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Pollution Tied to 9 Million Deaths Worldwide in 2015

Posted 2 days 4 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 20, 2017 – Pollution led to more than 9 million deaths worldwide in 2015, or 1 in 6 deaths that year, a new report reveals. Air pollution, the worst culprit, was linked to 6.5 million heart- and lung-related deaths, The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health said. Water pollution was tied to 1.8 million deaths, mostly from gastrointestinal and parasitic infections. And workplace-related pollution and lead pollution also played a role, contributing to 800,000 deaths and 500,000 deaths, respectively. "Pollution is much more than an environmental challenge – it is a profound and pervasive threat that affects many aspects of human health and well-being," said Dr. Philip Landrigan, co-lead of the commission. "It deserves the full attention of international leaders, civil society, health professionals, and people around the world," added Landrigan, a professor at the Icahn ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Bronchitis, Fluticasone, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Ribavirin, Qvar, Budesonide, Flovent, Entocort, Tobramycin, Mometasone, Entocort EC, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Bronchiectasis, Beclomethasone

Avoiding Alcohol Helps the Heart Beat Better

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 18, 2017 – The longer you refrain from drinking, the lower your risk of a common heart rhythm disorder. That's the message of a new long-range study examining alcohol use and atrial fibrillation, or Afib. This is when electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart are chaotic and cause an irregular heartbeat, which increases the risk of blood clots that can cause stroke or heart attacks. One in four adults older than 40 is at risk for Afib, and nearly 6 million people in the United States could have the condition by 2050. But the researchers from the University of California, San Francisco found that every decade of non-drinking decreased the risk of Afib by 20 percent, regardless of the type of alcohol. The study included heart-risk data generated over 25 years on more than 15,000 American adults. Past drinkers were at increased risk for Afib, the researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Myocardial Infarction, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Stroke Risk Factors Are Rising

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 – While progress is being made in reducing the number of stroke deaths, it seems that more people who experience these brain attacks have significant stroke risk factors, a new study reveals. The rates of high blood pressure, diabetes, abnormal cholesterol, smoking and drug abuse have all been on the rise in stroke patients over recent years, the study authors said. The study included over 900,000 people hospitalized for stroke between 2004 and 2014. Each year, prevalence of high blood pressure went up by 1 percent, diabetes rose by 2 percent, high cholesterol went up by 7 percent, smoking increased by 5 percent, and drug abuse jumped 7 percent, the researchers found. "The risk of dying from a stroke has declined significantly, while at the same time the risk factors are increasing," said researcher Dr. Ralph Sacco. He's a professor of neurology at the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Opiate Dependence, Hypertension, Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Drug Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Substance Abuse, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Hormone Therapy May Be OK for Women With Migraines

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 – Women who suffer from migraines may be able to safely use hormone therapy to treat menopause symptoms, a new study suggests. The study of 85,000 U.S. women found no evidence that hormone therapy carried a particular risk of heart attack or stroke among those with a history of migraine headaches. That possibility has been a concern, mainly based on studies of younger women with migraines. Those studies linked hormonal birth control pills to a small risk of stroke, particularly among women whose migraines feature "aura" symptoms – most often, visual disturbances such as seeing zigzag lines or bright flashes. Less has been known about any risks of hormone replacement therapy, said Dr. Jelena Pavlovic, the lead researcher on the new study. "It appears safe for women with migraines to use hormone therapy, in terms of their cardiovascular risk," said Pavlovic, an ... Read more

Related support groups: Plan B, Migraine, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Hot Flashes, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Breast Cancer

Working Night Shifts May Widen Your Waistline

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 – Workers who regularly pull overnight shifts may be more prone to pack on the pounds, a new analysis suggests. The finding involved an in-depth look at 28 studies conducted between 1999 and 2016. All the investigations explored the health impact of shift work, in which employees are regularly asked to either alternate between daytime and overnight schedules or to exclusively work overnight hours. An estimated 700 million men and women around the world now follow that work pattern, representing about 20 percent of the global workforce, the researchers said. And while the numbers varied by study, the new analysis determined that, on average, routinely working a night shift seems to boost the risk for becoming obese or overweight by 29 percent. Although the review could not prove cause-and-effect, nutrition experts expressed little surprise at the finding. Connie ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Ischemic Stroke, Sleep Apnea, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Shift Work Sleep Disorder, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Metabolic Disorder Including Congenital

Stopping Aspirin Tied to Quick Rise in Heart Attack, Stroke Risk

Posted 26 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2017 – People who stop following their doctor's advice to take a daily aspirin may see their risk of heart attack and stroke quickly rise, a new study suggests. Low-dose aspirin is a standard therapy for people at increased risk of a heart attack or stroke. But many eventually stop taking it, or at least consider quitting, said Dr. Johan Sundstrom, the lead researcher on the new study. Sometimes it's because of side effects, such as upset stomach, according to Sundstrom, a professor at Uppsala University, in Sweden. Other times, he said, it's simple "forgetfulness." His team wanted to find out what happened when patients quit their low-dose aspirin. The investigators looked at medical records from more than 600,000 Swedish adults who'd been prescribed aspirin to prevent cardiovascular trouble. (In Sweden, it's given by prescription, not over-the-counter, as in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Alka-Seltzer, Aggrenox, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ecotrin, Fiorinal with Codeine, Norgesic, Bayer Aspirin, Arthritis Pain Formula, Soma Compound, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

'Upside' to Diabetes Really Isn't

Posted 13 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 13, 2017 – Type 2 diabetes can reduce your chances for a rare but potentially fatal weakness of blood vessels, a new study says. But while this may sound like good news, it's not. Swedish investigators found that type 2 diabetes significantly decreases the long-term risks of aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection, two conditions that can lead to internal bleeding due to rupture of blood vessels. But the mechanism that reduces risk for these rare conditions also increases your risk of developing hardened arteries, a much more serious health problem that can lead to heart attack and stroke. "We have to make sure people don't think, 'Oh, good, I have diabetes type 2, this is good news – because it's not," said Dr. Derek Brinster, director of aortic surgery at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "You are at high risk if you have diabetes type 2 for dying earlier than you ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Aortic Aneurysm, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Aortic Insufficiency

Uptick in U.S. Stroke Deaths Sets Off Alarms: CDC

Posted 6 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 6, 2017 – Progress in preventing stroke deaths in the United States has stalled after 40 years of decline, and may even be reversing, government health officials say. Stroke deaths increased significantly among Hispanics and in the South between 2013 and 2015, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Wednesday. "This report is a wake-up call because 80 percent of strokes are preventable," said lead author Quanhe Yang, a CDC research scientist. "More than ever, we need to direct our efforts to reduce stroke risk factors and improve the quality of care," he said. According to prior research, high blood pressure is the most important preventable and treatable risk factor for stroke. But high cholesterol, smoking and physical inactivity play a role, too. While stroke death rates declined 38 percent from 2000 to 2015, researchers said the average decline ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

There May Be a Big Medical Upside to Being Short

Posted 6 Sep 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 5, 2017 – There may be at least one advantage to being short: a lower risk for dangerous blood clots in the veins, a new study shows. These clots, called venous thromboembolisms, include blockages known as DVTs (deep vein thrombosis), which typically start in the legs and can travel to the lungs, raising a person's odds for stroke. Sometimes DVTs occur after long-haul flights, so they've been dubbed "economy class syndrome." But new research suggests a slight advantage for shorter people in avoiding the clots. Why the effect? "It could just be that because taller individuals have longer leg veins there is more surface area where problems can occur," theorized study lead author Dr. Bengt Zoller. "There is also more gravitational pressure in leg veins of taller persons that can increase the risk of blood flow slowing or temporarily stopping," noted Zoller, an associate ... Read more

Related support groups: Plan B, Blood Disorders, Mirena, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Provera, NuvaRing, Sprintec, Implanon, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Tri-Sprintec, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Yasmin, Plan B One-Step, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, Ischemic Stroke, Lutera, TriNessa, Mononessa

Sleepless Nights Do No Favors for Your Heart

Posted 30 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 – Poor sleep won't simply leave you bleary-eyed. It's also linked with stroke and reduced blood supply to the heart, a new study suggests. "Poor sleep" includes too short or too long sleep, difficulty falling asleep and difficulty maintaining sleep, said lead researcher Dr. Nobuo Sasaki. "Poor sleep is associated with cardiovascular diseases ... but the kind of sleep disturbances that are most risky is not well documented," said Sasaki, of the Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Casualty Council in Japan. The researchers set out to investigate sleep problems linked to heart attack and angina (coronary artery disease), and stroke. Coronary artery disease is caused by narrowed heart arteries. This means less blood and oxygen reach the heart, raising the risk for heart attack and chest pain known as angina, according to the American Heart Association. The observational study ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Lisinopril, Fatigue, Amlodipine, Losartan, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Benicar, Diovan, Diltiazem, Norvasc, Verapamil, Ramipril, Sleep Apnea, Nifedipine, Cozaar, Valsartan, Transient Ischemic Attack, Enalapril

Victoza (liraglutide) is Approved to Reduce the Risk of Three Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Posted 27 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

PLAINSBORO, N.J., Aug. 25, 2017 /PRNewswire/ – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a new indication for Victoza (liraglutide) to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events, heart attack, stroke and CV death, in adults with type 2 diabetes and established CV disease.1 The FDA's decision is based on the results from the landmark LEADER trial, which demonstrated that Victoza significantly reduced the risk of a three component endpoint consisting of cardiovascular death, non-fatal heart attack or non-fatal stroke by 13% vs placebo (p=0.01) with an absolute risk reduction (ARR) of 1.9%.1 "Physicians have come to rely on Victoza as an effective therapy for lowering A1C, and with this new indication, they now have the option to choose a diabetes medication that also reduces their patient's cardiovascular risk," said Anne Phillips, Senior Vice President, ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Attack, Victoza, Liraglutide, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Undiagnosed Heart Condition 'AFib' May Be Common, Study Suggests

Posted 26 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Aug. 26, 2017 – Many people at risk for atrial fibrillation probably do have the irregular heart rhythm but have not been diagnosed, a new study reports. Nearly 1 out of 3 patients in the study had undetected atrial fibrillation that was caught only through the use of long-term cardiac monitor implants, researchers say. Based on these results, it's likely there's probably a lot more undetected atrial fibrillation among seniors, said lead researcher Dr. James Reiffel. He's a cardiologist and professor at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. "Continuous monitoring of such patients, as we did, can detect otherwise unsuspected AF, which can lead to treatment before complications arise," Reiffel said. "When monitored for 18 months, almost one in three patients had AF detected, as did 40 percent by 30 months." Atrial fibrillation involves ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Eliquis, Lovenox, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Heparin, Rivaroxaban, Enoxaparin, Apixaban, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Fragmin, Clexane, Arixtra, Hep-Pak, Jantoven

Meth Abuse Could Up Stroke Risk in Younger Users

Posted 24 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 24, 2017 – Younger adults who use methamphetamine may be at greater risk for stroke, a new review suggests. With use of the stimulant increasing, particularly in more potent forms, doctors in many countries are seeing more meth-related disease and harms, the Australian study authors said. This is especially true among younger people, who are the major users of the drug. "It is likely that methamphetamine abuse is making a disproportionate contribution to the increased incidence of stroke among young people observed over recent years," said researchers led by Julia Lappin. She's with the National Drug and Alcohol Research Center at the University of New South Wales in Sydney. These strokes can lead to disabilities or death, she and her colleagues pointed out. For the review, Lappin's team analyzed 77 studies that investigated the link between methamphetamine use and ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Methamphetamine, Transient Ischemic Attack, Desoxyn, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Desoxyn Gradumet

Heart Risks May Rise After Cancer Diagnosis

Posted 15 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 15, 2017 – As if people newly diagnosed with cancer don't have enough to worry about, a new study suggests the diagnosis may put their hearts at risk, too. The study found that newly diagnosed cancer patients are at increased risk for a condition called arterial thromboembolism, which occurs when blood flow is blocked by a clot that's traveled from another part of the body, such as the legs. The potential heart threat is higher "especially during the first six months after diagnosis," said a team led by Dr. Babak Navi, of Weill Cornell Medicine's department of neurology in New York City. Looking through a 2002-2011 database of about 140,000 cancer patients and an equal number of people without cancer, Navi's team found that cancer patients had twice the risk of an arterial thromboembolism in the six months after cancer diagnosis than patients without cancer. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Breast Cancer, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Zocor, Lovastatin, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Stroke Rates Drop for U.S. Men, But Not Women

Posted 10 Aug 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 9, 2017 – The overall rate of strokes is declining in the United States, but appears to be going down mostly in men, a new study finds. "Our findings suggest that the decreases in rates of stroke over time are primarily driven by decreased stroke rates in men," said lead researcher Dr. Tracy Madsen. That makes doctors wonder why American women aren't seeing the same benefits from stroke prevention. "It may be that stroke prevention strategies are not as effective in women compared with men; for example, future research should investigate the possibility that stroke risk factors like elevated blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes are more severe or are not controlled as well in women," Madsen said. Madsen is an assistant professor of emergency medicine at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, in Rhode Island. "Stroke is a debilitating yet preventable ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

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