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Gun Injuries Getting More Severe, Experts Say

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 6, 2017 – U.S. hospitals have been tackling increasingly serious injuries in the gunshot victims they treat, a 20-year review reports. "The severity of hospitalized firearm injuries [has] increased significantly," said researcher Bindu Kalesan, amounting to what she described as "a significantly elevated cumulative probability of death and disability from firearm injury." That proved to be the case among victims of the Oct. 1 Las Vegas shooting, which left at least 58 people dead and about 500 injured, many severely. And at least 26 people were killed and 20 wounded Sunday when a gunman opened fire in a rural Texas church. The new research was to be discussed Monday in Atlanta at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA). The research was based on an analysis of firearm injury trends between 1993 and 2013 involving hospitals in 44 states, ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Agitation, Agitated State, Vascular Surgery

What Drives Teen School Shooters

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 3, 2017 – A teenage school shooter may be attempting to prove his masculinity. So says an Oregon researcher who analyzed the traits shared by 31 boys involved in 29 mass shootings at U.S. schools. The attacks occurred between 1995 and 2015, and the killers ranged in age from 11 to 18 years old. The total number of dead: 58. Boys who don't meet their classmates' idea of manliness can become isolated by middle school. This can lead to anger, resentment and depression, said study author Kathryn Farr of Portland State University. Farr found that 10 of the 31 shooters had a history of serious mental problems, and another 10 grew up in abusive homes. The remaining 11 boys tended to overreact in violent ways to situations they viewed as unfair or belittling to them. The vast majority of shooters were white. All but one were heterosexual. "Many of the adolescent shooters had ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State, Aggressive Behavior

Health Tip: Talk To Your Kids About a Tragedy

Posted 26 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

-- With graphic images of terrorist acts and mass shootings all over the news, it's difficult to keep your children from seeing and hearing about these events. The American Academy of Pediatrics says parents should explain these tragedies to children in ways they can understand and cope with. Explain in an age-appropriate way that you are here to protect and support them. Ask them what they've already heard, and ask if they have any questions. At the same time, avoid exposing your children directly to graphic images and descriptions that appear on TV or on social media. Some children may find it difficult to cope, and may fear for their lives and the lives of those they love. The academy says parents should watch for these warning signs of coping issues: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or having nightmares. Physical signs, such as feeling tired, having a headache or ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Agitation, Agitated State

Can Gun Shows Trigger Gun Violence?

Posted 24 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 – Gun shows held in Nevada are not subject to any regulations, and they take place in a state that features some of the least restrictive gun laws in the country. But on the heels of the Oct. 1 shooting massacre in Las Vegas, a troubling new investigation reveals that when gun shows have been staged in Nevada, the neighboring state of California has seen gun-related injuries and fatalities jump by nearly 70 percent in communities that are an easy drive to the Nevada border. What's more, the spike endures for at least two weeks after the show. "We found that there were acute increases in firearm deaths and injuries in California following gun shows in Nevada, but not gun shows in California itself," explained study author Ellicott Matthay. "We also found that this association for Nevada gun shows was driven mainly by increases in firearm deaths and injuries due to ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State

States That Make You Wait to Buy Guns Have Fewer Deaths: Study

Posted 16 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 16, 2017 – State laws that mandate a waiting period before gun purchases were associated with roughly 36 fewer gun homicides per year in that state, new research shows. "We show that waiting periods, which don't limit anyone's right to own a gun, have a large impact on gun deaths," said study co-author Deepak Malhotra, a professor at Harvard Business School. Seventeen states (including Washington, D.C.) require at least some firearm buyers to wait before they can take a firearm home, according to background information in the study. At one point around 1994, 44 states had a waiting period. Sometimes states require buyers to get a license or permit, and that can take time. The researchers launched the new study to get a better handle on the effects of waiting periods. Waiting periods are designed to allow potential buyers to "cool off" if they're angry at someone, or ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State

U.S. Gun Injuries Nearing $3 Billion in ER, Hospital Costs

Posted 2 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Nearly 705,000 people were treated for gunshot wounds in U.S. emergency departments between 2006 and 2014, at a cost of $2.8 billion a year, a new study says. The report's release comes one day after a lone gunman unleashed automatic rifle fire upon a crowd of country music concertgoers in Las Vegas, killing at least 58 people and injuring 500 more, making it one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history. Gun-related deaths are the third leading cause of injury-related deaths in the United States, but detailed data on this major health issue are lacking, according to study author Dr. Faiz Gani, a research fellow at the Johns Hopkins Surgery Center for Outcomes Research in Baltimore. "Until people are aware of the problem's full extent, we can't have the best informed discussions to guide policy," he said in a Hopkins news release. The researchers reviewed U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

State Policies Can Reduce Alcohol-Related Murders

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – Taxes, sales restrictions and other policies aimed at alcohol control appear to reduce the likelihood that murders and other violent crimes will be alcohol-related, according to a new study. The researchers, from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University, investigated whether alcohol policies had an impact on murders involving people who had been drinking. The investigators examined existing alcohol policies and analyzed 27,000 homicides in 17 states between 2003 and 2012 to assess the likelihood that these crimes were alcohol-related. They found that more stringent state alcohol policies helped reduce the odds that alcohol was involved in violent crimes. A 1 percent increase in the limits set on the sale and consumption of alcohol was associated with a 1 percent lower risk for alcohol-involvement among murder victims. "Given the risks involved with ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Agitation, Agitated State, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Gun Violence in Movies a Trigger for Teens?

Posted 25 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 – Kids who see gun violence in movies are more likely to play with and fire a gun if they have access to one, a new study finds. "We know from past research that kids who see movie characters smoke cigarettes are more likely to smoke them themselves, and kids who see movie characters drink alcohol are more likely to drink alcohol themselves," said lead researcher Brad Bushman. Yet, "we know little about what happens when kids see movie characters with guns," said Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University. Gun violence has more than tripled in PG-rated movies since the rating was introduced in 1985, Bushman said. In this study, kids who saw a film clip with characters using guns held a test gun longer and were more likely to pull the trigger than kids who saw the same movie without the guns, Bushman said. During the test, "One ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State, ICU Agitation

Asthma Drug, Montelukast, Tied to Nightmares, Depression

Posted 21 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 – The asthma medication Singulair (montelukast) appears linked to neuropsychiatric side effects, such as depression, aggression, nightmares and headaches, according to a new review by Dutch researchers. But experts aren't yet ready to pull the plug on this class of medication. "In our study, we give prescribing physicians the advice to be alert for signs and symptoms for allergic granulomatous angiitis [a rare complication associated with the drug] and for severe neuropsychiatric symptoms," said study lead author Dr. Meindina Haarman. "The doctor still decides whether or not to treat the patients with montelukast," said Haarman, from University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands. Dr. Matthew Lorber is a psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. He cautioned against discontinuing the medication in children with asthma, a lung disease that ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Headache, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Major Depressive Disorder, Asthma, Nightmares, Asthma - Maintenance, Singulair, Agitation, Agitated State, Dysthymia, Montelukast, Asthma - Acute, Night Terrors, Allergic Asthma, Zyflo, Zyflo CR, Accolate, Zileuton

Gun Surrender Laws Help Women Threatened by Domestic Violence

Posted 20 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – Obtaining a restraining order may not be enough to prevent domestic violence, but when state laws require the removal of firearms, risk of those violent crimes goes down, a new study says. In states that require people with restraining orders against them to surrender their firearms, the intimate partner murder rate dropped by 10 percent. In states that don't require surrender, the rate went down less than 7 percent, the study found. And the rate of these firearm-related crimes fell 15 percent in states that require surrender, researchers said. But, just as laws restricting firearm surrender vary from state to state – some have "possession" laws while others have "surrender" laws – the protection for victims isn't always the same. "Most of the prior research on this topic that have looked at gun laws looks just at whether states have or don't have a ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitated State, Prevention of Fractures

Gun Injuries Add Millions of Dollars to Hospital Costs

Posted 19 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 – Besides the toll in deaths and disability, hospitalizations linked to gun injuries cost U.S. taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars a year, a new study finds. A University of Iowa analysis of nationwide data on hospital admissions between 2003 and 2013 identified 336,785 for gun injuries. That's more than 30,000 a year, on average. More than 60 percent of gun injuries resulted from assaults, according to the study. Of those, 70 percent were caused by handguns. In all, 23 percent of gun injuries were accidental and 9 percent were self-inflicted. Hospitalization costs for gun injuries during the study period topped $622 million a year. While that's less than 1 percent of the $377 billion spent each year for hospital stays, gun injuries are often more costly to treat, researchers said. Average cost of a typical hospital stay was $10,400, compared with $17,000 ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitated State, Wound Cleansing, Wound Debridement

Are Depressed Teens Prone to Violence?

Posted 21 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 – Teens with depression might be more likely to commit violent crimes, a new study suggests. Researchers who analyzed data from Finland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom consistently found modest increases in risk for violence among depressed teenagers. Information on more than 62,000 young people aged 13 to 27 was used in the study. "This research is important for two main reasons. First, it adds to the evidence of the many potential harms of untreated depression in young people," said study leader Dr. Seena Fazel. "Second, it suggests that closer liaison between criminal justice and mental health might prevent violence in high-risk individuals," said Fazel, a professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Oxford in England. The study doesn't prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship. But the data from Finland, for example, showed that about 7 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Agitation, Agitated State, Dysthymia

'Confusion' Complicates Hospitalization of Elderly

Posted 19 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 – Older adults with confusion are more likely to remain in the hospital longer once they are admitted, and are more likely to die, a new study finds. "People with confusion – or cognitive spectrum disorders – make up over one-third of the population over 65 [in the U.K.] who are admitted as an emergency to the hospital, and half of patients over the age of 85 years," said the study's lead researcher, Prof. Emma Reynish. These patients seem to do badly, and are at an increased risk of a hospital stay nearly two weeks longer than those without confusion, said Reynish, chair of dementia studies at the University of Stirling in Scotland. "It's unclear whether this is as a result of the care that they are given or the disease process itself, or a combination of both," she said. Researchers looked at data from more than 10,000 emergency-admitted hospital patients, 65 ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Agitated State, Mild Cognitive Impairment, ICU Agitation, Drug-Induced Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia

Most Murdered U.S. Women Killed By Husbands, Boyfriends, Exes

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Most women murdered in the United States die at the hands of a current or former intimate partner, a new federal study reports. In a review of female homicide statistics from 2003 to 2014 in 18 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that domestic violence was involved in about 55 percent of the deaths of 10,018 women. "This was consistent across all racial and ethnic groups, and really highlights that intimate partner violence is a public health problem," said lead researcher Dr. Emiko Petrosky. She is a science officer for the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System. According to the CDC, homicide is the fifth leading cause of death for women aged 18 to 44 years. In 2015 in the United States, 3,519 women and girls died by homicide, the authors of the report noted. The study findings showed that four out of five of the murders ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State

Guns Kill or Wound 7,000 U.S. Kids a Year: Report

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – Each year in America, nearly 1,300 children die from guns, with boys and blacks struck down most often, federal health officials report. More than half of these deaths are homicides, 38 percent are suicides and 6 percent are unintentional, according to Katherine Fowler, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and colleagues. Plus, almost 6,000 kids are wounded by guns each year, the researchers said. "Pediatric firearm injuries and deaths are an important public health problem in the United States, contributing substantially each year to premature death, illness and disability of children," said Fowler, of the CDC's division of violence prevention. Based on 2002-2014 data, gun-related violence is the third leading cause of death for kids aged 1 to 17. And gun killings lag only behind car crashes in terms of injury-related deaths, the study ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Agitated State, Wound Infection

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