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Related terms: STD, Venereal Disease, STI

Does 'Juvy' Confinement Jeopardize Long-Term Health?

Posted 6 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 – Young people in juvenile detention or jail may suffer health effects that last well into adulthood, a pair of new studies suggests. Together, they suggest incarcerated teens will face higher rates of depression, worse physical health, and a greater risk of sexually transmitted diseases, compared to other young Americans. Experts said the studies highlight a little-recognized fact: Youth incarceration is a public health problem. The United States has the highest rate of "youth confinement" of any developed country, according to the advocacy group Campaign for Youth Justice. In 2013, out of every 100,000 minors, 173 were in confinement nationwide. "Juvenile incarceration is its own hidden epidemic," said Ralph DiClemente of Emory University in Atlanta. DiClemente, a professor of public health, wrote an editorial accompanying the studies, published online Jan. 23 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Abortions in Texas Dropped Dramatically After Restrictions

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – A Texas law – later declared unconstitutional – that increased travel distances to abortion clinics in the state seems to have led to fewer abortions, a new study suggests. The Texas abortion law was enacted in 2013. By the time the U.S. Supreme Court struck it down in 2016, 24 abortion clinics had closed in the state, researchers said. This meant women in some areas had to travel much farther to end their pregnancies. The researchers found a 50 percent drop in abortions in counties where the distance to the nearest abortion facility increased 100 miles or more. There was virtually no change in counties that did not have an abortion provider in 2014 or did not have a change in the distance to the nearest abortion facility, the study authors said. Overall, abortions in Texas decreased 18.5 percent between 2012 and 2014, according to state data. That falloff ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Genital Herpes Vaccine Shows Promise in Animal Trials

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – A new vaccine for genital herpes could be nearing human clinical trials, researchers say. The vaccine has proven effective in animals against herpes simplex virus 2, the sexually transmitted virus that causes genital herpes, according to a new report. The new "trivalent" vaccine targets three different parts of the virus, shutting down its ability to enter cells and to evade detection by the immune system, said senior researcher Dr. Harvey Friedman. He's a professor with the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine's Institute for Immunology. In lab studies, the vaccine proved 98 percent effective in protecting guinea pigs against genital herpes infection, Friedman and his colleagues reported. The vaccine also promoted an immune response in monkeys, increasing the levels of antibodies targeting the virus, the study authors said. The vaccine's developers ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Cold sores, Herpes Simplex - Suppression, Herpes Simplex, Zostavax, Yellow Fever Vaccine, Gardasil, Herpes Simplex Labialis, Viral Infection, Herpes Simplex, Mucocutaneous/Immunocompetent Host, Herpes Simplex, Mucocutaneous/Immunocompromised Host, Rabies Vaccine, Human Diploid Cell, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, FluLaval, Varicella Virus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Afluria, Rotarix, Smallpox Vaccine, Cervarix

Can HIV Drugs Boost Syphilis Risk?

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Gay and bisexual men taking antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV infection may be at increased risk for syphilis, new research contends. Based on a review of available evidence, the investigators concluded that the drugs may boost susceptibility to the bacterium that causes syphilis, although the study did not prove cause-and-effect. The finding might explain why new and repeat cases of syphilis in gay and bisexual men have risen sharply compared to other sexually transmitted infections over the past decade, the researchers wrote. The study team was led by Dr. Michael Rekart, from the University of British Columbia's School of Population and Public Health in Vancouver. The findings were published in the Jan. 16 issue of the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. The authors of an editorial that accompanied the study said the theory is "intriguing" and "warrants ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Tamiflu, Valacyclovir, Ribavirin, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Zovirax, Syphilis, Baraclude, Famciclovir, Victrelis, Famvir, Oseltamivir, Viread, Kaletra, Ribasphere, Tenofovir

Health Tip: Ward Off Infections During Pregnancy

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Infections can be a serious threat to pregnant women and their fetuses. To help ward off infections while you're pregnant, the American Academy of Pediatrics advises: Wash your hands frequently, particularly when you've been around children. Stay away from people who are sick. Cook meat thoroughly, and skip foods made from raw milk Talk to your doctor about checking for group B streptococcus, and testing for sexually transmitted infections. Ask about any vaccinations you should get during pregnancy. Protect yourself from insect bites, which may transmit disease. Wear long pants, a long-sleeved shirt and insect repellent. Avoid contact with used cat litter, turtles, lizards, rodents or droppings from any of these animals. Talk to your doctor about any vitamins you should take, and the appropriate doses. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial Skin Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Viral Infection, Toxoplasmosis, Insect Bites, Toxoplasmosis - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease

Lower-Income Girls in U.S. Feel Unprepared for Puberty

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 – Girls from poor U.S. families feel they're missing out on vital life lessons about the female body, researchers say. Girls repeatedly said they felt ill-informed about menstruation and other changes related to puberty, according to researchers who reviewed papers published from 2000 to 2014. "Puberty is the cornerstone of reproductive development," study co-author Marni Sommer, an associate professor of sociomedical sciences at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City, said in a university news release. "Therefore, the transition through puberty is a critical period of development that provides an important opportunity to build a healthy foundation for sexual and reproductive health. Given the importance of this transition, the research is striking in its lack of quantity and quality to date." For the study, researchers at Columbia ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Menstrual Disorders, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, Premenstrual Syndrome, Period Pain, Amenorrhea, Menorrhagia, Dysmenorrhea

Why Major Zika Outbreak Is Unlikely in U.S.

Posted 3 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 – The United States' comfortable standard of living makes a large-scale outbreak of Zika virus unlikely, a new scientific paper suggests. Exposure to mosquitoes in the United States is limited by widespread access to clean water, air conditioning, screened doors and windows, and other household amenities that most Americans take for granted, said lead author Max Moreno-Madrinan. He's an assistant professor with Indiana University-Purdue University Fairbanks School of Public Health in Indianapolis. Thus, the mosquito-borne Zika virus is not likely to gain a foothold in the United States as it did in Brazil and a host of other Latin American countries, according to Moreno-Madrinan. More than 80,000 people in 69 countries have been infected during an ongoing Zika outbreak that originated in Brazil in 2015. The prevalence of mosquito-transmitted diseases like Zika in ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Yellow Fever Prophylaxis, Zika Virus Infection, Dengue Fever

More Than Half of Brazilian Women Avoid Pregnancy Due to Zika Fear

Posted 23 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 – More than half of young women in Brazil are forgoing pregnancy due to the ongoing Zika epidemic, a new study finds. Since the outbreak began in Brazil, there have been 1,845 confirmed cases of birth defects tied to the mosquito-borne virus. Many involve microcephaly, a malformation where babies are born with abnormally small heads and underdeveloped brains. The new study was led by Debora Diniz, a professor at the University of Brasilia. Her team surveyed more than 2,000 Brazilian women, aged 18 to 39, in June of this year. The result: 56 percent of the women said they had either avoided or tried to prevent a pregnancy because of the epidemic. Twenty-seven percent of the women said they had not tried to avoid pregnancy, while another 16 percent said they had not planned to get pregnant – regardless of whether Zika was a threat or not. "The results provide an ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

CDC Allocates $184 Million for Zika Protection

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 – Nearly $184 million has been earmarked to protect Americans against Zika virus infection, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced Thursday. The funding will go to states, territories, local governments and universities. It's part of $350 million awarded to the CDC by Congress earlier in 2016 for Zika response and preparedness, the agency said. "Zika continues to be a threat to pregnant women," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said in an agency news release. "States, territories, and communities need this CDC funding to fight Zika and protect the next generation of Americans." Zika exposure in pregnancy can cause microcephaly – which leads to an abnormally small brain and head – and other serious birth defects. Also, some adults develop a rare neurological disorder called Guillain-Barre syndrome. The CDC said the supplemental funds will help ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Mouthwash Helps Kill Gonorrhea Germs in Mouth, Throat: Study

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – A commercial brand of mouthwash can help control gonorrhea bacteria in the mouth, and daily use may offer a cheap and easy way to reduce the spread of the sexually transmitted disease, a small study from Australia contends. Gonorrhea rates among men are on the rise in many countries due to declining condom use, and most cases occur in gay/bisexual men, researchers said. The maker of Listerine mouthwash has claimed as far back as 1879 that it could be used against gonorrhea, though no published research has ever proved it. In laboratory tests, the authors of this new study found that Listerine Cool Mint and Total Care (which are both 21.6 percent alcohol) significantly reduced levels of gonorrhea bacteria. A salt water (saline) solution did not. The researchers then conducted a clinical trial with 58 gay/bisexual men who previously tested positive for gonorrhea ... Read more

Related support groups: Oral and Dental Conditions, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Nystatin, Clotrimazole, Chlorhexidine, Canker Sore, Hibiclens, Gonococcal Infection - Uncomplicated, Peridex, Saliva Substitutes, Biotene Mouthwash, Mycostatin, Prevention of Dental Caries, Cough-X Cough Relief, Nilstat, Gonococcal Infection - Disseminated, NeutraSal, Gonococcal Infection, Caphosol, Mycelex Troche

Routine Testing for Genital Herpes of Little Benefit: U.S. Experts

Posted 20 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 – Routine blood test screening for genital herpes is not recommended for teens and adults – including pregnant women – who don't have any signs or symptoms of the sexually transmitted disease (STD), a panel of U.S. health care experts says. The newly released recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirms one issued in 2005. After reviewing available evidence, the group concluded that the potential harms of screening outweigh the benefits. Blood test screening for genital herpes is highly inaccurate and there is no cure, so screening, early identification and treatment are unlikely to affect the course of the disease, according to the task force. The recommendation was published online Dec. 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The task force is an independent panel of national experts in prevention and evidence-based ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Herpes Simplex - Suppression, Herpes Simplex, Gardasil, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Cervarix, Herpes Simplex - Prophylaxis, Gardasil 9

Did El Nino Weather Give Zika a Boost?

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – The weather phenomenon called El Nino might have aided the explosive spread of the Zika virus throughout South America, a new study reports. Climate patterns caused by El Nino could have increased reproduction rates in the mosquito species that carry the Zika virus and allowed those mosquitoes to live longer, researchers found. "Temperature conditions were exceptionally conducive for mosquito-borne transmission of Zika virus over South America in 2015, related to the El Nino phenomenon superimposed on the global warming trend," said lead author Cyril Caminade. He's a research associate with the University of Liverpool Institute of Infection and Global Health in England. Caminade and his colleagues concluded that the transmission risk for mosquito-borne illnesses in 2015 was the highest it's been since 1950. They explained that incubation periods and mortality ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Privacy Concerns Keep Some Young Americans From Sexual Health Services

Posted 16 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 – Young people may abstain from seeking sexual and reproductive health care because they fear their parents will find out, a U.S. government report suggests. About 7 percent of teens and young adults said they would not seek that care due to confidentiality concerns, the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reported Friday. The youngest teens expressed the greatest reluctance. Almost one in five 15- to 17-year-olds said they would not seek that care because their parents could find out, according to the report. "It is concerning," said Casey Copen, an NCHS health scientist and lead author of the report. The NCHS is part of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC estimates that 15- to 24-year-olds account for half of all cases of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. "It's important that we monitor any barriers that ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Mirena, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Provera, Nexplanon, Implanon, Depo-Provera, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Lutera

Pregnant Women Should Avoid Zika-Hit Texas Town: CDC

Posted 15 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 – Pregnant women should avoid traveling to a south Texas town that sits on the state's border with Mexico, because five cases of local Zika infection have been reported there, U.S. health officials advised Wednesday. The town of Brownsville is still experiencing temperatures that are warm enough for mosquitoes to continue to breed, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Zika is transmitted primarily via the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, although it can also be spread through sexual contact. "We're recommending pregnant women not travel to Brownsville, and if they do travel to that area, to ensure that they avoid mosquito bites and they avoid the risk of sexual transmission," the CDC's Dr. Denise Jamieson said in an agency news release. "And that when they return from the area, that they undergo testing for Zika virus infection." ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Study Shows How Zika Attacks Infant Brain

Posted 13 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 13, 2016 – New research paints a chilling portrait of how Zika ravages the infant brain. Scientists from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that the mosquito-borne virus can replicate itself thousands of times in both fetal brain cells and the placentas of pregnant women. Levels of Zika's genetic material were about 1,000 times higher in the infants' brains than in the placentas, the researchers noted. Not only that, the virus can persist for more than seven months, which may explain why some babies who appeared normal at birth later developed symptoms of microcephaly, the researchers said. The most common birth defect associated with Zika, microcephaly leaves infants with too small heads and underdeveloped brains. "Our findings show that Zika virus can continue to replicate in infants' brains even after birth, and that the virus can persist in ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Diagnosis and Investigation, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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