Meningococcal Vaccines use while Breastfeeding
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 21, 2022.
Meningococcal Vaccines Levels and Effects while Breastfeeding
Summary of Use during Lactation
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and several health professional organizations state that vaccines given to a nursing mother do not affect the safety of breastfeeding for mothers or infants and that breastfeeding is not a contraindication to meningococcal vaccine. Immunization of the mother during the third trimester of pregnancy markedly increases the amount of meningococcal antibodies in breastmilk. Breastfed infants should be vaccinated according to the routine recommended schedules.[2-4]
Maternal Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.
Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.
Effects in Breastfed Infants
Limited data indicate that breastfeeding can enhance the response of the infant to certain vaccine antigens.[2,3,5]
Immunization of pregnant or lactating women with meningococcal vaccine increased the specific secretory IgA content of milk.[6,7]
Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk
Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.
Maertens K, De Schutter S, Braeckman T, et al. Breastfeeding after maternal immunisation during pregnancy: Providing immunological protection to the newborn: A review. Vaccine. 2014;32:1786–92. [PubMed: 24530929]
Ezeanolue E, Harriman K, Hunter P, et al. Best Practices Guidance of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). https://www
.cdc.gov/vaccines /hcp/acip-recs /general-recs/index.html Accessed June 5, 2020.
Kimberlin DW, Brady MT, Jackson MA, et al. Red Book: 2018 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 31st ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics. 2018.
Gruslin A, Steben M, Halperin S, et al. Immunization in pregnancy: No. 220, December 2008. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;105:187–91. [PubMed: 19367691]
Pabst HF. Immunomodulation by breast-feeding. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997;16:991–5. [PubMed: 9380478]
Lakshman R, Seymour L, Akhtar S, et al. Secretory antibody responses to quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine in lactating mothers. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:321. Abstract 629.
Shahid NS, Steinhoff MC, Roy E, et al. Placental and breast transfer of antibodies after maternal immunization with polysaccharide meningiococcal vaccine: a randomized, controlled evaluation. Vaccine. 2002;20:2404–9. [PubMed: 12009297]
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