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Heart Disease the No. 1 Killer Worldwide

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Roughly a third of all deaths around the world are the result of heart disease and stroke, making cardiovascular disease the number one killer globally, new research finds. Big declines in heart disease-driven fatalities in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, South Korea and many countries in Western Europe have started to level off over the past 20 years, investigators reported. "It is an alarming threat to global health," said study lead author Dr. Gregory Roth, an assistant professor of cardiology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. "Trends in cardiovascular disease mortality are no longer declining for high-income regions," he noted in an American College of Cardiology news release, "and low- and middle-income countries are also seeing more cardiovascular disease-related deaths." The study included 2,300 ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Alcoholism, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Hangover, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

'Healthy Obese' May Be a Myth

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – The so-called "healthy obese" don't get off scot-free. They still have a higher risk of heart disease than normal-weight people, a new British study finds. Folks dubbed healthy obese don't have metabolic problems typically associated with obesity – such as high cholesterol, poor blood sugar control, diabetes or high blood pressure. But, it's been unclear if they are at increased risk for problems such as heart failure or stroke. In this study, researchers analyzed 1995-2015 electronic health records of 3.5 million people aged 18 and older in the United Kingdom who were initially free of heart disease. Compared to normal-weight people with no metabolic problems, healthy obese people had a 50 percent higher risk of heart disease, a 7 percent higher risk of stroke, twice the risk of heart failure, and a greater risk of peripheral artery disease (or PAD, which is ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Weight Loss, Ischemic Stroke, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Better Treatment Might Prevent Hundreds of Thousands of Strokes

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – Hundreds of thousands of strokes might be prevented in the United States each year if more people with a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation took blood-thinning medications, a new study estimates. Atrial fibrillation causes the heart to quiver instead of beating normally. This causes blood to pool and possibly clot, according to the American Heart Association. If one of those clots breaks free, it can go to the brain and cause a stroke. "Though not a life-threatening rhythm abnormality per se, atrial fibrillation can be associated with devastating life-altering consequences, namely disabling stroke," said one expert, Dr. Nicholas Skipitaris. He directs cardiac electrophysiology at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Unfortunately, too few people are getting the treatment for "a-fib" that they need, the new study found. Taking blood thinners might ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Eliquis, Lovenox, Transient Ischemic Attack, Heparin, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Rivaroxaban, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Apixaban, Enoxaparin, Fragmin, Clexane, Arixtra, Hep-Pak, Jantoven

Blood Thinners May Prevent Dementia in Atrial Fibrillation Patients

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Blood thinners are often prescribed to prevent strokes in people with the abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation. But a new study suggests these drugs may also help keep dementia at bay. The researchers said that the key is to start blood thinners, such as warfarin, soon after atrial fibrillation is diagnosed. That's true even for people at low risk of a stroke who wouldn't normally be given blood thinners. "We found that people who are on warfarin – the most common blood thinner used to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation – experienced very low rates of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease," said lead researcher Dr. T. Jared Bunch. He's director of heart rhythm research at Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Murray, Utah. Atrial fibrillation is a common heart abnormality that affects nearly 3 million American adults. ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Eliquis, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Rivaroxaban, Excedrin Migraine, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin

Speed Is Key When a Stroke Strikes

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Every 40 seconds someone in America has a stroke. But fast action and quick treatment can save lives and reduce disability. "Stroke statistics are alarming. It's the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of serious adult disabilities," said Dr. Randolph Marshall, chief of the stroke division at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center. "The most effective method in saving a stroke victim's life is to diagnose and treat immediately after a stroke occurs," said Dr. Matthew Fink, neurologist-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center. Both hospitals are in New York City. "Strokes kill nearly 133,000 people a year. The good news is that approximately 80 percent of strokes can be prevented," Marshall said in a NewYork-Presbyterian news release. As part of Stroke Awareness Month, the two experts ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Common Painkillers Tied to Slight Rise in Heart Attack Risk

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – Commonly used painkillers such as Motrin, Advil and Aleve might increase your risk for heart attack, even in the first week of use, a new study suggests. Overall, these drugs and others known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of a heart attack by 20 to 50 percent, compared with not using them, researchers found. For most people, however, this represents only a small increased risk – about 1 percent a year, the researchers said. Still, "from the viewpoint of public health, even small increases in risk of heart attack are important because use of NSAIDs is so widespread," said lead researcher Michele Bally. She's an epidemiologist at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center. The increased risk of heart attack associated with NSAIDs was seen at any dose taken for one week, one month or more than one month. And the risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Celebrex, Advil, Diclofenac, Voltaren, Aleve, Voltaren Gel, Motrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Vicoprofen, Flector, Flector Patch, Arthrotec, Naprosyn, Advil PM

Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 – The antioxidant resveratrol – found in red wine, peanuts and berries – might improve the health of blood vessels in people with type 2 diabetes, a small study suggests. The study found that resveratrol supplements lessened artery stiffness in some people with type 2 diabetes. Stiffening of the arteries, called arteriosclerosis, raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. "In treatment with resveratrol among people with diabetes, there was a trend toward improvement in the stiffness. And in people with higher stiffness there was more of a benefit," said lead researcher Dr. Naomi Hamburg. She is chief of the vascular biology section at Boston University School of Medicine. While the research suggests there might be ways to improve blood vessel abnormalities in people with type 2 diabetes, it's too soon to recommend resveratrol for that purpose, said Hamburg. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Resveratrol, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

1 in 3 Americans May Have Had Warning Stroke Without Knowing It

Posted 1 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 1, 2017 – Is it possible to have a small stroke and not even realize it? Yes, according to new research that found about 35 percent of Americans experience symptoms of a warning stroke. Yet only about 3 percent get immediate medical attention. Most adults who had at least one sign of a "mini" stroke – a temporary blockage also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) – waited or rested until symptoms had faded instead of calling 911 right away, according to the research from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA). "Ignoring any stroke sign could be a deadly mistake," said ASA chair Dr. Mitch Elkind, in a news release from the organization. "Only a formal medical diagnosis with brain imaging can determine whether you're having a TIA or a stroke. If you or someone you know experiences a stroke warning sign that comes on suddenly – whether it ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Common Food Nutrient Tied to Risky Blood Clotting

Posted 25 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – A nutrient in meat and eggs may conspire with gut bacteria to make the blood more prone to clotting, a small study suggests. The nutrient is called choline. Researchers found that when they gave 18 healthy volunteers choline supplements, it boosted their production of a chemical called TMAO. That, in turn, increased their blood cells' tendency to clot. But the researchers also found that aspirin might reduce that risk. TMAO is short for trimethylamine N-oxide. It's produced when gut bacteria digest choline and certain other substances. Past studies have linked higher TMAO levels in the blood to heightened risks of blood clots, heart attack and stroke, said Dr. Stanley Hazen, the senior researcher on the new study. These findings, he said, give the first direct evidence that choline revs up TMAO production in the human gut, which then makes platelets (a type of ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Ecotrin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fiorinal with Codeine, Bayer Aspirin, Arthritis Pain Formula, Soma Compound, Norgesic, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

Many Heart Attack Patients Fail to Stick With Statins

Posted 19 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – High doses of powerful statin drugs have been shown to avert future heart problems, including heart attack and stroke. Yet many heart attack patients stop taking these medicines as recommended, a new study reveals. Researchers examined data for heart attack patients who had a prescription for a "high-intensity" statin filled within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital. Two years later, only 42 percent were taking these medicines regularly, the study found. Thirteen percent switched to a low- or moderate-intensity statin, while 19 percent weren't taking a statin regularly. Close to 1 in 5 stopped taking any statin altogether, the researchers said. The lack of adherence to recommended high-intensity statin therapy is short-sighted, suggested study lead author Dr. Robert Rosenson. "The message is that the benefits of statins continue to accrue over ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Hypertriglyceridemia, High Cholesterol - Familial Heterozygous, Pravachol, Livalo, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Red Yeast Rice, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Blood Pressure: Know Your Numbers

Posted 18 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 18, 2017 – Having high blood pressure makes you more likely to have heart disease or a stroke. But because high blood pressure doesn't usually cause warning symptoms, you could be at risk without even knowing it. That's why it's important to have your blood pressure checked regularly by a healthcare professional. High blood pressure is a particular concern if you're black because it's more prevalent among blacks than any other group in the United States. Research from Johns Hopkins University found that a primary cause of high blood pressure among blacks was stress. However, anyone can develop high blood pressure. When you have a blood pressure check: The first, or top, number in the reading is called the systolic number; the second, or lower, number, is the diastolic number. Normal blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg for systolic pressure and a diastolic level of less ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Another Downside to Unemployment: Stroke Risk?

Posted 13 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 – Losing a job might increase your risk for a fatal stroke, a new study from Japan suggests. "While the Japanese culture is different from the U.S. culture, the implication is that job security could help reduce stroke risk," said lead researcher Dr. Ehab Eshak. Eshak is a visiting associate professor of public health at Osaka University's Graduate School of Medicine. Among roughly 42,000 Japanese adults, Eshak's team found that those who remained employed over 15 years had a lower risk of stroke than those who lost a job. Compared with steadily employed workers, jobless men had a nearly 60 percent higher risk of stroke. And they were 120 percent more likely to die from it, Eshak said. Women with a jobless stint suffered, too. They were over 50 percent more likely to have a stroke and nearly 150 percent more likely to die from it, the study found. Stroke – ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Trans Fat Bans May Have Cut Heart Attack, Stroke Rate

Posted 12 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 – Could the contents of your cupcake affect your heart attack risk? It seems so, according to a new study that found lower rates of heart attack and stroke in communities that restrict trans fats in foods. Trans fats, which are found in products such as baked goods, chips, crackers and fried foods, have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. In response, some U.S. cities have implemented policies to reduce trans fats in restaurant food. "Our study highlights the power of public policy to impact the cardiovascular health of a population. Trans fats are deleterious for cardiovascular health, and minimizing or eliminating them from the diet can substantially reduce rates of heart attack and stroke," said study author Dr. Eric Brandt. He's a clinical fellow in cardiovascular medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. The researchers compared 2002-13 data ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Many Americans Don't Know How to Handle High Cholesterol

Posted 11 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 – Americans with high cholesterol are well aware of its heart dangers, but many lack the confidence or knowledge to keep it under control, a new survey shows. High cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke, causing about 2.6 million deaths in the United States each year, the researchers said. The survey included nearly 800 people nationwide with either a history of heart disease or at least one major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes. Overall, 47 percent of the respondents had not had their cholesterol checked in the past year. While those with high cholesterol had higher rates of recent testing, 21 percent of them had not had their cholesterol checked in the past year. Eighty-two percent of the respondents knew there was a link between cholesterol and risk for heart disease and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Angina, Transient Ischemic Attack, Hypertriglyceridemia, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease

More Younger Americans Are Suffering Strokes: Study

Posted 10 Apr 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 10, 2017 – Strokes are typically associated with the elderly, but new research suggests that strokes are increasingly happening to Americans under 65. The study looked at a sample of data from some U.S. stroke hospitalizations. From 2003 to 2004 in this sample, more than 141,000 people from 18 to 65 were admitted to hospitals for stroke. By 2011 to 2012, that number had risen to more than 171,000, researchers found. "Our results stress the importance of prevention of stroke risk factors in younger adults," said lead author Dr. Mary George. She's a senior medical officer with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's division of heart disease and stroke prevention. "Young adults, ages 18 to 54, are experiencing a small but sustained increase in stroke and in the prevalence of traditional stroke risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Imaging

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