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U.S. Gun Sales Rose After Sandy Hook Massacre: Study

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 7, 2017 – Firearm sales surged following the Sandy Hook school shooting in 2012, when it appeared the United States might adopt tougher gun control laws. But that flood of new guns put people in harm's way rather than adding to their safety and security, a new study reports. Accidental deaths related to firearms increased 27 percent in the months following Sandy Hook, including a 64 percent increase in gun-related deaths of children, said senior researcher Robin McKnight. That likely is just the tip of the iceberg in terms of the overall effect on public safety, added McKnight, who is an associate professor of economics at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. "What we know in general is that there are about 12 times as many nonfatal firearm accidents as there are fatal gun accidents," McKnight said. "The public health consequences of the increase in gun sales are probably ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation

Dating Violence Tied to Spankings in Childhood

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 5, 2017 – Spanking your child may have unintended consequences as he or she forges adult romantic relationships years later, a new study suggests. The study found that spanked kids tended to have higher odds of being violent toward their dating partners, researchers said. "While we can't say that spanking causes later violence, it follows that if a kid learns that physical punishment is a way to solve conflict, he/she may carry that over into conflicts with later intimate partners," said study senior author Jeff Temple. He's a professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. In the study, Temple's group interviewed 700 participants in southeast Texas in their late teens and early 20s. About 19 percent said they had committed some form of dating violence and 69 percent said they were physically punished during childhood. The study identified a significant ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation

Study: Tougher Gun Laws Help Prevent Domestic Violence Deaths

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 – More stringent gun laws might spur a decline n domestic violence murders, new research suggests. Thirteen states and federal law prohibit people convicted of domestic violence from buying guns. But the study found that states that extended this ban to people convicted of any violent crime had 23 percent fewer domestic violence murders. The researchers also found that larger reductions in these deaths were seen when gun restriction laws included dating partners in addition to spouses or ex-spouses, and a requirement that abusers turn in their guns. "The evidence from this study and previous research highly suggests that firearm restrictions work to reduce intimate partner homicides, and that laws need to be comprehensive when we think about populations most at risk for committing intimate partner violence," said study author April Zeoli. She is an associate ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State

Bullied Teens More Likely to Take Weapons to School

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 – Bullied teens are twice as likely to take weapons such as guns or knives to school, a new study reveals. Three factors were linked to greater odds of high school students carrying a weapon during school hours: fighting at school; being threatened or injured at school; and skipping school out of fear for their safety. "If kids were being bullied, but not in fear of their physical safety, then there was not an increased risk of carrying a weapon," said lead researcher Dr. Andrew Adesman. He is chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York in New Hyde Park. However, "almost 50 percent of kids who felt all three threats carried a weapon," Adesman said. School violence is a serious issue in the United States, with 45 reported school shootings in 2015 alone, the researchers said in background notes. Adesman's team ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Agitation, Agitated State

Spare the Rod, Spur Better Behavior?

Posted 17 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 16, 2017 – Before you let your parental frustration get the better of you, a new study suggests you should refrain from spanking your misbehaving youngster. Researchers analyzed data from more than 12,000 children in the United States and found that those who had been spanked by their parents at age 5 had more behavior problems at ages 6 and 8 than those who had never been spanked. "Our findings suggest that spanking is not an effective technique and actually makes children's behavior worse, not better," said study author Elizabeth Gershoff, a psychological scientist at the University of Texas at Austin. The increase in behavior problems among children who were spanked could not be explained by child or parent characteristics, or the home environment, according to the study published Nov. 16 in the journal Psychological Science. "Parents spank for many reasons, such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Gun Injuries Getting More Severe, Experts Say

Posted 7 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 6, 2017 – U.S. hospitals have been tackling increasingly serious injuries in the gunshot victims they treat, a 20-year review reports. "The severity of hospitalized firearm injuries [has] increased significantly," said researcher Bindu Kalesan, amounting to what she described as "a significantly elevated cumulative probability of death and disability from firearm injury." That proved to be the case among victims of the Oct. 1 Las Vegas shooting, which left at least 58 people dead and about 500 injured, many severely. And at least 26 people were killed and 20 wounded Sunday when a gunman opened fire in a rural Texas church. The new research was to be discussed Monday in Atlanta at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA). The research was based on an analysis of firearm injury trends between 1993 and 2013 involving hospitals in 44 states, ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Agitation, Agitated State, Vascular Surgery

What Drives Teen School Shooters

Posted 3 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 – A teenage school shooter may be attempting to prove his masculinity. So says an Oregon researcher who analyzed the traits shared by 31 boys involved in 29 mass shootings at U.S. schools. The attacks occurred between 1995 and 2015, and the killers ranged in age from 11 to 18 years old. The total number of dead: 58. Boys who don't meet their classmates' idea of manliness can become isolated by middle school. This can lead to anger, resentment and depression, said study author Kathryn Farr of Portland State University. Farr found that 10 of the 31 shooters had a history of serious mental problems, and another 10 grew up in abusive homes. The remaining 11 boys tended to overreact in violent ways to situations they viewed as unfair or belittling to them. The vast majority of shooters were white. All but one were heterosexual. "Many of the adolescent shooters had ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State, Aggressive Behavior

Health Tip: Talk To Your Kids About a Tragedy

Posted 26 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

-- With graphic images of terrorist acts and mass shootings all over the news, it's difficult to keep your children from seeing and hearing about these events. The American Academy of Pediatrics says parents should explain these tragedies to children in ways they can understand and cope with. Explain in an age-appropriate way that you are here to protect and support them. Ask them what they've already heard, and ask if they have any questions. At the same time, avoid exposing your children directly to graphic images and descriptions that appear on TV or on social media. Some children may find it difficult to cope, and may fear for their lives and the lives of those they love. The academy says parents should watch for these warning signs of coping issues: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or having nightmares. Physical signs, such as feeling tired, having a headache or ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Agitation, Agitated State

Gunshot Sensors Improve Odds for Shooting Victims

Posted 24 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 – Gunshot sensors may help speed treatment of shooting victims and potentially improve outcomes for those with the most serious injuries, a new study suggests. About 90 U.S. cities have installed the sensors to help pinpoint shooting scenes and find victims. Fewer than 20 percent of shots fired are reported to police, according to the researchers. They analyzed the cases of 731 gunshot victims, including 192 who were identified with acoustic gunshot sensors. Victims who'd been located by sensors were more likely to have more severe injuries, spend more days on mechanical ventilation and more time in the hospital and need an operation. However, the difference in the death rate for sensor-located victims and other victims was not statistically significant (12 percent vs. 10 percent), according to the study. "We found that gunshot victims whom we could connect to a ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation

Can Gun Shows Trigger Gun Violence?

Posted 24 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 – Gun shows held in Nevada are not subject to any regulations, and they take place in a state that features some of the least restrictive gun laws in the country. But on the heels of the Oct. 1 shooting massacre in Las Vegas, a troubling new investigation reveals that when gun shows have been staged in Nevada, the neighboring state of California has seen gun-related injuries and fatalities jump by nearly 70 percent in communities that are an easy drive to the Nevada border. What's more, the spike endures for at least two weeks after the show. "We found that there were acute increases in firearm deaths and injuries in California following gun shows in Nevada, but not gun shows in California itself," explained study author Ellicott Matthay. "We also found that this association for Nevada gun shows was driven mainly by increases in firearm deaths and injuries due to ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State

States That Make You Wait to Buy Guns Have Fewer Deaths: Study

Posted 16 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 16, 2017 – State laws that mandate a waiting period before gun purchases were associated with roughly 36 fewer gun homicides per year in that state, new research shows. "We show that waiting periods, which don't limit anyone's right to own a gun, have a large impact on gun deaths," said study co-author Deepak Malhotra, a professor at Harvard Business School. Seventeen states (including Washington, D.C.) require at least some firearm buyers to wait before they can take a firearm home, according to background information in the study. At one point around 1994, 44 states had a waiting period. Sometimes states require buyers to get a license or permit, and that can take time. The researchers launched the new study to get a better handle on the effects of waiting periods. Waiting periods are designed to allow potential buyers to "cool off" if they're angry at someone, or ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State

U.S. Gun Injuries Nearing $3 Billion in ER, Hospital Costs

Posted 2 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Nearly 705,000 people were treated for gunshot wounds in U.S. emergency departments between 2006 and 2014, at a cost of $2.8 billion a year, a new study says. The report's release comes one day after a lone gunman unleashed automatic rifle fire upon a crowd of country music concertgoers in Las Vegas, killing at least 58 people and injuring 500 more, making it one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history. Gun-related deaths are the third leading cause of injury-related deaths in the United States, but detailed data on this major health issue are lacking, according to study author Dr. Faiz Gani, a research fellow at the Johns Hopkins Surgery Center for Outcomes Research in Baltimore. "Until people are aware of the problem's full extent, we can't have the best informed discussions to guide policy," he said in a Hopkins news release. The researchers reviewed U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

State Policies Can Reduce Alcohol-Related Murders

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – Taxes, sales restrictions and other policies aimed at alcohol control appear to reduce the likelihood that murders and other violent crimes will be alcohol-related, according to a new study. The researchers, from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University, investigated whether alcohol policies had an impact on murders involving people who had been drinking. The investigators examined existing alcohol policies and analyzed 27,000 homicides in 17 states between 2003 and 2012 to assess the likelihood that these crimes were alcohol-related. They found that more stringent state alcohol policies helped reduce the odds that alcohol was involved in violent crimes. A 1 percent increase in the limits set on the sale and consumption of alcohol was associated with a 1 percent lower risk for alcohol-involvement among murder victims. "Given the risks involved with ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Alcohol Dependence, Agitated State, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Looking at Laughter for Clues to Anti-Social Behavior

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – A child's inability to laugh with others could point to psychopathic behavior later, a new study suggests. Most people find it natural to join in when they see or hear others laughing, the researchers noted. But laughter isn't contagious for boys at risk of developing psychopathy later in life, the researchers found. "Those social cues that automatically give us pleasure or alert us to someone's distress do not register in the same way for these children," said lead author Essi Viding, of University College London in England. "That does not mean that these children are destined to become antisocial or dangerous; rather, these findings shed new light on why they often make different choices from their peers," Viding said. Until now, most studies have focused on how individuals with psychopathic traits process negative emotions and how their lack of response to ... Read more

Related support groups: Borderline Personality Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Gun Violence in Movies a Trigger for Teens?

Posted 25 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 – Kids who see gun violence in movies are more likely to play with and fire a gun if they have access to one, a new study finds. "We know from past research that kids who see movie characters smoke cigarettes are more likely to smoke them themselves, and kids who see movie characters drink alcohol are more likely to drink alcohol themselves," said lead researcher Brad Bushman. Yet, "we know little about what happens when kids see movie characters with guns," said Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University. Gun violence has more than tripled in PG-rated movies since the rating was introduced in 1985, Bushman said. In this study, kids who saw a film clip with characters using guns held a test gun longer and were more likely to pull the trigger than kids who saw the same movie without the guns, Bushman said. During the test, "One ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State, ICU Agitation

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