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Drug interactions between ruxolitinib and tofacitinib

Results for the following 2 drugs:
ruxolitinib
tofacitinib

Interactions between your drugs

Major

ruxolitinib ↔ tofacitinib

Applies to:ruxolitinib and tofacitinib

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration of tofacitinib with other immunosuppressive agents may potentiate the risk of infections as well as lymphoma and other malignancies. Serious and sometimes fatal infections due to bacterial, mycobacterial, invasive fungal, viral, or other opportunistic pathogens have been reported in patients receiving tofacitinib, most of whom were taking concomitant immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or corticosteroids. Lymphoma and other malignancies, including melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers, have also been observed with tofacitinib use. Epstein Barr virus-associated posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder has been observed at an increased rate in renal transplant patients treated with tofacitinib and concomitant immunosuppressive agents (basiliximab, high-dose corticosteroids, and mycophenolic acid) relative to cyclosporine plus the same induction regimen (2.3% vs. 0%).

MANAGEMENT: Tofacitinib should not be used in combination with other Janus kinase inhibitors, biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), or potent immunosuppressants (e.g., azathioprine, cyclosporine). Patients receiving tofacitinib should be closely monitored for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment, including the possible development of tuberculosis in patients who tested negative for latent tuberculosis infection prior to initiating therapy. If a serious infection, an opportunistic infection, or sepsis develops, tofacitinib should be interrupted until the infection is controlled.

References

  1. "Product Information. Xeljanz (tofacitinib)." Pfizer U.S. Pharmaceuticals Group, New York, NY.

Drug and food interactions

Moderate

ruxolitinib food

Applies to: ruxolitinib

Do not consume grapefruit or grapefruit juice during treatment with ruxolitinib unless directed otherwise by your doctor. Grapefruit juice can increase the blood levels of ruxolitinib. This may increase the risk of side effects that affect your bone marrow function, resulting in low numbers of different types of blood cells. You may be more likely to develop anemia, bleeding problems, or infections. Contact your doctor if you experience potential signs and symptoms of these conditions such as paleness, fatigue, dizziness, fainting, unusual bleeding or bruising, fever, chills, sore throat, body aches, or other flu-like symptoms. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

Switch to professional interaction data

Therapeutic duplication warnings

No therapeutic duplications were found for your selected drugs.

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2018 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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