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Higher Risk of Heart Disease for Blacks in Poorer Neighborhoods

Posted 4 hours 13 minutes ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 – Black Americans who live in poor neighborhoods are at higher risk for heart disease and stroke than those who live in wealthier areas, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data collected from black men and women in Jackson, Miss., who participated in a government-funded study between 2000 and 2011. They also reviewed information collected in the 2000 U.S. Census. Every decrease on a scale of socioeconomic status was associated with a 25 percent rise in heart disease risk, the researchers found. When the researchers assessed violence and disorder levels in neighborhoods, there was a similar increase in risk of heart disease for each negative step on the scale. But, the research didn't prove neighborhood conditions caused poor health. "For decades, centuries, even, researchers have linked adverse neighborhood economic and social conditions to health," said ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Rural Americans at Higher Risk of 5 Preventable Causes of Death: CDC

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 – Americans who live in rural areas have a higher risk of death from five leading causes than people who live in urban locations, a federal study reveals. In 2014, there were many potentially preventable deaths among rural Americans, including 25,000 from heart disease, 19,000 from cancer, 12,000 from accidental injuries, 11,000 from chronic lower respiratory disease and 4,000 from stroke, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "This new study shows there is a striking gap in health between rural and urban Americans. To close this gap, we are working to better understand and address the health threats that put rural Americans at increased risk of early death," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said in an agency news release. About 46 million Americans – 15 percent of the nation's population – live in rural areas. Several factors – ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Cancer, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Migraine Linked to Higher Stroke Risk After Surgery

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 – Migraine sufferers may face a slightly higher risk of stroke after an operation, a new study suggests. The risk appears greatest among those who experience migraine with aura, where the headache also includes a visual disturbance, such as the appearance of flashing lights. People with these types of migraines have more than double the risk of stroke after surgery compared to people without migraines, the study found. And the odds that someone who has migraines without aura will have a stroke after surgery are still 75 percent higher than people not afflicted by migraines, the study found. However, experts stressed that the absolute risk of anyone suffering a stroke after a surgery is still very low, so people with migraine shouldn't be alarmed. Even with the increased risk, only about six out of every 1,000 patients with migraines with aura will experience a ... Read more

Related support groups: Headache, Migraine, Ischemic Stroke, Migraine Prevention, Migraine Prophylaxis, Imitrex, Sumatriptan, Maxalt, Cafergot, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Relpax, Zomig, Treximet, Midrin, Ergotamine, Rizatriptan, Frova, Migranal, Maxalt-MLT, Dihydroergotamine

High Blood Pressure Increasing Worldwide

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 – As the number of people around the world with elevated or high blood pressure increases, so do the number of deaths linked to this "silent killer," a new study contends. An international analysis of nearly 9 million people states that the rate of high blood pressure (hypertension) and elevated blood pressure (prehypertension) jumped between 1990 and 2015. "There are almost 900 million people in the world with hypertension, and there are almost 3.5 billion people with elevated blood pressure that doesn't quite meet the definition of hypertension," said study lead author Christopher Murray. He directs the University of Washington's Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in Seattle. "Blood pressure is the leading cause of premature death and disability in the world," Murray said. Blood pressure is made up of two numbers. The top number, called systolic ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Weight Loss, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

A Lengthy, Stable Marriage May Boost Stroke Survival

Posted 14 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 – Stroke patients may have better odds of surviving if they're in a long-term stable marriage, a new study suggests. Researchers found that among more than 2,300 stroke sufferers, those who'd been "continuously" married had a better chance of surviving – versus both lifelong singles and people who'd been divorced or widowed. The long-term marrieds' outlook was better even compared to people who'd gotten remarried after divorcing or losing a spouse. The reasons for the findings aren't completely clear, and the study doesn't prove a cause-and-effect relationship. But researchers said the study highlights the potential importance of "social support" in stroke recovery. "This implies that the support of a lifelong partner has benefits," said Dr. Ralph Sacco, a professor of neurology at the University of Miami and a past president of the American Heart Association. ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

11 Percent of Stroke Survivors Struggle With Epilepsy

Posted 4 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Dec. 3, 2016 – More than one in 10 stroke survivors develop epilepsy, and the greater the brain damage caused by stroke, the higher the risk of seizures, a new study reports. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition marked by recurrent, unprovoked seizures, muscle spasms or convulsions. Researchers analyzed data from 450 stroke survivors in the United Kingdom and found that 11 percent developed epilepsy after their stroke. The study found that those who developed epilepsy had twice the amount of brain damage as those who did not develop seizures. Those who developed epilepsy were an average of 44 years old, compared with an average age of 56 for those who did not develop epilepsy. But the study did not prove that more brain damage causes epilepsy risk to rise. Brain damage from stroke tends to be more extensive in younger people, putting them at higher risk for epilepsy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Ischemic Stroke, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Seizure Prophylaxis, Status Epilepticus

Pradaxa Blood Thinner May Beat Warfarin After Bleeding Episode: Study

Posted 2 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 – Use of a blood thinner is routine for many heart patients, but these drugs come with a risk of episodes of excess bleeding. What, if any, anticoagulant (blood thinner) should these patients take after such episodes arise? A new study suggests that the blood thinner Pradaxa (dabigatran) may be a better choice than the standby drug warfarin in these cases. The reason: Pradaxa is less likely than warfarin to cause recurrent bleeding in patients who recently suffered a bleeding stroke or other major bleeding event, the researchers found. "Our results should encourage clinicians to seriously consider resuming anticoagulation among patients who survived a major bleeding event, particularly if the source of bleeding was identified and addressed," said study senior author Dr. Samir Saba. He's associate chief of cardiology at the University of Pittsburgh Heart and ... Read more

Related support groups: Bleeding Disorder, Warfarin, Coumadin, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Eliquis, Lovenox, Transient Ischemic Attack, Heparin, Rivaroxaban, Enoxaparin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Apixaban, Fragmin, Clexane, Arixtra, Hep-Pak, Jantoven, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Wider Low-Dose Aspirin Use Would Save U.S. $692 Billion: Study

Posted 30 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 – Taking low-dose aspirin daily can reduce older Americans' risk of heart disease and cancer, and lead to significant savings in health care spending, a new study contends. University of Southern California researchers used national data to assess the long-term benefits of daily aspirin usage. They calculated that taking low-dose aspirin every day would prevent 11 cases of heart disease and four cases of cancer for every 1,000 Americans ages 51 to 79. "Although the health benefits of aspirin are well-established, few people take it," said study lead author Dr. David Agus. He's the founding director and CEO of the university's Lawrence J. Ellison Institute for Transformative Medicine. "Our study shows multiple health benefits and a reduction in health care spending from this simple, low-cost measure that should be considered a standard part of care for the ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Ischemic Stroke, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ecotrin, Fiorinal with Codeine, Arthritis Pain, Arthritis Pain Formula, Bayer Aspirin, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Norgesic, Soma Compound, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

Doctors Should Counsel Even Low-Risk Patients on Heart Health

Posted 29 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 – Primary care doctors should offer counseling about healthy lifestyle habits to prevent heart disease – even to adults who have a low or average risk of developing heart troubles, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force advises. The task force is an influential, independent panel of national experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine. "For people who are not at increased risk for heart disease, counseling on healthy eating and physical activity may help prevent heart disease for some people," task force vice chair Susan Curry said in a panel news release. Curry is dean of the University of Iowa College of Public Health. This latest draft recommendation reaffirms a prior advisory from the task force in 2012. "The task force encourages primary care professionals to individualize this counseling and consider offering it to adults who are interested in and ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Insulin Resistance, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

A Little Alcohol Each Day May Cut Your Risk of Stroke

Posted 24 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 24, 2016 – Light or moderate drinking may reduce the risk of one type of stroke but not another, while heavy drinking increases the risk of both types, a new study suggests. A research team from England and Sweden reviewed 25 studies as well as national data from Sweden. The investigators reported that consumption of up to two drinks a day was associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain), but appeared to have no effect on the risk of bleeding (hemorrhagic) stroke. According to the American Stroke Association, about 87 percent of strokes are ischemic strokes, while the other 13 percent are hemorrhagic. High-to-heavy drinking (two to more than four drinks a day) was associated with an added risk of both types of stroke, according to the findings published online Nov. 23 in the journal BMC Medicine. "Our results showed that heavy ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis

Strokes Decline in Older Americans, Rise in Young

Posted 24 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 – There's a new generation gap in the United States – strokes are increasingly striking young people, and at the same time, stroke rates are dropping in those 55 and older, a new study reports. "People born during what I call the 'Golden Generation,' 1945 to 1954, had lower rates of stroke than those born 20 years before them and also in the 20 years after them," said lead researcher Joel Swerdel. He is a Ph.D. candidate at the Rutgers University School of Public Health in New Jersey. People born during "Generation X" – between 1965 and 1974 – have a 43 percent higher rate of stroke than those born in the Golden Generation, researchers discovered. Strokes primarily occur when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel or artery in the brain, starving the brain of oxygen and killing off brain cells in the affected area. It's the fifth-leading cause of death in the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Amputations Due to Poor Blood Flow More Likely in Certain Groups

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Poor and black patients with narrowing of the blood vessels have a higher risk of amputation than other patients, a new study finds. Peripheral artery disease (PAD), as this blood-vessel narrowing is called, develops when fat, cholesterol and other substances accumulate in blood vessels away from the heart and restrict blood flow. It typically occurs in the legs. Besides increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke, untreated peripheral artery disease can lead to tissue death ("gangrene") that results in amputation, the study authors explained. For this study, researchers analyzed data from more than 208,000 U.S. veterans with the disease. The investigators found that black patients had a 43 percent higher risk of amputation than white patients in the same socioeconomic group. And poor patients had a 37 percent increased risk of amputation, regardless of ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Raynaud's Syndrome, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Pyoderma Gangrenosum, Intermittent Claudication, Erythromelalgia, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Arterial Thrombosis, Peripheral Arteriography

Many With Common Irregular Heartbeat Unaware of Stroke Risk

Posted 16 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 – Nearly one-third of Americans newly diagnosed with the common heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation (AF) don't realize the condition puts them at increased risk for stroke, a new study finds. The irregular heartbeat in AF patients can cause blood to pool, which can cause blood clots that can lead to stroke, researchers explained. The study revealed misconceptions some patients had about atrial fibrillation. "This helps us see gaps in knowledge and understanding," said lead author Emily O'Brien, from the Clinical Research Institute at Duke University in Durham, N.C. O'Brien and her team surveyed 1,000 people diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in the past six months. Their median age was 69. About 63 percent strongly agreed that stroke is a major risk factor of atrial fibrillation. However, around 32 percent believed that heart attack is a major risk factor ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Having Rheumatoid Arthritis May Increase Heart Risk

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – People with rheumatoid arthritis may have an increased risk for a heart attack, stroke and other heart disease-related problems, a new study suggests. Researchers examined data from 353 rheumatoid arthritis patients in the Netherlands who were followed for up to 15 years. The rate of heart disease-related events in these patients was more than twice that of the general population, the findings showed. The rate among rheumatoid arthritis patients was similar to that of people with type 2 diabetes. The risk among rheumatoid arthritis patients remained as much as 70 percent higher than the general population even after the researchers adjusted for known heart disease risk factors, according to the report authors. But, the study didn't prove a cause-and-effect relationship. The research was only designed to show that rheumatoid arthritis was associated with heart ... Read more

Related support groups: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Still's Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Felty's Syndrome

Could Common Heartburn Drugs Up Stroke Risk?

Posted 15 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – A popular category of heartburn medications – including Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec and Protonix – may increase your risk of stroke, a new study suggests. Known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), these drugs increased people's overall stroke risk by 21 percent, said study lead author Dr. Thomas Sehested. However, the risk appears to be driven by people who take high doses, added Sehested, research director at the Danish Heart Foundation in Copenhagen. "People treated with a low dose of PPIs did not have a high risk of stroke," he said. "Those treated with the highest doses of PPIs had the highest risk of stroke." The extent of risk also depends on the specific PPI taken. At the highest dose, stroke risk ranged from 30 percent for lansoprazole (Prevacid) to 94 percent for pantoprazole (Protonix), the researchers said. Takeda Pharmaceutical, the maker of ... Read more

Related support groups: GERD, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Omeprazole, Nexium, Dementia, Prilosec, Indigestion, Zantac, Protonix, Pantoprazole, Alzheimer's Disease, Ranitidine, Lansoprazole, Dexilant, Prevacid, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pepcid, Barrett's Esophagus, Aciphex

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