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Could Mom's Pre-Pregnancy Blood Pressure Predict Baby's Gender?

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 – The gender of a woman's future child may be linked to her blood pressure six months before she becomes pregnant, a preliminary study suggests. A team of Canadian and Chinese researchers found that a higher pre-pregnancy blood pressure reading may be associated with a greater likelihood for delivering a baby boy. Conversely, lower blood pressure may favor the odds of giving birth to a girl. But the researchers only found an association between pre-pregnancy blood pressure and a baby's gender. They did not prove a cause-and-effect connection. How might a mom-to-be's blood pressure predict her baby's gender? That's not completely clear. The researchers suspect blood pressure may be related to the gender of those babies carried to term, not lost to miscarriage. "When a woman becomes pregnant, the sex of a fetus is determined by whether the father's sperm provides ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, High Blood Pressure, Emergency Contraception, Hypertension, Postcoital Contraception, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Pregnancy OK for Most Women With Congenital Heart Conditions: Report

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 – Women with serious congenital heart defects can usually have successful pregnancies – but they should work closely with their doctors before, during and after pregnancy, according to new recommendations from the American Heart Association (AHA). At one time, women born with complex heart conditions were told they could never have a baby, said Dr. Jamil Aboulhosn, a cardiologist and one of the authors of the AHA scientific statement. But that old thinking has evolved, said Aboulhosn, who is based at University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center. Studies in recent years have shown that when those women work with an experienced team of health care providers, they generally can have healthy pregnancies, the statement said. The key is planning, said Mary Canobbio, a registered nurse who led the committee that crafted the new recommendations. "Prepregnancy ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Arrhythmia, Postcoital Contraception, Pulmonary Hypertension, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Hydrocephalus, Aortic Stenosis, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lower-Income Girls in U.S. Feel Unprepared for Puberty

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 – Girls from poor U.S. families feel they're missing out on vital life lessons about the female body, researchers say. Girls repeatedly said they felt ill-informed about menstruation and other changes related to puberty, according to researchers who reviewed papers published from 2000 to 2014. "Puberty is the cornerstone of reproductive development," study co-author Marni Sommer, an associate professor of sociomedical sciences at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City, said in a university news release. "Therefore, the transition through puberty is a critical period of development that provides an important opportunity to build a healthy foundation for sexual and reproductive health. Given the importance of this transition, the research is striking in its lack of quantity and quality to date." For the study, researchers at Columbia ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Menstrual Disorders, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Premenstrual Syndrome, Period Pain, Amenorrhea, Menorrhagia, Dysmenorrhea

New Guidelines Reaffirm Prenatal Folic Acid to Curb Birth Defects

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 – In a recommendation that reaffirms previous guidelines, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force said that folic acid supplements reduce the risk of neural tube defects. As it advised in 2009, the independent panel of experts said women who are pregnant or able to get pregnant should take a daily supplement that contains between 400 and 800 micrograms of folic acid to prevent these potentially fatal birth defects. Neural tube defects occur when the brain or spinal cord do not develop properly, leading to serious disabilities or even death. These birth defects take place very early in pregnancy. Sometimes they occur even before a woman knows that she is expecting, the task force explained. Folic acid supplements are most beneficial if women take them one month before becoming pregnant and continue taking them for the first three months of pregnancy, the panel ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Folic Acid, Delivery, Folic Acid Deficiency, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Ethinyl Estradiol/folic Acid/levonorgestrel, Folacin-800, Ed Cyte F, Ferrous Sulfate/Folic Acid, Cholecalciferol/folic Acid, Tandem F, Zingiber, Restora Rx, Ferrocite F, FaLessa, Hematinic with Folic Acid, Cyanocobalamin/Folic Acid/Pyridoxine/Strontium Gluconate, Equi-Cyte F

Do Genes Steer You to a Partner With Similar Schooling?

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 – Were you drawn to your spouse's eyes? Or perhaps it was a great sense of humor you thought drew you in? British researchers say the true reason may be much more pragmatic – your romantic fire may have been lit by your partner's college degree. That's because your genes could drive you to a relationship with someone who has a similar level of education, a new study suggests. The research included about 1,600 people in the United Kingdom. They were all married or living together. The researchers found that people with genes for high educational achievement tended to link up and have children with people with similar DNA. Researchers already knew that people typically choose mates with similar traits – a phenomenon dubbed "assortative mating." But, this is one of the first studies to suggest that genes play a role in selecting a partner with similar education ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Provera, Nexplanon, Implanon, Depo-Provera, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

Past Kidney Damage Linked to Pregnancy Problems

Posted 23 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 – Women with prior kidney damage may have an increased risk for pregnancy complications, a new study suggests. "We believe that this study highlights an important finding that will be useful for medical providers caring for reproductive-age women," said study author Dr. Jessica Sheehan Tangren, a nephrologist from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. The researchers reviewed data from almost 25,000 women who gave birth at Massachusetts General Hospital between 1998 and 2007. Just over 100 of the women had previously experienced acute kidney injury. This is a sudden decrease in kidney function. All of the women had recovered normal kidney function before they were pregnant. Women in the kidney damage group had much higher rates of a condition called preeclampsia that causes high blood pressure and other problems during pregnancy – 23 percent compared to 4 ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Renal Failure, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Chronic Kidney Disease, Toxemia of pregnancy, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Hyperphosphatemia of Renal Failure, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

More Than Half of Brazilian Women Avoid Pregnancy Due to Zika Fear

Posted 23 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 – More than half of young women in Brazil are forgoing pregnancy due to the ongoing Zika epidemic, a new study finds. Since the outbreak began in Brazil, there have been 1,845 confirmed cases of birth defects tied to the mosquito-borne virus. Many involve microcephaly, a malformation where babies are born with abnormally small heads and underdeveloped brains. The new study was led by Debora Diniz, a professor at the University of Brasilia. Her team surveyed more than 2,000 Brazilian women, aged 18 to 39, in June of this year. The result: 56 percent of the women said they had either avoided or tried to prevent a pregnancy because of the epidemic. Twenty-seven percent of the women said they had not tried to avoid pregnancy, while another 16 percent said they had not planned to get pregnant – regardless of whether Zika was a threat or not. "The results provide an ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Delay in Clamping Umbilical Cord Benefits Babies, Doctors Say

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 – The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends waiting at least 30 to 60 seconds after birth to clamp a healthy newborn's umbilical cord, citing potential health benefits. The new guideline is a change from 2012, when ACOG expressed uncertainty about the value of delaying clamping. The group now says research suggests healthy infants can benefit from getting more blood from the placenta through the umbilical cord. "While there are various recommendations regarding optimal timing for delayed umbilical cord clamping, there has been increased evidence that shows that the practice in and of itself has clear health benefits for both preterm and term infants," Dr. Maria Mascola, lead author of the guidelines, said in an ACOG news release. "And, in most cases, this does not interfere with early care, including drying and stimulating for ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Delivery, Premature Labor, Postpartum Bleeding, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Privacy Concerns Keep Some Young Americans From Sexual Health Services

Posted 16 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 – Young people may abstain from seeking sexual and reproductive health care because they fear their parents will find out, a U.S. government report suggests. About 7 percent of teens and young adults said they would not seek that care due to confidentiality concerns, the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reported Friday. The youngest teens expressed the greatest reluctance. Almost one in five 15- to 17-year-olds said they would not seek that care because their parents could find out, according to the report. "It is concerning," said Casey Copen, an NCHS health scientist and lead author of the report. The NCHS is part of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC estimates that 15- to 24-year-olds account for half of all cases of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. "It's important that we monitor any barriers that ... Read more

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Women Denied an Abortion Endure Mental Health Toll: Study

Posted 14 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 – Women who are denied an abortion may suffer anxiety and low self-esteem, a new analysis indicates. In contrast, the researchers found no indication that having an abortion increased the risk for near- or long-term psychological problems. "Our study found that denying women an abortion has negative consequences to their mental health and well-being in the short-term," said study author M. Antonia Biggs, a social psychologist researcher at the University of California, San Francisco. "[And] our study found no evidence of emerging mental health problems after having an abortion – for at least five years," Biggs added. Other research has suggested that having an abortion may raise the risk of mental health issues later in life. Biggs and her colleagues reported their findings online Dec. 14 in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. The study was released one day after ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Anxiety, Contraception, Plan B, Anxiety and Stress, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Provera, Nexplanon, Implanon, Depo-Provera, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Social Anxiety Disorder, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step

Birth Defects From Zika More Far-Reaching Than Thought

Posted 14 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 – Zika's ability to damage the infant brain may be even more far-reaching and insidious than previously thought, two new studies suggest. One study found that 6 percent of infants born to Zika-infected mothers in the United States had one or more birth defects related to the mosquito-borne virus. Meanwhile, a Brazilian study found 46 percent of babies of infected mothers in that country developed birth defects or died. The author of the U.S. study said many of the U.S.-born babies may still be diagnosed with birth defects as they approach the age of 1, since evidence has shown the virus can continue to damage a baby's brain after birth. The Zika outbreak first struck Brazil in April 2015, while the United States did not start reporting Zika infections until 2016. The devastating birth defects caused by the Zika virus – such as microcephaly, where the infant is ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Hydrocephalus, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

C-Sections May Be Causing Evolutionary Changes

Posted 5 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 – Why is it so difficult and painful for human females to give birth? Researchers have developed a new theory: Evolution favored small female pelvises and large newborns for good reasons. And, the researchers said, the rise of cesarean sections – the surgical delivery of a baby – in recent decades may be contributing to an even bigger gap between the size of newborns and their mothers' pelvises. In fact, the researchers estimate that the regular use of C-sections has led to a 10 to 20 percent increase in the gap between female pelvis width and babies' size. "Evolution is happening even in our modern society," said study lead author Philipp Mitteroecker, an assistant professor with the Department of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna, Austria. But, the human female pelvis has remained small, despite evolution, the researchers said. "The dimensions of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Delivery, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Labor Pain, Cervical Ripening, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

FDA Explains Pros, Cons of Permanent Birth Control

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Women need to carefully consider the benefits and risks of permanent birth control devices, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. The agency recently introduced labeling changes for one such device called Essure. It consists of flexible metal coils that are implanted into the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Within about three months, tissue forms around the coils and blocks sperm from reaching the eggs. Because the device is made with metal, women who are sensitive or allergic to nickel or other metals should be sure to let their doctor know about their allergy, the FDA said. The labeling changes for Essure include a boxed warning and patient decision checklist to help ensure that women receive and understand the benefits and risks of the device in order to make an informed decision about whether to use it. An important ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Provera, Nexplanon, Implanon, Depo-Provera, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

Online Calculator May Help Couples Predict Fertility Rx Success

Posted 17 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 – Researchers say they've developed free online calculators that predict how likely a woman is to have a baby after a handful of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment cycles. There are limitations to the devices: A leading infertility expert called the calculators "practically not very useful," while its developers cautioned that couples should be careful about using them to determine whether they should even try IVF in the first place. Still, "these new calculators will help shape couples' expectations and will help them prepare emotionally and financially for their IVF journey," said study author David McLernon, a research fellow in medical statistics at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. In vitro fertilization involves combining an egg and sperm in a lab dish, then transferring the embryo to the woman's uterus. Predicting the likelihood of success with ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Female Infertility, Ovulation Induction, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation

FDA Medwatch Alert: Essure Permanent Birth Control System by Bayer Healthcare: FDA Announcement - Label Changes

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: Essure labeling now includes the addition of a boxed warning and a Patient Decision Checklist, both intended to support patient counseling and understanding of benefits and risks associated with Essure, as well as what to expect during and after the Essure procedure. The boxed warning includes safety statements to clearly communicate significant side effects or adverse outcomes associated with this device and information about the potential need for removal.  The Patient Decision Checklist provides key information about the device, its use, and safety and effectiveness outcomes, of which the patient should be aware and discuss with her doctor as she considers her sterilization options. Bayer also incorporates important modifications to the patient counseling and device removal sections of the labeling to provide physicians with additional guidance in these critical areas. BA ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Essure

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