Generic Name: hyoscyamine (HYE-oh-SYE-a-meen)
Brand Name: IB-Stat
Hyoscyamine spray is used for:
Treating certain stomach, intestinal, and bladder conditions, including spasms. It is used to control stomach secretions and cramps. It is used to relieve the symptoms of colic, runny nose, and Parkinson-like problems. It is used to treat excessive sweating or saliva production. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Hyoscyamine spray is an anticholinergic agent. It works by decreasing the motion of muscles in the stomach, intestines, and bladder. It also decreases the production of stomach acid.
Do NOT use hyoscyamine spray if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in hyoscyamine spray
- you have severe esophagus problems (eg, irritation, narrowing); a blockage of the stomach, bowel, or bladder; bowel motility problems; or severe bowel problems (eg, severe ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon)
- you have glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, or heart problems caused by severe bleeding
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using hyoscyamine spray:
Some medical conditions may interact with hyoscyamine spray. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have nerve problems, prostate problems, esophagus problems (eg, reflux), stomach or bowel problems, heart or blood vessel problems (eg, fast or irregular heartbeat, heart failure, coronary heart disease), hiatal hernia, kidney problems, an overactive thyroid, high blood pressure, urinary problems, paralysis, or brain damage, or if you are at risk for glaucoma
- if you have diarrhea or fever, have been very ill, or are in poor health
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with hyoscyamine spray. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Amantadine, antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), haloperidol, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (eg, phenelzine), other anticholinergics (eg, scopolamine), phenothiazines (eg, thioridazine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of hyoscyamine spray's side effects
- Narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine) or potassium chloride because the risk of their side effects may be increased by hyoscyamine spray
- Ketoconazole or metoclopramide because their effectiveness may be decreased by hyoscyamine spray
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if hyoscyamine spray may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use hyoscyamine spray:
Use hyoscyamine spray as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- An extra patient leaflet is available with hyoscyamine spray. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
- Hyoscyamine spray is usually taken 30 to 60 minutes before a meal. Follow your doctor's instructions for taking hyoscyamine spray.
- The spray pump must be primed before you use the first dose of hyoscyamine spray. Remove the plastic cover and point the opening away from yourself and others. Press down firmly and quickly until a fine mist appears (at least 3 sprays).
- To use hyoscyamine spray, hold the container upright. Open your mouth and bring the container as close as possible. Press down firmly and close your mouth. If necessary, repeat as directed by your doctor.
- Do not swallow immediately after you use the spray. Do not spit or rinse your mouth for 5 to 10 minutes after you use hyoscyamine spray.
- If you have not used the spray pump for 2 days or more, reprime before using it. Point the opening away from yourself and others and spray 1 time to reprime.
- Wipe the spray tip with a clean tissue and replace the cover.
- Do not use this bottle for more than 30 sprays even if it looks like it still contains medicine. The pump may not deliver the correct amount of medicine after 30 sprays.
- Do not take extra doses or stop using hyoscyamine spray without first checking with your doctor.
- If you also take antacids, take hyoscyamine spray before meals and the antacid after meals, unless directed otherwise by your doctor.
- If you miss a dose of hyoscyamine spray, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use hyoscyamine spray.
Important safety information:
- Hyoscyamine spray may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use hyoscyamine spray with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using hyoscyamine spray; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- Do not become overheated or dehydrated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur.
- Drink plenty of fluids, maintain good oral hygiene, and suck on sugarless hard candy to relieve dry mouth.
- Proper dental care is important while you are taking hyoscyamine spray. Brush and floss your teeth and visit the dentist regularly.
- Hyoscyamine spray may make your eyes more sensitive to sunlight. It may help to wear sunglasses.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take hyoscyamine spray before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Use hyoscyamine spray with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially constipation, trouble urinating, dry mouth, drowsiness, agitation, confusion, excitability, or memory problems.
- Caution is advised when using hyoscyamine spray in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects, including excitability.
- Hyoscyamine spray should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if hyoscyamine spray can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using hyoscyamine spray while you are pregnant. Hyoscyamine spray is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while taking hyoscyamine spray, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of hyoscyamine spray:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Bloated feeling; blurred vision; constipation; decreased sweating; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; enlarged pupils; excitability; headache; nausea; nervousness; trouble sleeping; weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); agitation; behavior changes; confusion; decreased sexual ability; diarrhea; difficulty focusing eyes; disorientation; exaggerated sense of well-being; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; loss of consciousness; loss of coordination; memory loss; mental or mood changes; severe or persistent trouble sleeping; speech changes; taste changes or loss; trouble urinating; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision changes; vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include disorientation; excessive thirst or excitability; fever; hot, dry skin; seizures; severe dry mouth; severe or persistent blurred vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, or vomiting; trouble breathing or swallowing.Proper storage of hyoscyamine spray:
Store hyoscyamine spray at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep hyoscyamine spray out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about hyoscyamine spray, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Hyoscyamine spray is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about hyoscyamine spray. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.