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Drug interactions between dacomitinib and dexchlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine / pyrilamine

Results for the following 2 drugs:
dacomitinib
dexchlorpheniramine/dextromethorphan/phenylephrine/pyrilamine

Interactions between your drugs

Moderate

dextromethorphan dacomitinib

Applies to: dexchlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine / pyrilamine and dacomitinib

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

MONITOR: Coadministration with CYP450 2D6 inhibitors may increase the plasma concentrations of dextromethorphan in patients who are extensive metabolizers of this isoenzyme (approximately 93% of Caucasians and more than 98% of Asians and individuals of African descent). The proposed mechanism is inhibition of the CYP450 2D6-mediated O-demethylation of dextromethorphan. Increased plasma concentrations increase the risk of dextromethorphan-related adverse effects (e.g., agitation, confusion, tremor, insomnia, diarrhea, and respiratory depression) and serotonin syndrome. Coadministration of dextromethorphan (60 mg orally, once) with the CYP450 2D6 inhibitor panobinostat (20 mg orally once a day on days 3, 5, and 8) in 14 patients with advanced cancer had a highly variable effect on dextromethorphan levels, increasing the peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of dextromethorphan by 20% to 200%, and total systemic exposure (AUC 0 to infinity) by 20% to 130%, compared to dextromethorphan given alone. In addition, multiple doses of the potent CYP450 2D6 inhibitor cinacalcet (50 mg daily), increased the AUC of a single 30 mg dextromethorphan dose by 11-fold in extensive metabolizers of this isoenzyme. The moderate CYP450 2D6 inhibitor asunaprevir, given at 200 mg twice daily, also increased Cmax and AUC of a single 30 mg dose of dextromethorphan by 2.7- and 3.9-fold, respectively, in 17 study subjects.

MANAGEMENT: Caution should be exercised if these drugs must be used together. Patients should be monitored for signs of dextromethorphan adverse effects (e.g., agitation, confusion, tremor, insomnia, diarrhea, and respiratory depression) and serotonin syndrome, and advised to notify their health care professional if these adverse effects develop or worsen. Dose reduction of dextromethorphan may also be required.

References

  1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  3. Funck-Brentano C, Jacqz-Aigrain E, Leenhardt A, Roux A, Poirier JM, Jaillon P "Influence of amiodarone on genetically determined drug metabolism in humans." Clin Pharmacol Ther 50 (1991): 259-66
  4. "Product Information. Farydak (panobinostat)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Zytiga (abiraterone)." Centocor Inc, Malvern, PA.
View all 5 references

Drug and food interactions

Moderate

pyrilamine food

Applies to: dexchlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine / pyrilamine

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of pyrilamine such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with pyrilamine. Do not use more than the recommended dose of pyrilamine, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

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Moderate

dexchlorpheniramine food

Applies to: dexchlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine / pyrilamine

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of dexchlorpheniramine such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with dexchlorpheniramine. Do not use more than the recommended dose of dexchlorpheniramine, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

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Therapeutic duplication warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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