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DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE 5 MG TABLETS

Active substance(s): DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE / DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE / DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER

DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE
5 MG TABLETS
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.

Colours:  Black

Fonts: Vectora Light & Vectora Black

Product: DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE PIL Page 1 Date: 23.08.16

Strength: 5mg

• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

What Dexamfetamine is and what it is used for
What you need to know before you take Dexamfetamine
How to take Dexamfetamine
Possible side effects
How to store Dexamfetamine
Contents of the pack and other information

1. WHAT DEXAMFETAMINE IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Dexamfetamine belongs to a group of medicines called stimulants. These work by increasing
activity in the brain. Dexamfetamine works by affecting some of the natural chemicals that
are found in the brain. In particular, it increases the activity of chemicals called dopamine
and noradrenaline in areas of the brain that play a part in controlling attention and behaviour.
Dexamfetamine stimulates activity in the brain, helping to keep people alert and active during
the day.
Dexamfetamine is used to treat:
• narcolepsy (being unable to stop yourself falling asleep)
• attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Dexamfetamine may seem
an odd treatment for hyperactive children, as stimulants normally make people more active.
However, at the doses recommended for children with ADHD, Dexamfetamine can have the
opposite effect, helping some children to learn to control their behaviour.

Size: 120mm x 440mm

What is in this leaflet

Check with your doctor before taking Dexamfetamine if:
• you have problems with your kidneys
• you have epilepsy
• you have an unstable personality or are hyperexcitable
• anyone in your family has a movement disorder (dystonias) which cause twitching.
• you are female and has started having periods (see the ‘Pregnancy and breast-feeding’
section below)
• you have high blood pressure
• you have a heart problem which is not in the ‘Do not take’ section above
• you have a mental health problem which is not in the ‘Do not take’ section above. This may
include mood swings, unusual aggression, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, agitation and
anxiety, feelings of guilt or depression.
Warnings and Precautions
Other medicines and Dexamfetamine
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including
medicines obtained without a prescription.
It is especially important to tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
• Medicines for depression including:
–– those called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as phenelzine, or if you have
taken them within the last 2 weeks; in such case, do NOT take Dexamfetamine and talk
to your doctor (see “Do NOT take Dexamfetamine”).
–– those called tricyclic anti-depressants (e.g. imipramine)
–– lithium.
• drugs to lower blood pressure (e.g. guanethidine or methyltyrosine)
• medicines to help you give up alcohol (e.g. disulfiram)
• beta-blockers such as propranolol
• phenothiazines used to control anxiety
• medicines for epilepsy such as ethosuximide, phenobarbital and phenytoin
• haloperidol used to treat mental illness
• morphine for the treatment of severe pain
• norepinephrine used to increase the rate of contractions
• meperidine used to treat moderate to severe pain
• clonidine used to treat high blood pressure
• reserpine used as an antipsychotic and antihypertensive drug
• ascorbic acid used for its antioxidant properties
• glutamic acid HCL
• ammonium chloride
• sodium acid phosphate
• thiazides used to treat high blood pressure and swelling
• chlorpromazine used as antipsychotic drug.
If any of the above applies to you, talk to your doctor before taking Dexamfetamine.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby,
ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Do NOT take Dexamfetamine if you are pregnant, likely to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
Driving and using machines
Dexamfetamine may cause dizziness and affect your vision. If this happens to you, do NOT drive
or use machinery. The medicine can affect your ability to drive as it may make you sleepy or
dizzy.
• Do NOT drive while taking this medicine until you know how it affects you.
• It is an offence to drive if this medicine affects your ability to drive. However, you would not
be committing an offence if:
–– the medicine has been prescribed to treat a medical or dental problem AND
–– you have taken it according to the instructions given by the prescriber or in the information
provided with the medicine AND
it was not affecting your ability to drive safely.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether it is safe for you to drive while
taking this medicine.

Client: Primegen

If any of the above applies to you, do NOT take Dexamfetamine and talk to your
doctor or pharmacist.

Version: 1

Do NOT take Dexamfetamine if you:
• are allergic to dexamphetamine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in
section 6)
• are allergic to any medicines acting on the nervous system including methylphenidate,
pemoline or ephedrine
• are taking medicines called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) for depression or if you
have taken them within the last 2 weeks (see “Other medicines and Dexamfetamine”)
• have ever abused alcohol or drugs
• have a medical condition called Gilles de la Tourette syndrome or similar movement disorders
(dystonias), which cause twitching
• have mental health problems such as:
–– a psychopathic or borderline personality disorder
–– abnormal thoughts or visions or schizophrenia
–– signs of a severe mood disorder like suicidal feelings, severe depression or mania
• have porphyria, a disease of the blood
• have any problems with your heart or blood pressure
• have ever had heart problems - such as a heart attack, uneven heartbeat, pain and discomfort
in the chest, heart failure, heart disease, or was born with a heart problem
• have had a problem with the blood vessels in the brain - such as a stroke, swelling and
weakening of part of a blood vessel (aneurysm), narrow or blocked blood vessels, or
inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis)
• have hardening of the arteries
• have problems with your eyesight as a result of increased pressure in your eyes (i.e. glaucoma)
• are hyperexcitable
• have an overactive thyroid gland
• have an eating problem, does not feel hungry or does not want to eat (e.g anorexia nervosa)
• are pregnant, likely to become pregnant or are breast-feeding.

PL Number: 43659/0025

2. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE DEXAMFETAMINE

3. HOW TO TAKE DEXAMFETAMINE
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
How much to take
For narcolepsy in adults:
• The usual starting dose is 10 mg (2 x 5 mg tablets) a day, taken twice a day (i.e. 1 tablet in the
morning and 1 in the evening)
• Your doctor may increase your dose each week up to a maximum of 60 mg (12 x 5 mg tablets)
a day if necessary.

Colours: n Black

Fonts: Vectora Light & Vectora Black

Product: DEXAMFETAMINE SULFATE PIL Page 2 Date: 23.08.16

Strength: 5mg

For narcolepsy in the elderly:
• The usual starting dose is 5 mg (1 x 5 mg tablet) a day.
• Your doctor may increase your dose by 5 mg (1 x 5 mg tablet) each week.

For ADHD in children aged 6 years and over:
• The usual starting dose is 5-10 mg (1-2 x 5 mg tablets) a day.
• Their doctor may increase the dose by 5 mg (1 x 5 mg tablet) each week.
• The maximum dose is usually 20 mg (4 x 5 mg tablets) a day, although for older children the
doctor may prescribe 40 mg (8 x 5 mg tablets) or more a day.
Medical check-ups in children
• There may be lack of weight gain
• Your doctor will check the height and weight of your child whilst they are taking
Dexamfetamine.
• If your child is not growing as expected, then your doctor may stop treatment with
Dexamfetamine 5 mg Tablets for a short time.
If you take more Dexamfetamine than you should
If you take too much, go to the nearest hospital casualty department immediately or
contact your doctor at once. Taking too many tablets can be very serious. Symptoms of
overdose include excitement, hallucinations, convulsions leading to coma, irregular and rapid
heartbeat and reduced breathing.

Size: 120mm x 440mm

For ADHD in children aged 3-5 years:
• The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg (half of a 5 mg tablet) a day.
• Their doctor may increase the dose by 2.5 mg (half of a 5 mg tablet) each week.

If you forget to take Dexamfetamine
Do NOT take a double dose to make up for missed dose. Simply take the next dose as planned.
If you stop taking Dexamfetamine
Do NOT stop taking Dexamfetamine without first talking to your doctor. Do NOT suddenly stop
taking Dexamfetamine as this can lead to extreme tiredness and depression. Your doctor will
stop your treatment gradually.
If you have any further questions about the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

Dexamfetamine can cause the following side-effects:
Effects on the nervous system:
• sleeplessness and restlessness
• nightmares and panic attacks
• nervousness
• confusion and delirium
• delusions
• aggression and irritability
• happiness
• dizziness
• headache
• impaired vision
• widening of the pupils
• altered sexual drive and ability
• dry mouth












lack of appetite
sweating
convulsions
tremor and twitches
excessive reflex reactions
lack of coordination of muscle
movements
abnormal moods
loss of contact with reality
mental disorders including mood
disorders and schizophrenia
distortion of the sense of taste.

Effects
on the stomach:
• cardiovascular
collapse
•• stroke
stomach pain
•• increased
stomach cramps
acidity in the blood.
• feeling sick
Other effects:
• kidney damage
• paralysis
• slowed growth in children
• muscle pain
• hypersensitivity
• serious allergic reaction
• inflammation and injury of the large
intestine
• weight loss
• damaged skeletal muscle tissue
• skin rash
• hair loss from the head or body

• diarrhoea
• nausea.







rapid swelling
abnormal facial movements
abnormal movements
movement disorder
difficulty moving or coordinating part of
the body.
• itchy red skin lesions (erythema
multiforme) or scaly skin patches
(exfoliative dermatitis), recurring rash,
which happens in the same place each
time the medicine is taken (fixed drug
eruption)

Becoming dependent on your medicine
It is possible to develop tolerance to Dexamfetamine so that more tablets have to be taken
to achieve the same effect. This, in turn, can lead to dependence on Dexamfetamine. With
increasing doses and dependence, mental instability and behavioural changes can occur.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card
Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. HOW TO STORE DEXAMFETAMINE
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and bottle label or
blister. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25ºC.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how
to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Dexamfetamine contains
• The active substance is dexamfetamine sulfate 5 mg.
• The other ingredients are microcrystalline cellulose, calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate,
povidone, maize starch, magnesium stearate.
What Dexamfetamine looks like and contents of the pack
Dexamfetamine is plain white uncoated flat bevelled edged tablet, with one side plain and one
side scored and embossed with “D5”. The tablets are available in either bottles of 28 or 100
tablets or blisters of 28 tablets. Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
PRIMEGEN Limited, Unit 15 Moorcroft, Harlington Road, Uxbridge, UB8 3HD, United Kingdom.
Manufacturer
Kinedexe UK Ltd, Unit 15 Moorcroft, Harlington Road, Uxbridge, UB8 3HD, United Kingdom.
This leaflet was last revised in 08/2016.

Client: Primegen

Effects on the heart and circulation:
• fast heartbeat, palpitations
• chest pains
• changes in blood pressure (with possible bleeding into the brain)
• damaged heart muscle following long term use
• fatal heart and circulatory system collapse (after a very high temperature, upset salt and water
balance and transient hyperactivity)
• heart attack

Version: 1

• Seek IMMEDIATE medical help if you have any unexplained rise in body
temperature.
• Talk to your doctor AS SOON AS POSSIBLE if you start experiencing twitches.

PL Number: 43659/0025

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Expand Transcript

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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