Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 In Adults

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a disease that affects how your body makes insulin and uses glucose (sugar). Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Normally, when the blood sugar level increases, the pancreas makes more insulin. Type 1 diabetes develops because your immune system destroys pancreas cells that make insulin. Your pancreas cannot make enough insulin, so your blood sugar level continues to rise.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

Uncontrolled diabetes can damage your nerves, veins, and arteries. Long-term high blood sugar levels can damage your eyes and kidneys. Damage to arteries increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. Nerve damage may also lead to other heart, stomach, and nerve problems. Diabetes is life-threatening if it is not controlled.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Diet:

A dietitian may work with you to find a meal plan that will help you control your blood sugar. Ask caregivers how your favorite foods may fit into this meal plan.

An IV

is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

Medicine:

  • Insulin: This medicine may be given to decrease the amount of sugar in your blood. It helps your body move the sugar to your cells, where it is needed for energy.

Tests:

  • Blood glucose test: Healthcare providers will check your blood sugar level at least 3 times each day. This is usually done before meals and at bedtime. Your blood is tested in a glucose monitor.

  • Random blood glucose test: This test may be done any time of the day. A blood sample will be tested for the amount of sugar it contains.

  • A1c test: This blood test shows the average amount of sugar in your blood over the past 2 to 3 months. The A1c test shows if your diabetes is well controlled.

  • Urine test: A sample of your urine is tested for the amount of ketones and sugar it contains. This test tells healthcare providers how well your blood sugar level is being controlled and if you need more tests.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 In Adults (Inpatient Care)

Hide
(web5)