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Drug interactions between cannabidiol and mipomersen

Results for the following 2 drugs:
cannabidiol
mipomersen

Interactions between your drugs

Major

mipomersen cannabidiol

Applies to: mipomersen and cannabidiol

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

MONITOR CLOSELY: Coadministration of mipomersen with other agents known to induce hepatotoxicity may potentiate the risk of liver injury. Mipomersen can cause elevations in serum transaminases and hepatic steatosis. In a premarketing clinical trial, 12% (4/34) of patients treated with mipomersen had at least one elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) or greater, and 9% (3/34) had at least one elevation in ALT 5 times ULN or greater, compared to 0% of the 17 patients treated with placebo. There were no concomitant clinically meaningful elevations of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio (INR), or partial thromboplastin time (PTT). Mipomersen also increases hepatic fat, with or without concomitant increases in transaminases. In clinical trials of patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and hyperlipidemia, the median absolute increase in hepatic fat was 10% after 26 weeks of treatment, from 0% at baseline, measured by magnetic resonance imaging. The long-term consequences of hepatic steatosis associated with mipomersen therapy are unknown. Hepatic steatosis may be a risk factor for progressive liver disease, including steatohepatitis and cirrhosis.

MANAGEMENT: Caution is advised if mipomersen is used with other potentially hepatotoxic agents (e.g., acetaminophen; alcohol; amiodarone; androgens and anabolic steroids; antituberculous agents; azole antifungal agents; ACE inhibitors; cyclosporine (high dosages); disulfiram; endothelin receptor antagonists; interferons; kinase inhibitors; methotrexate; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents; nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; proteasome inhibitors; retinoids; tamoxifen; tetracyclines; thiazolidinediones; tolvaptan; vincristine; zileuton; anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine, hydantoins, felbamate, and valproic acid; other lipid-lowering medications such as fenofibrate, lomitapide, niacin, and statins; herbals and nutritional supplements such as black cohosh, chaparral, comfrey, DHEA, kava, pennyroyal oil, and red yeast rice). Mipomersen has not been studied with other LDL-lowering agents that can also increase hepatic fat, thus concomitant use is not recommended. Patients treated with mipomersen should have serum ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin measured prior to initiation of treatment and regularly during treatment in accordance with the product labeling, and the dosing adjusted or interrupted as necessary. Since alcohol may increase levels of hepatic fat and induce or exacerbate liver injury, the manufacturer recommends that patients taking mipomersen not consume more than one alcoholic drink per day. Patients should be advised to seek medical attention if they experience potential signs and symptoms of hepatotoxicity such as fever, rash, itching, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, malaise, right upper quadrant pain, dark urine, pale stools, and jaundice.

References

  1. "Product Information. Kynamro (mipomersen)." Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA.

Drug and food interactions

Major

mipomersen food

Applies to: mipomersen

Because mipomersen may cause liver problems, you should have no more than one alcoholic drink per day. Call your doctor immediately if you have fever, chills, joint pain or swelling, unusual bleeding or bruising, skin rash, itching, loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark colored urine, light colored stools, and/or yellowing of the skin or eyes, as these may be signs and symptoms of liver damage. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

Switch to professional interaction data

Moderate

cannabidiol food

Applies to: cannabidiol

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Food may affect the plasma concentrations of cannabidiol. In healthy volunteers, administration of cannabidiol with a high-fat/high-calorie meal increased cannabidiol peak plasma concentration (Cmax) by 5-fold and systemic exposure (AUC) by 4-fold and reduced the total variability compared with administration in the fasted state.

GENERALLY AVOID: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of cannabidiol. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated metabolism of cannabidiol by certain compounds present in grapefruit. The interaction has not been studied, but the product labeling for cannabidiol recommends consideration of a dosage reduction when used with strong or moderate inhibitors of CYP450 3A4. In general, the effect of grapefruit juice is concentration-, dose- and preparation-dependent, and can vary widely among brands. Certain preparations of grapefruit juice (e.g., high dose, double strength) have sometimes demonstrated potent inhibition of CYP450 3A4, while other preparations (e.g., low dose, single strength) have typically demonstrated moderate inhibition.

MANAGEMENT: Cannabidiol should be taken about the same time each day consistently either with or without food. Patients should limit the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice. If they are coadministered, cannabidiol levels should be monitored and the dosage adjusted as necessary.

Therapeutic duplication warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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