Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Mar 6, 2022.
What are other common names?
- Momordica charantia
- African Cucumber
- Art Pumpkin
- Balsam Apple
- Balsam Pear
- Bitter Apple
- Bitter Cucumber
- Bitter Gourd
- Bitter Melon
- Bitter Squash
- Carilla Cundeamor
- Carilla Fruit
- Carilla Gourd
- Melon Amer
- Vegetable Insulin
- Wild Cucumber
What is this product used for?
Bitter melon is a vegetable. It is also sold as a dietary supplement product. Some people use it as a medicine but science does not support its use for any health problem.
What are the precautions when taking this product?
Always check with your doctor before you use a natural product. Some products may not mix well with other drugs or natural products.
This product may interfere with some lab tests. Be sure to talk with your doctor about this and all drugs you are taking.
Be sure to tell your doctor that you take this product if you are scheduled for surgery or tests.
Do not use this product if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant soon. Use birth control you can trust while taking this product.
Do not take this product if you are breastfeeding.
Do not take this product if you were born with a condition called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency.
Take extra care if you are taking drugs for blood sugar problems. These are drugs like glipizide, glyburide, rosiglitazone, repaglinide, or insulin.
If you have blood sugar problems, keep hard candies, glucose tablets, liquid glucose, or juice on hand for low blood sugar.
Take extra care and check with your doctor if you have:
Problems with your heart beat or rhythm
What should I watch for?
When do I need to call the doctor?
Signs of a very bad reaction. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Go to the ER right away.
Signs of liver problems. These include upset stomach or throwing up, belly pain, feeling tired, dark urine, yellow skin or eyes, not hungry.
Signs of low blood sugar. These include hunger, dizziness, shaking, a fast heartbeat, confusion, or sweating.
Very bad belly pain
Very bad loose stools
Very bad headache
Last Reviewed Date2021-03-26
Consumer information use
Copyright © 2022 UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.
More about bitter melon
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.