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Psychiatric Disorders News

Related terms: Mental Illness

Study Links Psychiatric Disorders to Stroke Risk

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 23, 2017 – Getting care at a hospital for a psychiatric disorder may be linked to a higher risk of stroke in the following weeks and months, new research suggests. People who sought care at a hospital for serious mental health conditions – such as depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder – faced a tripled risk of stroke following their visit, the study authors contended. The risk started to decrease after 30 days, but remained twice as high for at least a year after the ER visit or hospital stay, the researchers said. "We have known for some time that people who have a stroke seem to be at an increased risk for later on developing some sort of psychiatric illness, depression or post-stroke psychosis," said study lead author Jonah Zuflacht. He's a fourth-year medical student at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. "But ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, High Blood Pressure, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders

No, Your Cat Isn't a Threat to Your Mental Health

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 21, 2017 – Cat owners can breathe a sigh of relief: Your feline's litter box likely won't put your family's mental health at risk. New British research challenges earlier beliefs that parasites in cat droppings might be linked to schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and other mental health issues. "The message for cat owners is clear: There is no evidence that cats pose a risk to children's mental health," said study author Dr. Francesca Solmi, of University College London Psychiatry. Cats are carriers of an infectious parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). They may pass this infection on to humans through their feces. The researchers behind this study wanted to know if contact with cats during childhood raised risk for mental illness. To find out, the researchers followed nearly 5,000 people born in the early 1990s until they were 18 years old. ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Toxoplasmosis, Toxoplasmosis - Prophylaxis, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 – The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with their young children, a new study suggests. "Our findings add to the evidence that fathers, and not just mothers, undergo hormonal changes that are likely to facilitate increased empathy and motivation to care for their children," said study lead author James Rilling of Emory University in Atlanta. Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone. MRI brain scans revealed that dads who received boosts of the hormone through a nasal spray had increased activity in brain areas associated with reward and empathy when looking at pictures of their toddlers, Rilling's team said. The findings also "suggest that oxytocin, known to play a role in social bonding, might someday be used to normalize deficits in paternal motivation, such as in men suffering from post-partum depression," Rilling said in a university news ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Premature Labor, Pitocin, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Syntocinon, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

The Motherlode of 'Mother Love' Chemicals

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – The feel-good brain chemical dopamine appears to play a role in the development of a healthy bond between a mother and baby, a new study suggests. Dopamine may motivate moms to do more for their children because it makes mothers feel better, researchers said. And this may not end when babies get older. "It is very likely that the processes we observed between mothers and their infants continues through the life span as their children grow," said study co-author Lisa Feldman Barrett. She's a psychology professor at Northeastern University in Boston. "It may also be the case that this process supports people as they provide care and nurture to one another in close relationships," she added. Previously, research has linked mother-baby bonding to the hormone oxytocin. In this study, the researchers wanted to learn more about what goes on in the brain that helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Labor Induction, Cesarean Section, Labor Pain, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

The 'Selfie' Paradox

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Apparently the millions of people who take "selfies" live by a double standard, a new study suggests. Many people believe their selfies are not narcissistic, but have the opposite view of selfies posted on social media by others, German researchers report. Selfies are pictures you take of yourself – or you with friends – on your cellphone camera. The researchers said Google estimated that about 93 million selfies were taken each day in 2014, and that's only on Android phones. The fact that many people take selfies but most people don't want to see them is termed the "selfie paradox" by researcher Sarah Diefenbach. She's a professor at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. Diefenbach's study included 238 people in Austria, Germany and Switzerland who completed an online survey. Of the respondents, 77 percent regularly took selfies. Yet 82 percent of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Neurosis

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 – Extremely low birth weight babies may be at increased risk for mental health problems later in life, a new review suggests. Researchers examined 41 studies conducted from 1990 to 2016. The studies included more than 2,700 extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1,000 grams, or just over 2 pounds) and more than 11,000 normal birth weight babies in the United States, Canada and 10 other countries. The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems, the researchers found. Compared to adults who were born at a normal weight, those born at an extremely low weight had higher rates of anxiety, depression and shyness, and markedly lower levels of social functioning, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Autism, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Asperger Syndrome

U.S. Legislation Boosted Access to Autism Services, With No Added Cost to Families

Posted 7 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – Use of health care services by children with autism increased modestly in the wake of a U.S. law requiring equal insurance benefits for mental and physical health. But out-of-pocket costs for their families didn't rise, a new study finds. That's exactly what was supposed to happen, said the researchers from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. "We found that kids with autism spectrum disorder are getting more services, but their families don't have to pay more to get them, which is the basic point of having health insurance and why the parity law was passed by Congress," said study lead author Elizabeth Stuart, a professor in the department of mental health. In the year after the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 was enacted, the researchers found that spending on autism services rose $73 a child on average. While the ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome

Why Certain Noises Really Irritate Some People

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Most people can recall a time when a certain sound annoyed them – say when your office mate was repeatedly clicking his pen – but some people find such sounds utterly unbearable. And new research suggests that brain abnormalities may explain why. People with a disorder called misophonia have an intense hatred of specific sounds, such as chewing, breathing or repeated pen clicking. These triggers can cause an immediate and strong "fight or flight" response in those with the disorder. "I hope this will reassure sufferers," the study's senior author Tim Griffiths said in a news release from Newcastle University. "I was part of the skeptical community myself until we saw patients in the clinic and understood how strikingly similar the features are," he added. Griffiths is a professor of cognitive neurology at Newcastle University and University College London in ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Hearing Loss, Aggressive Behavior

Sleepovers With Dad Can Be a Win-Win After Divorce

Posted 3 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 – Infants and toddlers of divorced parents who live with their mother benefit from overnight visits with their father, a new study finds. "Not only did overnight parenting time with fathers during infancy and toddlerhood cause no harm to the mother-child relationship, it actually appeared to benefit children's relationships with both their mothers and their fathers," said study lead author William Fabricius. He's an associate professor of psychology at Arizona State University. "Children who had overnights with their fathers when they were infants or toddlers had higher-quality relationships with their fathers as well as with their mothers when they were 18 to 20 years old than children who had no overnights," Fabricius said in a university news release. This was true whether the overnight visits were court-ordered or agreed upon by parents, or whether parents had ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Parents of Kids With Heart Defects Face PTSD Risk: Study

Posted 1 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 – Parents of children born with serious heart defects may be at high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems, a new study suggests. PTSD refers to anxiety and fear triggered by a past stressful event. Mental health issues in parents can put their children at risk for long-term health and behavioral problems, the researchers added. "The parents need extra support and mental health treatment that is feasible and accessible, and one thing that we propose is integrating mental health screening and treatment into pediatric cardiology care," said study senior author Sarah Woolf-King. She's an assistant professor in the psychology department at Syracuse University in Syracuse, N.Y. "Health care providers on the front line of treatment for these parents could play a significant role in connecting them to care," she added. These ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Heart Disease, Agitation, Psychosis, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Neurosis, Depressive Psychosis, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital

No Torture, Psychologists' Group Says to Trump

Posted 27 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 – Torture is ineffective and cruel, says a group of U.S. psychologists urging President Donald Trump not to restart the CIA's so-called "enhanced" interrogation program. Trump has said he would sign an executive order reinstituting torture, such as waterboarding, claiming it is an effective way to get information. The American Psychological Association is among those objecting to the controversial proposal. The group represents 115,700 scientists, educators, clinicians and students. "APA has expressed its forceful opposition to the so-called enhanced interrogation techniques that were authorized under President George W. Bush and halted by President Obama," said APA President Antonio Puente. "We are concerned that, if signed by President Trump, this order could open the door to interrogation practices that are now illegal and have been deemed cruel, inhuman and ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

If You Can't Stay Off Social Media, Maybe It's in Your Genes

Posted 27 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 – How many hours you devote to social networking, gaming and other online media may depend on your genes, British researchers report. People differ significantly in their use of online media, and researchers are trying to determine why. This new study of twins gives DNA some of the credit. Researchers at King's College London analyzed online media use by more than 8,500 16-year-old identical and non-identical twins. Identical twins share 100 percent of their genes; non-identical twins share 50 percent of their genes. The researchers concluded that genes, or heritability, accounted for more than one-third of the differences in use of online entertainment, gaming and educational media. "Our findings contradict popular media effects theories, which typically view the media as an external entity that has some effect – either good or bad – on 'helpless' consumers," ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Avoidant Personality Disorder

Mental Health May Affect Chances Against Cancer

Posted 26 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Anxiety and depression may increase the risk of death from certain cancers, early research suggests. After analyzing studies involving thousands of patients in Great Britain, researchers found that people with greater levels of psychological distress had higher death rates for colon, esophageal, pancreatic and prostate cancers and leukemia. The study was published Jan. 25 in the BMJ. "Our findings contribute to the evidence that poor mental health might have some predictive capacity for certain physical diseases, but we are a long way off from knowing if these relationships are truly causal," said researcher David Batty in a journal news release. Batty is with University College London. He and his colleagues reviewed 16 English and Scottish studies that included more than 163,000 people, aged 16 and older. The people were initially cancer-free and followed ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Prostate Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Pancreatic Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer

Should a Mental Disability Keep Patients Off Organ Transplant Lists?

Posted 25 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 – Pressure is mounting for the U.S. organ donation network to tackle one of the thorniest ethical questions it's ever faced – whether a person with intellectual disabilities should be denied access to a transplant. A bipartisan group of 30 legislators from the U.S. Congress petitioned the Department of Health and Human Services in October to "issue guidance on organ transplant discrimination with regards to persons with disabilities," according to a new opinion piece in the Jan. 26 New England Journal of Medicine. The legislators' request follows several highly publicized cases in which people with intellectual disabilities have either fought to receive a transplant or have been outright denied a place on a waiting list, said co-author Dr. Scott Halpern. He's an associate professor of medical ethics and health policy at the University of Pennsylvania's ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Autism, Psychosis, Renal Transplant, Psychiatric Disorders, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Neurosis, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Organ Transplant, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal, Rejection Prophylaxis

Unlocking the Secrets of the Love Hormone Kisspeptin

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – There may be a way to boost the activity of a hormone linked to love and sex, British researchers report. The naturally occurring hormone is called kisspeptin. It stimulates the release of other reproductive hormones inside the body, the research team said. The study included 29 healthy, young heterosexual men. They received either an injection of kisspeptin or an inactive placebo. The men then underwent brain scans while being shown different types of pictures. After an injection of kisspeptin, seeing sexual or romantic images of couples triggered increased activity in brain areas typically activated by sexual arousal and romance, the findings showed. The researchers now want to study whether kisspeptin could help treat some psychosexual disorders – sexual problems with a psychological cause. These problems commonly occur in people with infertility, the study ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Anxiety, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Anxiety and Stress, Mirena, Nexplanon, Sprintec, Provera, NuvaRing, Depo-Provera, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Ortho Evra

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Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Borderline Personality Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Autism, view more... Agitation, Paranoid Disorder, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Mental Retardation, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Aggressive Behavior, Neurosis, Dependent Personality Disorder, Eating Disorder