for their IVF journey," said study author David McLernon, a research fellow in medical statistics at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. In vitro fertilization involves combining an egg and sperm in a lab dish, then transferring the embryo to the woman's uterus. Predicting the likelihood of success with ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Ovulation Induction, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation

FDA Medwatch Alert: Essure Permanent Birth Control System by Bayer Healthcare: FDA Announcement - Label Changes

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: Essure labeling now includes the addition of a boxed warning and a Patient Decision Checklist, both intended to support patient counseling and understanding of benefits and risks associated with Essure, as well as what to expect during and after the Essure procedure. The boxed warning includes safety statements to clearly communicate significant side effects or adverse outcomes associated with this device and information about the potential need for removal.  The Patient Decision Checklist provides key information about the device, its use, and safety and effectiveness outcomes, of which the patient should be aware and discuss with her doctor as she considers her sterilization options. Bayer also incorporates important modifications to the patient counseling and device removal sections of the labeling to provide physicians with additional guidance in these critical areas. BA ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Essure

Antibody Treatment Shields Fetus From Zika -- in Mice

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 – An antibody derived from the blood of Zika-infected people may have the potential to protect developing fetuses from the ravages of the virus, a new study with mice suggests. The antibody, called ZIKV-117, protected fetal mice from a Zika infection in their pregnant mothers, said co-senior researcher Dr. James Crowe, director of the Vanderbilt Vaccine Center in Nashville. "The antibody treatment will clear the virus in the mother, but also protect the fetus, which is very important," Crowe said. The antibody is only a short-term antiviral treatment, but the researchers said it demonstrates the potential of a Zika vaccine to provide people long-lasting immunity against the virus. "No study so far has shown in any model that you could actually treat pregnant animals that are infected with Zika and protect the fetus," said co-senior researcher Dr. Michael Diamond, a ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Diagnosis and Investigation, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Tdap Vaccine Safe for Mother, Fetus

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – The Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis) vaccine is safe for pregnant women who hope to pass their immunity on to their newborns, a new study shows. The vaccine does not appear to cause birth defects or any other major health problems for a developing fetus, according to a review of more than 324,000 live births between 2007 and 2013. "We basically showed there is no association between receiving the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy and these congenital [birth] defects, including microcephaly," said lead researcher Dr. Malini DeSilva. She is a clinical investigator for HealthPartners Institute in Minneapolis. The study is part of ongoing efforts to monitor the safety of vaccines, DeSilva said. Her center is part of the Vaccine Safety Datalink, a collaborative project led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that includes health care ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Tetanus, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Tetanus Toxoid, Kinrix, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Tetanus Immune Globulin, Boostrix (Tdap), Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Tetanus Prophylaxis, HyperTET S/D, Diphtheria Toxoid/Tetanus Toxoid, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Pertussis, Acellular/Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated/Tetanus Toxoid, Pediarix, Pentacel, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Decavac (Td)

DNA May Influence Your Reproductive Decisions

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 31, 2016 – Your DNA may influence how old you are when you become a parent and how many kids you have, a new study suggests. An international team of more than 250 scientists said it has identified 12 areas of DNA associated with age of first childbirth and total family size. The findings suggest that genetics may play a role in reproductive behavior – along with personal choice, social circumstances and environmental factors, the researchers said. "Our genes do not determine our behavior, but for the first time, we have identified parts of the DNA code that influence it. This is another small piece to understanding this very large jigsaw puzzle," study first author Nicola Barban, of Oxford University in England, said in a university news release. The analysis of data from more than 568,000 men and women was published Oct. 31 in the journal Nature Genetics. "For the first ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Female Infertility

Male Birth Control in a Shot: Promising, But More Work Needed

Posted 27 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 27, 2016 – A birth control shot for men shows some promise, but researchers are still struggling to improve its effectiveness and deal with severe side effects caused by the injections. Only four pregnancies occurred among 266 men receiving the treatment, which is an effectiveness rate comparable to other contraceptive methods, according to results from a new international clinical trial. But the men also experienced mood swings and depression so frequently that a safety review committee halted the study early, the researchers reported. No further development is planned for this particular birth control shot for men, but the clinical trial showed that such an injection can suppress sperm counts and prevent pregnancy, said researcher Dr. Mario Festin. He is a medical officer with department of reproductive health and research at the World Health Organization. "A male ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Depression, Contraception, Testosterone, AndroGel, Testim, Axiron, Androderm, Depo-Testosterone, Testopel, Fortesta, Testopel Pellets, Delatestryl, Testim 5 g/packet, Striant, AndroGel 1.25 g/actuation, Histerone, Duratest, Natesto, Depandro 100

Exercise Typically Healthy During Pregnancy, Olympic Panel Says

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 12, 2016 – Strenuous exercise during pregnancy doesn't appear to increase the risk of most pregnancy complications for mom or baby, a new report from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) says. But the committee also noted that there isn't much evidence available on the impact of intense exercise during pregnancy, particularly the type carried out by elite athletes. Three U.S. pregnancy and exercise experts agreed that for most women, exercise is generally safe during pregnancy. But women used to intense workouts may need to take special precautions. "We know that for the average woman doing average exercise, there is no problem," said Dr. Bruce Young. He's a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at New York University School of Medicine in New York City. "Being fit is great because labor is demanding physically. It's work. That is why we call it labor." But for ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

More U.S. Women Hope for Motherhood, With 2 Kids Ideal

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – More American women want to become mothers, and their dream family consists of two children, a new U.S. government report shows. Half of women aged 15 to 44 expect to have a child at some point, according to a 2013-2015 national survey. That's up from 2002, when only 46 percent of women said they anticipated motherhood. "Women who have not yet had any children, younger women, and women who have never been married were more likely to expect to have a child in the future compared with other groups," reported researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. The National Survey of Family Growth has tracked birth expectations for four decades to gain insight into future birth rates and family sizes. The 2013-2015 survey involved interviews with nearly 6,000 women. Reporting that most women wanted 2.2 kids ... Read more

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DEET Repellents Safe in Pregnancy to Prevent Zika, Researchers Say

Posted 11 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 10, 2016 – DEET insect repellents won't harm a pregnant woman or her fetus when used as instructed to prevent infection with the Zika virus, a new research analysis suggests. Exposure to the mosquito-transmitted virus during pregnancy can cause devastating birth defects, including microcephaly, which results in abnormally small heads and brains. Because of this, recommendations to mothers-to-be include protecting themselves from mosquito bites by using products containing DEET in areas where Zika is circulating. But some women worry that the repellents themselves might pose a toxic threat to an unborn child. Not so, say the authors of a new research review. "Given what we know about both Zika and DEET, the evidence overwhelmingly favors use of DEET-containing products," said Dr. Blair Wylie, an associate professor at Harvard Medical School's division of maternal-fetal ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Diethyltoluamide

Doctors Perform 1st U.S. Living-Donor Uterine Transplant

Posted 5 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 – A team of doctors in Dallas is "cautiously optimistic" of success in what would be the first living-donor uterine transplant in the United States. Doctors at Baylor University Medical Center said Wednesday that they performed four of the transplants in September, but only one has proven successful. "During the past three weeks since the first surgery, we performed routine follow-up testing as part of the trial protocol on all four patients," Baylor said in a statement. "In three patients, we determined after several tests the transplanted organs were not receiving viable blood flow and the uteri were removed. Those patients are now doing well and will soon be back to normal activity." However, "The fourth patient's follow-up tests currently indicate a much different result," Baylor said. "Her tests are showing good blood flow to the uterus. There are also no ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Organ Transplant, Diagnosis and Investigation, Rejection Prophylaxis

Some Doctors Swayed by Political Beliefs

Posted 4 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 3, 2016 – A doctor's political beliefs can sway his or her treatment decisions. That's the conclusion of a study by Yale University researchers who surveyed primary care doctors in 29 states on how they would deal with different types of patient health concerns, including abortion, firearms and marijuana use. While Republican and Democratic doctors had similar views about general issues such as depression, alcohol abuse and obesity, there were significant differences when it came to political hot-button topics. Republican doctors expressed more concern than Democratic doctors about marijuana use and abortion, while Democratic physicians were more concerned about firearms, the findings showed. Democratic doctors were more likely to urge patients not to keep guns in the home while Republican doctors were more likely to warn patients about the mental health risks of abortion. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Cannabis

Zika Causes Widespread Damage to Fetal Brain

Posted 3 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 3, 2016 – A new study shows that Zika virus causes so much varied damage throughout the fetal brain that researchers are suggesting the term "congenital Zika syndrome" be used to describe the numerous birth defects. Microcephaly – an underdeveloped skull and brain – is the hallmark birth defect caused by Zika, which is mainly transmitted by mosquito bite. But the study of 11 Zika-infected infants in Brazil – the epicenter of the Zika epidemic – found that microcephaly is only one of many brain injuries caused by the virus. Brain scans of eight living babies and autopsies of three infants who died found lesions on the brain. These tests also showed excess fluid in the brain, an underdeveloped cerebellum, an absence of folds in the cerebral cortex, and abnormal voluntary and involuntary muscle contractions. "Zika virus can directly kill neural cells as well as alter ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

CDC: Pregnant Women Should Avoid Southeast Asia Due to Zika

Posted 30 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 30, 2016 – Zika continues to extend its reach around the globe, with U.S. health officials now urging women to delay travel to 11 countries in Southeast Asia where the virus is circulating. Reports are also describing the first two cases of Zika-linked microcephaly in Thailand. Since the Zika outbreak began last year, thousands of babies, mostly in Brazil, have been born with the devastating brain defect after their mothers were infected with the mosquito-borne virus during pregnancy. French scientists also reported a disturbing discovery on Thursday: The virus was found inside the sperm of a man who had just returned from French Guyana, and not just in his semen. It is not clear if infected sperm can transmit Zika, the researchers noted, but the finding has important implications for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika. It also raises questions about the need ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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