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States That Make You Wait to Buy Guns Have Fewer Deaths: Study

Posted 2 days 6 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 16, 2017 – State laws that mandate a waiting period before gun purchases were associated with roughly 36 fewer gun homicides per year in that state, new research shows. "We show that waiting periods, which don't limit anyone's right to own a gun, have a large impact on gun deaths," said study co-author Deepak Malhotra, a professor at Harvard Business School. Seventeen states (including Washington, D.C.) require at least some firearm buyers to wait before they can take a firearm home, according to background information in the study. At one point around 1994, 44 states had a waiting period. Sometimes states require buyers to get a license or permit, and that can take time. The researchers launched the new study to get a better handle on the effects of waiting periods. Waiting periods are designed to allow potential buyers to "cool off" if they're angry at someone, or ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State

U.S. Gun Injuries Nearing $3 Billion in ER, Hospital Costs

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Nearly 705,000 people were treated for gunshot wounds in U.S. emergency departments between 2006 and 2014, at a cost of $2.8 billion a year, a new study says. The report's release comes one day after a lone gunman unleashed automatic rifle fire upon a crowd of country music concertgoers in Las Vegas, killing at least 58 people and injuring 500 more, making it one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history. Gun-related deaths are the third leading cause of injury-related deaths in the United States, but detailed data on this major health issue are lacking, according to study author Dr. Faiz Gani, a research fellow at the Johns Hopkins Surgery Center for Outcomes Research in Baltimore. "Until people are aware of the problem's full extent, we can't have the best informed discussions to guide policy," he said in a Hopkins news release. The researchers reviewed U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

State Policies Can Reduce Alcohol-Related Murders

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – Taxes, sales restrictions and other policies aimed at alcohol control appear to reduce the likelihood that murders and other violent crimes will be alcohol-related, according to a new study. The researchers, from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University, investigated whether alcohol policies had an impact on murders involving people who had been drinking. The investigators examined existing alcohol policies and analyzed 27,000 homicides in 17 states between 2003 and 2012 to assess the likelihood that these crimes were alcohol-related. They found that more stringent state alcohol policies helped reduce the odds that alcohol was involved in violent crimes. A 1 percent increase in the limits set on the sale and consumption of alcohol was associated with a 1 percent lower risk for alcohol-involvement among murder victims. "Given the risks involved with ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Agitation, Agitated State, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Looking at Laughter for Clues to Anti-Social Behavior

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – A child's inability to laugh with others could point to psychopathic behavior later, a new study suggests. Most people find it natural to join in when they see or hear others laughing, the researchers noted. But laughter isn't contagious for boys at risk of developing psychopathy later in life, the researchers found. "Those social cues that automatically give us pleasure or alert us to someone's distress do not register in the same way for these children," said lead author Essi Viding, of University College London in England. "That does not mean that these children are destined to become antisocial or dangerous; rather, these findings shed new light on why they often make different choices from their peers," Viding said. Until now, most studies have focused on how individuals with psychopathic traits process negative emotions and how their lack of response to ... Read more

Related support groups: Borderline Personality Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Gun Violence in Movies a Trigger for Teens?

Posted 25 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 – Kids who see gun violence in movies are more likely to play with and fire a gun if they have access to one, a new study finds. "We know from past research that kids who see movie characters smoke cigarettes are more likely to smoke them themselves, and kids who see movie characters drink alcohol are more likely to drink alcohol themselves," said lead researcher Brad Bushman. Yet, "we know little about what happens when kids see movie characters with guns," said Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University. Gun violence has more than tripled in PG-rated movies since the rating was introduced in 1985, Bushman said. In this study, kids who saw a film clip with characters using guns held a test gun longer and were more likely to pull the trigger than kids who saw the same movie without the guns, Bushman said. During the test, "One ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State, ICU Agitation

Asthma Drug, Montelukast, Tied to Nightmares, Depression

Posted 21 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 – The asthma medication Singulair (montelukast) appears linked to neuropsychiatric side effects, such as depression, aggression, nightmares and headaches, according to a new review by Dutch researchers. But experts aren't yet ready to pull the plug on this class of medication. "In our study, we give prescribing physicians the advice to be alert for signs and symptoms for allergic granulomatous angiitis [a rare complication associated with the drug] and for severe neuropsychiatric symptoms," said study lead author Dr. Meindina Haarman. "The doctor still decides whether or not to treat the patients with montelukast," said Haarman, from University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands. Dr. Matthew Lorber is a psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. He cautioned against discontinuing the medication in children with asthma, a lung disease that ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Headache, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Major Depressive Disorder, Asthma, Singulair, Asthma - Maintenance, Nightmares, Agitation, Agitated State, Dysthymia, Asthma - Acute, Montelukast, Night Terrors, Allergic Asthma, Zyflo, Accolate, Zyflo CR, Zafirlukast

Hurricanes' Toll on Mental Health Will Linger

Posted 14 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 – Even after the devastation caused by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma disappears, survivors could still suffer from mental stress caused by the massive storms, experts say. "Everybody who has been in a disaster is changed permanently in some way. You never forget it," said Dr. Carol North, a crisis psychiatrist at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. North has studied thousands of survivors of major disasters, such as the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and the Oklahoma City bombings. "Even though people are permanently changed by going through a disaster, they need not be damaged by their experience," she said in a medical center news release. Many people experience anxiety, lack of sleep, nightmares or irritability after a traumatic event, but most recover within weeks to months. However, some people may develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and take ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Agitation, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Depressive Psychosis

Are Depressed Teens Prone to Violence?

Posted 21 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 – Teens with depression might be more likely to commit violent crimes, a new study suggests. Researchers who analyzed data from Finland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom consistently found modest increases in risk for violence among depressed teenagers. Information on more than 62,000 young people aged 13 to 27 was used in the study. "This research is important for two main reasons. First, it adds to the evidence of the many potential harms of untreated depression in young people," said study leader Dr. Seena Fazel. "Second, it suggests that closer liaison between criminal justice and mental health might prevent violence in high-risk individuals," said Fazel, a professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Oxford in England. The study doesn't prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship. But the data from Finland, for example, showed that about 7 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Agitation, Agitated State, Dysthymia

Gun Access May Drive Higher Suicide Rates in Rural Areas

Posted 18 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 – The rate of suicide in rural America appears to be significantly higher than in urban areas, a new study reports. And much of the reason may have to do with the greater prevalence of gun ownership in rural areas, the study authors said. The findings stem from an analysis that focused on suicide rates in rural regions of Maryland. "The reason that rural suicide rates are higher is because people in these areas are killing themselves with guns," said study lead author Dr. Paul Nestadt. He is a postdoctoral fellow in the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's psychiatric epidemiology training program. "The media focuses on homicides committed with guns, but only one in three deaths by firearm are homicides," he said in a school news release. "The other two are suicides. Most of the other leading causes of death are going down. Suicides are going up – ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Agitation, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression

Health Tip: Recognize Youth Violence

Posted 17 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

-- The upcoming school year casts a spotlight over the longstanding problem of youth violence, most commonly bullying. Its effects can last well into adulthood. Parents should keep a watchful eye out for the potential symptoms of youth violence, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. The agency offers this list of possible warning signs that a child is a victim, perpetrator or both: Avoiding school Social withdrawal Falling grades Feelings of helplessness or hopelessness Unexplained bruises, cuts and scrapes Difficulty sleeping Disregard for others Excessive boasting Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation

A Violent Environment Can Wreck Kids' Grades

Posted 15 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 – Kids in violent neighborhoods often do worse in school. Now, a new study helps explain why. U.S. researchers found that exposure to violent crime changed kids' sleep patterns, which increased their levels of the stress hormone cortisol. "Both sleep and cortisol are connected to the ability to learn and perform academic tasks," said study lead author Jenni Heissel, of Northwestern University's School of Education and Social Policy in Evanston, Ill. "Our study identifies a pathway by which violent crime may get under the skin to affect academic performance." Previous research has found a link between violent crimes and performance on tests, but it wasn't clear why crime affects academic achievement, Heissel said in a university news release. For the study, she and her colleagues tracked sleep patterns and stress hormones of 82 students, ages 11 to 18, who ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Sleep Disorders, Fatigue, Nightmares, Agitation, Drowsiness, Hypersomnia

Most Murdered U.S. Women Killed By Husbands, Boyfriends, Exes

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Most women murdered in the United States die at the hands of a current or former intimate partner, a new federal study reports. In a review of female homicide statistics from 2003 to 2014 in 18 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that domestic violence was involved in about 55 percent of the deaths of 10,018 women. "This was consistent across all racial and ethnic groups, and really highlights that intimate partner violence is a public health problem," said lead researcher Dr. Emiko Petrosky. She is a science officer for the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System. According to the CDC, homicide is the fifth leading cause of death for women aged 18 to 44 years. In 2015 in the United States, 3,519 women and girls died by homicide, the authors of the report noted. The study findings showed that four out of five of the murders ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State

Dying May Not Be as Awful an Experience as You Think

Posted 7 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 – Does the very idea of death worry and frighten you? There may be reassurance from a new study that finds those fears might be exaggerated. In fact, the research shows, death is often described as a peaceful, "unexpectedly positive" experience by those who approach it. Death is one of life's guarantees, yet it's something people often avoid talking about, according to study author Kurt Gray. He's an assistant professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. "There's almost an unspoken assumption that death is something to be avoided at all costs," Gray said. But his team found that the abstract concept of death may be scarier than the reality. To look at the question, the researchers first searched for blogs by people who were terminally ill with cancer or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease) – diseases where patients ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Cancer, Breast Cancer, Agitation, Colorectal Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Psychiatric Disorders, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Teen Boys Treated for Assault Often Want Mental Health Care, Too

Posted 7 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – Many teen boys treated at an ER following a violent assault also want psychological services to help them cope with the trauma, according to new research. "Assault victims describe feeling constantly tense and 'on guard,' and having nightmares or unwanted flashbacks of the assault. Unfortunately, many youth also begin to avoid talking about the event or avoiding the places or people that remind them of the assault – school, friends, normal adolescent activities," said study author Rachel Myers, a research scientist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. "It shows us that just treating the external wounds is not enough. Young men not only need, but want, help to cope with their fears and difficult emotions in the aftermath of injury," Myers said in a hospital news release. The study included 49 teenage boys between the ages of 12 and 17. All were treated at ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Head Injury

In America's Poorest Communities, a Greater Risk of Child Abuse Deaths

Posted 24 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – Growing up in a poor family is a well-known risk factor for child abuse, but a new analysis suggests it may also raise a young child's chances of dying from that abuse. More than 11,000 children, from newborn to age 4, died of physical abuse in the United States during the 15-year study period. In U.S. counties with the highest levels of poverty, rates of child abuse fatalities were more than three times greater than in counties with the lowest levels of poverty, the researchers found. Infants accounted for 20 percent of children in the study, but 45 percent of child abuse deaths. In high-poverty counties, there were 9.6 infant deaths per 100,000. The study also highlights racial disparities. It found that the fatality rate for black children in the lowest-poverty communities is higher than the rate for white children in counties with the highest levels of ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Head Injury, Agitated State

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