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Drug Interactions between atorvastatin and Genvoya

This report displays the potential drug interactions for the following 2 drugs:

  • atorvastatin
  • Genvoya (cobicistat/elvitegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide)

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Interactions between your drugs

Moderate

atorvastatin cobicistat

Applies to: atorvastatin and Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide)

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

MONITOR: Coadministration with cobicistat may increase the plasma concentrations of most HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (i.e., statins) to varying degrees. Cobicistat is a potent inhibitor of CYP450 3A4 and can significantly increase exposure to statins that are primarily metabolized by the isoenzyme (e.g., atorvastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin). Cobicistat may also inhibit the OATP 1B1- and 1B3- mediated hepatic uptake of statins, thus even those that are not metabolized by CYP450 3A4 may be affected. High levels of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity in plasma is associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal toxicity. Myopathy manifested as muscle pain and/or weakness associated with grossly elevated creatine kinase exceeding ten times the upper limit of normal has been reported occasionally. Rhabdomyolysis has also occurred rarely, which may be accompanied by acute renal failure secondary to myoglobinuria and may result in death.

MANAGEMENT: Caution is advised when statins are prescribed with cobicistat-containing regimens. The lowest starting dosage of the statin is recommended, then titrated as needed based on clinical response and tolerance. Some statins such as lovastatin and simvastatin are contraindicated for use with cobicistat. All patients receiving statin therapy should be advised to promptly report any unexplained muscle pain, tenderness or weakness, particularly if accompanied by fever, malaise and/or dark colored urine. Therapy should be discontinued if creatine kinase is markedly elevated in the absence of strenuous exercise or if myopathy is otherwise suspected or diagnosed.

References

  1. "Product Information. Symtuza (cobicistat/darunavir/emtricitabine/tenof)." Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Evotaz (atazanavir-cobicistat)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  3. Suttels V, Florence E, Leys J, et al. "A 68-year old male presenting with rhabdomyolysis-associated acute kidney injury following concomitant use of elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and pravastatin/fenofibrate: a case report." J Med Case Reports 9 (2015): 190
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
  5. "Product Information. Prezcobix (cobicistat-darunavir)." Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Titusville, NJ.
  6. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
View all 6 references
Moderate

tenofovir cobicistat

Applies to: Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide) and Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide)

Using cobicistat together with tenofovir can increase the effects of tenofovir, which can cause new or worse kidney problems. You may need a dose adjustment or more frequent monitoring by your doctor to safely use both medications. Contact your doctor if your condition changes or you experience increased side effects. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

emtricitabine cobicistat

Applies to: Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide) and Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide)

Cobicistat is a medication used to boost the effects of some medications that treat HIV infection. However, using cobicistat together with other HIV medications, such as emtricitabine, may alter the blood levels and effects of both medications. Using emtricitabine with cobicistat may reduce or increase blood levels of cobicistat. Reduced blood levels of cobicistat may make cobicistat less effective and may cause overall HIV treatment to be less effective. Cobicistat may increase blood levels of emtricitabine which may increase the risk of side effects. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions on how to use these medications properly. Your doctor may be able to prescribe alternatives that do not interact, or you may need a dose adjustment or more frequent monitoring to safely use both medications. Contact your doctor if your condition changes or you experience increased side effects. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Drug and food interactions

Moderate

atorvastatin food

Applies to: atorvastatin

Grapefruit juice can increase the blood levels of atorvastatin. This can increase the risk of side effects such as liver damage and a rare but serious condition called rhabdomyolysis that involves the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue. In some cases, rhabdomyolysis can cause kidney damage and even death. You should limit your consumption of grapefruit juice to no more than 1 quart per day during treatment with atorvastatin. Let your doctor know immediately if you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness during treatment, especially if these symptoms are accompanied by fever or dark colored urine. You should also seek immediate medical attention if you develop fever, chills, joint pain or swelling, unusual bleeding or bruising, skin rash, itching, loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dark colored urine, and/or yellowing of the skin or eyes, as these may be signs and symptoms of liver damage. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

elvitegravir food

Applies to: Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide)

Food significantly increases the absorption of elvitegravir. You should take each dose of elvitegravir with a meal. Taking it on an empty stomach may lead to inadequate blood levels and reduced effectiveness of the medication in treating HIV infection.

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Minor

tenofovir food

Applies to: Genvoya (cobicistat / elvitegravir / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide)

Consumer information for this minor interaction is not currently available. Some minor drug interactions may not be clinically relevant in all patients. Minor drug interactions do not usually cause harm or require a change in therapy. However, your healthcare provider can determine if adjustments to your medications are needed.

For clinical details see professional interaction data.

Therapeutic duplication warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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