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Migraine Prophylaxis News

FDA Approves Device to Help Curb Cluster Headaches

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – Cluster headaches, though rare, are among the most severe forms of headache a person can face. But there's new hope for at least some patients. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it has approved a hand-held device to treat these attacks. The noninvasive device, called gammaCore, works to reduce cluster headache pain by transmitting mild electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve through the skin on the neck. This is a large nerve that runs from the brain to the colon. One headache specialist said effective therapies are needed. Cluster headaches "can be devastating to a person," said Dr. Noah Rosen. "Although they are uncommon, affecting about 1 in 2,000, they are severe, disabling and poorly understood," said Rosen, who directs Northwell Health's Headache Center in Great Neck, N.Y. While certain medications such as sumatriptan (Imitrex) are used to ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Cluster Headaches, Migraine Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cluster-Tic Syndrome

A Healthier Weight May Mean Fewer Migraines

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 – Your weight just might influence your risk of migraine headaches, a new review finds. "Those with migraine and [their] doctors need to be aware that excessive weight and extreme weight loss are not good for [migraine sufferers], and that maintaining a healthy weight can decrease the risk of migraine," said study corresponding author Dr. B. Lee Peterlin. She is director of headache research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore. "Healthy lifestyle choices in terms of weight management and diet and exercise are warranted," she added. Migraines affect about 12 percent of U.S. adults, according to background information from Johns Hopkins. These debilitating headaches are often accompanied by throbbing, nausea and sensitivity to light and sounds. Peterlin's team evaluated 12 previously published studies with nearly 300,000 people, a process ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Migraine, Weight Loss, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis

Study Ties Some Migraines to Artery Tears in Neck, Raising Stroke Risk

Posted 7 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 6, 2017 – Some younger adults who suffer migraines may be at risk for tears in their neck arteries, which can increase the chances of a stroke, a new study suggests. Exactly what triggers these vessel tears is not clear, the researchers added. However, study author Dr. Alessandro Pezzini stressed that the probability that migraine sufferers would develop this condition – called arterial dissection – is still quite low. "Overall, migraine is a benign condition in the great majority of affected individuals," said Pezzini, a professor of neurology at the Universita degli Studi di Brescia in Italy. Of the nearly 2,500 stroke patients studied, aged 18 to 45, only 13 percent had strokes related to neck artery tears. This group was more likely to have high cholesterol, diabetes or be current smokers. When the researchers looked closer at the pattern of migraines linked with ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Trochleitis

Nasal 'Nerve Block' May Help Ease Kids' Migraines

Posted 5 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, March 5, 2017 – Kids and teens who suffer with migraines may find relief from a nasal "nerve block" that's commonly used in adults with the debilitating headaches, a new study suggests. During the procedure, a catheter is placed in each nostril and inserted until it reaches a bundle of nerves at the back of the nose. At that point, an anesthetic is released that deadens those nerves, thus relieving the headache pain. "The treatment does not require needles and often gives relief in just minutes, and relief can last for up to months," said lead researcher Dr. Robin Kaye, from Phoenix Children's Hospital. "Migraine headaches are really common in the pediatric population, and affect up to 12 percent of kids over the age of 12," she noted. These headaches can be debilitating for kids, and especially for teenagers, Kaye said. "When kids have these, it prevents them from ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Maintain, Migraine Prophylaxis, Lidoderm, Orajel, Pramoxine, Emla, Anbesol, Xylocaine Jelly, Phenol, Caladryl, Bactine, Lanacane, Caladryl Clear, Zilactin Toothache, Solarcaine, Nupercainal, Lidocaine Viscous, Proctofoam

Wireless Arm Patch May Blunt Migraine Pain

Posted 1 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 1, 2017 – A wireless arm patch may be a promising new treatment for migraine headaches, researchers report. Rubber electrodes and a chip in the patch produce electric impulses that block pain signals from reaching the brain, the study authors said. When a migraine starts, you can control the intensity of the electric impulses using a smartphone app, explained lead researcher Dr. David Yarnitsky, chair of neurology at Rambam Medical Center, in Haifa, Israel. "You can use skin stimulation at an intensity which is not painful and be able to stop or substantially diminish the development of a migraine attack, as long as you do it early enough in the migraine attack," he said. "There are no side effects," Yarnitsky added. "You feel a tingle in your upper arm." Before, when stimulation devices had been tested on migraines, they needed wires and were attached to the head, ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Migraine, Neuralgia, Migraine Prevention, Neuropathic Pain, Migraine Prophylaxis, Imitrex, Sumatriptan, Maxalt, Breakthrough Pain, Cafergot, Zomig, Relpax, Treximet, Midrin, Ergotamine, Pain/Fever, Frova, Rizatriptan, Maxalt-MLT

Migraine Linked to Higher Stroke Risk After Surgery

Posted 11 Jan 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 – Migraine sufferers may face a slightly higher risk of stroke after an operation, a new study suggests. The risk appears greatest among those who experience migraine with aura, where the headache also includes a visual disturbance, such as the appearance of flashing lights. People with these types of migraines have more than double the risk of stroke after surgery compared to people without migraines, the study found. And the odds that someone who has migraines without aura will have a stroke after surgery are still 75 percent higher than people not afflicted by migraines, the study found. However, experts stressed that the absolute risk of anyone suffering a stroke after a surgery is still very low, so people with migraine shouldn't be alarmed. Even with the increased risk, only about six out of every 1,000 patients with migraines with aura will experience a ... Read more

Related support groups: Headache, Migraine, Ischemic Stroke, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, Imitrex, Sumatriptan, Maxalt, Cafergot, Zomig, Relpax, Treximet, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Midrin, Ergotamine, Frova, Rizatriptan, Maxalt-MLT, Migranal, Amerge

Migraine and Stroke Risk Linked Again

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – Women who experience migraines have more than double the risk of suffering a stroke, new research shows. The finding adds evidence to the suspected link between these two conditions. Although it's not yet clear why this connection may exist, study lead author Dr. Cecil Rambarat said it's important for health care providers to be aware of the link. "This is important since migraine is generally not considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease," said Rambarat. He's a resident physician at the University of Florida Shands Hospital in Gainesville. "Maybe providers need to factor in migraine headaches as a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease among women," he said. "This is not being done currently." Previous research has linked migraines – especially the form known as migraine with aura – to stroke. Migraine with aura is estimated to affect one ... Read more

Related support groups: Plan B, Migraine, Mirena, Nexplanon, NuvaRing, Provera, Depo-Provera, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Loestrin 24 Fe, Plan B One-Step, Smoking, Ortho Evra, Heart Disease, TriNessa, High Cholesterol

Scented Rooms, Products? Many Health-Conscious Americans Say 'No Thanks'

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 – Lavender, lemon or lilac: Whatever the artificial aroma, more Americans are avoiding scented spaces and products, a new survey shows. Fragranced products such as soaps, candles and air fresheners cause more than one-third of U.S. adults to suffer ill health effects, including headaches, dizziness and breathing difficulties, researchers said. Surveying a nationally representative group of more than 1,100 Americans, the research team also found that more than 20 percent of people quickly leave a business place if they smell air fresheners or other scented products. Led by Anne Steinemann, a professor of civil engineering at the University of Melbourne in Australia, the research is believed to be the first to examine many aspects of exposure to fragranced products and their effects in the United States. "What I found was that half the reports of adverse health ... Read more

Related support groups: Headache, Migraine, Cough, Asthma, Sinusitis, Migraine Prevention, Asthma - Maintenance, Cold Symptoms, Cluster Headaches, Dyspnea, Migraine Prophylaxis, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Rhinitis, New Daily Persistent Headache, Sinus Symptoms, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Minor Skin Conditions

Study Questions Use of Migraine Meds in Kids, Teens

Posted 28 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 27, 2016 – A new study raises questions about the effectiveness of medicines commonly prescribed to prevent migraines in children and teens. The 24-week clinical trial involving 328 patients found no significant differences between the drugs amitriptyline (Elavil), topiramate (Topamax) and a placebo sugar pill in reducing the number of days with a migraine or migraine-related disability. Fifty-two percent of those taking amitriptyline and 55 percent of those taking topiramate saw the number of days they had a headache drop by 50 percent or more, while 61 percent of those taking a placebo pill saw the same benefit, the findings showed. The patients taking the prescription drugs also had much higher rates of side effects, such as fatigue, dry mouth, mood changes, and tingling in the hands, arms, legs or feet. "The study was intended to demonstrate which of the commonly ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Topamax, Amitriptyline, Migraine Prevention, Topiramate, Elavil, Qsymia, Migraine Prophylaxis, Endep, Limbitrol, Trokendi XR, Triavil, Amitriptyline/Chlordiazepoxide, Limbitrol DS, Topamax Sprinkle, Amitriptyline/Perphenazine, Phentermine/topiramate, Qudexy XR, Vanatrip, Topiragen

Mouth and Gut Germs May Be Linked to Migraines

Posted 18 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 2016 – People with migraines have higher levels of certain microbes, or germs, in their mouths and digestive systems, new research suggests. Specifically, the analysis of data from the American Gut Project found that migraine sufferers had significantly higher amounts of nitrate-reducing microbes than those without migraines. The project included over 170 oral samples and almost 2,000 fecal samples, the researchers said. "There is this idea out there that certain foods trigger migraines – chocolate, wine, and especially foods containing nitrates," said lead author Antonio Gonzalez, of the University of California, San Diego. "We thought that perhaps there was a connection between someone's microbiome and what they were eating," he explained. Although the researchers found a link, they didn't prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Further research is needed to learn ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Oral and Dental Conditions, Migraine Prophylaxis

For Migraine Sufferers, Is a Chiropractor's Touch All in the Mind?

Posted 11 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 11, 2016 – People with migraines sometimes seek a chiropractor for help, but a small study suggests that any pain relief they get might be a placebo effect. When researchers pitted real chiropractic manipulation against a "sham" version, they found both were equally likely to ease patients' migraine pain. On the other hand, both tactics worked better than patients' usual pain-relieving medications. Experts in pain management stressed that no firm conclusions should be drawn from one small study. But they also said the findings raise some interesting questions: What exactly causes, and relieves, migraine pain? And even if a therapy works by placebo effect, so what? "Ultimately, patients got better, on average," said Dr. William Lauretti, an associate professor at New York Chiropractic College in Seneca Falls, N.Y. Traditionally, he noted, doctors have "looked down" on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis

Can You Blame Your Headaches on Your Thyroid?

Posted 2 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 – People with migraines and other headache disorders have a greater risk of a thyroid disease known as hypothyroidism, a new study suggests. Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce sufficient amounts of thyroid hormone. This can cause mood swings, weight gain, hair loss, fatigue, constipation and irregular menstrual cycles, according to researchers at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. The study included more than 8,400 people. The volunteers were followed for 20 years as part of a medical monitoring project. People with pre-existing headache disorders – such as cluster or tension headaches – had a 21 percent higher risk of hypothyroidism, the investigators found. And people with a possible migraine disorder had a 41 percent greater risk. The findings suggest that people with migraines are particularly susceptible to hypothyroidism. ... Read more

Related support groups: Headache, Migraine, Thyroid Disease, Migraine Prevention, Hashimoto's Disease, Cluster Headaches, Hyperthyroidism, Migraine Prophylaxis, Goiter, New Daily Persistent Headache, Chronic Lymphocytic Thyroiditis

Sound Waves: An Rx for High Blood Pressure, Migraine?

Posted 16 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – A new sound-based therapy appears to reduce blood pressure and ease migraine symptoms, according to a pair of small studies. The therapy initially reads brain activity through scalp sensors. That activity is then converted into a series of audible tones. The tones are then reflected back to the brain through earbuds in a matter of milliseconds, explained Dr. Charles Tegeler, a professor of neurology with Wake Forest School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, N.C. "Your brain gets to listen to the song that it's playing. It gets to look at itself in an acoustic mirror," said Tegeler, who served as senior researcher for both studies. "Somehow that rapid update gives the brain a chance to auto-calibrate, self-optimize, relax and reset," Tegeler said. One study found that 10 men and women achieved significant reductions in their blood pressure after going through an ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Hypertension, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Review Suggests Safe, Effective Ways to Relieve Pain Without Meds

Posted 1 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 – Popular drug-free methods of managing pain from such common conditions as headaches and arthritis appear to be effective, according to a new review. Millions of Americans seek pain relief through such alternatives as acupuncture, tai chi and yoga. But there has been little information to help doctors make recommendations about these approaches. "For many Americans who suffer from chronic pain, medications may not completely relieve pain and can produce unwanted side effects. As a result, many people may turn to nondrug approaches to help manage their pain," study lead author Richard Nahin said in a U.S. government news release. "Our goal for this study was to provide relevant, high-quality information for primary care providers and for patients who suffer from chronic pain," Nahin added. He is lead epidemiologist at the U.S. National Center for Complementary ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Headache, Back Pain, Migraine, Osteoarthritis, Chronic Pain, Neuralgia, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, Breakthrough Pain, New Daily Persistent Headache

Homing In on the Genetics of Migraine

Posted 27 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, June 26, 2016 – An international team of scientists has identified dozens of new genetic variants associated with migraine headaches. The researchers say their findings could lead to new treatments. Most of the variants are in or close to genes involved in circulatory system regulation. This supports the theory that abnormal blood vessel function in the brain is an important factor in migraines, the investigators said. "These genetic findings are the first concrete step towards developing personalized, evidence-based treatments for this very complex disease. We doctors have known for a long time that migraine patients differ from each other and the drugs that work for some patients are completely inefficient for others," said John-Anker Zwart, of Oslo University Hospital in Norway, who participated in the research. "In the future, we hope that this information can be utilized ... Read more

Related support groups: Headache, Migraine, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, New Daily Persistent Headache, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Imaging

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