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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) News

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

Health Tip: Taming Your Toddler's Aggression

Posted 15 hours ago by Drugs.com

-- Children can't follow your rules unless you're clear and consistent in enforcing them. Aggressive behavior is no exception. Here are suggestions to help soothe an angry toddler, courtesy of the American Academy of Pediatrics: Provide a home life that is secure and stable with loving but firm discipline. Offer positive reinforcement all the time, not just when your child is misbehaving. Change your child's focus with a distraction when the child begins to get out of control. Supervise your child during disagreements with playmates, but try to let children work out conflicts without intervention. Step in if children become aggressive. Teach your child appropriate ways for dealing with conflict, such as firmly saying no. Use time-outs as needed. Set a good example by controlling your own temper. Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitated State

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Parents often worry that their children who take stimulants to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be at higher risk for substance abuse later. Now, a surprising new study finds that risk was actually lower when medicines such as Ritalin and Adderall were started earlier and taken longer. "Most notably, the risk of substance use in adolescents who had been treated at an earlier age and for a longer duration with stimulant ADHD medications was the same as for the general population of children," said study leader Sean Esteban McCabe. He is research faculty chair at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender. "The study found that the odds of reporting any substance use were over two times more likely among individuals who reported later onset [age 15 or older] and shorter duration [two years or less] of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Smoking, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR

Epilepsy May Triple ADHD Risk, Danish Study Finds

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Children who suffer from epilepsy or fever-related seizures may face a higher risk of also having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new Danish research suggests. The findings echo those of some previous research. But, U.S. experts said the new study is notable because of the large number of study participants – nearly 1 million – and the length of follow-up, which was up to 22 years. The study looked at children born in Denmark from 1990 through 2007, tracking them until 2012. The investigators found those with epilepsy seemed to have nearly three times the risk of developing ADHD compared to children without epilepsy. And children who had fever-related seizures appeared to have an almost 30 percent increased risk of ADHD. Children with both epilepsy and fever-related seizures had a risk of ADHD more than three times higher than those without ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Seizures, Fever, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Seizure Prophylaxis, Executive Function Disorder

Exercise May Help Ease Adult ADHD Symptoms

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – A burst of moderate exercise may improve motivation and energy in adults with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small new study suggests. The research included 32 young men who hadn't been diagnosed with ADHD, but reported high levels of symptoms of the disorder. When the study volunteers completed a 20-minute session of leg cycling exercise, they reported lowered feelings of confusion, fatigue and depression before performing a mental task. While activity didn't seem to affect behavior symptoms such as attention or hyperactivity, the study authors said the research indicates exercise might help those with the disorder to function better. "There is now evidence that young adult men with symptoms of ADHD who engage in a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise are likely to benefit psychologically," said study author Patrick ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Dyanavel XR, Adzenys XR-ODT, Metadate ER

Those Baby 'Milestones' May Have Longer-Term Importance

Posted 27 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 27, 2016 – Babies who learn to stand up relatively early may also do a bit better with attention, memory and learning by the time they are preschoolers, a new study suggests. Experts have known that significant delays in reaching movement "milestones" – such as crawling, standing and walking – are a sign that a baby may go on to have developmental disabilities. But the new study found a pattern even among babies who hit those milestones within the "normal" time frame. Those who reached certain milestones sooner tended to have higher scores on some developmental measures by the time they were 4 years old. Specifically, babies who learned to stand with assistance relatively early had higher scores on tests of "cognition" at age 4. That refers to a young child's ability to pay attention, learn and remember. Preschoolers who'd hit the standing milestone sooner also tended to ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Diagnosis and Investigation, Executive Function Disorder

Behavior Woes Hamper Boys More Than Girls in School: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 22, 2016 – Behavior problems are more likely to hold boys back in school than girls, a new study shows. "When I compared 4- and 5-year-old boys and girls who had the same levels of behavior problems – including difficulty sustaining attention, regulating emotions, delaying gratification, and forming positive relationships with teachers and peers – I found that boys were less likely to learn and more likely to be held back in school," said study author Jayanti Owens. She is a professor at Brown University in Rhode Island. "My study also showed that the way schools respond to boys' behaviors plays a significant role in shaping their educational outcomes years later," Owens said in an American Sociological Association news release. "Relative to the other early childhood family and health factors I considered, gender differences in both students' behavior and educators' ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Executive Function Disorder

Are 'Workaholics' Prone to OCD, Anxiety?

Posted 10 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 – Some workaholics may be prone to mental health disorders, compared to folks with greater work-life balance, new research suggests. These disorders may include anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, the study authors said. The findings, based on a review of more than 15,000 Norwegians, suggest that "taking work to the extreme may be a sign of deeper psychiatric issues," said study lead author Cecilie Schou Andreassen. "Physicians should not take for granted that a seemingly successful workaholic doesn't have these disorders," said Schou Andreassen, a clinical psychologist with the University of Bergen, in Norway. The research doesn't delve into cause and effect, so it's not clear how mental health issues and overwork might be linked. Nor should hard workers be labeled as workaholics, although ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Panic Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Performance Anxiety

Sound Sleep Elusive for Many Kids With ADHD

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 – A new study supports a claim parents have long made about children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder – kids with ADHD don't sleep as well as other kids. "Children with ADHD have huge sleep problems," said study leader Anne Virring Sorensen, a researcher at Aarhus University in Risskov, Denmark. "We verified [their sleep problems] by polysomnography, which hadn't been done before," she said. Polysomnography is a sleep study. It evaluates brain waves, breathing and other parameters to check sleep quality. The researchers also looked at how quickly the children fell asleep at night and during the day. In the United States, about 6 million children have ADHD, a neurodevelopmental disorder, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Symptoms vary, but can include lack of focus, impulsivity and hyperactivity, with difficulty in ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Fatigue, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Drowsiness, Insomnia - Stimulant-Associated, Hypersomnia, Executive Function Disorder

ADHD Meds May Pose Heart Risks for Some Kids

Posted 1 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 1, 2016 – Ritalin, a popular drug for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), might increase the risk of an abnormal heart rhythm shortly after a young person starts taking it, a new study suggests. Children and teens who were prescribed methylphenidate – sold under the brand names Ritalin, Daytrana and Concerta – had a 61 percent increased risk of arrhythmias during the first two months of use, according to the analysis of South Korean patients. But most children on the medication should not experience heart problems, stressed senior study author Nicole Pratt, a senior research fellow at the Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Center at the University of South Australia. "In the average child, the risk of serious cardiovascular events is extremely small [three per 100,000 per year], and any absolute excess risk associated with ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Concerta, Ritalin, Arrhythmia, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR, Executive Function Disorder

Antidepressants Not Just for Depression Any More

Posted 24 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 – Doctors prescribe antidepressants for a wide range of medical problems other than depression, apparently fueling the boom in sales of these medications, researchers report. Depression accounts for only a little more than half the antidepressant prescriptions issued by Quebec physicians during the past decade, the Canadian study found. Doctors also issued antidepressants to treat anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain, panic disorders, fibromyalgia, migraine, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and a host of other "off-label" conditions for which the drugs are not approved, according to the report. Two out of every three non-depression prescriptions for antidepressants were handed out under an off-label purpose, the findings showed. "The thing that's of concern here is that when prescribing for conditions other than depression, often these are for indications such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Headache, Sleep Disorders, Anxiety and Stress, Insomnia, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Fibromyalgia, Lexapro, Zoloft, Panic Disorder, Migraine, Effexor, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Chronic Pain, Prozac, Celexa

At Least 1 Full-Time Nurse Per School, Pediatric Group Recommends

Posted 23 May 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Every school should have at least one full-time registered nurse, a new American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement says. "School nursing is one of the most effective ways to keep children healthy and in school and to prevent chronic absenteeism," Dr. Breena Welch Holmes, a lead author of the policy statement and chair of the AAP Council on School Health, said in an AAP news release. But school district policies about nurses may lack uniformity. And such policies often need updating, the AAP noted. In the past, the AAP supported having one school nurse for every 750 healthy students and one nurse for every 225 students who needed professional nursing assistance. But these ratios aren't enough to meet the health needs of today's students, the new policy says. "As student health needs became more complex, the school nursing role has expanded to include ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Diabetes, Type 2, Seizures, Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Asthma, Asthma - Maintenance, Seizure Prevention, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Diabetes, Type 1, Asthma - Acute, Anaphylaxis, Seizure Prophylaxis, Diabetes Mellitus, Allergic Asthma, Executive Function Disorder

ADHD Can First Appear in Young Adulthood for Some, Study Suggests

Posted 18 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 – A new British study suggests that attention-deficient hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may often develop in the young adult years. Researchers at Kings College London looked at long-term data from 2,200 British twins. They found that close to 70 percent of those diagnosed with ADHD as young adults did not have the disorder when they were children. People with this "late-onset" ADHD also tended to have high levels of symptoms, impairment and other mental health disorders, according to the study. A Brazilian study in the same issue of the journal also found that a large percentage of adults with ADHD did not have the condition in childhood, and the British and Brazilian studies support the findings of a prior New Zealand study. "Our research sheds new light on the development and onset of ADHD, but it also brings up many questions about ADHD that arises after ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Don't Blame Kids' Behavior on Full Moon

Posted 12 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 – Many parents swear their children's behavior changes when the moon is full, but new research suggests otherwise. "Our study provides compelling evidence that the moon does not seem to influence people's behavior," said Dr. Jean-Philippe Chaput, from the Eastern Ontario Research Institute, in Canada. To investigate possible effects of lunar cycles on human behavior, the researchers focused on those most vulnerable to changes in behavior and sleep habits: children. In all, the study involved more than 5,800 kids from five continents. "We considered that performing this research on children would be particularly more relevant because they are more amenable to behavior changes than adults and their sleep needs are greater than adults," said Chaput. The children were from a wide range of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. The researchers considered their age, ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Nightmares, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Night Terrors, Executive Function Disorder, REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

For ADHD, Start With Behavior Therapy, Not Drugs: CDC

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Behavior modification therapy is preferable to drugs for treating children 2 to 5 years old who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, U.S. health officials say. "Behavior therapy has been shown to help improve symptoms in young children with ADHD and can be as effective as medicine, but without the side effects," said Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Research has shown that the benefits of behavior therapy can last for years," she said Tuesday during a midday media briefing. Medicines such as Ritalin are appropriate for some children, Schuchat said. But behavior therapy doesn't have the side effects such as stomach aches, irritability, appetite loss and sleep problems often associated with ADHD medications, she said. Also, the effects of long-term use of ADHD medications by young ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

More U.S. Kids Have Chronic Health Problems: Study

Posted 1 May 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, April 30, 2016 – The number of American kids suffering from asthma and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is on the increase, with poor children being hit the hardest, researchers report. Children living in extreme poverty who had asthma and ADHD were nearly twice as likely to have at least one other chronic medical condition. These conditions included developmental delays, autism, depression, anxiety, behavioral or conduct issues, speech and language problems, epilepsy and other seizure disorders, and learning disabilities. "These findings emphasize the importance of studying poverty and its impact on child health, as well as confirm the need for increased awareness to inform child health policy," said lead researcher Dr. Christian Pulcini, a resident at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. The reasons for the increase in chronic conditions aren't clear, but ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Major Depressive Disorder, Asthma, Asthma - Maintenance, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Autism, Dysthymia, Asthma - Acute

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