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Birth Control News

Breast-Feeding Rates Climb, But Many Moms Quit Early: CDC

Posted 23 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – Even though most new moms in the United States begin breast-feeding their babies at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, a new study finds. In 2013, eight out of 10 newborns started out breast-feeding, which shows most mothers want to breast-feed and try to do so, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But only about half of infants are still breast-feeding at 6 months of age. And fewer than one-third (30.7 percent) are breast-fed at 12 months, the CDC reports. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breast-feeding exclusively for the first 6 months of life, followed by breast-feeding along with other foods until at least 12 months of age. After that, the academy says breast-feeding can continue as long as mother and baby wish. There are a number of reasons pediatricians say breast is ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Lactation Suppression, Cesarean Section, Lactation Augmentation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Scans Show Range of Zika-Linked Infant Brain Defects

Posted 23 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – High-tech imaging is revealing a wide variety of brain defects in newborns whose mothers were infected with the Zika virus. The virus has been most closely linked to a birth defect called microcephaly – an abnormally small head and an underdeveloped brain, the authors of a new study said. But along with microcephaly, other brain abnormalities can also occur in fetuses exposed to Zika. These include gray and white matter volume loss, brain stem abnormalities, calcifications, and a condition called ventriculomegaly, where the ventricles (fluid filled spaces in the brain) are enlarged. And other anomalies – eye defects, hearing problems and stunted growth – can also arise, according to the special report published Aug. 23 in the journal Radiology. "From an imaging standpoint, the abnormalities in the brain are very severe when compared to other congenital ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Diagnosis and Investigation, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Possible Cases of Local Zika Transmission in Miami Beach

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 – Federal and state officials are considering an advisory that pregnant women not travel to Miami Beach, or potentially all of Miami-Dade County, after a cluster of Zika infections that were most likely transmitted locally were detected there. According to The New York Times, an unidentified health official with knowledge of the situation said Thursday that officials were mulling such an advisory. Until now, local transmission of mosquito-borne Zika – which can cause devastating birth defects in babies – has been restricted to a neighborhood in north Miami known as Wynwood. Florida health officials report there have been at least 28 local Zika infections in that locale, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has advised that pregnant women not travel to the area. A broader travel advisory for pregnant women could threaten tourism and heighten ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Five Local Zika Cases Reported in Miami Beach

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 – Florida Gov. Rick Scott confirmed on Friday that local transmission of the Zika virus has occurred in Miami Beach, with a total of five cases reported so far. Until now, local transmission of mosquito-borne Zika – which can cause devastating birth defects in babies – has been restricted to a neighborhood in north Miami known as Wynwood. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had already advised that pregnant women not travel to the Wynwood area, and on Friday the agency announced that the travel advisory would now include the Zika-affected area of Miami Beach. "We believe we have a new area where local transmission is occurring in Miami Beach," Scott told reporters during a noon news conference. The five cases include three men and two women, two of whom are local residents and three who were tourists visiting from New York, Texas and Taiwan. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Could Diet in Pregnancy Raise Child's Odds for ADHD?

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study warns. Researchers found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet can affect the function of a gene called IGF2 that helps steer fetal development of brain regions previously linked to ADHD. "These results suggest that promoting a healthy prenatal diet may ultimately lower ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children," said senior researcher Edward Barker, director of the developmental psychopathology lab at King's College London. However, Barker said the study only shows an association, rather than a direct cause-and-effect. "We do not suggest that a mother's diet will cause ADHD or conduct problems," he said. "There are many causes of ADHD and conduct problems, and usually many small influences are at work together, diet being one of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Executive Function Disorder

Doctors Report Probable Zika Transmission Via Blood Transfusion

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Experts have wondered if the Zika virus might sometimes be transmitted through blood transfusions, and a cluster of infections in Brazil seems to support that notion. Doctors believe that a blood donor passed along the typically mosquito-borne virus in late January to two hospitalized patients who needed transfusions. "These data show evidence for Zika virus transmission by means of [blood] platelet transfusion," reported a team led by Dr. Iara Motta, of the Jose Alencar Gomes da Silva National Cancer Institute in Rio de Janeiro, and Bryan Spencer of the American Red Cross in Dedham, Mass. According to the researchers, the donor alerted the local blood bank of symptoms – rash, eye pain and joint pain – that had developed two days after donation. Lab tests confirmed that the blood was contaminated with Zika virus. In the meantime, the blood had been ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Blood Transfusion, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection, Blood Cell Transplantation

Antipsychotic Meds Pose Little Danger to Fetus, Study Finds

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Taking antipsychotic medicines in early pregnancy does not significantly increase the risk of birth defects, a new study finds. "In general, the use of any medication should be avoided during pregnancy [if possible]," explained study co-author Krista Huybrechts of Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. "However, for women suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder, avoiding medication use is often impossible, given that there are very few alternative treatment options," she said in a hospital news release. But how safe is exposure to these drugs for the developing fetus? To find out, Huybrecht's team tracked Medicaid data on 1.3 million pregnant women in order to assess the effects of older (typical) antipsychotic drugs and newer (atypical) versions, which are less likely to affect fertility. The study focused on the most ... Read more

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Zika Not Changing Most Americans' Florida Travel Plans: Poll

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 – Concerns around the mosquito-borne Zika virus aren't dampening many Americans' plans to visit Florida, a new survey shows. Earlier this month, the first cases of locally acquired Zika infection were confirmed in the Miami-area Wynwood neighborhood. The virus can cause a transitory illness but is most dangerous to pregnant women, since maternal infection can trigger a serious birth defect called microcephaly. Babies with microcephaly are born with too-small heads and underdeveloped brains. The new survey was conducted three days after the first 15 non-travel-related cases of Zika were reported in the Miami area. That has now increased to 25 cases, according to Florida health officials. In their poll, researchers at the University of Florida questioned 828 people nationwide. All had already planned to visit the state within the next six months. Most of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Study IDs 2 Zika Virus Proteins Linked to Microcephaly

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 – Researchers say they've identified two proteins in the Zika virus linked to the severe birth defect microcephaly. Babies with microcephaly have abnormally small heads and brains. The discovery may be the first step in finding ways to prevent the birth defect, the researchers said. The Zika virus contains 10 proteins, but only two – called NS4A and NS4B – are linked to microcephaly, according to the researchers. The study, from a team led by University of Southern California scientists, was published Aug. 11 in the journal Cell Stem Cell. "We now know the molecular pathway, so we made the first big step toward target therapy for Zika-induced microcephaly," corresponding author Jae Jung said in a university news release. "Years from now, one shot or a series of shots could target the proteins NS4A and NS4B or their collaborators," said Jung, chairman of USC's ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Hydrocephalus, Diagnosis and Investigation, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

4 More Cases of Local Zika Infection Reported in Miami Area

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 – Four more cases of Zika infection that were likely spread through mosquito bites have been reported in the Miami area, bringing the total count of cases to 21, Florida Gov. Rick Scott said Tuesday. The Florida Department of Health still believes these infections are only happening within one square mile in Miami-Dade County, in an neighborhood known as Wynwood, Scott said in a statement. Meanwhile, aerial spraying that began last week rapidly killed adult mosquitoes that ground-applied pesticides could not reach, Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, told the Associated Press. Federal health officials have said repeatedly that they expect to see Zika infections in the United States this summer, particularly in hot, humid states like Florida, Louisiana and Texas. Most Zika infections have occurred in Latin America and ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Zika Virus Infection

Zika Linked to Deformed Limbs in Newborns

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – The Zika virus has already been linked to serious birth defects in the brain, and now it looks as if the virus may also cause deformities of joints in the arms and legs of newborns, a new Brazilian study suggests. The condition – called arthrogryposis – causes multiple joints to be contracted or curved. This condition hadn't previously been linked to Zika, although two previous reports suggested there might be an association with the virus, researchers said. The study authors still can't say for sure that Zika caused the arthrogryposis. But all of the babies had the pattern of abnormalities on their brain scans that would be expected with a congenital Zika syndrome, said lead researcher Dr. Vanessa van der Linden. She's with the Association for Assistance of Disabled Children in Recife, Brazil. The researchers don't know exactly how Zika might cause these ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Zika Virus Infection

What Mom-to-Be Eats Determines Bugs in Baby's Gut: Study

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – The amount of fat in a pregnant woman's diet may influence the mix of microbes in her baby's gut, a new study suggests. The community of gut microbes – known as the microbiome – can affect the development of a baby's immune system and the ability to extract energy from food, the researchers said. The study included more than 150 women who provided a record of their eating habits during pregnancy. The amount of fat in their diets ranged from 14 percent to 55 percent, with an average of 33 percent. The U.S. Institute of Medicine recommends 20 percent to 35 percent. The gut microbiomes of babies born to mothers who ate a high-fat diet during pregnancy were different from those of babies whose mothers who did not. Specifically, babies whose mothers ate a high-fat diet had fewer Bacteroides microbes in their guts, both at birth and several weeks after. Having fewer ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Delivery, Acidophilus, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Florastor, Flora-Q, Floranex, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactinex, Cesarean Section, Bio-K+, Florajen, Restora, Probiotic Formula, Florajen3, Flora-Q 2

Zika May Have Caused Death of Texas Newborn

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 9, 2016 – The death of a newborn in Texas is being blamed on a birth defect linked to fetal exposure to the Zika virus, state health officials say. According to a statement released Tuesday by the Texas Department of State Health Services, the baby's mother contracted Zika when she traveled to Latin America during her pregnancy. The Zika virus is typically transmitted via mosquitoes, and is especially dangerous during pregnancy because it can cause the birth defect microcephaly – where babies are born with a small head and underdeveloped brain. Thousands of such cases have been reported in Latin America, especially Brazil. The newborn was delivered in Harris County, had microcephaly, and died shortly after birth, state health officials said. The officials stressed that "the mother and baby are classified as travel-related cases, and there is no additional associated risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Half of U.S. Women Weigh Too Much Before Getting Pregnant

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – More women are starting their pregnancies heavier than ever before, U.S. health officials report. In fact, in 2014, more than 50 percent of women were either overweight or obese at prepregnancy, a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found. "This is the first report to focus on prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and unfortunately, it doesn't look so great," said lead researcher Amy Branum. She's a statistician with the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. All states, with the exception of Connecticut, New Jersey and Rhode Island, were included in the report, giving the biggest picture to date of what prepregnancy BMI looks like in the nation, she said. Body mass index is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. Increased prepregnancy overweight and obesity contribute to the obesity epidemic in the United States, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Are Tinder Users Tender About Their Looks?

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 4, 2016 – Young adults who use the popular dating app Tinder may have lower self-esteem and be less satisfied with their looks, a new study suggests. Researchers found that of more than 1,300 college students surveyed, those who used Tinder tended to have more issues with self-esteem and body image. But the study does not prove the dating app actually feeds those problems. "We really can't say that Tinder 'caused' anything, based on these results," said lead researcher Trent Petrie, a professor of psychology at the University of North Texas. And Jessica Carbino, Tinder's resident sociologist, took issue with what she called the study's small sample size and its "limited population" – students at two U.S. colleges. "The findings cannot be considered significant or representative as a result of major methodological flaws," Carbino said. But it's important to study the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Anxiety, Contraception, Anxiety and Stress, Emergency Contraception, Social Anxiety Disorder, Postcoital Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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