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Methylergonovine

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 4, 2020.

Pronunciation

(meth il er goe NOE veen)

Index Terms

  • Methylergometrine Maleate
  • Methylergonovine Maleate

Dosage Forms

Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling.

Solution, Injection, as maleate:

Generic: 0.2 mg/mL (1 mL)

Solution, Injection, as maleate [preservative free]:

Generic: 0.2 mg/mL (1 mL)

Tablet, Oral, as maleate:

Methergine: 0.2 mg [contains methylparaben, propylparaben]

Generic: 0.2 mg

Brand Names: U.S.

  • Methergine

Pharmacologic Category

  • Ergot Derivative

Pharmacology

Increases the tone, rate and amplitude of contractions on the smooth muscles of the uterus, producing sustained contractions which shortens the third stage of labor and reduces blood loss.

Absorption

Rapid

Distribution

Vd: 39-73 L

Metabolism

Hepatic

Excretion

Urine and feces

Onset of Action

Oxytocic: Oral: 5-10 minutes; IM: 2-5 minutes; IV: Immediately

Time to Peak

Serum: Oral: 0.3-2 hours; IM: 0.2-0.6 hours

Duration of Action

Oral: ~3 hours; IM: ~3 hours; IV: 45 minutes

Half-Life Elimination

~3 hours (range: 1.5-12.7 hours)

Use: Labeled Indications

Management of uterine atony, hemorrhage and subinvolution of the uterus following delivery of the placenta; control of uterine hemorrhage following delivery of the anterior shoulder in the second stage of labor

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to methylergonovine or any component of the formulation; hypertension; preeclampsia; pregnancy

Dosing: Adult

Prevention of hemorrhage:

Oral: 0.2 mg 3 to 4 times daily in the puerperium for up to 7 days (maximum duration: 1 week)

IM, IV: 0.2 mg after delivery of anterior shoulder, after delivery of placenta, or during puerperium; may be repeated every 2 to 4 hours as needed. Note: IV administration should only be considered during life-threatening situations.

Administration

IV: Administer slowly over a period of no less than 60 seconds with careful monitoring of blood pressure. Should not be routinely administered IV because of possibility of inducing sudden hypertension and cerebrovascular accident. IV administration should only be considered during life-threatening situations.

IM: May be administered intramuscularly.

Oral: Available in tablets for oral administration.

Storage

Injection: Store under refrigeration at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Protect from light. The following stability information has also been reported: May be stored at room temperature for up to 14 days (Cohen, 2007).

Tablet: Store below 25°C (77°F).

Drug Interactions

Abametapir: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Avoid combination

Alpha-/Beta-Agonists: Ergot Derivatives may enhance the hypertensive effect of Alpha-/Beta-Agonists. Ergot Derivatives may enhance the vasoconstricting effect of Alpha-/Beta-Agonists. Avoid combination

Alpha1-Agonists: Ergot Derivatives may enhance the hypertensive effect of Alpha1-Agonists. Ergot Derivatives may enhance the vasoconstricting effect of Alpha1-Agonists. Avoid combination

Antihepaciviral Combination Products: May increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Aprepitant: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Beta-Blockers: May enhance the vasoconstricting effect of Ergot Derivatives. Management: Avoid coadministration of beta-blockers and ergot derivatives whenever possible. If concomitant use cannot be avoided, monitor patients closely for evidence of excessive peripheral vasoconstriction. Consider therapy modification

Chloroprocaine: May enhance the hypertensive effect of Ergot Derivatives. Monitor therapy

Clofazimine: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Cobicistat: May increase the serum concentration of Methylergonovine. Avoid combination

Conivaptan: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Avoid combination

CYP3A4 Inhibitors (Moderate): May decrease the metabolism of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

CYP3A4 Inhibitors (Strong): May decrease the metabolism of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Management: Consider avoiding this combination. Some combinations are specifically contraindicated by manufacturers; others may have recommended dose adjustments. If combined, monitor for increased substrate effects. Consider therapy modification

Duvelisib: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Erdafitinib: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Fosaprepitant: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Fosnetupitant: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Fusidic Acid (Systemic): May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Avoid combination

Idelalisib: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Avoid combination

Itraconazole: May increase the serum concentration of Methylergonovine. Avoid combination

Ketoconazole (Systemic): May increase the serum concentration of Methylergonovine. Avoid combination

Larotrectinib: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Letermovir: May increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Lisuride: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Lorcaserin (Withdrawn From US Market): May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Ergot Derivatives. Specifically, use of these drugs together may increase the risk of developing valvular heart disease. Lorcaserin (Withdrawn From US Market) may enhance the serotonergic effect of Ergot Derivatives. This could result in serotonin syndrome. Avoid combination

Macrolide Antibiotics: May increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Cabergoline and Clarithromycin may interact, see specific monograph for full details. Exceptions: Azithromycin (Systemic); Fidaxomicin; Spiramycin. Avoid combination

MiFEPRIStone: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Management: Minimize doses of CYP3A4 substrates, and monitor for increased concentrations/toxicity, during and 2 weeks following treatment with mifepristone. Avoid cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, fentanyl, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, and tacrolimus. Consider therapy modification

Nefazodone: Ergot Derivatives may enhance the serotonergic effect of Nefazodone. This could result in serotonin syndrome. Nefazodone may increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Netupitant: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Nitroglycerin: Ergot Derivatives may diminish the vasodilatory effect of Nitroglycerin. This is of particular concern in patients being treated for angina. Nitroglycerin may increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Palbociclib: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Posaconazole: May increase the serum concentration of Methylergonovine. Avoid combination

Protease Inhibitors: May increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Reboxetine: May enhance the hypertensive effect of Ergot Derivatives. Monitor therapy

Roxithromycin: May increase the serum concentration of Ergot Derivatives. Avoid combination

Serotonergic Agents (High Risk): Ergot Derivatives may enhance the serotonergic effect of Serotonergic Agents (High Risk). This could result in serotonin syndrome. Management: Monitor for signs and symptoms of serotonin syndrome/serotonin toxicity (eg, hyperreflexia, clonus, hyperthermia, diaphoresis, tremor, autonomic instability, mental status changes) when these agents are combined. Exceptions: Nefazodone. Monitor therapy

Serotonin 5-HT1D Receptor Agonists (Triptans): May enhance the vasoconstricting effect of Ergot Derivatives. Ergot Derivatives may enhance the vasoconstricting effect of Serotonin 5-HT1D Receptor Agonists (Triptans). Avoid combination

Simeprevir: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Monitor therapy

Stiripentol: May increase the serum concentration of CYP3A4 Substrates (High risk with Inhibitors). Management: Use of stiripentol with CYP3A4 substrates that are considered to have a narrow therapeutic index should be avoided due to the increased risk for adverse effects and toxicity. Any CYP3A4 substrate used with stiripentol requires closer monitoring. Consider therapy modification

Voriconazole: May increase the serum concentration of Methylergonovine. Avoid combination

Adverse Reactions

Frequency not defined.

Cardiovascular: Angina pectoris, atrioventricular block, bradycardia, cerebrovascular accident, chest pain, coronary artery vasospasm, hypertension, hypotension, local thrombophlebitis, myocardial infarction, palpitations, paresthesia, tachycardia, vasospasm, ventricular fibrillation

Central nervous system: Dizziness, hallucination, headache, seizure

Dermatologic: Diaphoresis, skin rash

Endocrine & metabolic: Water intoxication

Gastrointestinal: Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, unpleasant taste, vomiting

Genitourinary: Hematuria

Hypersensitivity: Anaphylaxis

Neuromuscular & skeletal: Leg cramps

Otic: Tinnitus

Respiratory: Dyspnea, nasal congestion

Warnings/Precautions

Concerns related to adverse effects:

• Coronary artery disease: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or risk factors for CAD may be more likely to develop myocardial ischemia and infarction following methylergonovine-induced vasospasm.

• Ergotism: Ergot alkaloid use may result in ergotism (intense vasoconstriction) resulting in peripheral vascular ischemia and possible gangrene. Ergotism is usually associated with overdosage or prolonged chronic use; do not exceed dosing guidelines and avoid prolonged administration.

• Pleural/retroperitoneal fibrosis: Rare cases of pleural and/or retroperitoneal fibrosis have been reported with prolonged daily use of other ergot alkaloids.

Disease-related concerns:

• Hepatic impairment: Use with caution in patients with hepatic impairment.

• Labor: Use with caution in the second stage of labor.

• Renal impairment: Use with caution in patients with renal impairment.

• Sepsis: Use with caution in patients with sepsis.

• Vascular disease: Use with caution in patients with obliterative vascular disease.

Concurrent drug therapy issues:

• CYP3A4 inhibitors: Concomitant use with potent inhibitors of CYP3A4 (includes protease inhibitors, azole antifungals, and some macrolide antibiotics) and ergot alkaloids has been associated with acute ergot toxicity (ergotism); concurrent use of certain ergot alkaloids (eg, ergotamine and dihydroergotamine) are not recommended by the manufacturer.

Other warnings/precautions:

• IV administration: Not for routine IV administration due to risk of inducing sudden hypertensive and cerebrovascular accidents. IV administration should only be considered during life-threatening situations.

• Medication errors: Inadvertent administration to newborns has been reported.

Monitoring Parameters

Blood pressure

Pregnancy Risk Factor

C

Pregnancy Considerations

Methylergonovine is intended for use after delivery of the anterior shoulder, after delivery of the placenta, or during the puerperium; use is contraindicated during pregnancy.

Methylergonovine is recommended when a supplemental uterotonic agent is needed; due to maternal side effects it is not preferred for initial use (ACOG 183 2017).

Patient Education

What is this drug used for?

• It is used to stop or treat bleeding that happens after a birth.

• It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

• Abdominal pain

• Nausea

• Vomiting

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

• Weakness on 1 side of the body, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, drooping on one side of the face, or blurred eyesight

• Severe dizziness

• Passing out

• Severe headache

• Vision changes

• Seizures

• Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Talk to your doctor if you have questions.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a limited summary of general information about the medicine's uses from the patient education leaflet and is not intended to be comprehensive. This limited summary does NOT include all information available about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. For a more detailed summary of information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine, please speak with your healthcare provider and review the entire patient education leaflet.

Further information

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