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Related terms: Obsessive Compulsive Neurosis, OCD, Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder, OCPD

Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 – People with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, a new study finds. And that's true even though they're at higher risk for infection with the AIDS-causing virus, the researchers added. The study included nearly 57,000 Medicaid patients in California. They were between the ages of 18 and 67. They were all taking medications to treat bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression with psychosis. Just under 7 percent had HIV testing, compared with 5 percent of the state's general population in 2011, according to the study. The authors said their findings suggest a missed opportunity to treat HIV infection early in people with severe mental illness. The risk of HIV may be up to 15 percent higher in people with severe mental illness than in the general population, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, HIV Infection, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Drug Psychosis

Most Smokers With Mental Illness Want to Kick the Habit

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 – Nearly six in 10 Americans with severe mental illness smoke, and a new study suggests that many of them want to quit. The problem is that many of these patients don't get help from their psychiatrists and caseworkers, researchers report. "Patients with serious mental illness die an average of 25 years younger than people who don't have these problems, and smoking is a big factor," said study author Dr. Li-Shiun Chen. She's an assistant professor of psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "Smoking is a common and serious problem for our patients, and although smoking rates have been decreasing in the general population, the rates remain very high in this vulnerable population," Chen said in a university news release. In the past, psychiatric wards allowed patients to smoke so they could focus on treatment for their mental conditions, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Smoking, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Smoking Cessation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Drug Psychosis

For People With Mental Health Woes, Pets Can Be Invaluable

Posted 9 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 – Cats, dogs, birds and other pets can help people manage their mental disorders, a new study says. Researchers from the United Kingdom asked more than 50 adults with long-term mental conditions about the role pets play in their social networks. Sixty percent placed pets in the central and most important circle – above family, friends and hobbies. Another 20 percent placed pets in the second circle. Many said the constant presence and close proximity of their pets provide an immediate source of calm. For some, a pet helps distract them from symptoms and upsetting experiences such as hearing voices or suicidal thoughts. "You just want to sink into a pit... the cats force me to sort of still be involved with the world," one patient said. Another patient said: "I'm not thinking of the voices, I'm just thinking of the birds singing." The findings were published Dec. 8 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Autism, Eating Disorder, Psychosis

Health Tip: Thinking About Psychological Therapy?

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Psychological therapy involves more than discussing your problems with a professional. It can also help you cope with life's challenges, especially issues that bother you. Here are common reasons to seek therapy, courtesy of the American Academy of Family Physicians: Depression. Marital problems. Sexual issues. Stress and anxiety. Addiction. Grief and loss. Anger. Your career. Family issues. Chronic illness. Domestic violence. Eating disorders. Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Eating Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Neurosis, Severe Mood Dysregulation

Can Teens' Heart Rate, Blood Pressure Show Ties to Mental Ills?

Posted 26 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26, 2016 – A young man's future risk of mental disorders could be tied to higher-than-average heart rate or blood pressure in his late teens, a new European study suggests. Young men with a resting heart rate and blood pressure that's elevated – but still within normal range – seem more likely to develop a wide range of mental illnesses later in their lives, researchers found. These include an increased risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, the results show. "We are coming to appreciate that psychiatric illnesses are brain diseases, and our central nervous system, which is mediated from our brain, controls autonomic functions," like heart rate and blood pressure, said Dr. Victor Fornari. He is director of the division of child and adolescent psychiatry at Zucker Hillside Hospital in Glen Oaks, N.Y. "We should recognize it would ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Hypertension, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Retinopathy, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Prenatal Factors May Raise Child's Risk for OCD

Posted 6 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 6, 2016 – Pregnancy behaviors and certain childbirth complications may influence a child's risk of developing obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), a new study suggests. Cesarean sections, preterm and breech (backward) births, smoking while pregnant, and unusually large or small babies were all associated with increased risk for the mental health disorder, Swedish researchers reported. "The specific causes of OCD are unknown," said lead researcher Gustaf Brander, from the Center for Psychiatry Research at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. "While both genetic and environmental risk factors are thought to be associated with OCD, this is the first time that a set of environmental risk factors is convincingly associated with the condition," Brander said. People with OCD have uncontrollable recurring thoughts they try to deal with by repeating certain behaviors over and ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Smoking, Psychiatric Disorders, Delivery, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Are 'Workaholics' Prone to OCD, Anxiety?

Posted 10 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 10, 2016 – Some workaholics may be prone to mental health disorders, compared to folks with greater work-life balance, new research suggests. These disorders may include anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, the study authors said. The findings, based on a review of more than 15,000 Norwegians, suggest that "taking work to the extreme may be a sign of deeper psychiatric issues," said study lead author Cecilie Schou Andreassen. "Physicians should not take for granted that a seemingly successful workaholic doesn't have these disorders," said Schou Andreassen, a clinical psychologist with the University of Bergen, in Norway. The research doesn't delve into cause and effect, so it's not clear how mental health issues and overwork might be linked. Nor should hard workers be labeled as workaholics, although ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Performance Anxiety

Bullying Can Leave Lasting Mental Scars

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Bullying can lead to lasting psychological effects for both victims and tormentors, researchers report. More than 20 percent of children who have suffered bullying are prone to depression serious enough to require medical help by their late 20s, researchers from Finland said. "Frequent victimization at age 8 is associated with adult psychiatric disorders needing treatment," said lead researcher Dr. Andre Sourander, a professor in the department of child psychiatry at the University of Turku. Besides depression, researchers found that bullying or being bullied were associated with psychosis, anxiety, and drug and alcohol abuse. "We need to understand the importance of early peer and school experiences for children," Sourander said. "We should integrate a mental health perspective to anti-bullying campaigns, because early intervention can prevent long-term ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Opiate Dependence, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Opiate Withdrawal, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Drug Dependence, Agitation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Psychosis

Almost 1 in 10 Americans Has Lifelong Drug Problem

Posted 18 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 – Nearly one in 10 Americans has some type of lifelong drug use disorder, a new federal government survey finds. But only a quarter of them get the treatment they need, researchers said. The findings stem from a large U.S. National Institutes of Health survey. It's the first survey based on updated mental health guidelines that set a higher bar for diagnosing drug addiction than previous guidelines. "But the seriousness and persistence of the situation doesn't appear to have changed all that drastically since our last look at this," said study lead author Bridget Grant. "What we see," Grant added, "is that a little over 23 million Americans are directly affected with a lifelong problem. And many more are affected when you consider that the issue involves not just the user but also the user's family and social network. And on top of that we also see that ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Opiate Dependence, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Drug Dependence, Agitation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia

Computer-Based Psychotherapy Not as Effective as Standard Care

Posted 12 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – Computer-assisted cognitive behavioral therapy probably won't replace standard person-to-person therapy any time soon, new research suggests. The British study found that people did not follow through on computer-assisted therapy. Fewer than one in five completed six computer sessions, the researchers reported. Cognitive behavioral therapy – a form of talk therapy – is an effective treatment for depression. However, in-person therapy is not always available, so computer-assisted therapy was developed as a substitute. But until now, the effectiveness of computer-assisted therapy hadn't been studied. The study included almost 700 British patients with depression who were randomly assigned to receive either standard care from their doctor or standard care with one of two computer-assisted therapy packages – one a commercial product and the other a free online ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia, Performance Anxiety

Too Few Psychiatric Patients Screened for Diabetes: Study

Posted 11 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – Despite guidelines, diabetes screening rates are low among adults with severe mental illness who take antipsychotic medications, researchers find. In a new California study, fewer than one-third of mental health patients were screened for type 2 diabetes, despite an elevated risk for the disorder, the researchers reported in the Nov. 9 online edition of the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. Treatment with antipsychotic drugs contributes to this risk, the researchers explained. This class of drugs includes clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa) and risperidone (Risperdal), among others. Anyone taking them should undergo diabetes screening every year, the American Diabetes Association says. These drugs often cause weight gain, a contributing factor to type 2 diabetes, the study authors noted in a journal news release. "To improve care for persons with serious ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Diabetes, Type 2, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Schizophrenia, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Binge Eating Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders

Many Say Mental Health Care Is Vital, But Often Tough to Get

Posted 1 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2015 – Although most Americans think mental health care is important, they often believe it's expensive and hard to get, a new survey shows. In questioning more than 2,000 adults, nearly 90 percent said they place equal value on mental and physical health. But one-third said mental health care is inaccessible. And 40 percent said cost is a barrier to treatment for many people, the survey found. Forty-seven percent of respondents thought they have had a mental health condition, but only 38 percent of them had received treatment. Of those who were treated, most thought it was helpful, including 82 percent who got psychotherapy and 78 percent who received medications. The survey also found that 86 percent of participants knew that mental health disorders such as depression are risk factors for suicide. Only 47 percent knew that anxiety disorders also increase suicide ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Binge Eating Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Postpartum Depression

Could Brain Scans Help Guide Treatment for OCD?

Posted 26 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 26, 2015 – Psychotherapy can help some people avoid the disruptive behaviors linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and a new study suggests that brain scans can help spot those patients for whom the therapy will be most effective. The treatment is called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It works by placing patients in controlled situations where they are exposed to anxiety-causing stimuli, so that they gradually learn to deal better with these situations. "Cognitive behavioral therapy is in many cases very effective, at least in the short term," said Dr. Jamie Feusner, an associate professor of psychiatry at University of California, Los Angeles, and director of the Semel Institute's Adult OCD Program. However, the treatment is "costly, time-consuming, difficult for patients and, in many areas, not available," Feusner noted in a UCLA news release. So, "if ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Imaging

Scans May Spot People Who'll Benefit From Surgery for OCD

Posted 23 Dec 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 23, 2014 – Though most patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be successfully treated with medication and therapy, between 10 percent to 20 percent have a form of the illness that doesn't respond to standard care, experts say. However, patients with this so-called "refractory OCD" do have hope in the form of a type of brain surgery that disables certain brain networks believed to contribute to OCD. The challenge: to distinguish between patients most likely to benefit from the surgery, known as "dorsal anterior cingulotomy," from those who probably won't. Now new research, reported in the Dec. 23 online issue of JAMA Psychiatry, suggests that doctors may be able to spot candidates for the surgery by looking at a key structure in the targeted brain region. In the study, investigators conducted MRI scans of 15 refractory OCD patients, all of whom had undergone ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

People With OCD May Have Higher Odds for Schizophrenia: Study

Posted 3 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3, 2014 – People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be at higher risk for schizophrenia, a new study suggests. Still, the findings shouldn't cause undue worry in people with OCD, one expert said. "In the general population, about 1 percent of people are diagnosed with schizophrenia – a proportion that jumps to 2 percent among those who already have a diagnosis of OCD," explained Dr. Alan Manevitz, who was not involved in the study but reviewed its findings. "But even with this doubled risk, it would be alarmist to suggest that a person with OCD has a high chance of developing schizophrenia," said Manevitz, a clinical psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "In fact, that risk remains small." While OCD and schizophrenia are two distinct mental disorders, prior research has suggested a link between the two conditions. In the new study, Danish ... Read more

Related support groups: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia

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