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Rotavirus Infection


Rotavirus is a virus that causes inflammation of the small intestine. The infection can prevent your body from absorbing water and nutrients from food. Rotavirus can infect people of all ages but is most common in children younger than 5 years. Rotavirus can spread through coughing, food or water, or contact with the bowel movement of an infected person. Rotavirus can remain on objects, such as clothes or toys, for many days. The infection can spread when someone touches an infected object.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.


Your rotavirus infection may return. Too much liquid can also cause your eyelids, hands, and feet to swell. Without treatment, your symptoms may get worse. You may become dehydrated. If dehydration becomes severe, it can be life-threatening. Rarely, a rotavirus infection may spread to your blood, organs, or brain.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Your intake and output may be measured:

Healthcare providers will keep track of the amount of liquid you are getting. They also may need to know how much you are urinating. Ask healthcare providers if they need to measure or collect your urine.


You may be put on isolation safety measures if you have an infection or disease that may be given to others. Healthcare providers and visitors may need to wear gloves, a face mask, or a gown. Visitors should wash their hands before leaving to keep from spreading germs.


Blood tests may be done to monitor your dehydration.


You may need any of the following to replace your lost fluids:

  • Oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a drink that contains water, minerals, and sugar. ORS replaces lost body fluids when you are dehydrated.
  • IV liquids help treat dehydration by replacing lost body fluids.
  • A nasogastric (NG) tube is put in through the nose and down to the stomach. Liquids can be given through the NG tube if you are not able to drink.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.