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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) News

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

Car Crash Rate Falls When People With ADHD Take Meds

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 – If you have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study suggests you would be wise to take your medication if you want to lower your chances of getting into a car accident. The "core symptoms" of ADHD are what boosts crash risk in the first place, explained study author Zheng Chang. Those include "inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity," said Chang. He is a postdoctoral candidate in the department of medical epidemiology and biostatistics at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Other common ADHD-related behaviors – such as excessive risk-taking, poor control of aggression, and substance use – can make matters worse, he added. But "male ADHD patients had a 38 percent lower risk of motor vehicle crashes when receiving ADHD medication," Chang said. "And female patients had a 42 percent lower risk of motor vehicle crashes when ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR, ProCentra, Quillivant XR

Autism Greatly Boosts Kids' Injury Risk, Especially for Drowning

Posted 21 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 21, 2017 – Children with autism are at extremely high risk of drowning compared to other kids, a new study reveals. Analysis of death records found that kids with an autism spectrum disorder are 160 times more likely to die from drowning compared with the general pediatric population, the researchers reported. Children diagnosed with autism – usually between 2 and 3 years of age – need swimming lessons as soon as possible, even before they start other therapies that will improve the long-term quality of their lives, said senior author Dr. Guohua Li. "Pediatricians and parents should immediately help enroll the child in swimming classes, before any behavioral therapy, speech therapy or occupational therapy," said Li. He is a professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. "Swimming ability for kids with autism is an ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Schizophrenia, Autism, Seizure Prevention, Asperger Syndrome, Seizure Prophylaxis

Could Common Insecticides Be Tied to Behavior Issues in Kids?

Posted 2 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 2, 2017 – Children exposed to a widely used group of insecticides may be at increased risk for behavioral problems, according to a new study. The insecticides are called pyrethroids. They're used on crops but can also be found in some mosquito repellents and in products used to treat head lice, scabies and fleas, the French research team explained. Like many types of insecticides, pyrethroids work by damaging nerves, and concerns have recently been raised about their possible effects on children who have been exposed. The study can't prove cause-and-effect. However, according to one child psychiatrist, it does raise troubling questions. "The pesticide class studied are considered 'safe' pesticides and this study is cause for concern as to how safe it really is," said Dr. Matthew Lorber, who reviewed the new findings. He directs child and adolescent psychiatry at Lenox ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), RID, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Insect Bites, Lice Treatment, Pyrethrins, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Piperonyl Butoxide/Pyrethrins, Tegrin-LT Shampoo, Tegrin-LT Lice Spray, Pyrinyl Liquid, Permethrin/Piperonyl Butoxide/Pyrethrins, Licide, Tisit, R & C, Pronto Shampoo Kit, Rid Pediculicide, Lice Solution, Pronto with Metal Comb

Imaging Study Confirms Brain Differences in People With ADHD

Posted 16 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 – Researchers who pinpointed brain differences in people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) say their findings show the condition should be considered a brain disorder. The international study – the largest of its kind – included more than 1,700 people with ADHD and more than 1,500 without the disorder. Participants were between the ages of 4 and 63. "We hope that this will help to reduce stigma that ADHD is 'just a label' for difficult children or caused by poor parenting. This is definitely not the case, and we hope that this work will contribute to a better understanding of the disorder," said study author Martine Hoogman. ADHD is characterized by inattention, overactivity and impulsivity that can interfere with learning and relationships. Brain scans revealed that five brain regions in those with ADHD were smaller than in those without ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Head Imaging, Executive Function Disorder

Low-Income Kids More Likely to Have ADHD, Asthma

Posted 14 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 – Children in families struggling to make ends meet are developing asthma and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at faster rates than kids from families with greater means, a new study finds. On the other hand, kids from wealthier families are being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder more often than children in poorer homes. But that likely indicates that those parents have better access to the health care services that can uncover an autism diagnosis, the study authors said. The findings suggest that family income and access to health insurance play a large role in a child's physical and mental health, said lead researcher Dr. Christian Pulcini. He's a pediatrics resident with the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. "Children in poverty are more at risk for adverse health outcomes, and we need to keep that in mind when we make policy and ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Asthma, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Asthma - Maintenance, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Autism, Fluticasone, Qvar, Asthma - Acute, Budesonide, Methylin, Daytrana, Flovent, Entocort, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 13 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Autism, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

Could the 'Mediterranean' Diet Help Prevent ADHD?

Posted 30 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Kids who follow a Mediterranean diet – high in fruits, vegetables and "good" fats – may be less likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small study suggests. Research on 120 children in Spain found that those with "low adherence" to the traditional Mediterranean diet were seven times more likely to have ADHD. In general, kids with ADHD ate fewer fruits, vegetables and fatty fish – and more junk food and fast food, according to the study findings. However, the findings point only to a correlation and not a cause-and-effect link between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD, said experts who were not involved in the study. No one knows whether the diet can actually ward off the attention and behavior problems associated with ADHD. "One possibility is that kids with ADHD make less-healthy food choices," said Richard Gallagher. Still, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Weight Loss, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Weight Loss/Failure to Thrive, Cachexia, Executive Function Disorder

Kids With ADHD Make 6.1 Million Doctor Visits a Year in U.S.: CDC

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 – Kids with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder account for more than 6 million physician office visits a year in the United States, say U.S. health officials. An average 6.1 million trips to a doctor, pediatrician or psychiatrist by children aged 4 to 17 in 2013 involved treatment for diagnosed ADHD, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The number represents 6 percent of all kids' visits to the doctor in 2013, said senior author Jill Ashman. She is a statistician with CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The percentage has increased from a decade earlier, when 4 percent of physician visits were related to ADHD treatment, she said. "It has increased," Ashman said. "It went from 4 million to 6 million visits per year." ADHD is characterized by inattention, overactivity and impulsivity that can ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Adipex-P, Nuvigil, Focalin, Provigil, Strattera, Caffeine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine, Focalin XR, Methamphetamine, Phendimetrazine

Obamacare Covered More People With Mental Illness, Addictions

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 – More Americans with mental illness and substance abuse disorders got health insurance after the Affordable Care Act was introduced, a new study shows. However, these patients still face significant barriers to treatment, the Johns Hopkins researchers added. "The Affordable Care Act has been very effective in reducing the uninsured rate in this vulnerable population, where there is a real need to get people into services," said study leader Brendan Saloner. He's an assistant professor in the department of health policy and management. "We got more people covered, but we didn't make dramatic progress in closing the under-treatment gap," Saloner said in a university news release. "We need to find ways to take the next step and ensure people are seeing the providers who can help them." For the study, researchers reviewed data from nearly 30,000 adults, aged 18 to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Seroquel, Opiate Dependence, Major Depressive Disorder, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Sertraline, Abilify, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests

Posted 20 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – People with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, a new study finds. And that's true even though they're at higher risk for infection with the AIDS-causing virus, the researchers added. The study included nearly 57,000 Medicaid patients in California. They were between the ages of 18 and 67. They were all taking medications to treat bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression with psychosis. Just under 7 percent had HIV testing, compared with 5 percent of the state's general population in 2011, according to the study. The authors said their findings suggest a missed opportunity to treat HIV infection early in people with severe mental illness. The risk of HIV may be up to 15 percent higher in people with severe mental illness than in the general population, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, HIV Infection, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Exercise: An Antidote for Behavioral Issues in Students?

Posted 9 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 – Children with serious behavioral disorders might fare better at school if they get some exercise during the day, a new study suggests. The researchers focused on children and teenagers with conditions that included autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depression. They looked at whether structured exercise during the school day – in the form of stationary "cybercycles" – could help ease students' behavioral issues in the classroom. Over a period of seven weeks, the study found it did. Kids were about one-third to 50 percent less likely to act out in class, compared to a seven-week period when they took standard gym classes. Those effects are meaningful, according to lead researcher April Bowling, who was a doctoral student at Harvard University at the time of the study. "On days that the students biked, they ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Adderall, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR

For People With Mental Health Woes, Pets Can Be Invaluable

Posted 9 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 – Cats, dogs, birds and other pets can help people manage their mental disorders, a new study says. Researchers from the United Kingdom asked more than 50 adults with long-term mental conditions about the role pets play in their social networks. Sixty percent placed pets in the central and most important circle – above family, friends and hobbies. Another 20 percent placed pets in the second circle. Many said the constant presence and close proximity of their pets provide an immediate source of calm. For some, a pet helps distract them from symptoms and upsetting experiences such as hearing voices or suicidal thoughts. "You just want to sink into a pit... the cats force me to sort of still be involved with the world," one patient said. Another patient said: "I'm not thinking of the voices, I'm just thinking of the birds singing." The findings were published Dec. 8 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Autism, Eating Disorder, Psychosis

Troubled Preschoolers Not Getting Effective Treatment: Report

Posted 21 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 – Most preschoolers with mood, behavior and social disorders would benefit from non-drug therapies, but few receive this type of help, a leading group of U.S. pediatricians reports. As many as one in 10 kids younger than 5 years old experiences these kinds of mental health problems, the American Academy of Pediatrics said in a new report. Current evidence supports the use of "family-focused" therapies – often including parent training – as a first-line treatment for these children, the AAP reported. Yet mental health stigma, shortages of trained providers and insurance barriers limit access to evidence-based treatment, it said. "Young children's mental health needs have long been overlooked," said Dr. Mary Margaret Gleason, lead author of the report. "We don't want to leave children without treatment because these are real disorders that deserve treatment, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Aggressive Behavior, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Neighborhoods May Be Key to Teens' Mental Well-Being

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Teenagers living in cohesive neighborhoods – where trusted neighbors get involved in monitoring each other's children – experience fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety, a new study suggests. The researchers also found consistent results across different cities regardless of family composition and neighborhood income, indicating strong neighborhoods help teen mental health across various populations. Along with common risk factors, neighborhood environments should probably be given more attention when looking for potential factors linked to teen mental health problems, said study author Louis Donnelly. He's a postdoctoral research associate at the Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing at Princeton University in Princeton, N.J. "Notably, whether a child grew up in a higher- or lower-income household, the associations were similar. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Agitation, Eating Disorder, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Aggressive Behavior

Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – In a bit of good news, the rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, a new study finds. At the same time, the prescribing rate of stimulant medications for these young patients has also stayed steady, a promising trend that researchers credit to treatment guidelines that were introduced in 2011. The guidelines, issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), called for a standardized approach to diagnosis, and recommended behavior therapy – not drugs – as the first-line therapy for preschoolers. "There [was] a concern that preschoolers get too much behavioral diagnosis and medications for behavior problems," explained study author Dr. Alexander Fiks. He is associate medical director of the Pediatric Research Consortium at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. One in every three children ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR

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