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CDC: Pregnant Women Should Avoid Southeast Asia Due to Zika

Posted 14 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 30, 2016 – Zika continues to extend its reach around the globe, with U.S. health officials now urging women to delay travel to 11 countries in Southeast Asia where the virus is circulating. Reports are also describing the first two cases of Zika-linked microcephaly in Thailand. Since the Zika outbreak began last year, thousands of babies, mostly in Brazil, have been born with the devastating brain defect after their mothers were infected with the mosquito-borne virus during pregnancy. French scientists also reported a disturbing discovery on Thursday: The virus was found inside the sperm of a man who had just returned from French Guyana, and not just in his semen. It is not clear if infected sperm can transmit Zika, the researchers noted, but the finding has important implications for the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika. It also raises questions about the need ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'The Pill' May Raise Depression Risk

Posted 2 days 15 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – Women who use hormonal methods for birth control, such as "the pill," may have a slightly higher risk of developing depression – and teenagers may be most vulnerable, a large study suggests. Researchers said the findings confirm the link between hormonal birth control and depression symptoms. However, the association does not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Manufacturers already list "mood changes," including new or worsening depression, on their products' list of potential side effects. But this new study of more than 1 million women strengthens the evidence of a connection, said Dr. Ojvind Lidegaard, of the University of Copenhagen, in Denmark. Lidegaard said women with a history of depression symptoms might want to consider nonhormonal contraception – such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) that release copper to prevent sperm from fertilizing the ... Read more

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U.S. Teen Births Hit Another Record Low: CDC

Posted 2 days 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – Births to U.S. teens reached a record low last year, continuing a dramatic two-decade decline, federal health officials reported Wednesday. The then-historic low achieved in 2014 was surpassed in 2015, with the overall birth rate for 15- to 19-year-olds falling another 8 percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The current rate – 22.3 births per 1,000 females – represents a 64 percent falloff in teen motherhood since 1991, health officials noted. Record lows were reported for minorities and whites. Among younger teens – girls 15 to 17 --- the birth rate has fallen 74 percent from 1991, the CDC said. "There is a phenomenal decline in teen births we see across the board – it's just really amazing," said lead researcher Brady Hamilton, from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Despite these successes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception

FDA Approves Bayer's Kyleena (Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System) for Prevention of Pregnancy for up to Five Years

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WHIPPANY, N.J., Sept. 19, 2016 /PRNewswire/ – Bayer announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Kyleena (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) 19.5 mg, a progestin-containing intrauterine system (IUS), for the prevention of pregnancy for up to five years.1 Kyleena will be available by prescription only in October 2016. "Data show that the use of effective, long-acting birth control methods including intrauterine devices – or IUDs – have helped to reduce unintended pregnancies in the United States but we still have a long way to go,"2 said Anita L. Nelson, M.D., Professor and Chair, Obstetrics and Gynecology at Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, Calif. "Kyleena is highly effective at preventing pregnancy and may be an appropriate choice for women who want a low-dose, non-daily birth control method." Kyleena is a small, flexible plastic ... Read more

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Vasectomy May Not Raise Prostate Cancer Risk After All

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – A large, new study challenges previous research that suggested vasectomies might increase the risk of prostate cancer or dying from it. In the latest finding, researchers found no connection between vasectomies and overall risk of prostate cancer, or of dying from the disease. The American Cancer Society epidemiologists reviewed more than 7,000 prostate cancer deaths, as opposed to the just over 800 prostate cancer deaths that were studied by Harvard scientists in a 2014 study. "Vasectomy is an effective and inexpensive long-term method of birth control," said new study author Eric Jacobs. "This new, large study provides some reassurance that vasectomy is unlikely to meaningfully increase risk of prostate cancer." Jacobs and his colleagues reviewed data on almost 364,000 men aged 40 and older who participated in the Cancer Prevention Study II, a vast research ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Prostate Cancer, Postcoital Contraception, Prostatitis, Prostate Tumor - Benign, Genitourinary Surgical and Other Conditions

CDC Ends Zika Travel Advisory for Miami Neighborhood

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – U.S. health officials on Monday lifted the Zika virus travel advisory that urged pregnant women to avoid travel to Miami's Wynwood neighborhood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to ask pregnant women and their partners to take precautions to prevent mosquito bites if they travel to or live in Wynwood. An arts district north of downtown Miami, Wynwood became the first area in the continental United States with mosquito transmissions of the virus that can cause terrible birth defects. But vigorous mosquito-control efforts appear to have paid off in Wynwood, halting new cases of Zika virus transmission in that area, CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said Monday. "We've reached this point because of the tremendous progress with mosquito control in the affected area, including the combination of aerial application of the larvicide Bti and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

2 of 3 Parents Want Schools to Expand Health Education

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Many parents want teachers to go beyond sex education and substance abuse issues in their health classes, a new poll finds. Middle and high schools should teach kids how to cope with issues such as stress, depression, bullying and suicide, according to two out of three parents surveyed. "These results suggest that the stigma of mental health issues may have relaxed among today's parents, in favor of using a broad array of resources to help children and adolescents with these critical areas," said Sarah Clark. She is co-director of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health. While two-thirds of those polled said health education programs should include topics such as stress and bullying, only one-third said their child's school currently covers these topics. Nearly seven out of 10 parents said basic first aid should also be taught, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Depression, Contraception, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

CDC May Lift Zika Travel Advisory for Miami Neighborhood

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – America's top public health agency could lift its Zika virus travel advisory for the Wynwood neighborhood of Miami as early as Monday, officials said Thursday afternoon. "Barring any new local transmissions in the affected area, we are expecting to be able to update guidance early next week," Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said during a media briefing. Since early August, the CDC has urged pregnant women to avoid travel to the Wynwood neighborhood, based on evidence that mosquitoes had been actively transmitting Zika from person to person. Zika is the first mosquito-borne virus known to cause terrible birth defects, most of them brain-related. The most common one is microcephaly, in which a child is born with an abnormally small brain and skull. In other news, Congressional aides say Republicans ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Many Teens Give Sex Ed a Failing Grade

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Teens around the world are getting sex education in schools that fails to address their needs and concerns, researchers report. By not addressing the complex nature of sex education and offering a curriculum that isn't practical or helpful to young people, educators are missing a key opportunity to protect students' health and well-being, the study authors added. "Schools should acknowledge that sex is a special subject with unique challenges, as well as the fact and range of young people's sexual activity, otherwise [they] will continue to disengage from [sex ed], and opportunities for safeguarding and improving their sexual health will be reduced," the British researchers wrote. The research team, led by Dr. Pandora Pound of the University of Bristol School of Social and Community Medicine, analyzed 55 studies that examined sex education programs in schools ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Erectile Dysfunction, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Sexual Deviations or Disorders, Gender Dysphoria, Hypersexuality State

For Teens With Leukemia, Pregnancy Tests Often Neglected

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Many teen girls with leukemia aren't checked for pregnancy before they receive chemotherapy drugs that can cause birth defects, a new study finds. Despite the risk of birth defects posed by these drugs, there are no standardized guidelines for pregnancy screening in teen cancer patients, the researchers said. "Since nearly all chemotherapy agents used for childhood/adolescent acute leukemia can cause potential harm to a developing fetus, our findings indicate a need for standardized pregnancy screening practices for adolescent patients being treated for cancer," said study author Dr. Pooja Rao. She was with a team from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia when the study was conducted. The researchers analyzed data from 10- to 18-year-old girls in the United States diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Leukemia, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation

Know Your Risk for Ovarian Cancer -- and the Symptoms

Posted 9 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 9, 2016 – A major shift is needed in the prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer, according to a doctor who specializes in the disease. "Ovarian cancer is often diagnosed too late," said Dr. David Fishman, director of the cancer center and gynecologic oncology at NewYork-Presbyterian/Queens. "It's important for women to know their risk [of] contracting this deadly disease, and its earliest warning signs," he added. All women are at risk of ovarian cancer, and one in 75 will develop the disease, Fishman said. More than 250,000 women worldwide are diagnosed with ovarian cancer every year, and 140,000 die from it. Fishman stressed that a clean pap test does not mean a woman's ovaries are cancer-free. Pap tests diagnose cervical disease, not ovarian cancer. Some call ovarian cancer a "silent" killer. Its early symptoms are mild and easy to ignore, according to Fishman. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Breast Cancer, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Ovarian Cysts, Ovarian Cancer

CDC's Frieden: We're Nearly Out of Money to Fight Zika

Posted 9 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 9, 2016 – The federal government is basically out of money to fight the Zika virus, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday. Dr. Tom Frieden offered that assessment to a group of reporters as Congress began negotiations on a stopgap spending bill that's also intended to include long-delayed money to battle Zika. The mosquito-borne virus causes severe birth defects and continues to make inroads into Florida, the only state in the continental U.S. to report local transmission of the virus. The Associated Press quoted Frieden as saying the country is "about to see a bunch of kids born with microcephaly" in the coming months. Microcephaly is a condition in which babies are born with abnormally small heads and brains. Frieden said Congress' lack of action to approve more Zika funding has hampered research into the virus and production of new ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Excess Pre-Pregnancy Weight May Slightly Raise Baby's Cerebral Palsy Risk

Posted 8 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – Some women who are overweight or obese before pregnancy may face a slight increased risk of having a baby with cerebral palsy, a new study suggests. After reviewing data from two Nordic countries, researchers also found that the risk of cerebral palsy was elevated in infants whose mothers' pre-pregnancy weight was in the upper-normal range. But experts stressed that the overall risks of having a baby with cerebral palsy (CP) remain very small, even among women carrying excess weight. "Even though an increased risk for overweight women of 60 percent seems high, the risk of having a baby with CP is still very low," said study author Ingeborg Forthun, a doctoral student at University of Bergen in Norway. It's also important to note that this study only proved an association between mothers' pre-pregnancy weight and CP, not a cause-and-effect relationship. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Cerebral Palsy, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation

Are Birth Control Pills Tied to Decline in Ovarian Cancer Deaths?

Posted 7 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Ovarian cancer deaths are down dramatically in many parts of the world, and researchers believe the use of birth control pills may be a main reason why. The analysis of World Health Organization data found that the ovarian cancer death rate fell 16 percent in the United States and almost 8 percent in Canada between 2002 and 2012. In the European Union, the ovarian cancer death rate fell 10 percent, though some countries saw far more significant drops. The United Kingdom's ovarian cancer death rate went down by 22 percent. Denmark and Sweden each saw a drop of 24 percent in their death rate from ovarian cancer, the researchers said. Ovarian cancer deaths also decreased about 12 percent in both Australia and New Zealand. In Japan, the ovarian cancer death rate declined 2 percent, the study found. Japan has low rates of birth control use, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Ovarian Cancer

Congress Can't Agree on Additional Funding to Fight Zika

Posted 7 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Congress returned to work Tuesday from its seven-week summer break and failed to agree on additional funding to fight the Zika virus. Federal and state health officials say the funding is needed as the mosquito-borne virus that causes severe birth defects continues to make inroads into Florida. The Miami area now has 56 documented cases of locally transmitted Zika infection, which causes the birth defect microcephaly that leads to babies born with abnormally small heads and brains. There have been no reported locally transmitted cases of microcephaly in the continental United States. But thousands of cases have been documented in Latin America and the Caribbean, with Brazil the epicenter of the outbreak. Health officials say it's also becoming increasingly clear that the Zika virus can be transmitted through sexual activity. President Barack Obama in February ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

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