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Drug interactions between Mastussin DM and stiripentol

Results for the following 2 drugs:
Mastussin DM (dextromethorphan/guaifenesin)
stiripentol

Interactions between your drugs

Moderate

dextromethorphan stiripentol

Applies to: Mastussin DM (dextromethorphan / guaifenesin) and stiripentol

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

MONITOR: Coadministration with CYP450 2D6 inhibitors may increase the plasma concentrations of dextromethorphan in patients who are extensive metabolizers of this isoenzyme (approximately 93% of Caucasians and more than 98% of Asians and individuals of African descent). The proposed mechanism is inhibition of the CYP450 2D6-mediated O-demethylation of dextromethorphan. Increased plasma concentrations increase the risk of dextromethorphan-related adverse effects (e.g., agitation, confusion, tremor, insomnia, diarrhea, and respiratory depression) and serotonin syndrome. Coadministration of dextromethorphan (60 mg orally, once) with the CYP450 2D6 inhibitor panobinostat (20 mg orally once a day on days 3, 5, and 8) in 14 patients with advanced cancer had a highly variable effect on dextromethorphan levels, increasing the peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of dextromethorphan by 20% to 200%, and total systemic exposure (AUC 0 to infinity) by 20% to 130%, compared to dextromethorphan given alone. In addition, multiple doses of the potent CYP450 2D6 inhibitor cinacalcet (50 mg daily), increased the AUC of a single 30 mg dextromethorphan dose by 11-fold in extensive metabolizers of this isoenzyme. The moderate CYP450 2D6 inhibitor asunaprevir, given at 200 mg twice daily, also increased Cmax and AUC of a single 30 mg dose of dextromethorphan by 2.7- and 3.9-fold, respectively, in 17 study subjects.

MANAGEMENT: Caution should be exercised if these drugs must be used together. Patients should be monitored for signs of dextromethorphan adverse effects (e.g., agitation, confusion, tremor, insomnia, diarrhea, and respiratory depression) and serotonin syndrome, and advised to notify their health care professional if these adverse effects develop or worsen. Dose reduction of dextromethorphan may also be required.

References

  1. Funck-Brentano C, Jacqz-Aigrain E, Leenhardt A, Roux A, Poirier JM, Jaillon P "Influence of amiodarone on genetically determined drug metabolism in humans." Clin Pharmacol Ther 50 (1991): 259-66
  2. "Product Information. Zytiga (abiraterone)." Centocor Inc, Malvern, PA.
  3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  5. "Product Information. Farydak (panobinostat)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
View all 5 references

Drug and food interactions

Moderate

stiripentol food

Applies to: stiripentol

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Taking stiripentol on an empty stomach may reduce its oral bioavailability. Stiripentol degrades rapidly when exposed to gastric acid in an empty stomach.

GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate the depressant effects of stiripentol on the central nervous system. Concomitant use may result in increased sedation and dizziness as well as impairment of psychomotor skills.

GENERALLY AVOID: It is not known whether stiripentol may reduce theophylline and caffeine metabolism, as data on the potential for inhibition of CYP450 1A2 are limited. Consumption of foods and nutritional products such as cola drinks (which contain significant quantities of caffeine) and chocolate (which contains caffeine and trace amounts of theophylline) may be unsafe during treatment with stiripentol, particularly in children.

MANAGEMENT: Stiripentol should be taken during a meal for optimal absorption; however, it should not be taken with milk, dairy products (e.g., yogurt, soft cream cheese), fruit juice, or carbonated beverages. Patients should be advised to avoid or limit consumption of alcohol and to avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until they know how the medication affects them. Food and beverages that may contain caffeine or theophylline such as colas, chocolate, coffee, tea, or energy drinks should also be avoided during treatment with stiripentol.

Therapeutic duplication warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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