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Psychiatric Disorders News

Related terms: Mental Illness

Spiritual Experiences Seem to Trigger the Brain's Reward System

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 – Religious experiences may trigger the brain's reward system in much the same way that sex, gambling, drugs and music do, a small study suggests. Researchers conducted functional MRI brain scans of 19 devout young adult churchgoers while they were doing activities meant to boost spiritual feelings. "When our study participants were instructed to think about a savior, about being with their families for eternity, about their heavenly rewards, their brains and bodies physically responded," said study author Michael Ferguson. He conducted the research while a bioengineering graduate student at the University of Utah. All of the participants had been Mormon missionaries. Almost all said they'd experienced feelings of peace and physical sensations of warmth during the experiment. Many were tearful by the end of the scan, Ferguson and his colleagues said in a ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Are Your Kids Thankful?

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 24, 2016 – Thanksgiving is the perfect time for parents to teach their children about gratitude, an expert says. Research suggests grateful children are more satisfied with their lives and families, more hopeful, busier with hobbies, and do better at school, according to Giacomo Bono. He's an assistant professor of psychology in the College of Natural and Behavioral Sciences at California State University, Dominguez Hills. He studies gratitude in kids between the ages of 7 and 18. Bono says parents should ask their kids about the people and things they are grateful for, including the attributes of people they are thankful to have in their life. It's also important to teach children to build strong relationships with positive people. Parents need to set a good example by talking about the people and things they appreciate, Bono said. It's also important to take advantage ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Psychiatric Disorders

1 in 7 Young Teens Is a Stalking Victim: Survey

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 – About one out of seven children in 6th and 9th grades has been a victim of stalking, potentially boosting their risk of substance abuse, dating violence and other dangers, a new U.S. survey finds. The research doesn't confirm that being stalked makes it more likely that a teenager will do risky things or become a victim in other ways. But the findings do raise the prospect that stalking among teens is a hazard beyond the fear and danger that it creates. "Teen stalking is a public health issue. A lot of kids are being stalked," said Dennis Reidy, a behavioral scientist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's division of violence prevention. He is lead author of the study reporting the survey findings. According to Reidy, little is known about the prevalence of stalking among young people in the United States. Just one study has examined the ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders

Sexism Could Harm Men's Health: Study

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 – Men who have "playboy" attitudes and believe in power over women may face a higher risk for mental health trouble than men who don't, a broad new research review suggests. The finding on sexism, and other so-called "traditional views" on masculinity, stems from an analysis of 74 studies conducted between 2003 and 2013. The studies included nearly 19,500 predominantly white male participants, the researchers said. The research "looked at expectations about what it means to be masculine, and how that relates to mental health outcomes among men," explained study lead author Y. Joel Wong. "What we found overall is that the more that men conformed to masculine norms the poorer their mental health, and the less likely they were to seek mental health services," he said. Wong is associate professor of counseling and educational psychology at Indiana University ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior

Health Tip: Thinking About Psychological Therapy?

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Psychological therapy involves more than discussing your problems with a professional. It can also help you cope with life's challenges, especially issues that bother you. Here are common reasons to seek therapy, courtesy of the American Academy of Family Physicians: Depression. Marital problems. Sexual issues. Stress and anxiety. Addiction. Grief and loss. Anger. Your career. Family issues. Chronic illness. Domestic violence. Eating disorders. Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Psychosis, Eating Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Neurosis, Severe Mood Dysregulation

Those Low on 'Love Hormone' May Have Less Empathy: Study

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 – People with low levels of the so-called "love hormone" oxytocin may have less empathy for others, a new study suggests. The findings hint that oxytocin replacement therapy could improve the well-being of people with low levels of the hormone, said the researchers at the University of Cardiff in Wales. Their study included 20 people with medical conditions that cause low levels of oxytocin and a control group of 20 healthy people. Those with low oxytocin levels did much worse on tests of empathy – awareness of other people's feelings. The study was to be presented Sunday at the Society for Endocrinology's annual meeting in Brighton, England. "This is the first study which looks at low oxytocin as a result of medical, as opposed to psychological, disorders. If replicated, the results from our patient groups suggest it is also important to consider medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychiatric Disorders, Oxytocin, Pitocin, Syntocinon

Childhood Cancer Survivors Living Longer But Not Always Better

Posted 8 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 – Despite three decades of advancements in treating children with cancer, patients who survive into adulthood don't report better physical or mental health than their counterparts who were treated years ago, researchers report. Adults treated as children in the 1990s were more likely to report poor general health and anxiety than adults treated as children in the 1970s, the researchers said. That's not what the researchers had expected to find. After all, patients are living longer today than in past generations. More than 80 percent of children diagnosed with cancer are alive at least five years after their diagnosis, the U.S. National Cancer Institute says. And there have been significant efforts to minimize the toxic side effects of cancer treatments. Proton therapy limits radiation damage to healthy tissue, while limb-sparing surgery has largely replaced ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Cancer, Psychiatric Disorders, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, History - Radiation Therapy

More Than Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Problem: Study

Posted 3 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – More than half of Americans have at least one chronic disease, mental illness or problem with drugs or alcohol, according to a new study. "The health of individuals in the U.S.A. is increasingly being defined by complexity and multimorbidity, the co-occurrence of two or more chronic medical conditions," said the study authors, Elizabeth Lee Reisinger Walker and Dr. Benjamin Druss. They emphasized that people with multiple health issues need more access to care and better coordination among their health care providers. The Emory University researchers examined public health records to find out what percentage of U.S. adults have chronic medical conditions, mental illness or substance abuse problems, and how many were also living in poverty. Chronic medical conditions looked at in the study included asthma, cirrhosis, diabetes, heart disease, hepatitis, high ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Smoking, Schizophrenia, Smoking Cessation, Angina, Alcohol Dependence, Psychosis, Alcoholism, Psychiatric Disorders, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Drug Psychosis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Psychiatric Drugs May Reduce Ex-Prisoners' Violent Crime Rate

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – Released prisoners may be less likely to commit violent crimes if they're prescribed certain kinds of psychiatric medications, a new study suggests. These medications can affect someone's mental state. They include antidepressants, antipsychotics, psychostimulants, drugs to treat addiction and antiepileptic drugs, the researchers said. The study authors looked at information on more than 22,000 prisoners in Sweden. They were released between July 2005 and December 2010. The researchers had a median of nearly five years of follow-up information. During that time, 18 percent of the prisoners committed violent crimes, the researchers said. Three classes of drugs were linked to much lower rates of violent crimes. Antipsychotics were tied to a 42 percent reduction in violent crimes. For psychostimulants, the reduction was 38 percent. Drugs to treat addiction were ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Prozac, Seroquel, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Abilify, Sertraline, Lithium, Bupropion, Amitriptyline, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Schizophrenia

On-the-Job Rudeness Spreads Easily

Posted 26 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26, 2016 – Tired of crude remarks around the office water cooler? They could be catching. A new study finds that sarcasm, insults and other rude behaviors can be contagious in the workplace. Employees treated with disrespect are likely to lose self-control and behave in rude or offensive ways themselves, researchers found. "Basically, incivility begets incivility," said study author Chris Rosen, a professor of management at the University of Arkansas. "And our findings verify that these contagion effects occur within very short, even daily cycles," he said in a university news release. Rosen and his colleagues advise executives not to ignore this type of negative office behavior since it's probably taking a toll on companies' bottom line. "Estimates are that workplace incivility has doubled over the past two decades and on average costs companies about $14,000 per ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Can Teens' Heart Rate, Blood Pressure Show Ties to Mental Ills?

Posted 26 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26, 2016 – A young man's future risk of mental disorders could be tied to higher-than-average heart rate or blood pressure in his late teens, a new European study suggests. Young men with a resting heart rate and blood pressure that's elevated – but still within normal range – seem more likely to develop a wide range of mental illnesses later in their lives, researchers found. These include an increased risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, the results show. "We are coming to appreciate that psychiatric illnesses are brain diseases, and our central nervous system, which is mediated from our brain, controls autonomic functions," like heart rate and blood pressure, said Dr. Victor Fornari. He is director of the division of child and adolescent psychiatry at Zucker Hillside Hospital in Glen Oaks, N.Y. "We should recognize it would ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Anxiety and Stress, Hypertension, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Retinopathy, Hypertensive Heart Disease

U.S. Psychiatric Patients Face Long Waits in ERs

Posted 18 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – People with mental illness often wait long hours – or even days – in an emergency room before receiving the care they need, according to a new poll conducted by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). One in five ER doctors polled said they've had psychiatric patients who needed hospitalization who had to wait two to five days before being assigned an in-patient bed, the poll found. Two accompanying studies back up the poll results, revealing that patients with a wide array of mental health problems are more likely to wind up stuck in an emergency department for more than 24 hours. "Once the decision to admit is made, it can be nearly impossible to find an in-patient bed for these patients," ACEP President Dr. Rebecca Parker said during a news briefing. Findings from the survey were scheduled to be presented Monday at ACEP's annual meeting in Las ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Drug Psychosis, ICU Agitation, Aggressive Behavior

Foster Kids Face Higher Risk of Health Problems: Study

Posted 17 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Children in foster care face increased risks of physical and mental health issues, from asthma to ADHD to depression, a new study finds. Considering the adversity foster children face, the study results aren't surprising, the researchers added. But this is the first study to compare their rates of health issues to those of U.S. children as a whole, including kids from low-income or single-parent families. The study confirms that children in foster care are particularly vulnerable, said lead researcher Kristin Turney, an associate professor of sociology at the University of California, Irvine. Overall, her team found, foster kids faced two to three times higher risks of physical health issues such as asthma, obesity and hearing and vision problems. And they were five to seven times more likely to have behavioral issues or symptoms of depression or anxiety. No one ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Aggressive Behavior, Executive Function Disorder

Mixed News on Drug Abuse Among Lesbian, Gay Americans

Posted 13 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 – Lesbian, gay and bisexual adults have higher rates of substance use and mental illness than their straight counterparts, a U.S. government report shows. On the plus side, this group is much more likely than heterosexuals to receive needed treatment for those disorders should they arise, the same report finds. "This report offers unprecedented insight into the behavioral health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual Americans – people critical to our community whose health concerns have often been overlooked," said Kana Enomoto, deputy principal administrator at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). She spoke in a news release from the agency, which issued the new findings Oct. 13. The new data comes from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, focusing on a wide range of U.S. adults. The study found that about 39 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Smoking, Schizophrenia, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Psychiatric Disorders, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Prenatal Factors May Raise Child's Risk for OCD

Posted 6 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 6, 2016 – Pregnancy behaviors and certain childbirth complications may influence a child's risk of developing obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), a new study suggests. Cesarean sections, preterm and breech (backward) births, smoking while pregnant, and unusually large or small babies were all associated with increased risk for the mental health disorder, Swedish researchers reported. "The specific causes of OCD are unknown," said lead researcher Gustaf Brander, from the Center for Psychiatry Research at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. "While both genetic and environmental risk factors are thought to be associated with OCD, this is the first time that a set of environmental risk factors is convincingly associated with the condition," Brander said. People with OCD have uncontrollable recurring thoughts they try to deal with by repeating certain behaviors over and ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Smoking, Delivery, Psychiatric Disorders, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

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Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Borderline Personality Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Autism, view more... Agitation, Paranoid Disorder, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Mental Retardation, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Aggressive Behavior, Neurosis, Dependent Personality Disorder, Eating Disorder