GuaifenesinThis page contains information on Guaifenesin for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
- Guaifenesin Indications
- Warnings and cautions for Guaifenesin
- Direction and dosage information for Guaifenesin
GuaifenesinThis treatment applies to the following species:
50 mg per mL
For Intravenous Use in Horses Only
ANADA 200-230, Approved by FDA
Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.
Guaifenesin, 3 - (o-Methoxyphenoxy) 1,2-propanediol, is a white to slightly gray, crystalline powder having a bitter taste. It may have a slight characteristic odor. Each mL of the injection contains: 50 mg guaifenesin, 50 mg dextrose (anhydrous), 20 mg propylene glycol, 50 mg dimethylacetamide (parenteral grade), 0.75 mg edetate disodium, water for injection q.s.
ACTIONS Guaifenesin is a guaiacol derivative closely related to mephenesin. The propanediol derivatives are central-acting skeletal muscle relaxants which selectively depress transmission of nerve impulses at the internuncial neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, and subcortical regions of the brain.
Propanediol derivatives have a wide margin of safety, the toxic dose is three times greater than the recommended dose. Respiration is not severely depressed, and the function of the diaphragm is uninterrupted (1) (2). Tidal volume is slightly decreased and minute volume remains normal. In addition to skeletal muscle, the pharyngeal and laryngeal muscles are sufficiently relaxed for easier surgical intubation procedures. At the beginning of relaxation, there is a slight fall in blood pressure, however, throughout the relaxation period the heart function is unchanged. There is a slight increase in gastrointestinal activity. There is no apparent impairment of lung and kidney functions.
With the recommended administration and dosage of GUAIFENESIN INJECTION, induction is usually smooth and rapid (two to four minutes) providing a duration of action between 15 to 25 minutes. A slightly transient hemolysis occurs at a 5% concentration (3) (4). Higher concentrations cause intravascular hemolysis (3) (5).
The 5% dextrose minimizes the hemolytic action of guaifenesin alone and reduces the tendency to form thrombi at the intravenous injection site (6). Guaifenesin appears safe when administered to pregnant mares (7) and in human studies did not pass the placental barrier (2).
Metabolism and excretion of guaifenesin is not well understood. Oxidation products are excreted in the urine as a glycuronimide.
For intravenous use as a skeletal muscle relaxant for horses.
Do not administer physostigmire to horses receiving GUAIFENESIN INJECTION.
WARNINGS Not to be used in horses intended for food.
This is a single dose vial, containing no preservative. Destroy partially used vials.
PRECAUTIONS Avoid perivascular leakage to prevent local tissue irritation.
If used for prolonged periods, such as in tetanus, serum hemoglobin levels should be monitored.
Oxygen or sustained artificial respiration facilities should be available when the drug is employed.
Additional care should be employed when administering the drug to anemic or hypovolemic animals with cardiac or respiratory problems.
Extreme care should be exercised at all times in handling this product to prevent the introduction of microbial contamination.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION For intravenous use only. Administer rapidly with a positive pressure system or gravity flow using a 12 to 14 gauge needle at the dose rate of 1 mL/pound of body weight. From a standing position the patient will begin to relax and gradually fall when approximately 1/2 the total dose has been given. Continue the remaining calculated dose for complete relaxation. Average duration of muscle relaxation is 10-25 minutes. For continued relaxation time, additional GUAIFENESIN INJECTION may be administered as determined by the veterinarian at a rate necessary to achieve the desired plane of relaxation. Recovery is usually smooth and uneventful with the horse regaining an upright position usually within 45 minutes after the medication is discontinued.
HOW SUPPLIED 1,000 mL sterile, single dose plastic vial.
Store between 2° and 30°C (36° and 86°F).
Do not freeze.
1. Schebitz, H. and Tronick, R.: Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche, Wochenschrift, 77 (5) (March 1964), pp. 93-97.
2. Westhues, M. and Fritsch, R.: "Animal Anesthesia-General", J.P. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1961 (Translation 1965).
3. Truitt, E.B., Jr. and Patterson, R.B.: Proc. Soc. Exp. Bio. Med., 95 ( 1957) pp. 422-424.
4. Heath, R.B. and Gabel, A.A.: JAVMA, 157, No. 11 (Dec. 1, 1970), pp. 486-494.
5. Garton, G.A. and Williams, R.T.: Biochem, J., 43 (1948), pp. 206-211.
6. Ginzel, K.H., Leupold-Lowenthal, H. and Weis, W.: Weiner Medizinische Wochenschrift, 99 (1949), pp. 299-300.
7. Davis, L.E. and Wolff, W. A.: Am. J. Vet. Res., 31, No. 3 (March 1970), pp. 469-473.
FOR ANIMAL USE ONLY
NOT FOR HUMAN USE
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
NAC No.: 10910431
822 7TH STREET, SUITE 605, GREELEY, CO, 80631
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Copyright © 2016 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2016-08-21