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Mixed Progress in Worldwide Fight Against HIV/AIDS

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 – The number of HIV/AIDS deaths worldwide each year has fallen since peaking in 2005, but the number of new HIV infections is up in 74 countries, according to a new study. Deaths from HIV/AIDS fell to 1.2 million in 2015 from 1.8 million in 2005. Though the number of new HIV infections has decreased since a peak of 3.3 million in 1997, it has been relatively stable at about 2.5 million a year for the past decade. Worldwide, new HIV infections fell just 0.7 percent a year between 2005 and 2015, compared to 2.7 percent a year between 1997 and 2005, the study found. Sub-Saharan Africa continued to be a trouble spot, accounting for three-quarters of new HIV infections (1.8 million) in 2015. Last year, south Asia had 8.5 percent (212,500) of new infections; southeast Asia, 4.7 percent (117,500); and east Asia, 2.3 percent (57,500). Between 2005 and 2015, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, HIV Infection, Tamiflu, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Baraclude, Victrelis, Oseltamivir, Viread, Kaletra, Norvir, Tenofovir, Entecavir, Telaprevir, Nevirapine, Boceprevir, Prezista, Reyataz, Abacavir, Hepsera

Pregnant Women Benefit From Tamiflu at First Sign of Flu: Study

Posted 9 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Early treatment with the antiviral drug Tamiflu (oseltamivir) may shorten hospital stays for pregnant women with the flu, especially those who are severely ill, new research suggests. Pregnant women are at increased risk for serious illness, complications and death from the flu, the study authors said. The new study looked at 865 pregnant women in 14 states who were hospitalized with the flu between 2010 and 2014. Sixty-three were severely ill. Among severely ill women, the median hospital stay was 2.2 days for those who began Tamiflu treatment within two days of developing flu symptoms, compared with 7.8 days for those who began treatment later, according to the study. The findings were published online Feb. 3 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Among those with less severe flu, those who began Tamiflu treatment early also had shorter hospital stays than ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tamiflu, Delivery, Oseltamivir, Labor Pain, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Influenza with Pneumonia

Alcohol More Harmful for People With HIV, Study Suggests

Posted 9 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 – Drinking alcohol may be more dangerous for people infected with HIV, a new study suggests. The effects of alcohol appear to be more pronounced for those with the virus that causes AIDS, even when the virus is suppressed with modern antiretroviral treatment (ART), the Yale University researchers reported. They noted that HIV patients who have just one or two drinks a day are at greater risk for death or alcohol-related health issues. The study involved patients treated by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs between 2008 and 2012. There were more than 18,000 HIV-positive patients and over 42,000 people not infected with the virus. The researchers investigated the link between drinking alcohol, death and other health issues the patients developed. They found the patients with HIV who drank even moderate amounts of alcohol were more likely to develop ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Alcohol Dependence, Tamiflu, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Alcoholism, Hangover, Baraclude, Victrelis, Oseltamivir, Viread, Tenofovir, Kaletra, Norvir, Telaprevir, Entecavir, Boceprevir, Nevirapine, Prezista, Reyataz

CDC: Black Americans With HIV Still Less Likely to Get Ongoing Medical Care

Posted 5 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 – While HIV diagnoses dropped significantly over the past decade in the United States, blacks with HIV are less likely than whites or Hispanics to receive routine, ongoing care, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. From 2005 to 2014, annual HIV diagnoses fell 19 percent in the United States. Infections among black women dropped 42 percent during this period. Despite this progress in the fight against HIV, racial disparities persist, the CDC found. While black people make up 12 percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for nearly half of all HIV diagnoses in 2014. "CDC has been working for many years to eliminate the HIV disparities that exist within the black community," Dr. Eugene McCray, director of the CDC's Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, said in an agency news release. "While we are seeing signs of success, we must continue ... Read more

Related support groups: Harvoni, HIV Infection, Tamiflu, Atripla, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, Triumeq, Stribild, Complera, Baraclude, Victrelis, Oseltamivir, Viread, Tenofovir, Kaletra, Norvir, Entecavir, Genvoya, Telaprevir

New HIV Treatment Shows Promise in Early Research

Posted 23 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 – Preliminary new research raises the prospect that a recently discovered antibody – an important component of the immune system – could be enlisted to boost the body's response to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. A single injection of the antibody, currently dubbed VRC01, dramatically reduced the level of HIV in the blood of people who hadn't yet been given antiretroviral drug treatment (ART). ART is the current standard treatment for managing HIV infections, according to the study's authors from the Vaccine Research Center at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Md. But in people who'd already been treated with ART, the antibody injection had no effect on HIV levels, presumably because the ART therapy had already reduced the levels of HIV virus in their blood, the researchers said. And the researchers were quick to note ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Tamiflu, Ribavirin, Valacyclovir, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Zovirax, Baraclude, Victrelis, Famciclovir, Famvir, Oseltamivir, Viread, Copegus, Kaletra, Valcyte, Norvir, Tenofovir

FDA Lifts Ban on Blood Donations by Gay Men

Posted 21 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – Gay and bisexual men who have abstained from sex for one year will now be allowed to donate blood in the United States. The new policy, announced Monday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, reverses a three-decades-old ban on donations from this group of men that traces back to the start of the AIDS epidemic. "The FDA's responsibility is to maintain a high level of blood product safety for people whose lives depend on it," FDA Acting Commissioner Stephen Ostroff said in an agency news release. "We have taken great care to ensure this policy revision is backed by sound science and continues to protect our blood supply." The FDA said it was changing its policy based on data from other countries that show allowing such donations would not increase the risk of HIV-tainted blood entering America's blood supply. FDA officials have estimated that about half of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Blood Disorders, Bleeding Disorder, Harvoni, HIV Infection, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Anemia, Tamiflu, Atripla, Ribavirin, Valacyclovir, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Blood Transfusion, Zovirax, Truvada, Triumeq, Stribild, Complera, Baraclude

Almost Half of American Adults With HIV Don't Take Meds: Report

Posted 24 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2015 – Almost half of American adults infected with HIV don't take medications that can prevent them from developing AIDS, a new government report shows. The statistics, based on data gathered from 2007 to 2012, are a few years out of date, so it's not clear whether the situation has changed. Still, the report – an analysis of people aged 18 to 59 – suggests a widespread lack of recommended care. "Based on what we know nowadays, everyone who's HIV-positive should be on therapy," said Dr. Carlos del Rio, co-director of the Center for AIDS Research at Emory University, in Atlanta. "This highlights the challenges we have ahead because we have such an unequal epidemic." The report, authored by Dr. Joseph Woodring of the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, estimated the prevalence of HIV infection based on a survey of more than 10,000 people. The survey found ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Tamiflu, Sovaldi, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Baraclude, Victrelis, Sofosbuvir, Oseltamivir, Viread, Kaletra, Norvir, Tenofovir, Entecavir, Telaprevir, Boceprevir, Prezista, Reyataz, Nevirapine, Hepsera

Early Treatment With Flu Antivirals May Shorten Seniors' Hospital Stay

Posted 3 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2015 – Early antiviral treatment for seniors with severe cases of the flu may shorten their hospital stay and reduce the need for extended care after discharge, a new government study finds. "Flu can be extremely serious in older people, leading to hospitalization and, in some cases, long-term disability. This important study shows that people 65 and older should seek medical care early when they develop flu symptoms," Dr. Dan Jernigan, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's influenza division, said in an agency news release on the study. People aged 65 and older are at high risk for serious flu complications and should be treated with antiviral drugs as early as possible, according to the CDC. In the study, CDC researchers analyzed data gathered from more than 250 hospitals in 13 states during three consecutive flu seasons (2010-2013), to ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tamiflu, Oseltamivir, Zanamivir, Relenza, Rapivab, Peramivir

Many U.S. AIDS Patients Still Die When 'Opportunistic' Infections Strike

Posted 1 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2015 – Even after the advent of powerful medications for suppressing HIV, a new study finds that more than one-third of people in San Francisco who were diagnosed with an AIDS-related infection died within five years. "The main cause of mortality arises from people stopping treatment entirely," said Dr. Robert Grant, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, who reviewed the findings but was not involved in the research. When HIV treatment lapses, so-called "opportunistic" infections and illnesses can arise, posing a real threat to patients' health, he explained. The bottom line, according to Grant, is that there is still "a long way to go" in prolonging the lives of Americans with HIV/AIDS. The new study was led by Dr. Sandra Schwarcz, associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California, San Francisco. She and her ... Read more

Related support groups: Harvoni, HIV Infection, Tamiflu, Atripla, Sovaldi, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Incivek, Truvada, Stribild, Triumeq, Complera, Baraclude, Victrelis, Sofosbuvir, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare - Treatment, Oseltamivir, Viread, Norvir, Tenofovir

Global Trial Finds HIV Drugs Should Be Taken Right After Diagnosis

Posted 28 May 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 – People with HIV should start taking medications to battle the virus that causes AIDS as soon as they're diagnosed, a new international study finds. Scientists involved in the trial were so impressed by the health benefits of early use of HIV drugs that they shut the study down early so they could offer the medications to all participants. The findings could alter World Health Organization guidelines about the best way to treat people with HIV, experts said. Currently, WHO recommends that HIV patients not start treatment until their immune system show signs of weakening. "We now have clear-cut proof that it is of significantly greater health benefit to an HIV-infected person to start antiretroviral therapy sooner rather than later," Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said in a statement. "Moreover, ... Read more

Related support groups: Harvoni, HIV Infection, Tamiflu, Atripla, Incivek, Truvada, Triumeq, Stribild, Complera, Baraclude, Victrelis, Oseltamivir, Viread, Tenofovir, Kaletra, Norvir, Entecavir, Telaprevir, Prezista, Nevirapine

Tamiflu Cuts One Day Off Average Flu Bout, Study Finds

Posted 30 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 29, 2015 – A review of the data suggests that the antiviral drug Tamiflu shortens the length of flu symptoms by about a day, and reduces the risk of flu-related complications such as pneumonia. The findings come from an analysis of nine published and unpublished randomized clinical trials of Tamiflu (oseltamivir) in adults. The data was provided to the researchers by Tamiflu's maker, Roche. The studies compared the effectiveness of the licensed 75-milligram dose of Tamiflu against a placebo in more than 4,300 adults who had the flu between 1997 and 2001. In patients with laboratory-confirmed flu, Tamiflu shorted the length of flu symptoms by 21 percent compared with the placebo, shortening the average flu bout from about five days to four. Compared to flu sufferers who took the placebo, patients who took Tamiflu also had a 44 percent lower risk of lower respiratory ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tamiflu, Oseltamivir

Flu Shot May Offer Less Protection This Winter: CDC

Posted 4 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 4, 2014 – This flu season looks like it could be worse than usual, due to an aggressive strain of influenza virus that might flout the protection provided by this year's vaccine, U.S. health officials warned Thursday. A strain of influenza called H3N2 appears to be circulating most widely this season, and in the past death rates from H3N2 have been more than double that of other flu strains, according to officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "We know that in seasons when H3 viruses predominate, we tend to have seasons that are worse flu years, with more hospitalizations from flu and more deaths from influenza," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said during a news briefing. To make matters more difficult, about half of the H3N2 viruses detected by CDC researchers so far appear to have mutated, and have genetically "drifted" away from the virus ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tamiflu, Oseltamivir, FluLaval, Afluria, FluMist, Fluzone, Flucelvax, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Relenza, Zanamivir, Fluogen, Fluvirin, Fluzone PFS, Fluarix, Fluzone SV, Agriflu, Flushield, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Live, Trivalent, Fluzone Preservative-Free

Study Finds Many Flu Patients Not Treated Appropriately

Posted 18 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 17, 2014 – Antiviral drugs aren't prescribed often enough for patients at high risk for flu complications, while too many of them receive unneeded antibiotics, a new study says. The findings show that doctors require more training about the proper use of antiviral and antibiotic drugs in treating flu patients, the researchers said. Unnecessary use of antibiotics contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. "Our results suggest that during 2012-13, antiviral medications were underprescribed and antibiotics may have been inappropriately prescribed to a large proportion of outpatients with influenza," wrote Dr. Fiona Havers and colleagues from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control Prevention and several other institutions. The researchers analyzed data from about 6,800 patients with flu symptoms seen at five outpatient care centers in Michigan, Pennsylvania, ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Influenza, Azithromycin, Augmentin, Zithromax, Tamiflu, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Amoxil, Zithromax Z-Pak, Z-Pak, Amoxil Pediatric Drops, Oseltamivir, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Amoclan, Augmentin XR, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Zithromax IV, Trimox, Augmentin ES-600, Biomox

Report Questions Effectiveness of Flu Meds

Posted 13 Apr 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 10, 2014 – No evidence exists to show that anti-flu medicines stockpiled by countries around the world protect people from the spread of flu or reduce related hospitalizations and complications, a new analysis contends. The report from the nonprofit Cochrane Collaboration urges world leaders who spend countless dollars on medications like Tamiflu and Relenza for use in an influenza pandemic to reconsider this practice. The findings, published April 10 in the BMJ, come from an analysis of internal reports of 20 Tamiflu (oseltamivir) and 26 Relenza (zanamivir) trials that involved more than 24,000 people. Taking one of these drugs may reduce flu symptoms in adults by less than a day compared to taking an inactive placebo, the researchers found. However, they said claims that the drugs – known as neuraminidase inhibitors – curb flu transmission or reduce complications ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tamiflu, Oseltamivir, Zanamivir, Relenza

Tamiflu Saved Lives During Swine Flu Pandemic, Study Confirms

Posted 18 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 18, 2014 – The antiviral drug Tamiflu reduced the risk of death by 25 percent among adults hospitalized during the 2009 H1N1 swine flu pandemic, according to a new review. Also, antiviral treatment within 48 hours of developing flu symptoms halved the risk of death compared with starting treatment later or receiving no treatment, according to the study, which was published March 18 in the journal The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. The risk of death rose by about 20 percent for every 24 hours that treatment was delayed after 48 hours since the start of symptoms, the researchers also found. "As expected, early treatment seems to be optimal, and treatment shouldn't be delayed by even one day to wait for diagnostic test results," Alicia Fry, of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wrote in an accompanying journal editorial. "However, if the patient presents for ... Read more

Related support groups: Tamiflu, Swine Influenza, Oseltamivir

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