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Monkeypox is a disease caused by a virus. It was first found in laboratory monkeys. Monkeypox is a common animal disease of rodents, such as mice and squirrels, in the Central and West African rainforests. The public health department needs to be informed of a monkeypox infection. It is a public health concern because the infection spreads quickly.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Isolation safety measures

may be used if you have an infection that can be passed from person to person. Healthcare providers and visitors may need to wear gloves, a face mask, or a gown. Visitors should wash their hands before leaving to keep from spreading germs.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.


  • Medicine may be given to lower a fever or stop itching.
  • Antivirals help treat or prevent a viral infection.
  • Immune globulin may be given as a shot or an IV infusion to make your immune system stronger.
  • The smallpox vaccine may be used to help your body fight a monkeypox infection.


  • Blood tests are used to check for the monkeypox virus.
  • A biopsy is a procedure used to take a sample to be tested. Healthcare providers may collect samples of skin, fluid from the blisters, or crust from the sores. These samples will be tested for the monkeypox virus.
  • A throat swab culture is used to take a sample from your throat to be tested for the virus. A throat culture is done by rubbing a cotton swab on the back of your throat.


Monkeypox may infect many people and animals quickly. Severe infection may cause encephalitis (swelling of the brain) and could be life-threatening. Ask your healthcare provider if you have questions about monkeypox and its treatment.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Monkeypox (Inpatient Care)

Associated drugs

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.