Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 In Children

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a disease that affects how your child's body makes insulin and uses glucose (sugar). Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Normally, when the blood sugar level increases, the pancreas makes more insulin. Type 1 diabetes develops because your child's immune system destroys pancreas cells that make insulin. His pancreas cannot make enough insulin, so his blood sugar level continues to rise.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child.

RISKS:

  • Uncontrolled diabetes can damage your child's nerves, veins, and arteries. Long-term high blood sugar levels may damage other body tissue and organs over time, such as your child's eyes and kidneys. Diabetes is life-threatening if it is not controlled.

  • Even with treatment, your child may be at an increased risk of thyroid or Celiac disease. Certain medicines used to treat diabetes may increase the risk of pancreas or thyroid problems.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that your child may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your child's medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. Make sure all of your questions are answered.

An IV

is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

Insulin:

This medicine helps your child's body use sugar for energy.

Tests:

  • Blood glucose test: Your child's blood sugar level will be checked many times each day. This is usually done before meals and at bedtime. His blood is tested in a glucose monitor.

  • Random blood glucose test: This test may be done any time of the day. A blood sample will be tested for the amount of sugar it contains.

  • A1c test: This blood test shows the average amount of sugar in your child's blood over the past 2 to 3 months. The A1c test shows if his diabetes is well controlled.

  • Urine test: A sample of your child's urine is tested for the amount of ketones (wastes) and sugar it contains. This test tells healthcare providers how well your child's blood sugar level is being controlled and if he needs more tests.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 In Children (Inpatient Care)

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