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Related terms: Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, PTSD, PSTD, Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Sleep Disorders 6 Times Higher Among Veterans

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 20, 2016 – Sleep disorders are six times more likely among American military veterans than in the general population, a new study finds. And veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) seem to have the highest rates, the researchers said. The research involved more than 9.7 million veterans treated by the Veterans Health Administration system between 2000 and 2010. The majority (93 percent) of these military service members were men. Slightly more than 750,000 were diagnosed with at least one sleep disorder, the study authors said. Over the course of 11 years, the investigators found that the rate of sleep disorders rose from less than 1 percent to nearly 6 percent. Sleep disorders were most common among veterans who had experienced combat and those with PTSD. "Veterans with PTSD had a very high sleep disorder prevalence of 16 percent, the highest among the ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Fatigue, Nightmares, Sleep Apnea, Narcolepsy, Night Terrors, Drowsiness, Sleep Paralysis, Cataplexy, Insomnia - Stimulant-Associated, Hypersomnia, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Alcohol-Induced Sleep Disorder

Can Trauma Trigger Violent Crime in Mentally Ill?

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – People with serious mental illness who are victims of violence or exposed to stressful events are more likely to engage in a violent crime in the week following the trauma, a new study contends. Stressful experiences also affect people without psychiatric disorders, but not to the same extent, the researchers said. Some stressful events – such as being violently victimized, injured in an accident, losing one's parents or self-harming – act as "triggers," said study co-author Dr. Seena Fazel. He is a professor of forensic psychiatry at the University of Oxford in England. Experiencing one of these events increases the risk of committing a violent criminal act within a week of the trigger, especially in people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, Fazel said. People diagnosed with these conditions have higher rates of criminal convictions than the general ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Drug Psychosis, Executive Function Disorder

Are 'Workaholics' Prone to OCD, Anxiety?

Posted 10 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 – Some workaholics may be prone to mental health disorders, compared to folks with greater work-life balance, new research suggests. These disorders may include anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, the study authors said. The findings, based on a review of more than 15,000 Norwegians, suggest that "taking work to the extreme may be a sign of deeper psychiatric issues," said study lead author Cecilie Schou Andreassen. "Physicians should not take for granted that a seemingly successful workaholic doesn't have these disorders," said Schou Andreassen, a clinical psychologist with the University of Bergen, in Norway. The research doesn't delve into cause and effect, so it's not clear how mental health issues and overwork might be linked. Nor should hard workers be labeled as workaholics, although ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Performance Anxiety

'Hidden' Brain Injury a Challenge for Military Doctors

Posted 10 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 – Soldiers who survive explosive blasts may suffer from a distinctive pattern of "hidden" brain injury, a small study finds. "Blast-related brain injuries are the signature injury of modern military conflicts," said study senior author Dr. Daniel Perl, of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, in Bethesda, Md. "Although routine imaging for blast-related traumatic brain injury often shows no brain abnormalities, soldiers frequently report debilitating neuropsychiatric symptoms such as headaches, sleep disturbance, memory problems, erratic behavior and depression, suggesting structural damage to the brain," he explained. "Because the underlying pathophysiology is unknown, we have difficulty diagnosing and treating these 'invisible wounds,' " Perl said. For the study, researchers analyzed the brain tissue of eight U.S. military personnel who ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Head Injury, Head Imaging

Mentally Ill Still Gain Illegal Possession of Guns, Study Shows

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 7, 2016 – Almost two-thirds of violent gun crime arrests among the mentally ill were people who were already legally prohibited from having a firearm, a new study from Florida reveals. And close to one-third of the suicides carried out by the mentally ill were among people who weren't legally allowed to possess a firearm, the study found. "That's a failure of the enforcement mechanism," said study lead author Jeffrey Swanson. That troubling finding reflects a problem with the criteria for identifying individuals at risk, added Swanson, a professor with Duke University School of Medicine's department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. Mental illness causes only a small fraction of gun violence in the United States, around 3 to 5 percent, said Colleen Barry, a professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. The Duke study "does bring new ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Women More Prone to Anxiety Than Men, Review Finds

Posted 6 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 6, 2016 – Struggling with anxiety? Then odds are you're a woman and you live in either North America or Western Europe. That's the conclusion of a new British study that found that women are twice as likely to suffer from anxiety as men. Moreover, people in North America and Western Europe are more prone to anxiety disorders than those from other parts of the world. In North America, nearly eight of 100 people suffer from anxiety – the most in the world. In East Asia, it's fewer than three in 100 – the lowest, the review authors noted. "Anxiety is important and shouldn't be overlooked," said lead researcher Olivia Remes, who's with the department of public health and primary care at the University of Cambridge's Strangeways Research Laboratory. "Sometimes people think that anxiety is just a part of their personality or that there's nothing they can do about it, but there ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia, Performance Anxiety, Avoidant Personality Disorder

Pet Pooch May Help Ease PTSD in Veterans

Posted 29 May 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 – Dogs may be more than best friends for military veterans struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a small study suggests. Researchers found that vets who were given pet dogs showed significant improvement in their PTSD symptoms. The study included 19 U.S. veterans receiving treatment for the condition. PTSD can develop as a reaction to a terrifying event, such as war, natural disasters, sexual assault and other physical violence or trauma. People with the condition may have prolonged anxiety, flashbacks, nightmares and other life-altering symptoms. Nine of the veterans were randomly selected to receive a dog immediately. The other 10 were placed on a three-month waiting list for a dog. The dogs were simply pets, not trained service animals. Not only did the veterans with dogs show fewer PTSD symptoms, they also reported lower levels of depression ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Predeployment Riskiest Time for Military Suicide Attempts

Posted 25 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 – Suicide attempts in the military aren't necessarily combat-driven. At the height of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the U.S. Army soldiers most likely to try to kill themselves were never deployed, new research shows. Moreover, risk was greatest just two months into service, according to the study of more than 163,000 soldiers. But the findings aren't a sign that going to war protects soldiers against suicide. "It is more likely that those who are not deployed are already at a higher risk for suicide, and that is one of the reasons they were not cleared to deploy," said Alan Peterson, professor and chief of behavioral medicine at University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. Peterson, a military mental health researcher, wasn't involved in the study. Suicide rates within the military exploded during the wars of the last 15 years, said study lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Dysthymia, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Gulf War Syndrome

Antidepressants Not Just for Depression Any More

Posted 24 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 – Doctors prescribe antidepressants for a wide range of medical problems other than depression, apparently fueling the boom in sales of these medications, researchers report. Depression accounts for only a little more than half the antidepressant prescriptions issued by Quebec physicians during the past decade, the Canadian study found. Doctors also issued antidepressants to treat anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain, panic disorders, fibromyalgia, migraine, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and a host of other "off-label" conditions for which the drugs are not approved, according to the report. Two out of every three non-depression prescriptions for antidepressants were handed out under an off-label purpose, the findings showed. "The thing that's of concern here is that when prescribing for conditions other than depression, often these are for indications such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Headache, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Lexapro, Fibromyalgia, Sleep Disorders, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Migraine, Effexor, Insomnia, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil

Sexual Trauma in Military May Lead to Homelessness: Study

Posted 20 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 20, 2016 – U.S. veterans have a higher risk of homelessness if they suffered sexual trauma while in the service, and the odds are worse for men than women, a new study finds. Military sexual trauma is the name for psychological trauma resulting "from a physical assault of a sexual nature, battery of a sexual nature, or sexual harassment which occurred while the veteran was serving on active duty or active duty for training," according to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Since 2004, VA medical facilities have screened for it in all veterans seeking care. About one-quarter of female veterans and 1 percent of male veterans report being victims of military sexual trauma during their military service, according to background notes with the study. Researchers analyzed data from more than 603,000 veterans, average age 39, who left the military between 2001 and 2011 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Psychiatric Disorders, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Sexual Deviations or Disorders

Doctors Issue Call to Combat Climate Change

Posted 18 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 – Climate change is already harming people's health by promoting illnesses linked to warmer temperatures and changing weather patterns, a leading group of U.S. doctors says in a new position paper. As a result, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is calling for "aggressive, concerted" action to fight climate change by curbing man-made greenhouse gas emissions. Respiratory illnesses, heat stroke and infectious diseases like Zika virus, dengue fever and cholera are flourishing as global temperatures rise, said Dr. Wayne Riley, president of the college. "Our climate is already changing and people are already being harmed. If we don't begin to address climate change, we're going to see more and more manifestations of these health problems," Riley said. "There is clear, compelling scientific consensus that climate change is real," he added. "There is no dispute." ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Migraine, Allergies, Asthma, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Sinusitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Migraine Prevention, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dyspnea, Migraine Prophylaxis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia

Study: Many Vets Struggle With Suicidal Thoughts, Need More Help From VA

Posted 12 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 12, 2016 – Almost 14 percent of U.S. veterans surveyed during a two-year Veterans Affairs (VA) study reported having suicidal thoughts. More than 2,000 veterans were surveyed in 2011 and again in 2013. Each time they were asked whether they'd had suicidal thoughts in the past two weeks. Nearly 4 percent reported suicidal thoughts in the first survey, about 5 percent reported such thoughts in the second survey, and about 5 percent reported suicidal thoughts in both surveys – called chronic suicidal thinking. Overall, 13.7 percent reported suicidal thinking in one or both surveys, the researchers said in a VA media release. A U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study published in 2011 found that 3.7 percent of American adults reported suicidal thoughts in the previous year. The VA's findings show the need for ongoing monitoring of suicidal thoughts among ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Dysthymia, Depressive Psychosis

Mindfulness Training May Ease PTSD

Posted 1 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 – Mindfulness training can trigger brain changes that help veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manage disturbing memories and thoughts, according to a new study of war veterans. The goal of mindfulness training is to help people develop in-the-moment attention and awareness. This study included 23 U.S. veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars who all received some form of group therapy. After four months of weekly sessions, many had reductions in their PTSD symptoms. However, some of the participants received mindfulness training, and only those veterans showed brain activity changes that could be detected on functional MRI brain scans. Before mindfulness training, when the veterans with PTSD were resting quietly, they had extra activity in brain regions involved in responding to threats or outside problems, the study authors said. After ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Head Imaging

How to Tell If Your Teen Has a Mental Health Problem

Posted 29 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 29, 2016 – Mood swings and other challenging behaviors are normal in teens, which can make it difficult for parents to spot serious mental health problems such as depression and anxiety, an expert says. One in five teens will develop a serious mental health disorder, with most beginning by age 15. In many cases, however, they don't receive treatment until years later, according to Dr. Aaron Krasner, an adolescent psychiatrist and Transitional Living Service chief at Silver Hill Hospital in New Canaan, Conn. "Only 20 percent of children with mental disorders are identified and receive necessary mental health services. As a society, we have to do a lot better than that," he said in a hospital news release. A number of signs can alert parents to problems, Krasner said. These include significant changes in behavior at home or school, an unexpected decline in school ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia, Performance Anxiety, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Avoidant Personality Disorder

PTSD May Stiffen Veterans' Arteries, Boosting Heart Risks

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 – Veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may have blood vessels that don't expand normally, a new study suggests. If vessels don't widen as they should, the risk of heart attack and stroke goes up, the researchers noted. The researchers also found that risk factors usually associated with blood vessel problems – such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and smoking – didn't seem to account for why people with PTSD were more likely to have blood vessels that didn't dilate properly. The researchers suspect that stress may be to blame. "We believe that we should try to gain a better understanding of the relationship between mental illness and cardiovascular health," said lead researcher Dr. Marlene Grenon. She's an associate professor of surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, and the Veterans Affairs Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Heart Disease, Angina, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Atherosclerosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Coronary Arteriography

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