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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) News

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

Amphetamines Polluting Some Urban Streams: Study

Posted 2 days 19 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 – Medications and illegal drugs are polluting streams in and around at least one major U.S. city, new research reveals. Scientists say this pollution comes with ecological consequences – areas in some streams have high enough concentrations of the stimulant amphetamine to alter the bottom of the aquatic food web. "Around the world, treated and untreated wastewater entering surface waters contains pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs that originate from human consumption and excretion, manufacturing processes, or improper disposal," study author Sylvia Lee said in a Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies news release. "We were interested in revealing how amphetamine exposure influences the small plants and animals that play a large role in regulating the health of streams," said Lee. She conducted the research when she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Cary ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methamphetamine, Desoxyn, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Desoxyn Gradumet, Executive Function Disorder, C-Topical Solution

ADHD More Often Missed in Minority Kids

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – While a higher percentage of black children show the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than white kids, they are less likely to be diagnosed or treated for the disorder, researchers report. The new study showed a similar trend when it came to Hispanic children: They were as likely as their white peers to exhibit the signs of ADHD, but less likely to be diagnosed or treated for it. "There are multiple places where we are missing out for diagnosis and treatment of African American and Latino children," said study author Dr. Tumaini Coker. "It's hard to be treated if you're not diagnosed in the first place," noted Coker. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine and Mattel Children's Hospital at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among the possible factors causing the disparities is that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Diagnosis and Investigation, Executive Function Disorder

Could Diet in Pregnancy Raise Child's Odds for ADHD?

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study warns. Researchers found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet can affect the function of a gene called IGF2 that helps steer fetal development of brain regions previously linked to ADHD. "These results suggest that promoting a healthy prenatal diet may ultimately lower ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children," said senior researcher Edward Barker, director of the developmental psychopathology lab at King's College London. However, Barker said the study only shows an association, rather than a direct cause-and-effect. "We do not suggest that a mother's diet will cause ADHD or conduct problems," he said. "There are many causes of ADHD and conduct problems, and usually many small influences are at work together, diet being one of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Executive Function Disorder

Meds May Curb Risky Behaviors for Kids With ADHD

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Despite concerns that the stimulants used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might raise the risk of drug abuse, new research suggests the medications are linked with less risky behaviors in teens. The research finds that ADHD medications are "effective in reducing the probability of these events," said study co-author Anna Chorniy, a postdoctoral associate at Princeton University in New Jersey. Chorniy and her co-author Leah Kitashima, a Ph.D. candidate at Clemson University in South Carolina, examined the Medicaid claims of nearly 150,000 children aged 4 to 19 who were diagnosed with ADHD in South Carolina between 2003 and 2013. The study results showed that children with ADHD who took medication were 7 percent less likely to have a substance abuse disorder and nearly 4 percent less likely to contract a sexually transmitted disease, ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

Acetaminophen During Pregnancy May Up Risk of ADHD in Kids

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 – Pregnant women who take acetaminophen – best known as Tylenol – might raise the risk that their child will develop behavioral problems such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study suggests. Acetaminophen is generally considered safe in pregnancy – so safe, in fact, that at least two-thirds of women turn to it while expecting, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. But when pregnant women in Britain used the pain reliever, it appeared to increase the risk of behavior problems cropping up in their children by the time they turned 7, said lead researcher Evie Stergiakouli, a lecturer in genetic epidemiology at the University of Bristol. Still, the study couldn't prove cause-and-effect, and Stergiakouli believes that women should still take the drug if needed. In the study, taking acetaminophen between 18 and 32 weeks in ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Lortab, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Tylenol, Acetaminophen, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Paracetamol, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Darvocet-N 100, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Tylenol with Codeine, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine 3, DayQuil, Roxicet

ADHD Common Among College Students Who Misuse Stimulant Drugs

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 – College students who misuse stimulant drugs are more likely to have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other psychiatric problems, a new study shows. The study also found that immediate-release stimulants are more likely to be misused than extended-release versions of the drugs. A previous study found that nearly two-thirds of college students had been offered stimulants for non-medical use, and 31 percent had used them over a four-year period. The new Massachusetts General Hospital study included 300 undergraduates between the ages of 18 and 28 at Boston-area campuses. One-third misused stimulant drugs. Misusers were more likely to have been diagnosed with ADHD or to have related symptoms as children, such as being easily distracted and having trouble paying attention. As adults, they were more likely to have trouble following instructions and ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

4 Out of 5 Kids With Epilepsy Have Other Health Problems: Study

Posted 1 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 – Nearly 80 percent of children who have the seizure disorder epilepsy also have other health conditions, such as digestive troubles and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, a large Norwegian study finds. "Parents should be aware of the increased risk of [other] problems for their children," said study author Dr. Richard Chin. Epilepsy is a chronic seizure disorder. It is estimated that nearly 4 million people in the United States have epilepsy, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The new study included health information on more than a million Norwegian children from 2008 through 2013. About 6,600 of the children had a diagnosis of epilepsy, the researchers said. The data showed that nearly four out of five children with epilepsy had at least one other health issue. These included medical, neurological, developmental or ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Asthma, Epilepsy, Indigestion, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Executive Function Disorder, Reversible Airways Disease, History of Musculoskeletal Disorder

Health Tip: Taming Your Toddler's Aggression

Posted 25 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Children can't follow your rules unless you're clear and consistent in enforcing them. Aggressive behavior is no exception. Here are suggestions to help soothe an angry toddler, courtesy of the American Academy of Pediatrics: Provide a home life that is secure and stable with loving but firm discipline. Offer positive reinforcement all the time, not just when your child is misbehaving. Change your child's focus with a distraction when the child begins to get out of control. Supervise your child during disagreements with playmates, but try to let children work out conflicts without intervention. Step in if children become aggressive. Teach your child appropriate ways for dealing with conflict, such as firmly saying no. Use time-outs as needed. Set a good example by controlling your own temper. Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitated State

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the general population of children," said study leader Sean Esteban McCabe. He is research faculty chair at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender. "The study found that the odds of reporting any substance use were over two times more likely among individuals who reported later onset [age 15 or older] and shorter duration [two years or less] of ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Smoking, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Smoking Cessation, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR

Epilepsy May Triple ADHD Risk, Danish Study Finds

Posted 13 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Children who suffer from epilepsy or fever-related seizures may face a higher risk of also having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new Danish research suggests. The findings echo those of some previous research. But, U.S. experts said the new study is notable because of the large number of study participants – nearly 1 million – and the length of follow-up, which was up to 22 years. The study looked at children born in Denmark from 1990 through 2007, tracking them until 2012. The investigators found those with epilepsy seemed to have nearly three times the risk of developing ADHD compared to children without epilepsy. And children who had fever-related seizures appeared to have an almost 30 percent increased risk of ADHD. Children with both epilepsy and fever-related seizures had a risk of ADHD more than three times higher than those without ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Fever, Epilepsy, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Seizure Prevention, Seizure Prophylaxis, Executive Function Disorder

Exercise May Help Ease Adult ADHD Symptoms

Posted 6 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – A burst of moderate exercise may improve motivation and energy in adults with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small new study suggests. The research included 32 young men who hadn't been diagnosed with ADHD, but reported high levels of symptoms of the disorder. When the study volunteers completed a 20-minute session of leg cycling exercise, they reported lowered feelings of confusion, fatigue and depression before performing a mental task. While activity didn't seem to affect behavior symptoms such as attention or hyperactivity, the study authors said the research indicates exercise might help those with the disorder to function better. "There is now evidence that young adult men with symptoms of ADHD who engage in a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise are likely to benefit psychologically," said study author Patrick ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Dyanavel XR

Those Baby 'Milestones' May Have Longer-Term Importance

Posted 27 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 27, 2016 – Babies who learn to stand up relatively early may also do a bit better with attention, memory and learning by the time they are preschoolers, a new study suggests. Experts have known that significant delays in reaching movement "milestones" – such as crawling, standing and walking – are a sign that a baby may go on to have developmental disabilities. But the new study found a pattern even among babies who hit those milestones within the "normal" time frame. Those who reached certain milestones sooner tended to have higher scores on some developmental measures by the time they were 4 years old. Specifically, babies who learned to stand with assistance relatively early had higher scores on tests of "cognition" at age 4. That refers to a young child's ability to pay attention, learn and remember. Preschoolers who'd hit the standing milestone sooner also tended to ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diagnosis and Investigation, Executive Function Disorder

Behavior Woes Hamper Boys More Than Girls in School: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 22, 2016 – Behavior problems are more likely to hold boys back in school than girls, a new study shows. "When I compared 4- and 5-year-old boys and girls who had the same levels of behavior problems – including difficulty sustaining attention, regulating emotions, delaying gratification, and forming positive relationships with teachers and peers – I found that boys were less likely to learn and more likely to be held back in school," said study author Jayanti Owens. She is a professor at Brown University in Rhode Island. "My study also showed that the way schools respond to boys' behaviors plays a significant role in shaping their educational outcomes years later," Owens said in an American Sociological Association news release. "Relative to the other early childhood family and health factors I considered, gender differences in both students' behavior and educators' ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Executive Function Disorder

Are 'Workaholics' Prone to OCD, Anxiety?

Posted 10 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 – Some workaholics may be prone to mental health disorders, compared to folks with greater work-life balance, new research suggests. These disorders may include anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, the study authors said. The findings, based on a review of more than 15,000 Norwegians, suggest that "taking work to the extreme may be a sign of deeper psychiatric issues," said study lead author Cecilie Schou Andreassen. "Physicians should not take for granted that a seemingly successful workaholic doesn't have these disorders," said Schou Andreassen, a clinical psychologist with the University of Bergen, in Norway. The research doesn't delve into cause and effect, so it's not clear how mental health issues and overwork might be linked. Nor should hard workers be labeled as workaholics, although ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Performance Anxiety

Sound Sleep Elusive for Many Kids With ADHD

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 – A new study supports a claim parents have long made about children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder – kids with ADHD don't sleep as well as other kids. "Children with ADHD have huge sleep problems," said study leader Anne Virring Sorensen, a researcher at Aarhus University in Risskov, Denmark. "We verified [their sleep problems] by polysomnography, which hadn't been done before," she said. Polysomnography is a sleep study. It evaluates brain waves, breathing and other parameters to check sleep quality. The researchers also looked at how quickly the children fell asleep at night and during the day. In the United States, about 6 million children have ADHD, a neurodevelopmental disorder, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Symptoms vary, but can include lack of focus, impulsivity and hyperactivity, with difficulty in ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Fatigue, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Drowsiness, Insomnia - Stimulant-Associated, Hypersomnia, Executive Function Disorder

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