Medications for Zika Virus Infection
Other names: Zika; Zika Disease; Zika Fever
Zika Disease is caused by the Zika Virus which is transmitted by the usually daytime active Aedes mosquito to the vertebrate host of humans and monkeys. Approximately 1 in 5 people who become infected will become ill with symptoms of fever, joint pain, conjunctivitis, rash, headache or muscle pain. These symptoms are similar to dengue and chikungunya. There is a possible link between post Zika infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS).
There is a potential risk of perinatal transmission and a risk of transfusion transmission and sexual transmission. Recent reports indicate there may be an increased risk of microcephaly in perinatally infected babies of mothers who had symptoms or were symptom free while infected with the virus.
There is currently no vaccine to prevent Zika Disease or medicine to treat Zika Disease. Treatment is therefore symptomatic and includes rest, drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration, and acetaminophen can be taken for pain or fever. Aspirin, ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should not be taken unless dengue fever has been ruled out. While infected with Zika virus it is important to avoid mosquito bites to prevent transmission of the virus by an infected mosquito to other people.
Prevention of mosquito bites is important in preventing Zika infection. Wear long-sleeve shirts and long pants, try and stay in areas that can be mosquito free with air conditioning or with window and door screens, or sleep under mosquito nets. Use insect repellants correctly, reapplying as directed. Sunscreen should be applied before insect repellants.
There are currently no drugs listed for "Zika Virus Infection"