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Related terms: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis HIV Infection, PrEP, Reducing Risk of HIV Infection

Scientists Zero in on Better Saliva-Based HIV Test

Posted 29 Jan 2018 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 29, 2018 – An experimental saliva-based HIV test shows promise, researchers report. The new test may be able to detect early evidence of HIV antibodies in saliva as reliably as a blood test, according to the scientists who developed it. The antibodies are produced by the immune system to fight HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. "The earlier you can detect, the better, because people ...

U.S. Efforts to Help Fight Global HIV Are Paying Off

Posted 25 Jan 2018 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 24, 2018 – A U.S. government program to prevent, treat and care for people with HIV/AIDS in poor countries has been highly effective and should continue, experts say. Since 2003, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has provided drug therapy to more than 13 million men, women and children, as well as voluntary circumcisions to more than 15.2 million men to ...

HIV Is Gaining Resistance to Lifesaving Drugs

Posted 1 Dec 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 1, 2017 – A new study warns of a potential return to the "bad old days" when there were no effective drugs to fight HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Timed for release on Dec. 1, World AIDS Day, the new study looked at data on more than 56,000 adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. In total, patients in 63 low- and middle-income countries were screened, ...

U.S.-Funded HIV Prevention Effort Reaps Rewards in Uganda

Posted 30 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 30, 2017 – A program that includes male circumcision and antiviral drug treatment led to a sharp drop in HIV infection rates in a high-risk region of Uganda, researchers report. Their study of a U.S.-funded HIV prevention program in the rural Rakai District on the shore of Lake Victoria followed 34,000 people. The program provides a number of free services, including anti-HIV ...

HIV Diagnoses Occurring More Quickly, CDC Says

Posted 28 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 28, 2017 – U.S. health care providers are getting better at detecting new cases of HIV infection, although it still can take years for people to know they've acquired the dreaded virus, federal officials reported Tuesday. The average time between HIV infection and diagnosis was three years in 2015, seven months earlier than it had been in 2011, according to researchers from the ...

Pot May Alter Brain Function of Some With HIV

Posted 28 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 27, 2017 – Using marijuana when you have HIV could lead to problems with brain function if you also abuse alcohol or drugs, a new study finds. "People with HIV infection have many reasons to have cognitive dysfunction, from the virus itself to medications for HIV infection and related conditions, particularly as they age," said lead researcher Richard Saitz. He's a professor and ...

Almost 21 Million Worldwide Now Have Access to HIV Meds

Posted 21 Nov 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 21, 2017 – The number of people with HIV who take life-saving antiretroviral medications has increased by tens of millions worldwide in recent decades, a United Nations report says. The number rose from 685,000 in 2000 to 20.9 million as of June 2017, according to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS. "Many people do not remember that in 2000 there were only 90 ...

Are HIV and AIDS Poised for a Comeback?

Posted 25 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 25, 2017 – The advent of powerful drugs in the mid-1990s brought remarkable gains in survival for HIV patients who had access to the medications. But a team of experts now warns that the global HIV pandemic continues and is at risk of expanding, given the worrisome global rise of HIV resistance to antiretroviral (ART) medications. "Current trends in HIV drug resistance are very ...

Antibody Injections in Pregnancy Might Shield Fetus From Zika

Posted 4 Oct 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 – A new antibody "cocktail" promises to provide effective, if temporary, protection against the Zika virus, a new study reports. A blend of three potent antibodies completely prevented Zika infection in a group of four lab monkeys, said senior researcher David Watkins, a professor of pathology with the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Regular injections of ...

Fighting HIV on Multiple Fronts Might Lead to Vaccine

Posted 20 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 20, 2017 – A combination antibody strategy could be the key to halting the spread of HIV, according to results from two promising animal studies. Two separate research groups completely protected their own sets of lab monkeys from HIV infection using this combination vaccination strategy, albeit in two very different ways. One group inoculated their monkeys with a "cocktail" of ...

HIV and Smoking a Lethal Combo for the Lungs

Posted 18 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 18, 2017 – HIV patients who take their medication but also smoke are about 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from AIDS-related causes, a new study estimates. Lifesaving antiretroviral drugs have improved life expectancy to the point that patients now have more to fear from tobacco than HIV, said lead researcher Dr. Krishna Reddy. "Thanks to antiretroviral medicines, ...

Truvada Helped Protect Gay Teen Males From HIV

Posted 5 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 – A group of gay and bisexual teenage males safely used a medication that prevents HIV infection, though some failed to follow the drug regimen fully and became infected, researchers report. People at risk for becoming infected with the virus that causes AIDS can dramatically lower their risk of infection by taking the drug Truvada in what is known as the PrEP regimen, but ...

Only About One-Third of Americans Use Condoms: CDC

Posted 10 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 – Condoms can help prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but only about a third of Americans use them, a new federal report shows. "The use of condoms is a public health issue," said report author Casey Copen, a statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. "STDs can lead to ...

HIV Treatment Protects Uninfected Partner From the Virus

Posted 26 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 – HIV treatment prevented transmission of the virus in gay couples when only one partner had the virus, a new study shows. The research included 358 such gay couples in Australia, Brazil and Thailand. The HIV-positive partners received treatment that reduced the amount of virus in the blood to undetectable levels. The participants were followed from 2012 to 2016. During ...

Bacteria May Explain Why Uncircumcised Face Higher HIV Risk

Posted 25 Jul 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 – For the first time, bacteria that live under the foreskin of uncircumcised straight men have been linked to a rise in the risk for contracting HIV, new research indicates. Researchers found four specific types of bacteria tied to a higher risk of the AIDS-causing virus. These bacteria are part of the microbiome – a collection of microorganisms found in a particular area ...

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