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Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Injection

Last Updated: June 13, 2018
Status: Current

Products Affected - Description
    • Dilaudid injection, Fresenius Kabi, 0.5 mg/0.5 mL, 0.5 mL preservative-free prefilled syringe, 24 count, NDC 76045-0009-05
    • Dilaudid injection, Fresenius Kabi, 1 mg/1 mL, 1 mL preservative-free prefilled syringe, 24 count, NDC 76045-0009-10
    • Dilaudid injection, Fresenius Kabi, 2 mg/1 mL, 1 mL preservative-free prefilled syringe, 24 count, NDC 76045-0010-10
    • Dilaudid injection, Fresenius Kabi, 4 mg/1 mL, 1 mL preservative-free prefilled syringe, 24 count, NDC 76045-0011-10
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Akorn, 10 mg/mL, 1 mL ampule, 10 count, NDC 17478-0540-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Akorn, 10 mg/mL, 5 mL ampule, 10 count, NDC 17478-0540-05
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Akorn, 10 mg/mL, 50 mL vial, 10 count, NDC 17478-0540-50
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 0.5 mg/0.5 mL, 0.5 mL iSecure syringe, 10 count, NDC 00409-1283-05
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 1 mg/mL, 1 mL Carpuject syringe, 10 count, NDC 00409-1283-31
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 1 mg/mL, 1 mL ampule, 10 count, NDC 00409-2552-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 1 mg/mL, 1 mL iSecure syringe, 10 count, NDC 00409-1283-10
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 10 mg/mL, 1 mL vial, 10 count, NDC 00409-2634-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 10 mg/mL, 5 mL vial, 10 count, NDC 00409-2634-05
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 10 mg/mL, 50 mL vial, 1 count, NDC 00409-2634-50
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 2 mg/mL, 1 mL Carpuject syringe, 10 count, NDC 00409-1312-30
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 2 mg/mL, 1 mL ampule, 10 count, NDC 00409-3356-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 2 mg/mL, 1 mL iSecure syringe, 10 count, NDC 00409-1312-10
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 2 mg/mL, 1 mL vial, 10 count, NDC 00409-3365-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 4 mg/mL, 1 mL Carpuject syringe, 10 count, NDC 00409-1304-31
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Pfizer, 4 mg/mL, 1 mL ampule, 10 count, NDC 00409-2540-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Teva, 10 mg/mL, 1 mL vial, 10 count, NDC 00703-0110-03
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Teva, 10 mg/mL, 5 mL vial, 10 count, NDC 00703-0113-03
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, Teva, 10 mg/mL, 50 mL vial, 1 count, NDC 00703-0018-01
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, West-Ward, 2 mg/mL, 1 mL vial, 25 count, NDC 00641-0121-25
    • Hydromorphone Hydrochloride solution for injection, West-Ward, 2 mg/mL, 20 mL multiple dose vial, 1 count, NDC 00641-2341-41
Reason for the Shortage
    • Akorn has hydromorphone injection on shortage due to increased demand.[1]
    • Fresenius Kabi has Dilaudid syringes on shortage due to increased demand. They are focusing their product on the 0.5 mg strength.[2]
    • Pfizer did not provide a reason for the shortage.[3]
    • Purdue discontinued Dilaudid and Dilaudid HP in May 2017 for marketing reasons.[4]
    • Teva did not provide a reason for the shortage.[5]
    • West-Ward did not provide a reason for the shortage.[6]
Available Products
    • There is insufficient supply for usual ordering

Estimated Resupply Dates

    • Akorn has hydromorphone 10 mg/mL 1 mL ampules, 5 mL ampules, and 50 mL vials on intermittent back order and the company is allocating product upon release.[1]
    • Fresenius Kabi has Dilaudid 0.5 mg/mL 0.5 mL and 1 mg/mL 1 mL syringes on back order and the company estimates a release date of late-June 2018 for the 0.5 mL syringes and late-July 2018 for the 1 mL syringes. The 2 mg/mL 1 mL syringes are on back order and the company cannot estimate a release date.[2]
    • Pfizer has 2 mg/mL 1 mL vials, 10 mg/mL 1 mL vials, and 10 mg/mL 50 mL vials on back order and the company estimates a release date of late-June 2018. The 10 mg/mL 5 mL vials are on back order and the company estimates a release date of mid-July 2018. The 1 mg/mL 1 mL and 2mg/mL 1 mL Carpuject syringes are on back order and the company estimates a release date of June 2018. The 0.5 mg/0.5 mL 0.5 mL iSecure syringes are on back order and the company estimates a release date in July 2018. The 1 mg/mL 1 mL ampules, 2 mg/mL 1 mL ampules, and 4 mg/mL 1 mL ampules are on back order and the company cannot estimate a release date. The 1 mg/mL 1 mL iSecure syringes, 2 mg/mL 1 mL iSecure syringes, and 4 mg/mL 1 mL Carpuject syringes are on back order and the company estimates a release date of June 2019.[3]
    • Teva has hydromorphone 10 mg/mL 1 mL, 5 mL, and 50 mL vials on intermittent back order and the company is allocating product upon release.[5]
    • West-Ward has hydromorphone 2 mg/mL 1 mL and 20 mL vials on allocation.[6]

Implications for Patient Care

    • ASHP has an FAQ on the injectable opioid shortage at https://www.ashp.org/Drug-Shortages/Shortage-Resources/Injectable-Opioid-Shortages-FAQ. This discusses multiple issues including inventory and pharmacy operational strategies.

Safety

    • Exercise extreme caution when switching hydromorphone concentrations or interchanging to other injectable opioid products (eg, morphine). Equianalgesic dosing conversions are based on limited data and do not account for patient specific factors (eg, end organ function, pharmacogenomics) or incomplete cross-tolerance between opioids. No equianalgesic dosing conversion factors are universally accepted.[7-8]
    • Pfizer has sent a safety information letter about certain lots of hydromorphone injection and other medications supplied in Carpuject syringes. There is a potential for particulates and cracked needle hubs.
    • Special instructions are described in this letter including doing visual inspection for cracks and particulate matter and using a 5 micron filter for administration. The details of the special handling instructions and affected lot numbers are available at https://www.pfizerinjectablessupply.com/sites/default/files/carpuject_specific_lot_handling_instructions.pdf.

Alternative Agents & Management

    • Use oral opioid dosage forms if the enteral route is available.[9]
    • Use patient controlled analgesia (PCA) presentations or prepare PCAs from multidose vials to conserve unit dose presentations. Patient controlled analgesia is the preferred method of parenteral opioid administration in postoperative patients.[9]
    • Avoid using high concentration hydromorphone presentation (eg, 4 mg/mL, 10 mg/mL) for intermittent parenteral doses lower than 1 mg to prevent dosing errors.
    • Work with prescribers to convert to an appropriate dose of another parenteral opioid if needed and available.

References

    1. Akorn (personal communication). May 30, August 2, December 8, 2017; January 10, February 9, April 26, May 15, and June 12, 2018.
    2. Fresenius Kabi (personal communication). June 7, July 7 and 27, August 31, September 28, October 27, November 17 and 30, December 15 and 22, 2017; January 7 and 12, February 5, March 2 and 23, April 6 and 27, May 10, and June 7, 2018.
    3. Pfizer (personal communication and website). June 1, 2, 9, and 22, July 7 and 14, August 2, September 6, 11, and 29, November 2 and 28, December 12 and 29, 2017; January 5 and 18, February 9, March 5 and 23, April 9 and 24, May 11, and June 1 and 8, 2018.
    4. Purdue Pharma (personal communication). May 30, 2017.
    5. Teva (personal communication). May 30, 2017, July 28, September 6, October 17, November 27, December 4, 2017; January 8, February 5, March 5 and 19, April 9 and 30, May 14, and June 11, 2018.
    6. West-Ward (personal communication). May 23, July 7 and 19, September 6 and 29, October 26, November 22 and 30, December 14 and 30, 2017; January 5 and 18, February 1 and 28, March 21, April 4 and 25, May 10, and June 6, 2018.
    7. Fishman SM, Ballantyne JC, Rathmell JP, eds. Bonica's Management of Pain. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
    8. McPherson ML, ed. Demystifying Opioid Conversion Calculations. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists; 2010.
    9. Chou R, Gordon DB, de Leon-Casasola OA, et al. Management of Postoperative Pain: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists' Committee on Regional Anesthesia, Executive Committee, and Administrative Council. J Pain. 2016;17(2):131-157.

Updated

Updated June 13, 2018 by Leslie Jensen, PharmD, Drug Information Specialist. Created June 5, 2017 by Leslie Jensen, PharmD, Drug Information Specialist. Copyright 2018, Drug Information Service, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

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