WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A transurethral prostatectomy is surgery that is done to remove part or all of your prostate gland. This surgery is also called transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
HOW TO PREPARE:
Before your surgery:
- Bring your medicine bottles or a list of your medicines when you see your caregiver. Tell your caregiver if you are allergic to any medicine. Tell your caregiver if you use any herbs, food supplements, or over-the-counter medicine.
- Ask your caregiver if you need to stop using aspirin or any other prescribed or over-the-counter medicine before your procedure or surgery.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you have heart disease or blood clotting problems.
- Your healthcare provider may give you medicine to shrink the size of your prostate. You may also be given medicine to help prevent infection. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about the medicine that you need to take before surgery.
- You may need blood and urine tests. You may also need a rectal exam to check the size of your prostate. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about tests that you may need. Write down the date, time, and location of each test.
- Write down the correct date, time, and location of your surgery.
The day before your surgery:
Ask caregivers about directions for eating and drinking.
The day of your surgery:
- You or a close family member will be asked to sign a legal document called a consent form. It gives caregivers permission to do the procedure or surgery. It also explains the problems that may happen, and your choices. Make sure all your questions are answered before you sign this form.
- Caregivers may insert an intravenous tube (IV) into your vein. A vein in the arm is usually chosen. Through the IV tube, you may be given liquids and medicine.
- An anesthesiologist will talk to you before your surgery. You may need medicine to keep you asleep or numb an area of your body during surgery. Tell caregivers if you or anyone in your family has had a problem with anesthesia in the past.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN:
What will happen:
- You may be given anesthesia medicine to make you lose feeling from the waist down, or to keep you asleep during this surgery. Healthcare providers will insert a resectoscope through your urethra. A resectoscope is a tube with a small monitor on the end. The monitor shows your prostate on a screen for healthcare providers while they do surgery. Your bladder may be filled with fluid during surgery.
- Heat that is produced by the resectoscope will be used to remove part, or all, of your prostate. Heat will also be used to stop bleeding in the surgery area. Fluid is used to wash away extra tissue and blood. The resectoscope will be removed from your urethra. A catheter (soft tube) will be put through your urethra and into your bladder. The catheter will be left in place to drain urine out of your body and into a bag.
After your surgery:
You are taken to a room to rest. Do not get out of bed until healthcare providers say it is okay. When healthcare providers see that you are okay, you will be taken to your room. The catheter may need to stay in for 2 to 3 days after surgery, or longer if needed.
CONTACT YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IF:
- You cannot get to surgery on time.
- You have a fever.
- Your symptoms, such as trouble urinating, get worse.
- Your urine has blood in it.
Seek Care Immediately if
- You cannot urinate, or you are urinating very little or less often than usual.
- You have severe abdominal or back pain.
- During surgery, you may bleed more than expected, and need a blood transfusion. Your prostate, bladder, or urethra may be damaged. After surgery, your urethra or part of your bladder may grow narrow. This can make it difficult or painful to urinate. You may feel like you need to urinate often, or have trouble controlling when you urinate. You may get blood clots in your urine that can block your urethra.
- After surgery, you may get a urinary tract infection, or an infection in the surgery area. You may have trouble getting an erection or ejaculating. You may develop TURP syndrome, which can cause dizziness, fatigue, stomach pain, and vomiting. If you had a partial resection of the prostate, the part of your prostate that was not removed may grow too large. This can cause your signs and symptoms to return, and you may need to have surgery again.
- Without TURP surgery, your prostate may grow larger, and your symptoms may get worse. Urine may not be able to flow through your urethra as it should. The urine may remain in your bladder, and cause an infection. Stones may form in your bladder and kidneys, and you may have blood in your urine. These problems can damage your bladder or urethra and over time may cause your kidneys to stop working. If you are unable to urinate on your own, a Foley catheter may need to stay in place to drain your urine.