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Congress Agrees to More Zika Funding: Reports

Posted 1 day 16 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 – Long-delayed funding to combat the Zika virus is included in an emergency spending bill designed to keep the U.S. government running through mid-December, according to published reports on Wednesday. The bill would provide $1.1 billion to combat the Zika virus and develop a vaccine and improved tests to detect it, the Associated Press reported. Zika, which is primarily transmitted by mosquitoes, can cause severe birth defects. President Barack Obama in February asked Congress for $1.9 billion in emergency spending to fight Zika. The debate over additional Zika funding had pitted Republicans against Democrats. Republicans were opposed to allowing some of the funding to go to Planned Parenthood in Puerto Rico because of that group's connection to abortion services. But Republicans dropped their opposition earlier this month. Puerto Rico has been hit hard by ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Zika Virus Infection

Hurdles Ahead for Zika Vaccine: Experts

Posted 1 day 16 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – Work is progressing on developing a vaccine that can thwart the Zika virus, but it will take years to get one to market, experts warn. Two rival vaccines for Zika have the best chance of becoming available for field testing by early next year, said Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). But testing the vaccines could become complicated if Zika does not reappear in the South American countries where it achieved epidemic proportions this year, Fauci wrote in a commentary published Sept. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine. Testing could also be hampered if vaccine manufacturers aren't able to quickly make the millions of doses needed for field trials, added Dr. Stephen Thomas, an infectious diseases doctor at SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, N.Y. He also wrote a commentary in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Zika May Be Passed on Through Tears, Sweat: Report

Posted 1 day 16 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – The Zika virus might be able to pass from person to person through bodily fluids like tears or sweat, doctors reported Wednesday. A 38-year-old man in Salt Lake City appears to have contracted Zika while caring for an elderly man who died from complications related to Zika infection, according to a report in the New England Journal of Medicine. The younger man came into direct contact with the older man's tears and sweat while taking care of him, and that appears to be the way he contracted Zika, doctors at the University of Utah School of Medicine wrote in the journal. Up to now, Zika virus mainly has been transmitted through mosquito bites, although in rarer instances it has been passed on through sexual contact. The 73-year-old man had recently returned from a three-week trip to the southwest coast of Mexico, where he had been bitten by mosquitoes. Soon ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

U.S. Teen Births Hit Another Record Low: CDC

Posted 1 day 21 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – Births to U.S. teens reached a record low last year, continuing a dramatic two-decade decline, federal health officials reported Wednesday. The then-historic low achieved in 2014 was surpassed in 2015, with the overall birth rate for 15- to 19-year-olds falling another 8 percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The current rate – 22.3 births per 1,000 females – represents a 64 percent falloff in teen motherhood since 1991, health officials noted. Record lows were reported for minorities and whites. Among younger teens – girls 15 to 17 --- the birth rate has fallen 74 percent from 1991, the CDC said. "There is a phenomenal decline in teen births we see across the board – it's just really amazing," said lead researcher Brady Hamilton, from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Despite these successes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception

Insecticide Spraying Working Against Florida's Zika Mosquitoes: Officials

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 23, 2016 – Aerial spraying of insecticides seems to be stopping the spread of the Zika virus in south Florida, health officials said Friday. Seventy-four confirmed cases of the mosquito-borne infection that causes devastating birth defects have been reported in the state, the only state in the nation to report any local infections. A combination of insecticides was needed to beat back the Aedes aegypti mosquito that carries the virus, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Florida Department of Health. While ground spraying was ineffective, aerial spraying with the insecticides naled and Bti (bacillus Thuringensis) dramatically reduced the mosquito population and local transmission of Zika, CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said during an afternoon media briefing. "This really heralds in a new era of [mosquito] control," Frieden said. "It ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea a Growing U.S. Threat: CDC

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 – Gonorrhea appears to be developing resistance to the two antibiotics that constitute the last available treatment option for the sexually transmitted bacteria, U.S. health officials announced Wednesday. Gonorrhea samples taken last spring from seven patients in Honolulu showed resistance to azithromycin at dramatically higher levels than typically seen in the United States, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported at its STD Prevention Conference in Atlanta. Five of the samples also showed increased resistance to ceftriaxone, the antibiotic given alongside azithromycin in the dual regimen recommended by the CDC. This is the first cluster of cases to show increased resistance to both azithromycin and ceftriaxone, said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Data ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Zithromax, Zithromax Z-Pak, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Z-Pak, Azasite, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, Zithromax IV, Gonococcal Infection, Azithromycin/Trovafloxacin, Zmax

CDC Ends Zika Travel Advisory for Miami Neighborhood

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – U.S. health officials on Monday lifted the Zika virus travel advisory that urged pregnant women to avoid travel to Miami's Wynwood neighborhood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to ask pregnant women and their partners to take precautions to prevent mosquito bites if they travel to or live in Wynwood. An arts district north of downtown Miami, Wynwood became the first area in the continental United States with mosquito transmissions of the virus that can cause terrible birth defects. But vigorous mosquito-control efforts appear to have paid off in Wynwood, halting new cases of Zika virus transmission in that area, CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said Monday. "We've reached this point because of the tremendous progress with mosquito control in the affected area, including the combination of aerial application of the larvicide Bti and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

2 of 3 Parents Want Schools to Expand Health Education

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Many parents want teachers to go beyond sex education and substance abuse issues in their health classes, a new poll finds. Middle and high schools should teach kids how to cope with issues such as stress, depression, bullying and suicide, according to two out of three parents surveyed. "These results suggest that the stigma of mental health issues may have relaxed among today's parents, in favor of using a broad array of resources to help children and adolescents with these critical areas," said Sarah Clark. She is co-director of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health. While two-thirds of those polled said health education programs should include topics such as stress and bullying, only one-third said their child's school currently covers these topics. Nearly seven out of 10 parents said basic first aid should also be taught, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Depression, Contraception, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

More Evidence That Zika Causes Microcephaly

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – A rigorous new study of 91 Brazilian babies strongly supports the point that the mosquito-borne Zika virus can cause the devastating birth defect microcephaly. In microcephaly, babies are born with a smaller-than-normal head and an underdeveloped brain. Thousands of such cases tied to maternal infection with Zika have already been recorded in Latin America – especially in Brazil. Back in April, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention declared that maternal infection with the virus was, in fact, a cause of infant microcephaly. That announcement followed an exhaustive study on the subject published the same week in the New England Journal of Medicine. That study found consistent patterns linking Zika infection with microcephaly, borne out by fetal and infant autopsy reports. The new study, published Sept. 15 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, seems ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

CDC May Lift Zika Travel Advisory for Miami Neighborhood

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – America's top public health agency could lift its Zika virus travel advisory for the Wynwood neighborhood of Miami as early as Monday, officials said Thursday afternoon. "Barring any new local transmissions in the affected area, we are expecting to be able to update guidance early next week," Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said during a media briefing. Since early August, the CDC has urged pregnant women to avoid travel to the Wynwood neighborhood, based on evidence that mosquitoes had been actively transmitting Zika from person to person. Zika is the first mosquito-borne virus known to cause terrible birth defects, most of them brain-related. The most common one is microcephaly, in which a child is born with an abnormally small brain and skull. In other news, Congressional aides say Republicans ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Many Teens Give Sex Ed a Failing Grade

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Teens around the world are getting sex education in schools that fails to address their needs and concerns, researchers report. By not addressing the complex nature of sex education and offering a curriculum that isn't practical or helpful to young people, educators are missing a key opportunity to protect students' health and well-being, the study authors added. "Schools should acknowledge that sex is a special subject with unique challenges, as well as the fact and range of young people's sexual activity, otherwise [they] will continue to disengage from [sex ed], and opportunities for safeguarding and improving their sexual health will be reduced," the British researchers wrote. The research team, led by Dr. Pandora Pound of the University of Bristol School of Social and Community Medicine, analyzed 55 studies that examined sex education programs in schools ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Erectile Dysfunction, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Sexual Deviations or Disorders, Gender Dysphoria, Hypersexuality State

Congress Can't Agree on Additional Funding to Fight Zika

Posted 7 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Congress returned to work Tuesday from its seven-week summer break and failed to agree on additional funding to fight the Zika virus. Federal and state health officials say the funding is needed as the mosquito-borne virus that causes severe birth defects continues to make inroads into Florida. The Miami area now has 56 documented cases of locally transmitted Zika infection, which causes the birth defect microcephaly that leads to babies born with abnormally small heads and brains. There have been no reported locally transmitted cases of microcephaly in the continental United States. But thousands of cases have been documented in Latin America and the Caribbean, with Brazil the epicenter of the outbreak. Health officials say it's also becoming increasingly clear that the Zika virus can be transmitted through sexual activity. President Barack Obama in February ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

U.N. Tightens Safe Sex Guidelines for Visitors to Zika Zones

Posted 6 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 – With evidence growing that the Zika virus can be transmitted sexually, the World Health Organization on Tuesday recommended that all travelers – male and female, with symptoms or no symptoms – practice safe sex or abstinence for six months after returning from areas where Zika is spreading. The United Nations health agency reiterated that mosquito bites are still the primary means of infection with the virus that can cause a devastating birth defect called microcephaly, which results in newborns with abnormally small heads and brains. The virus has also been linked to neurological complications and Guillain-Barre syndrome, which can cause temporary paralysis. The ongoing Zika outbreak has been largely confined to South and Central America and the Caribbean. But there have been several dozen cases of locally transmitted Zika in the Miami area, prompting U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

CDC Awards $2.4M to 5 Locales to Fight Zika

Posted 2 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 2, 2016 – Four major U.S. cities and one county will share $2.4 million from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assist in monitoring and dealing with Zika virus-related birth defects, the agency said Friday. Chicago, Houston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Los Angeles County received money to enhance and coordinate responses to the mosquito-borne virus and speed detection of microcephaly and other birth defects associated with Zika. Babies with microcephaly have undersized heads and underdeveloped brains. The new funding "will enable these local areas to participate in these important activities in coordination with state efforts," according to a CDC news release. Priorities include better Zika reporting and referrals of affected infants and families for treatment and social resources. Also, children born to women with positive or inconclusive Zika test ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Strong Link Emerges Between Zika, Spikes in Temporary Paralysis Cases

Posted 1 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 – Where there's a Zika outbreak, there will likely be an accompanying increase in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome, a new analysis shows. The latest finding strengthens a suspected link between infection with the mosquito-borne virus and the syndrome, which causes temporary paralysis in its victims. While the Zika virus doesn't pose a significant health threat to most people, it can cause a devastating birth defect called microcephaly, which leads to babies born with abnormally small heads and brains. The vast majority of Zika infections have been in Latin America and the Caribbean, with Brazil the epicenter. In areas where Zika outbreaks were reported, the researchers behind the new study documented a significant increase in Guillain-Barre cases. Guillain-Barre is known to be caused by infection with other viruses, the scientists noted in their report. More ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Insect Bites, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Zika Virus Infection

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