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Psychiatric Disorders News

Related terms: Mental Illness

Trauma Takes a Toll on Half of U.S. Kids

Posted 24 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 – Nearly half of American children have faced at least one traumatic experience, such as the death of a parent, witnessing a violent crime or living with someone who is suicidal or abuses drugs or alcohol, new research reveals. These events can trigger high levels of stress, which can have serious and lasting effects on children's development, heath and overall well-being, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. They noted, however, that effective parenting, supportive neighbors, involved schools and teaching kids how to be resilient can all help reduce these harmful effects. "Every child deserves a healthy start," said Richard Besser, president and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which funded the research. "A loving home, a good school, a safe neighborhood – these things are the foundation for a long and happy ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders

Homework as a Character-Builder

Posted 16 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Oct. 15, 2017 – Homework may do more than reinforce lessons that students learn in school each day. New research from Germany suggests it may have a positive effect on children's character, helping them become more conscientious. "Our results show that homework is not only relevant for school performance but also for personality development, provided that students put a lot of effort into their assignments," study author Richard Gollner, from the University of Tubingen, said in a university news release. For the study, the researchers analyzed data on 2,760 students, starting when they transitioned from fourth to fifth grade and then annually for the next three years. The youngsters answered questions about how well they did in their recent homework assignments, rated their efforts and reported on various measures of conscientiousness, such as neatness. The researchers found ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Psychiatric Disorders

Suicide Up in U.S., Rural America Hit Hardest

Posted 7 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 – Suicide in the United States is on the upswing, with rural Americans more likely to take their own lives than residents of urban counties, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports. "While we've seen many causes of death come down in recent years, suicide rates have increased more than 20 percent from 2001 to 2015. And this is especially concerning in rural areas," said CDC director Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald. "We need proven prevention efforts to help stop these deaths and the terrible pain and loss they cause," Fitzgerald said in an agency news release. Between 2001 and 2015, more than 500,000 people took their own lives in the United States. Rates in rural areas were consistently higher than those in cities across all age groups, with working-age adults (aged 35 to 64) most at risk, the new report revealed. Moreover, by 2015, suicide was the 10th ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders

Protecting Preemies From Stress Might Improve Later Mental Health

Posted 5 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 5, 2017 – Being born at an extremely low birth weight seems to increase the risk for developing mental health issues as an adult. But that risk can be lowered by lessening exposure to bullying and family stress during childhood and adolescence, new research suggests. This finding concerns premature babies born at 2.2 pounds or less. "We are concerned that being born really small and being exposed to all the stresses associated with preterm birth can lead to an amplification of normal stresses that predispose people to develop depression and anxiety later in life," said study author Ryan Van Lieshout. He is an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral neurosciences at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. With support from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the study team reviewed ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Americans More Open About Mental Health Issues, But Stigma Lingers

Posted 3 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 – Americans may be more willing to talk about mental health issues these days, but misperceptions and stigmas persist, a new survey finds. The survey, of more than 3,000 U.S. adults, found that 70 percent said they feel people are more open to discussing mental health compared with a decade ago. Most respondents also said they'd want to help a family member or friend struggling with depression or other mental health conditions. On the other hand, age-old misperceptions were still common. Many people, for example, thought that mental health disorders were at least partially driven by "personal failings." "That's certainly disappointing," said Dr. Don Mordecai, director of mental health and addiction medicine services at Kaiser Permanente, in Oakland, Calif., which commissioned the poll. "These are true brain conditions," Mordecai said, "and we have to get away from ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Severe Mood Dysregulation

Moving Just 1 Hour a Week May Curb Depression Risk

Posted 3 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 – Career couch potatoes, take heart: Just one hour a week of any kind of exercise may lower your long-term risk for depression, new research suggests. The finding comes from a fresh analysis of a Norwegian survey that tracked exercise habits, along with depression and anxiety risk, among nearly 34,000 adults. After a closer look at the data, a team of British, Australian and Norwegian analysts determined that people who engage in just an hour of exercise per week – regardless of intensity level – face a 44 percent lower risk for developing depression over the course of a decade than those who never exercise at all. "The key finding from this study is that doing even a small amount of regular exercise seems to protect adults against future depression," said study author Samuel Harvey. "This was not a case of more is better; the vast majority of the mental health ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Diagnosis and Investigation

U.S. Gun Injuries Nearing $3 Billion in ER, Hospital Costs

Posted 2 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 2, 2017 – Nearly 705,000 people were treated for gunshot wounds in U.S. emergency departments between 2006 and 2014, at a cost of $2.8 billion a year, a new study says. The report's release comes one day after a lone gunman unleashed automatic rifle fire upon a crowd of country music concertgoers in Las Vegas, killing at least 58 people and injuring 500 more, making it one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history. Gun-related deaths are the third leading cause of injury-related deaths in the United States, but detailed data on this major health issue are lacking, according to study author Dr. Faiz Gani, a research fellow at the Johns Hopkins Surgery Center for Outcomes Research in Baltimore. "Until people are aware of the problem's full extent, we can't have the best informed discussions to guide policy," he said in a Hopkins news release. The researchers reviewed U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Looking at Laughter for Clues to Anti-Social Behavior

Posted 29 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 29, 2017 – A child's inability to laugh with others could point to psychopathic behavior later, a new study suggests. Most people find it natural to join in when they see or hear others laughing, the researchers noted. But laughter isn't contagious for boys at risk of developing psychopathy later in life, the researchers found. "Those social cues that automatically give us pleasure or alert us to someone's distress do not register in the same way for these children," said lead author Essi Viding, of University College London in England. "That does not mean that these children are destined to become antisocial or dangerous; rather, these findings shed new light on why they often make different choices from their peers," Viding said. Until now, most studies have focused on how individuals with psychopathic traits process negative emotions and how their lack of response to ... Read more

Related support groups: Borderline Personality Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Workers Without Paid Sick Leave Suffer Ill Effects

Posted 22 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2017 – Lack of paid sick leave can cause mental distress for workers when they're ill because they're afraid of losing wages or their jobs, a new study says. In the United States, only seven states have mandatory paid sick leave laws, said researchers from Florida Atlantic University and Cleveland State University. "For many Americans, daily life itself can be a source of stress as they struggle to manage numerous responsibilities including health-related issues," said study lead author Patricia Stoddard-Dare. "Making matters worse, for those who lack paid sick leave, a day away from work can mean lost wages or even fear of losing one's job," added Stoddard-Dare, an associate professor of social work at Cleveland State. These stressors all together have the potential to interfere with workplace performance and affect overall mental health, she said in a Florida ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders

Parents Say Schools Don't Help Kids With Mental Health, Chronic Disease

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – Many parents don't believe schools are prepared to help students with mental health problems and serious physical health issues, a new survey finds. While 77 percent of parents were certain that schools would be able to provide first aid for minor issues such as cuts, they were less confident that schools could respond to more challenging health situations. For example, only 38 percent believed schools could assist a student suspected of having a mental health problem. The national poll on children's health was released Monday by the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital at the University of Michigan. "Parents feel schools can handle basic first aid, but are less sure about urgent health situations such as an asthma attack, epileptic seizure, or serious allergic reaction," Sarah Clark, poll co-director, said in a university news release. "And they have the most ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Dysthymia, Anorexia, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Hurricanes' Toll on Mental Health Will Linger

Posted 14 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 – Even after the devastation caused by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma disappears, survivors could still suffer from mental stress caused by the massive storms, experts say. "Everybody who has been in a disaster is changed permanently in some way. You never forget it," said Dr. Carol North, a crisis psychiatrist at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. North has studied thousands of survivors of major disasters, such as the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and the Oklahoma City bombings. "Even though people are permanently changed by going through a disaster, they need not be damaged by their experience," she said in a medical center news release. Many people experience anxiety, lack of sleep, nightmares or irritability after a traumatic event, but most recover within weeks to months. However, some people may develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and take ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Agitation, Dysthymia, Psychiatric Disorders, Depressive Psychosis

Does Mother's Mental Health Affect Pregnancy?

Posted 13 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 – Three common mental health disorders – depression, panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder – pose no serious threat to pregnant women or the health of their babies, a new study finds. "I think a major take-home message is that women are not harming their babies if they have one of these psychiatric conditions," said study lead author Kimberly Yonkers of Yale University. She and her team followed more than 2,600 pregnant women at 137 clinical practices in Connecticut and Massachusetts. The researchers did find slight risks associated with certain psychiatric medications used to treat those conditions. For instance, babies of women who took benzodiazepines had slightly lower birth weights and needed additional ventilator support in 61 of 1,000 cases. Benzodiazepines, which include Xanax (alprazolam), Valium (diazepam) and Ativan (lorazepam), are ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymia, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Depressive Psychosis, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Hurricanes May Have Longer-Lasting Impact on Kids

Posted 12 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 12, 2017 – Children may have a more difficult time coping with the devastating hurricanes that have recently hit the United States, an expert says. "Compared to adults, children suffer more from exposure to disasters, including psychological, behavioral, and physical problems, as well as difficulties learning in school," Jessica Dym Bartlett, a senior research scientist at Child Trends, said in that organization's news release. Even youngsters who hear about a disaster or see images on television may develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety, she said. "Understand that trauma reactions vary widely. Children may regress, demand extra attention, and think about their own needs before those of others – natural responses that should not be met with anger or punishment," Dym Bartlett said. Create a safe environment where children's basic ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Therapy for Kids With Autism Pays Off for Moms, Dads

Posted 11 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Behavioral therapy for children with autism also benefits their parents, a new study finds. About 70 percent of children with autism have emotional or behavioral problems and may turn to cognitive behavioral therapy to help with these issues. Usually, while kids are with the therapist, parents are in a separate room learning what the children are doing, but not participating, according to researcher Jonathon Weiss. "What's unique about what we studied is what happens when parents are partners in the process from start to finish. Increasingly we know that it's helpful for kids with autism, specifically, and now we have proven that it's helpful for their parents too," said Weiss, associate professor of psychology at York University in Toronto. The study included 57 children between 8 and 12 years of age who were undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy. They had ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome

Health Tip: Childhood Obesity Can Trigger Adult Problems

Posted 9 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

-- About a third of people aged two to 19 are considered overweight or obese, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) says. And the negative health effects of packing too many pounds may carry well beyond childhood, the academy warns. Examples include: sleep apnea, asthma and psychological problems. So what can parents do? Here's what the AAOS recommends: Keep kids active for at least 35 minutes per day. Be a role model. Don't expect your child to exercise while you're camped in front of the television. Include exercise in the entire family's daily routine. Promote active chores, such as raking leaves, painting or walking the dog. Limit video games to those that require kids to dance, hop, "play a sport" or move in some way. Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Asthma, Asthma - Maintenance, Psychiatric Disorders, Asthma - Acute

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Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Autism, view more... Agitation, Paranoid Disorder, Mental Retardation, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Neurosis, Aggressive Behavior, Dependent Personality Disorder, Eating Disorder