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11 Percent of Stroke Survivors Struggle With Epilepsy

Posted 17 hours ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Dec. 3, 2016 – More than one in 10 stroke survivors develop epilepsy, and the greater the brain damage caused by stroke, the higher the risk of seizures, a new study reports. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition marked by recurrent, unprovoked seizures, muscle spasms or convulsions. Researchers analyzed data from 450 stroke survivors in the United Kingdom and found that 11 percent developed epilepsy after their stroke. The study found that those who developed epilepsy had twice the amount of brain damage as those who did not develop seizures. Those who developed epilepsy were an average of 44 years old, compared with an average age of 56 for those who did not develop epilepsy. But the study did not prove that more brain damage causes epilepsy risk to rise. Brain damage from stroke tends to be more extensive in younger people, putting them at higher risk for epilepsy, ... Read more

Related support groups: Seizures, Ischemic Stroke, Epilepsy, Seizure Prevention, Transient Ischemic Attack, Seizure Prophylaxis, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Status Epilepticus

Pradaxa Blood Thinner May Beat Warfarin After Bleeding Episode: Study

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 – Use of a blood thinner is routine for many heart patients, but these drugs come with a risk of episodes of excess bleeding. What, if any, anticoagulant (blood thinner) should these patients take after such episodes arise? A new study suggests that the blood thinner Pradaxa (dabigatran) may be a better choice than the standby drug warfarin in these cases. The reason: Pradaxa is less likely than warfarin to cause recurrent bleeding in patients who recently suffered a bleeding stroke or other major bleeding event, the researchers found. "Our results should encourage clinicians to seriously consider resuming anticoagulation among patients who survived a major bleeding event, particularly if the source of bleeding was identified and addressed," said study senior author Dr. Samir Saba. He's associate chief of cardiology at the University of Pittsburgh Heart and ... Read more

Related support groups: Bleeding Disorder, Warfarin, Coumadin, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Lovenox, Eliquis, Transient Ischemic Attack, Heparin, Rivaroxaban, Enoxaparin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Apixaban, Fragmin, Clexane, Arixtra, Hep-Pak, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Dalteparin

Wider Low-Dose Aspirin Use Would Save U.S. $692 Billion: Study

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 – Taking low-dose aspirin daily can reduce older Americans' risk of heart disease and cancer, and lead to significant savings in health care spending, a new study contends. University of Southern California researchers used national data to assess the long-term benefits of daily aspirin usage. They calculated that taking low-dose aspirin every day would prevent 11 cases of heart disease and four cases of cancer for every 1,000 Americans ages 51 to 79. "Although the health benefits of aspirin are well-established, few people take it," said study lead author Dr. David Agus. He's the founding director and CEO of the university's Lawrence J. Ellison Institute for Transformative Medicine. "Our study shows multiple health benefits and a reduction in health care spending from this simple, low-cost measure that should be considered a standard part of care for the ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Ischemic Stroke, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alka-Seltzer, Aggrenox, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ecotrin, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Arthritis Pain, Fiorinal with Codeine, Soma Compound, Arthritis Pain Formula, Norgesic, Bayer Aspirin, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Excedrin Extra Strength, Norgesic Forte

Doctors Should Counsel Even Low-Risk Patients on Heart Health

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 – Primary care doctors should offer counseling about healthy lifestyle habits to prevent heart disease – even to adults who have a low or average risk of developing heart troubles, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force advises. The task force is an influential, independent panel of national experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine. "For people who are not at increased risk for heart disease, counseling on healthy eating and physical activity may help prevent heart disease for some people," task force vice chair Susan Curry said in a panel news release. Curry is dean of the University of Iowa College of Public Health. This latest draft recommendation reaffirms a prior advisory from the task force in 2012. "The task force encourages primary care professionals to individualize this counseling and consider offering it to adults who are interested in and ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Insulin Resistance, Transient Ischemic Attack, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

A Little Alcohol Each Day May Cut Your Risk of Stroke

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 24, 2016 – Light or moderate drinking may reduce the risk of one type of stroke but not another, while heavy drinking increases the risk of both types, a new study suggests. A research team from England and Sweden reviewed 25 studies as well as national data from Sweden. The investigators reported that consumption of up to two drinks a day was associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain), but appeared to have no effect on the risk of bleeding (hemorrhagic) stroke. According to the American Stroke Association, about 87 percent of strokes are ischemic strokes, while the other 13 percent are hemorrhagic. High-to-heavy drinking (two to more than four drinks a day) was associated with an added risk of both types of stroke, according to the findings published online Nov. 23 in the journal BMC Medicine. "Our results showed that heavy ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis

Strokes Decline in Older Americans, Rise in Young

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 – There's a new generation gap in the United States – strokes are increasingly striking young people, and at the same time, stroke rates are dropping in those 55 and older, a new study reports. "People born during what I call the 'Golden Generation,' 1945 to 1954, had lower rates of stroke than those born 20 years before them and also in the 20 years after them," said lead researcher Joel Swerdel. He is a Ph.D. candidate at the Rutgers University School of Public Health in New Jersey. People born during "Generation X" – between 1965 and 1974 – have a 43 percent higher rate of stroke than those born in the Golden Generation, researchers discovered. Strokes primarily occur when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel or artery in the brain, starving the brain of oxygen and killing off brain cells in the affected area. It's the fifth-leading cause of death in the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Amputations Due to Poor Blood Flow More Likely in Certain Groups

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Poor and black patients with narrowing of the blood vessels have a higher risk of amputation than other patients, a new study finds. Peripheral artery disease (PAD), as this blood-vessel narrowing is called, develops when fat, cholesterol and other substances accumulate in blood vessels away from the heart and restrict blood flow. It typically occurs in the legs. Besides increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke, untreated peripheral artery disease can lead to tissue death ("gangrene") that results in amputation, the study authors explained. For this study, researchers analyzed data from more than 208,000 U.S. veterans with the disease. The investigators found that black patients had a 43 percent higher risk of amputation than white patients in the same socioeconomic group. And poor patients had a 37 percent increased risk of amputation, regardless of ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, Raynaud's Syndrome, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Pyoderma Gangrenosum, Intermittent Claudication, Erythromelalgia, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Peripheral Arteriography, Arterial Thrombosis

Many With Common Irregular Heartbeat Unaware of Stroke Risk

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 16, 2016 – Nearly one-third of Americans newly diagnosed with the common heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation (AF) don't realize the condition puts them at increased risk for stroke, a new study finds. The irregular heartbeat in AF patients can cause blood to pool, which can cause blood clots that can lead to stroke, researchers explained. The study revealed misconceptions some patients had about atrial fibrillation. "This helps us see gaps in knowledge and understanding," said lead author Emily O'Brien, from the Clinical Research Institute at Duke University in Durham, N.C. O'Brien and her team surveyed 1,000 people diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in the past six months. Their median age was 69. About 63 percent strongly agreed that stroke is a major risk factor of atrial fibrillation. However, around 32 percent believed that heart attack is a major risk factor ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis

Having Rheumatoid Arthritis May Increase Heart Risk

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – People with rheumatoid arthritis may have an increased risk for a heart attack, stroke and other heart disease-related problems, a new study suggests. Researchers examined data from 353 rheumatoid arthritis patients in the Netherlands who were followed for up to 15 years. The rate of heart disease-related events in these patients was more than twice that of the general population, the findings showed. The rate among rheumatoid arthritis patients was similar to that of people with type 2 diabetes. The risk among rheumatoid arthritis patients remained as much as 70 percent higher than the general population even after the researchers adjusted for known heart disease risk factors, according to the report authors. But, the study didn't prove a cause-and-effect relationship. The research was only designed to show that rheumatoid arthritis was associated with heart ... Read more

Related support groups: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Heart Attack, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Still's Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Felty's Syndrome

Could Common Heartburn Drugs Up Stroke Risk?

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – A popular category of heartburn medications – including Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec and Protonix – may increase your risk of stroke, a new study suggests. Known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), these drugs increased people's overall stroke risk by 21 percent, said study lead author Dr. Thomas Sehested. However, the risk appears to be driven by people who take high doses, added Sehested, research director at the Danish Heart Foundation in Copenhagen. "People treated with a low dose of PPIs did not have a high risk of stroke," he said. "Those treated with the highest doses of PPIs had the highest risk of stroke." The extent of risk also depends on the specific PPI taken. At the highest dose, stroke risk ranged from 30 percent for lansoprazole (Prevacid) to 94 percent for pantoprazole (Protonix), the researchers said. Takeda Pharmaceutical, the maker of ... Read more

Related support groups: GERD, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Omeprazole, Nexium, Dementia, Prilosec, Zantac, Protonix, Indigestion, Pantoprazole, Ranitidine, Alzheimer's Disease, Dexilant, Lansoprazole, Prevacid, Pepcid, Transient Ischemic Attack, Barrett's Esophagus, Aciphex

Migraine and Stroke Risk Linked Again

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 – Women who experience migraines have more than double the risk of suffering a stroke, new research shows. The finding adds evidence to the suspected link between these two conditions. Although it's not yet clear why this connection may exist, study lead author Dr. Cecil Rambarat said it's important for health care providers to be aware of the link. "This is important since migraine is generally not considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease," said Rambarat. He's a resident physician at the University of Florida Shands Hospital in Gainesville. "Maybe providers need to factor in migraine headaches as a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease among women," he said. "This is not being done currently." Previous research has linked migraines – especially the form known as migraine with aura – to stroke. Migraine with aura is estimated to affect one ... Read more

Related support groups: Plan B, Migraine, Mirena, Sprintec, NuvaRing, Provera, Nexplanon, Implanon, Depo-Provera, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Smoking, Tri-Sprintec, Yasmin, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Heart Disease, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ortho Evra, Plan B One-Step, High Cholesterol, TriNessa

Trouble Sleeping Tied to Higher Risk for Irregular Heartbeat

Posted 14 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 14, 2016 – There may be yet another reason to try and get a good night's sleep: New research ties poor sleep to a higher odds for a dangerous irregular heartbeat. The condition in question is called atrial fibrillation, a common heart arrhythmia that is strongly tied to an increased risk for clotting and strokes. Now, two studies suggest that trouble getting your Zzzs may raise the risk for atrial fibrillation. One cardiologist who reviewed the studies said the theory may have merit. While neither study could prove cause-and-effect, changes in a person's physiology by a "disturbed sleep cycle may be the mechanism for development and recurrence of atrial fibrillation," said Dr. Jianqing Li. She's a cardiologist at Winthrop-University Hospital in Mineola, N.Y. In one study, a team led by Dr. Gregory Marcus of the University of California, San Francisco, tracked data from ... Read more

Related support groups: Insomnia, Obesity, Sleep Disorders, Fatigue, Heart Disease, Atrial Fibrillation, Arrhythmia, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease

Does Living in Poor Neighborhood Up Stroke Risk?

Posted 2 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 – People in poor neighborhoods have a higher stroke risk than those in wealthier ones, regardless of race or gender, new research suggests. The study included nearly 25,000 Americans, average age 65, with no history of stroke. During an average follow-up of seven and a half years, 929 of them had a stroke. Women and men of all races in the poorest neighborhoods were more likely to suffer a stroke than those in the richer neighborhoods. This held true even after the researchers adjusted for other factors such as age, race, sex and region of the country. One possible reason is that people in poor neighborhoods are more likely to smoke than those in richer areas. They also have higher rates of high blood pressure and diabetes, which are linked to stroke, according to the researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). "Many social and behavioral risk ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Device Approved to Prevent Second Strokes in Certain Heart Patients

Posted 30 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 28, 2016 – The Amplatzer PFO Occluder device has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent another stroke among people who had at least one prior stroke involving a PFO (patent foramen avale). A PFO is a small hole in the heart that could allow passage of a blood clot. Up to 30 percent of Americans have a PFO, the FDA explained in a news release. The condition typically causes no health issues and doesn't require treatment. However, in a small number of cases, the PFO provides "a path for a blood clot to travel to the brain where it [blocks] a blood vessel resulting in a stroke," the agency added. The new device is inserted via a catheter in a leg vein and is advanced to the heart. It was FDA approved nearly a decade ago, but its manufacturer withdrew the application for approval after the agency told the manufacturer that more than 4,000 people ... Read more

Related support groups: Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Cardiothoracic Surgery

Air Pollution May Even Harm Blood Vessels of Healthy Young

Posted 25 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 25, 2016 – Even young, healthy adults can suffer blood vessel damage from air pollution, a new study finds. Periodic exposure to fine particulate matter – tiny pollutants from cars, factories, power plants and fires – isn't a health risk only for the ill and the elderly, the researchers concluded. The three-year study in Provo, Utah, tied this form of air pollution to abnormal changes in the blood of young adults, age 23 on average. Over time, these abnormalities could lead to heart disease, the researchers said. The findings suggest that living in a polluted environment could promote development of high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke more pervasively and at an earlier stage than previously thought, said study researcher Timothy O'Toole. He's with the Diabetes and Obesity Center at the University of Louisville in Kentucky. "Although we have known for some time ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Cough, Hypertension, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Respiratory Tract Disease, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

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