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Related terms: STD, Venereal Disease, STI

Florida Investigates 2 More Possible Cases of Zika Virus Local Transmission

Posted 1 hour 35 minutes ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 – Florida health officials are investigating two more unexplained cases of Zika infection, bringing to four the number of cases that don't seem to be related to travel to countries where the virus is circulating. This suggests the possibility that local transmission of the mosquito-borne virus that has been linked to severe birth defects has begun, officials said. Zika infection poses significant risks to pregnant women, because it can cause the birth defect called microcephaly, which results in babies born with undersized heads and underdeveloped brains. But, the virus poses little threat to most other people, with about 80 percent of those infected never noticing any symptoms. The four cases are in the South Florida counties of Miami-Dade and Broward. "Evidence is mounting to suggest local transmission via mosquitoes is going on in South Florida," said Tom ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Chikungunya Virus Infection, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Florida Investigates 2nd Possible Local Transmission of Zika Virus

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 – Florida health officials say they're investigating a second possible case of locally transmitted Zika infection. On Tuesday, the first possible case of local infection in the continental United States was reported by the state's health department. The first case involves a woman in Miami-Dade County, while the second involves a resident of Broward County, north of Miami. Infection with the Zika virus, which in most cases is transmitted by mosquitoes, can cause the devastating birth defect microcephaly, which leads to babies born with abnormally small heads and underdeveloped brains. Florida health officials are capturing and testing mosquitoes in the neighborhoods where the two unidentified patients live. Meanwhile, Gov. Rick Scott has asked for assistance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The Miami Herald reported Thursday. The CDC said ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Diagnosis and Investigation, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Mouse Study Offers Hope for Vaccine Against Chlamydia

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – A new Canadian study with mice suggests there is hope for a vaccine to protect against chlamydia, a common, sexually transmitted infection that can render young women infertile if left untreated. The vaccine works by interrupting the process by which chlamydia infects host cells, said senior researcher James Mahony, a professor of pathology and molecular medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. In female lab mice, the vaccine essentially halted the spread of chlamydia and prevented sterility. However, it should be stressed that animal research often fails to pan out in humans, so further research is needed. "The vaccine reduced the amount of bacteria in the vagina by about 95 percent" in the rodents, Mahony said. "More importantly, it reduced the pathology [disease] in the fallopian tubes by about 85 percent, which is quite remarkable. That's ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

1st Case of Female-to-Male Sexual Transmission of Zika Reported

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – A New York City woman who became infected with the Zika virus on a trip outside the United States passed the infection to her boyfriend during sex, city health officials reported. It's the first reported case of female-to-male sexual transmission of Zika – before this case, sexual transmission had only been reported as spreading from men to women. The woman, in her 20s, said she had traveled to a Zika-endemic area and developed headache, cramps, fever, fatigue, rash and other symptoms during the day she flew home and after returning to New York City. She had unprotected vaginal sex with her partner on the day of her return, and about a week later her male partner came down with symptoms of what also turned out to be Zika infection. Both individuals recovered from Zika illness, which is usually transient. Zika is typically transmitted via the bite of the Aedes ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

U.S. Cases of Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea Rise Fourfold in One Year

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Antibiotic-resistant cases of the sexually transmitted illness gonorrhea have more than quadrupled in the United States. This new data, from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, should serve as a warning that "the future of current treatment options may be in jeopardy," the agency said in a news release issued Thursday. "The confluence of emerging drug resistance and very limited alternative options for treatment creates a perfect storm for future gonorrhea treatment failure in the U.S.," said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, who directs the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and Tuberculosis Prevention. "History shows us that bacteria will find a way to outlast the antibiotics we're using to treat it," Mermin said. "We are running just one step ahead in order to preserve the remaining treatment option for as long as possible." For ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection

How Safe Is Condomless Sex When Partner With HIV Takes Meds?

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 12, 2016 – HIV transmission is highly unlikely among straight couples who have sex without condoms when one partner carries the virus but takes medication, new research suggests. For gay couples in the same scenario, the risk seems to be only slightly higher. The Danish study had some major limitations. It only tracked couples for up to two years, and there's no way to know if the risk of HIV transmission will grow over time as couples age. Also, the HIV-positive participants were almost always careful to take their medication. And at least one AIDS prevention expert expressed some caution about the study's conclusions. Still, "it [the study's findings] is really great news for patients and their partners," said HIV specialist Dr. Jared Baeten, vice chair of global health at the University of Washington in Seattle. He was not involved with the study but is familiar with ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

Don't Blame the Media for Teen Sex, Study Says

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – Sexy movies, television and other media have little effect on teens' sexual behavior, according to a study that challenges a common belief among parents and policymakers. Researchers analyzed 22 studies of the influence of media on teens' behavior, including when they start having sex and whether they engage in risky sex. The studies, which also examined teen pregnancy, included more than 22,000 participants younger than 18. The researchers found only a weak link between media and teen sexual behavior. "Evidence for an association between media and sexual behavior is minimal," said study co-author Christopher Ferguson, co-chair of psychology at Stetson University in DeLand, Fla. Parents and peers have a much greater influence on teens' sexual behavior, he said. The findings were published recently in the journal Psychiatric Quarterly. But media may influence ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception

Stigma Prolongs Global HIV Epidemic Among Gays

Posted 8 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 – High rates of HIV among gay and bisexual men continue in many regions of the world because of discriminatory laws and lack of access to preventive services, a new study finds. "While HIV rates have flattened overall in recent years, we're really concerned that the HIV epidemic is continuing among gay men and we're going in the wrong direction," said study leader Dr. Chris Beyrer, a professor of public health and human rights at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. "It's painful that the history of AIDS is looking like its future, but that's actually where we are," said Beyrer, who is also president of the International AIDS Society. "But the first step in taking on a problem is recognizing and articulating it, and we've really done that here." Four years ago, the same researchers laid out a plan to curb HIV epidemics in gays. Among ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

Why Some Bisexuals Won't 'Come Out'

Posted 24 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 24, 2016 – Many bisexual men are afraid to reveal their sexual orientation to female partners, relatives and friends, a new study says. Fear of stigma and damage to their relationships keeps many bisexual men in the closet, report researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, in New York City. "Our results clearly identify the need for public education campaigns to dispel myths about bisexual men – that bisexual men are not gay, do not have HIV, and are not necessarily non-monogamous," Eric Schrimshaw, associate professor of sociomedical sciences, said in a school news release. The researchers interviewed 203 bisexual men, 18 and older, in New York City. Participants consistently said they believed they would face stigma for having sex with men. They also specified other reasons for not revealing their bisexuality to people close to them, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception

U.K. Case of Throat Gonorrhea Resists Antibiotics

Posted 23 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 – In an alarming development, British public health experts have confirmed a case of throat gonorrhea that proved untreatable with the standard antibiotic regimen. The patient, a heterosexual man who had just returned to the United Kingdom from Japan, wasn't cured by a pair of antibiotics used as the first-line gonorrhea treatment in many countries, including the United States. "This case highlights that gonorrhea may become untreatable due to antimicrobial resistance," warned Gwenda Hughes, section head of sexually transmitted infections at Public Health England. "Despite successful treatment of this case with higher doses of antibiotics, this approach to treatment would only be an interim solution," noted Hughes, who was not involved with the new study. "Higher-dose treatments are not suitable for all patients, and resistance to higher doses is likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Zithromax, Rocephin, Zithromax Z-Pak, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Ceftriaxone, Z-Pak, Azasite, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax IV, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection, Azithromycin/Trovafloxacin, Zmax, Trobicin, Spectinomycin, Ceftriaxone/Lidocaine

Experimental Genital Herpes Drug Shows Promise

Posted 20 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 20, 2016 – An experimental immune-boosting treatment for genital herpes shows promise, researchers report. The drug, called GEN-003, may reduce both virus activity and the number of days with recurrent herpes in patients. The treatment is given in a series of three injections and appears to last for up to one year, the investigators said. The researchers tested the vaccine on 310 people with a history of chronic, recurrent genital herpes. The findings were to be presented Monday at an American Society for Microbiology meeting in Boston. Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal. The study was funded by Genocea Biosciences, the Cambridge, Mass.-based company that makes the drug. "GEN-003 is believed to work through a different pathway from most vaccines by recruiting T-cells, which are critical to controlling chronic ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Herpes Simplex - Suppression, Herpes Simplex, Herpes Simplex, Mucocutaneous/Immunocompetent Host, Herpes Simplex - Prophylaxis

Teen Smoking Down, E-Cigarette Use Up

Posted 9 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 9, 2016 – It may seem like eye-rolling teens never listen, but a new U.S. government report finds many kids are getting some health messages loud and clear. Smoking among high school students is at an all-time low. Slightly more than one in 10 high schoolers used cigarettes in 2015. That's down from more than one in four in 1991, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday. However, use of e-cigarettes is up. Also on the good-news front: premarital sex is down, as is soda consumption and illegal use of prescription drugs. But distracted driving and sedentary lifestyles continue to be problems. The survey – called the National Youth Risk and Behavior Survey – included more than 15,000 high school students. A number of factors have contributed to the decline in smoking, according to Patricia Folan, director of the Center for Tobacco Control at ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Smoking, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Smoking Cessation, Postcoital Contraception, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Sexual Deviations or Disorders, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Antibiotics Overprescribed for Possible STDs: Study

Posted 9 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 9, 2016 – Three-quarters of emergency room patients who received antibiotics to treat suspected sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) tested negative for the infections, a new study showed. "We have to find the appropriate balance between getting people tested and treated for STDs, but not prescribing antibiotics to patients who don't need them," said researcher Karen Jones, an infection preventionist at St. John Hospital & Medical Center in Detroit. Genital cultures are often collected from patients with possible symptoms of STDs, but results are not immediately available, the investigators noted. For the study, the researchers examined the medical records of more than 1,100 patients who underwent STD testing in the emergency room. Forty percent were treated with antibiotics for suspected gonorrhea and/or chlamydia. Of those, more than 75 percent ended up testing ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Gonococcal Infection

Report Hints Zika Can Spread Through Oral Sex

Posted 4 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 3, 2016 – A new report from France suggests that the Zika virus can be transmitted through oral sex. Zika is typically spread through the bite of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, but the new case adds to building evidence that the virus may be transmitted through sexual contact more readily than thought. Zika symptoms are typically mild in most people. However, the virus can cause a catastrophic birth defect known as microcephaly in babies born to women who become infected while pregnant. These infants are born with abnormally small heads and underdeveloped brains. In the face of the growing reality of sexual transmission of Zika, U.N. health officials announced updated guidelines this week. The advisory urges that women planning to become pregnant wait at least eight weeks before trying to conceive if they or their partner live in – or are returning from – areas where the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Zika Virus Infection

Sex, Breast Milk May Have Helped Spread Ebola in Africa

Posted 19 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 – The Ebola virus was transmitted by semen and breast milk during the latter stages of the outbreak in Sierra Leone, a new study shows. Researchers from the United Kingdom identified several instances of unconventional transmission of the deadly disease, including a mother who may have passed it to her baby through breast-feeding. In another instance, an Ebola survivor sexually transmitted the virus a month after being released from quarantine. "Close contact with an infected individual is still by far the most common way for Ebola to spread, but this study supports previous research suggesting that the virus can persist in bodily fluids for a long time after recovery," said Jeremy Farrar, director of Britain's Wellcome Trust, which funded the study. "These unusual modes of transmission may have contributed to isolated flare-ups of infections towards the end of ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Lactation Augmentation, Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

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