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Related terms: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis HIV Infection, PrEP, Reducing Risk of HIV Infection

Almost 21 Million Worldwide Now Have Access to HIV Meds

Posted 1 day 7 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 – The number of people with HIV who take life-saving antiretroviral medications has increased by tens of millions worldwide in recent decades, a United Nations report says. The number rose from 685,000 in 2000 to 20.9 million as of June 2017, according to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS. "Many people do not remember that in 2000 there were only 90 people in South Africa on treatment," Michel Sidibe, executive director of UNAIDS, said in an agency news release. "Today, South Africa has the biggest life-saving treatment program in the world, with more than 4 million people on treatment," Sidibe said. "This is the kind of acceleration we need to encourage, sustain and replicate." The new report also said that because more people with HIV are receiving treatment, more of them are alive and well. Research also shows that people with HIV who ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Tenofovir, Kaletra, Telaprevir, Ritonavir, Hepsera, Abacavir, Entecavir, Boceprevir, Reyataz, Lamivudine, Atazanavir

Are HIV and AIDS Poised for a Comeback?

Posted 25 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 25, 2017 – The advent of powerful drugs in the mid-1990s brought remarkable gains in survival for HIV patients who had access to the medications. But a team of experts now warns that the global HIV pandemic continues and is at risk of expanding, given the worrisome global rise of HIV resistance to antiretroviral (ART) medications. "Current trends in HIV drug resistance are very concerning," said Dr. Chris Beyrer, lead author of an overview on the state of global HIV drug resistance. "Resistance levels have been found to be highest in ART-exposed infants and children," he added. "Which is a real concern, since children are already among the least-treated age group in many developing countries." Beyrer is professor of epidemiology with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. He and his colleagues noted that roughly 19.5 million HIV patients – or ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, AIDS Related Wasting, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Telaprevir, Tenofovir, Kaletra, Ritonavir, Hepsera, Abacavir, Entecavir, Boceprevir, Reyataz, Lamivudine

Antibody Injections in Pregnancy Might Shield Fetus From Zika

Posted 4 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 – A new antibody "cocktail" promises to provide effective, if temporary, protection against the Zika virus, a new study reports. A blend of three potent antibodies completely prevented Zika infection in a group of four lab monkeys, said senior researcher David Watkins, a professor of pathology with the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Regular injections of these antibodies potentially could provide vital protection to pregnant women either living in or traveling to areas where Zika is widespread, Watkins said. Zika can cause devastating neurological birth defects, including microcephaly, a condition in which the brain and skull are underdeveloped. "I would say if you were to give a woman in the first trimester an injection and then another injection at the middle of the second trimester, that would suffice" to protect her unborn child from Zika ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Zika Virus Infection

Fighting HIV on Multiple Fronts Might Lead to Vaccine

Posted 20 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – A combination antibody strategy could be the key to halting the spread of HIV, according to results from two promising animal studies. Two separate research groups completely protected their own sets of lab monkeys from HIV infection using this combination vaccination strategy, albeit in two very different ways. One group inoculated their monkeys with a "cocktail" of two HIV antibodies, while the other group genetically engineered a single antibody capable of attacking HIV in three different ways. There's just one downside: Because these antibodies are injected into the body rather than naturally created by the immune system, people will have to receive shots on a regular basis to retain their protection against the AIDS-causing virus. The strategy focuses on broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies, a type of antibody that attaches to the virus and prevents it ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Atripla, Incivek, Truvada, Stribild, Genvoya, Complera, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Kaletra, Tenofovir, Telaprevir, Ritonavir, Odefsey, Abacavir, Entecavir

HIV and Smoking a Lethal Combo for the Lungs

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – HIV patients who take their medication but also smoke are about 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from AIDS-related causes, a new study estimates. Lifesaving antiretroviral drugs have improved life expectancy to the point that patients now have more to fear from tobacco than HIV, said lead researcher Dr. Krishna Reddy. "Thanks to antiretroviral medicines, people with HIV are living longer," said Reddy, a pulmonologist and critical care doctor with Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "The bad news is that they're living long enough to get cancer." Based on the new findings, smoking cessation should be a focus of treatment, he and his colleagues said. More than 40 percent of people with HIV are smokers, a rate more than double that of the general population, Reddy said. Fatalism and depression among HIV patients often lead them to take up ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, HIV Infection, Nicotine, Lung Cancer, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicorette, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Truvada Helped Protect Gay Teen Males From HIV

Posted 5 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 – A group of gay and bisexual teenage males safely used a medication that prevents HIV infection, though some failed to follow the drug regimen fully and became infected, researchers report. People at risk for becoming infected with the virus that causes AIDS can dramatically lower their risk of infection by taking the drug Truvada in what is known as the PrEP regimen, but its use is only approved for adults. "Several studies have shown that daily oral PrEP is effective in preventing HIV among people at high risk of becoming infected, but none of them included adolescents under age 18," explained study author Dr. Bill Kapogiannis, of the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. "Our study suggests that this therapy can safely reduce HIV risk for those under 18." For the study, researchers led by Sybil Hosek, of the Cook County Health & ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Truvada

Only About One-Third of Americans Use Condoms: CDC

Posted 10 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Condoms can help prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but only about a third of Americans use them, a new federal report shows. "The use of condoms is a public health issue," said report author Casey Copen, a statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. "STDs can lead to long-term consequences, such as infertility," she said. "Condoms, when used consistently and correctly, reduce the risk of HIV and STDs." About 20 million new cases of STDs are diagnosed each year in the United States, the CDC said. These infections include human papillomavirus (HPV), gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis and HIV. The choice of whether to use a condom or not is influenced by a number of factors. These include: a woman's desire to get pregnant, one's experience using other ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Depo-Provera, Nexplanon, Mirena, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Hepatitis C, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa

HIV Treatment Protects Uninfected Partner From the Virus

Posted 26 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 – HIV treatment prevented transmission of the virus in gay couples when only one partner had the virus, a new study shows. The research included 358 such gay couples in Australia, Brazil and Thailand. The HIV-positive partners received treatment that reduced the amount of virus in the blood to undetectable levels. The participants were followed from 2012 to 2016. During that time, the couples reported nearly 17,000 instances of anal intercourse without a condom. None resulted in HIV transmission, the study authors said. "Undetectable virus level effectively prevents HIV transmission among gay couples," said chief study investigator Andrew Grulich, a professor at the Kirby Institute at the University of New South Wales in Australia. "This is life-changing news for couples of differing HIV status. But it is important that the HIV positive partner is under regular ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Tamiflu, Incivek, Truvada, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Kaletra, Telaprevir, Tenofovir, Ritonavir, Entecavir, Hepsera, Boceprevir, Oseltamivir, Abacavir, Raltegravir

Bacteria May Explain Why Uncircumcised Face Higher HIV Risk

Posted 25 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 – For the first time, bacteria that live under the foreskin of uncircumcised straight men have been linked to a rise in the risk for contracting HIV, new research indicates. Researchers found four specific types of bacteria tied to a higher risk of the AIDS-causing virus. These bacteria are part of the microbiome – a collection of microorganisms found in a particular area – of the area on the penis located under the foreskin. The study of African men revealed that whenever these bacteria increase in quantity by a factor of 10, HIV risk appears to rise by as much as 63 percent. "We found that heterosexual men who carried certain kinds of bacteria on their penises were more likely to get infected by HIV," explained study lead author Dr. Cindy Liu. She's an assistant professor of environmental and occupational health with George Washington University's Milken ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, HIV Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation

Meds by Monthly Injection Might Revolutionize HIV Care

Posted 24 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 – Getting a shot of medication to control HIV every month or two instead of having to take pills every day could transform the way the virus is kept at bay. New research suggests that injectable, long-acting antiretroviral therapy for HIV is as safe and effective as oral medications. The injection – given every four or eight weeks – includes the drugs cabotegravir and rilpivirine. "We have made considerable advances in the treatment of HIV over the last several decades," said study lead author Dr. David Margolis. "But for many patients living with HIV, it still remains a challenge to take daily oral medication, either because they are unable to or they choose not to. So it is important to find alternatives." Margolis is medical director of ViiV Healthcare in Research Triangle Park, N.C., the developer of this new approach and the company that funded the trial. ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Kaletra, Tenofovir, Telaprevir, Ritonavir, Hepsera, Boceprevir, Abacavir, Entecavir, Lamivudine, Raltegravir, Dolutegravir

Wider Access to Meds Cuts Global AIDS Deaths in Half

Posted 20 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 – AIDS-related deaths worldwide have been halved since 2005 as more people were able to get lifesaving drugs, UNAIDS (a United Nations Program) says in a new report. In 2016, 19.5 million (53 percent) of the almost 37 million people living with HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) had access to HIV treatment. AIDS-related deaths fell from 1.9 million in 2005 to 1 million in 2016. If the treatment trend continues, the goal to provide drugs for 30 million HIV patients by 2020 will be achieved, according to the report. "We met the 2015 target of 15 million people on treatment and we are on track to double that number to 30 million and meet the 2020 target," said Michel Sidibe, executive director of UNAIDS. "We will continue to scale up to reach everyone in need and honor our commitment of leaving no one behind," Sidibe said in a program news release. The greatest ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Tamiflu, Atripla, Incivek, Truvada, Stribild, Complera, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Tenofovir, Kaletra, Telaprevir, Ritonavir, Abacavir, Entecavir, Boceprevir

Most U.S. Teens Aren't 'Doing It'

Posted 22 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – Sex is everywhere in the media, and so you may be convinced that today's teens are always looking to "hook-up." But new federal research says it's just not so. Instead, the study found that most teenagers in high school aren't sexually active. "The myth is that every kid in high school is having sex, and it's not true," noted Dr. Cora Breuner, a professor of pediatrics at Seattle Children's Hospital, who reviewed the findings. "It's less than half, and it's been less than half for more than 10 years," she said. The study found that only 42 percent of girls and 44 percent of boys aged 15 to 19 reported having sex at least once. And Breuner said that finding is nothing new. Going back to 2002, fewer than half of older teens told researchers that they are sexually active, federal data show. Further, most teens who choose to go all the way wind up losing their ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Plan B, Emergency Contraception, Depo-Provera, Nexplanon, Mirena, NuvaRing, Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, TriNessa, Mononessa

Could a Monetary Perk Help Keep HIV Patients on Their Meds?

Posted 22 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 21, 2017 – There are mixed results from a new study on the use of monetary rewards to help boost the odds that HIV-infected patients will enter care, and take their meds as directed. The study, conducted at HIV clinics in New York City and Washington, D.C., found that financial incentives such as gift cards could improve the likelihood that HIV patients would take antiretroviral medications that suppress the AIDS-causing virus. But the effect was modest in patients already receiving care, and the gift cards had little effect on increasing the number of new HIV-positive patients who got treated, the study authors said. Still, lead author Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr called the results "encouraging" and said they "should motivate efforts to pursue the further assessment of using financial incentives in HIV treatment programs and to determine their potential impact when scaled up." ... Read more

Related support groups: Harvoni, HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Atripla, Epclusa, Incivek, Truvada, Triumeq, Stribild, Zepatier, Complera, Genvoya, Victrelis, Baraclude, Viread, Norvir, Prezista, Telaprevir, Tenofovir, Kaletra

6 Experts Resign from President's HIV/AIDS Advisory Panel in Protest

Posted 19 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

Six experts resigned from the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS because Donald Trump "simply does not care," one of the members wrote in an op/ed piece in Newsweek. Scott Schoettes, counsel and HIV Project Director at Lambda Legal, and five other members resigned on June 13. The council provides advice, information, and recommendations to the Secretary of Health and Human Services to promote effective treatment, prevention, and an eventual cure for HIV. However, as "advocates for people living with HIV, we have dedicated our lives to combating this disease and no longer feel we can do so effectively within the confines of an advisory body to a president who simply does not care," Schoettes wrote in the article published June 16. "The Trump Administration has no strategy to address the on-going HIV/AIDS epidemic, seeks zero input from experts to formulate HIV policy, and – most ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Truvada, Baraclude, Viread, Tenofovir, Entecavir, Hepsera, Abacavir, Lamivudine, Nevirapine, Intelence, Viramune XR, Telbivudine, Retrovir, Efavirenz, Vemlidy, Viramune, Stavudine, Sustiva

FDA Approves First Generic Truvada for HIV Infection and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)

Posted 14 Jun 2017 by Drugs.com

June 8, 2017 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first generic version of Truvada for the treatment of HIV-1, in combination with other antiretroviral agents, and for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in combination with safer sex practices to prevent sexually-acquired HIV infection in adults at high risk. PrEP may be part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy that includes safer sex practices, such as consistent and correct condom use, regular HIV testing and risk reduction counseling. As part of PrEP, HIV-uninfected individuals who are at high risk of sexually acquired HIV infection take antiretroviral medication daily to try to lower their chances of becoming infected with HIV if they are exposed to the virus. The most common side effects reported by HIV-1 infected individuals using emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in clinical trials included ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Truvada, Emtricitabine/Tenofovir

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