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Gun Violence in Movies a Trigger for Teens?

Posted 12 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 – Kids who see gun violence in movies are more likely to play with and fire a gun if they have access to one, a new study finds. "We know from past research that kids who see movie characters smoke cigarettes are more likely to smoke them themselves, and kids who see movie characters drink alcohol are more likely to drink alcohol themselves," said lead researcher Brad Bushman. Yet, "we know little about what happens when kids see movie characters with guns," said Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University. Gun violence has more than tripled in PG-rated movies since the rating was introduced in 1985, Bushman said. In this study, kids who saw a film clip with characters using guns held a test gun longer and were more likely to pull the trigger than kids who saw the same movie without the guns, Bushman said. During the test, "One ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State, ICU Agitation

Asthma Drug, Montelukast, Tied to Nightmares, Depression

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2017 – The asthma medication Singulair (montelukast) appears linked to neuropsychiatric side effects, such as depression, aggression, nightmares and headaches, according to a new review by Dutch researchers. But experts aren't yet ready to pull the plug on this class of medication. "In our study, we give prescribing physicians the advice to be alert for signs and symptoms for allergic granulomatous angiitis [a rare complication associated with the drug] and for severe neuropsychiatric symptoms," said study lead author Dr. Meindina Haarman. "The doctor still decides whether or not to treat the patients with montelukast," said Haarman, from University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands. Dr. Matthew Lorber is a psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. He cautioned against discontinuing the medication in children with asthma, a lung disease that ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Headache, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Major Depressive Disorder, Asthma, Singulair, Asthma - Maintenance, Nightmares, Agitation, Agitated State, Dysthymia, Asthma - Acute, Montelukast, Night Terrors, Allergic Asthma, Zyflo, Accolate, Zafirlukast, Zyflo CR

Gun Surrender Laws Help Women Threatened by Domestic Violence

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – Obtaining a restraining order may not be enough to prevent domestic violence, but when state laws require the removal of firearms, risk of those violent crimes goes down, a new study says. In states that require people with restraining orders against them to surrender their firearms, the intimate partner murder rate dropped by 10 percent. In states that don't require surrender, the rate went down less than 7 percent, the study found. And the rate of these firearm-related crimes fell 15 percent in states that require surrender, researchers said. But, just as laws restricting firearm surrender vary from state to state – some have "possession" laws while others have "surrender" laws – the protection for victims isn't always the same. "Most of the prior research on this topic that have looked at gun laws looks just at whether states have or don't have a ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitated State, Prevention of Fractures

Gun Injuries Add Millions of Dollars to Hospital Costs

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 19, 2017 – Besides the toll in deaths and disability, hospitalizations linked to gun injuries cost U.S. taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars a year, a new study finds. A University of Iowa analysis of nationwide data on hospital admissions between 2003 and 2013 identified 336,785 for gun injuries. That's more than 30,000 a year, on average. More than 60 percent of gun injuries resulted from assaults, according to the study. Of those, 70 percent were caused by handguns. In all, 23 percent of gun injuries were accidental and 9 percent were self-inflicted. Hospitalization costs for gun injuries during the study period topped $622 million a year. While that's less than 1 percent of the $377 billion spent each year for hospital stays, gun injuries are often more costly to treat, researchers said. Average cost of a typical hospital stay was $10,400, compared with $17,000 ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitated State, Wound Cleansing, Wound Debridement

Are Depressed Teens Prone to Violence?

Posted 21 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 – Teens with depression might be more likely to commit violent crimes, a new study suggests. Researchers who analyzed data from Finland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom consistently found modest increases in risk for violence among depressed teenagers. Information on more than 62,000 young people aged 13 to 27 was used in the study. "This research is important for two main reasons. First, it adds to the evidence of the many potential harms of untreated depression in young people," said study leader Dr. Seena Fazel. "Second, it suggests that closer liaison between criminal justice and mental health might prevent violence in high-risk individuals," said Fazel, a professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Oxford in England. The study doesn't prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship. But the data from Finland, for example, showed that about 7 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Agitation, Agitated State, Dysthymia

'Confusion' Complicates Hospitalization of Elderly

Posted 19 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 18, 2017 – Older adults with confusion are more likely to remain in the hospital longer once they are admitted, and are more likely to die, a new study finds. "People with confusion – or cognitive spectrum disorders – make up over one-third of the population over 65 [in the U.K.] who are admitted as an emergency to the hospital, and half of patients over the age of 85 years," said the study's lead researcher, Prof. Emma Reynish. These patients seem to do badly, and are at an increased risk of a hospital stay nearly two weeks longer than those without confusion, said Reynish, chair of dementia studies at the University of Stirling in Scotland. "It's unclear whether this is as a result of the care that they are given or the disease process itself, or a combination of both," she said. Researchers looked at data from more than 10,000 emergency-admitted hospital patients, 65 ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Agitated State, Mild Cognitive Impairment, ICU Agitation, Drug-Induced Dementia, Alcoholic Dementia

Most Murdered U.S. Women Killed By Husbands, Boyfriends, Exes

Posted 21 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 – Most women murdered in the United States die at the hands of a current or former intimate partner, a new federal study reports. In a review of female homicide statistics from 2003 to 2014 in 18 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that domestic violence was involved in about 55 percent of the deaths of 10,018 women. "This was consistent across all racial and ethnic groups, and really highlights that intimate partner violence is a public health problem," said lead researcher Dr. Emiko Petrosky. She is a science officer for the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System. According to the CDC, homicide is the fifth leading cause of death for women aged 18 to 44 years. In 2015 in the United States, 3,519 women and girls died by homicide, the authors of the report noted. The study findings showed that four out of five of the murders ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State

Guns Kill or Wound 7,000 U.S. Kids a Year: Report

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 19, 2017 – Each year in America, nearly 1,300 children die from guns, with boys and blacks struck down most often, federal health officials report. More than half of these deaths are homicides, 38 percent are suicides and 6 percent are unintentional, according to Katherine Fowler, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and colleagues. Plus, almost 6,000 kids are wounded by guns each year, the researchers said. "Pediatric firearm injuries and deaths are an important public health problem in the United States, contributing substantially each year to premature death, illness and disability of children," said Fowler, of the CDC's division of violence prevention. Based on 2002-2014 data, gun-related violence is the third leading cause of death for kids aged 1 to 17. And gun killings lag only behind car crashes in terms of injury-related deaths, the study ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Agitated State, Wound Infection

In America's Poorest Communities, a Greater Risk of Child Abuse Deaths

Posted 24 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – Growing up in a poor family is a well-known risk factor for child abuse, but a new analysis suggests it may also raise a young child's chances of dying from that abuse. More than 11,000 children, from newborn to age 4, died of physical abuse in the United States during the 15-year study period. In U.S. counties with the highest levels of poverty, rates of child abuse fatalities were more than three times greater than in counties with the lowest levels of poverty, the researchers found. Infants accounted for 20 percent of children in the study, but 45 percent of child abuse deaths. In high-poverty counties, there were 9.6 infant deaths per 100,000. The study also highlights racial disparities. It found that the fatality rate for black children in the lowest-poverty communities is higher than the rate for white children in counties with the highest levels of ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Head Injury, Agitated State

Cleaning, Greening Vacant Lots May Help Fight Crime

Posted 21 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Tidying up that vacant lot in your community may help curb crime in the area, researchers say. In a new study, Michigan State University researchers compared crime statistics from 2005 through 2014 in Flint, Mich., with data from a greening program – called the Clean and Green program – in which thousands of abandoned lots were regularly mowed and maintained. "Generally speaking, I found that greening was more prevalent where violent crime, property crime and victimless crime were going down," study author Richard Sadler said in a university news release. Sadler is an assistant professor in the College of Human Medicine's division of public health. The Clean and Green program for vacant lots, a project of the Genesee County Land Bank Authority, was launched 13 years ago. Christina Kelly is the land bank's planning and neighborhood revitalization director. She ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State

'Synthetic Pot' Tied to Risky Sex, Violence and Drug Abuse in Teens

Posted 13 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – Marijuana is often seen as a relatively benign drug that produces a typically mellow high, but new U.S. government research shows that the drugs called synthetic pot appear to be much different. Teens who use synthetic pot are at a heightened risk for violent behavior, risky sex and abuse of other drugs, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study revealed. Synthetic pot – sometimes called fake weed – covers a variety of drugs sold under hundreds of brand names. Spice and K2 were common brands in the past. Some of the chemicals in fake weed are similar to those in marijuana. These drugs are often marketed as natural and safe. But, they have unpredictable, and in some cases, life-threatening effects, according to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). And, they have become popular among teens because they are cheap and readily ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Anxiety, Contraception, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Emergency Contraception, Seizures, Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Paranoid Disorder, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Drug Dependence, Postcoital Contraception, Agitation, Psychosis, Seizure Prevention, Agitated State, Substance Abuse, Cannabis, Seizure Prophylaxis

Violent Video Games May Not 'Desensitize' Players, Brain Scans Suggest

Posted 8 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 8, 2017 – Young men who play violent video games the most – at least two hours a day – don't appear to become desensitized to violence or to lose the ability to feel empathy, a small German study suggests. "This doesn't mean everyone has to buy 'Grand Theft Auto 5' for their toddler, but it's part of an increasing flood of studies of various sorts that indicate that previous fears of violent video games were unfounded," said Christopher Ferguson, a leading critic of research linking video games to aggression. Scientists have spent years debating whether violent video games make people more aggressive and less affected by violence. But it has been difficult to isolate the specific effect of playing the games since so many other things affect how people see the world. Still, "over the last 10 years we've really seen a wave of behavioral studies indicating that violent ... Read more

Related support groups: Social Anxiety Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State

Harsh Parenting Can Backfire With Bad Behavior From Teens

Posted 8 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 8, 2017 – "Harsh" parenting that includes frequent yelling, hitting and threats may bring out the worst in teens' behavior instead of getting them to toe the line, a new study suggests. Tracking nearly 1,500 students over nine years, researchers found that those who were parented harshly in seventh grade were more likely to turn to their peers in unhealthy ways, such as hanging out with friends instead of doing homework or engaging in early sexual behavior. The researchers also found that those who were parented harshly were more likely to drop out of school. "We're primed as individuals to pay attention to our environmental cues. If we're in a situation where there's a lot of harshness, unpredictability or danger, we're more likely to try to capitalize on immediate and short-term rewards," said study co-author Rochelle Hentges. She's a postdoctoral fellow in psychology ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Anxiety, Contraception, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitated State, Performance Anxiety, Aggressive Behavior, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Why Certain Noises Really Irritate Some People

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Most people can recall a time when a certain sound annoyed them – say when your office mate was repeatedly clicking his pen – but some people find such sounds utterly unbearable. And new research suggests that brain abnormalities may explain why. People with a disorder called misophonia have an intense hatred of specific sounds, such as chewing, breathing or repeated pen clicking. These triggers can cause an immediate and strong "fight or flight" response in those with the disorder. "I hope this will reassure sufferers," the study's senior author Tim Griffiths said in a news release from Newcastle University. "I was part of the skeptical community myself until we saw patients in the clinic and understood how strikingly similar the features are," he added. Griffiths is a professor of cognitive neurology at Newcastle University and University College London in ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Hearing Loss, Aggressive Behavior

Chronic Bullying Can Show Up in Report Cards

Posted 30 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 – Chronic bullying can take a toll on kids' grades. That's the suggestion of researchers said they found that young children who are bullied for years, or teens who face increased bullying in high school, lack confidence in their academic abilities, get lower grades and dislike school more than their peers. "It's extremely disturbing how many children felt bullied at school," said lead researcher Gary Ladd, a psychology professor at Arizona State University. "For teachers and parents, it's important to know that victimization tends to decline as kids get older, but some children never stop suffering from bullying during their school years," he added. For the study, Ladd's team followed 383 boys and girls from kindergarten until high school. The team based its analysis on annual surveys completed by the students about their experiences, evaluations provided by the ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Performance Anxiety

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