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Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests

Posted 6 minutes ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – People with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, a new study finds. And that's true even though they're at higher risk for infection with the AIDS-causing virus, the researchers added. The study included nearly 57,000 Medicaid patients in California. They were between the ages of 18 and 67. They were all taking medications to treat bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression with psychosis. Just under 7 percent had HIV testing, compared with 5 percent of the state's general population in 2011, according to the study. The authors said their findings suggest a missed opportunity to treat HIV infection early in people with severe mental illness. The risk of HIV may be up to 15 percent higher in people with severe mental illness than in the general population, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizophrenia, HIV Infection, Schizoaffective Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Exercise: An Antidote for Behavioral Issues in Students?

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 – Children with serious behavioral disorders might fare better at school if they get some exercise during the day, a new study suggests. The researchers focused on children and teenagers with conditions that included autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depression. They looked at whether structured exercise during the school day – in the form of stationary "cybercycles" – could help ease students' behavioral issues in the classroom. Over a period of seven weeks, the study found it did. Kids were about one-third to 50 percent less likely to act out in class, compared to a seven-week period when they took standard gym classes. Those effects are meaningful, according to lead researcher April Bowling, who was a doctoral student at Harvard University at the time of the study. "On days that the students biked, they ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR

For People With Mental Health Woes, Pets Can Be Invaluable

Posted 9 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 – Cats, dogs, birds and other pets can help people manage their mental disorders, a new study says. Researchers from the United Kingdom asked more than 50 adults with long-term mental conditions about the role pets play in their social networks. Sixty percent placed pets in the central and most important circle – above family, friends and hobbies. Another 20 percent placed pets in the second circle. Many said the constant presence and close proximity of their pets provide an immediate source of calm. For some, a pet helps distract them from symptoms and upsetting experiences such as hearing voices or suicidal thoughts. "You just want to sink into a pit... the cats force me to sort of still be involved with the world," one patient said. Another patient said: "I'm not thinking of the voices, I'm just thinking of the birds singing." The findings were published Dec. 8 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Autism, Psychosis, Eating Disorder

Troubled Preschoolers Not Getting Effective Treatment: Report

Posted 21 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 – Most preschoolers with mood, behavior and social disorders would benefit from non-drug therapies, but few receive this type of help, a leading group of U.S. pediatricians reports. As many as one in 10 kids younger than 5 years old experiences these kinds of mental health problems, the American Academy of Pediatrics said in a new report. Current evidence supports the use of "family-focused" therapies – often including parent training – as a first-line treatment for these children, the AAP reported. Yet mental health stigma, shortages of trained providers and insurance barriers limit access to evidence-based treatment, it said. "Young children's mental health needs have long been overlooked," said Dr. Mary Margaret Gleason, lead author of the report. "We don't want to leave children without treatment because these are real disorders that deserve treatment, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Neighborhoods May Be Key to Teens' Mental Well-Being

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Teenagers living in cohesive neighborhoods – where trusted neighbors get involved in monitoring each other's children – experience fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety, a new study suggests. The researchers also found consistent results across different cities regardless of family composition and neighborhood income, indicating strong neighborhoods help teen mental health across various populations. Along with common risk factors, neighborhood environments should probably be given more attention when looking for potential factors linked to teen mental health problems, said study author Louis Donnelly. He's a postdoctoral research associate at the Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing at Princeton University in Princeton, N.J. "Notably, whether a child grew up in a higher- or lower-income household, the associations were similar. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Agitation, Eating Disorder, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Aggressive Behavior

Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – In a bit of good news, the rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, a new study finds. At the same time, the prescribing rate of stimulant medications for these young patients has also stayed steady, a promising trend that researchers credit to treatment guidelines that were introduced in 2011. The guidelines, issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), called for a standardized approach to diagnosis, and recommended behavior therapy – not drugs – as the first-line therapy for preschoolers. "There [was] a concern that preschoolers get too much behavioral diagnosis and medications for behavior problems," explained study author Dr. Alexander Fiks. He is associate medical director of the Pediatric Research Consortium at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. One in every three children ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Vyvanse, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Dextrostat, Ritalin-SR

Foster Kids Face Higher Risk of Health Problems: Study

Posted 17 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Children in foster care face increased risks of physical and mental health issues, from asthma to ADHD to depression, a new study finds. Considering the adversity foster children face, the study results aren't surprising, the researchers added. But this is the first study to compare their rates of health issues to those of U.S. children as a whole, including kids from low-income or single-parent families. The study confirms that children in foster care are particularly vulnerable, said lead researcher Kristin Turney, an associate professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine. Overall, her team found, foster kids faced two to three times higher risks of physical health issues such as asthma, obesity and hearing and vision problems. And they were five to seven times more likely to have behavioral issues or symptoms of depression or anxiety. No one ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Homeless, Mentally Ill Youth Benefit From Housing Program

Posted 28 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – A subsidized independent-living intervention appears to help homeless young people with mental illness get and keep a roof over their heads, a new Canadian study indicates. Called Housing First, the program has previously been tested with homeless adults with mental illness, and has been found to improve housing stability and quality of life, the researchers said. "Housing First is based on the concept of housing as a human right," said study lead author Dr. Nicole Kozloff. "[It's] the idea that having a safe and stable place to live is critical to helping people improve their mental health and achieve their goals," she said. Kozloff is a postdoctoral fellow with the Centre for Urban Health Solutions at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. Since it first was first introduced in the 1990s, studies have repeatedly found ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Autism, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study

Posted 16 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse alcohol and drugs may increase as they get older, a new study suggests. The research included 105 young people with bipolar disorder and 98 without the illness (the "control" group). Their average age was 14 when they first enrolled in the study. Bipolar disorder causes unusual shifts in mood, energy and activity levels, and also affects the ability to carry out everyday tasks. Initially, 34 percent of the young teens with bipolar disorder also had "substance use disorder," which means they had a problem with drug or alcohol abuse. Only 4 percent of the kids in the control group abused alcohol or drugs, the study showed. In addition, the researchers found, almost one-quarter of kids with bipolar disorder smoked cigarettes, compared to just 4 percent of the comparison group. Five years after the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Opiate Dependence, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Mania, Drug Dependence, Smoking Cessation, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Cyclothymic Disorder, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Executive Function Disorder

Amphetamines Polluting Some Urban Streams: Study

Posted 25 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 25, 2016 – Medications and illegal drugs are polluting streams in and around at least one major U.S. city, new research reveals. Scientists say this pollution comes with ecological consequences – areas in some streams have high enough concentrations of the stimulant amphetamine to alter the bottom of the aquatic food web. "Around the world, treated and untreated wastewater entering surface waters contains pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs that originate from human consumption and excretion, manufacturing processes, or improper disposal," study author Sylvia Lee said in a Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies news release. "We were interested in revealing how amphetamine exposure influences the small plants and animals that play a large role in regulating the health of streams," said Lee. She conducted the research when she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Cary ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methamphetamine, Desoxyn, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Desoxyn Gradumet, Executive Function Disorder, C-Topical Solution

ADHD More Often Missed in Minority Kids

Posted 23 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – While a higher percentage of black children show the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than white kids, they are less likely to be diagnosed or treated for the disorder, researchers report. The new study showed a similar trend when it came to Hispanic children: They were as likely as their white peers to exhibit the signs of ADHD, but less likely to be diagnosed or treated for it. "There are multiple places where we are missing out for diagnosis and treatment of African American and Latino children," said study author Dr. Tumaini Coker. "It's hard to be treated if you're not diagnosed in the first place," noted Coker. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine and Mattel Children's Hospital at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among the possible factors causing the disparities is that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Diagnosis and Investigation, Executive Function Disorder

Could Diet in Pregnancy Raise Child's Odds for ADHD?

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – An unhealthy diet during pregnancy could influence a child's risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study warns. Researchers found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet can affect the function of a gene called IGF2 that helps steer fetal development of brain regions previously linked to ADHD. "These results suggest that promoting a healthy prenatal diet may ultimately lower ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children," said senior researcher Edward Barker, director of the developmental psychopathology lab at King's College London. However, Barker said the study only shows an association, rather than a direct cause-and-effect. "We do not suggest that a mother's diet will cause ADHD or conduct problems," he said. "There are many causes of ADHD and conduct problems, and usually many small influences are at work together, diet being one of ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Obesity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Executive Function Disorder

Meds May Curb Risky Behaviors for Kids With ADHD

Posted 17 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 17, 2016 – Despite concerns that the stimulants used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might raise the risk of drug abuse, new research suggests the medications are linked with less risky behaviors in teens. The research finds that ADHD medications are "effective in reducing the probability of these events," said study co-author Anna Chorniy, a postdoctoral associate at Princeton University in New Jersey. Chorniy and her co-author Leah Kitashima, a Ph.D. candidate at Clemson University in South Carolina, examined the Medicaid claims of nearly 150,000 children aged 4 to 19 who were diagnosed with ADHD in South Carolina between 2003 and 2013. The study results showed that children with ADHD who took medication were 7 percent less likely to have a substance abuse disorder and nearly 4 percent less likely to contract a sexually transmitted disease, ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

Acetaminophen During Pregnancy May Up Risk of ADHD in Kids

Posted 15 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 15, 2016 – Pregnant women who take acetaminophen – best known as Tylenol – might raise the risk that their child will develop behavioral problems such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study suggests. Acetaminophen is generally considered safe in pregnancy – so safe, in fact, that at least two-thirds of women turn to it while expecting, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. But when pregnant women in Britain used the pain reliever, it appeared to increase the risk of behavior problems cropping up in their children by the time they turned 7, said lead researcher Evie Stergiakouli, a lecturer in genetic epidemiology at the University of Bristol. Still, the study couldn't prove cause-and-effect, and Stergiakouli believes that women should still take the drug if needed. In the study, taking acetaminophen between 18 and 32 weeks in ... Read more

Related support groups: Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Lortab, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Tylenol, Acetaminophen, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Paracetamol, Fioricet, Excedrin, Endocet, Darvocet-N 100, Tylenol PM, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Tylenol with Codeine, Percocet 10/325, Tylenol with Codeine 3, DayQuil, Roxicet

ADHD Common Among College Students Who Misuse Stimulant Drugs

Posted 12 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 12, 2016 – College students who misuse stimulant drugs are more likely to have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other psychiatric problems, a new study shows. The study also found that immediate-release stimulants are more likely to be misused than extended-release versions of the drugs. A previous study found that nearly two-thirds of college students had been offered stimulants for non-medical use, and 31 percent had used them over a four-year period. The new Massachusetts General Hospital study included 300 undergraduates between the ages of 18 and 28 at Boston-area campuses. One-third misused stimulant drugs. Misusers were more likely to have been diagnosed with ADHD or to have related symptoms as children, such as being easily distracted and having trouble paying attention. As adults, they were more likely to have trouble following instructions and ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Substance Abuse, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

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