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Secondhand Smoke Still Plagues Some Cancer Survivors

Posted 1 day 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 22, 2017 – The number of nonsmoking cancer survivors exposed to secondhand smoke is down significantly in the United States, but it's too soon to breathe easy. A new review of federal data on nearly 700 nonsmoking adult cancer survivors found 15.7 percent reporting exposure to secondhand smoke in 2011-2012, down from nearly 40 percent in 1999-2000. However, exposure rates were higher among those with a history of smoking-related cancer and those living below the federal poverty level. Rates of secondhand tobacco exposure among nonsmoking cancer survivors are similar to that of the general population, the study found. "This is concerning," said study author Dr. Oladimeji Akinboro, chief medical resident at Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital in New Rochelle, N.Y., "because those who have had or have cancer represent a group of people whose health outcomes are adversely ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Head Position May Not Affect Outcome After Stroke

Posted 2 days 12 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 21, 2017 – New research might turn conventional stroke treatment on its head. An international study suggests doctors need not ask patients to lie on their backs, eyes trained on the ceiling, for the first 24 hours of their recovery – a popular way to prevent complications. It appears patients do just as well if their heads are elevated, the study found. "Head positioning does not seem potent enough to produce changes in the brain that make a difference to the chances of survival and recovery from acute stroke in patients," said lead author Dr. Craig Anderson, head of a global health institute at Peking University Health Science Center in China. "They [head positions] also are not the key factor related to the harms associated with impaired swallowing and breathing disturbance after acute stroke," he added. Doctors have long believed blood flow to the brain is better ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Aspiration Pneumonia

Horse Therapy Could Rein In Stroke's Damage Years Later

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – It may not be for everyone, but a new study suggests that the smooth stride of a gentle horse may help stroke survivors regain lost mobility and balance years after their brain attack. "I don't think we're ready to say that once you've reached the last phase of stroke recovery, you should get on a horse," said Dr. Daniel Lackland, a spokesperson for the American Stroke Association. But, it's "exciting" that many of these patients saw improvements with therapies "outside of what's available in traditional stroke rehabilitation," he added. None of the stroke survivors in the study had severe disabilities, but they did have lingering problems with essential functions like balance, walking and memory. Researchers found that two unconventional therapies – horseback riding and music-and-rhythm therapy – seemed to help many of these patients. Lackland also pointed ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Are You at Risk for Metabolic Syndrome?

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 15, 2017 – Scientists have identified a group of specific factors that increase your risk for heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, all of which are severe health threats. The name for these risk factors is metabolic syndrome. Think of them as a wake-up call for getting healthier. The first risk factor is a large waistline, or excess fat in the belly area, according to the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. This is the only visible sign. The second risk factor is high triglycerides, a type of fat found in your blood. The third is a low level of HDL – or high-density lipoprotein – cholesterol, the so-called good cholesterol. The fourth risk factor is high blood pressure, and the fifth is a high level of sugar in your blood. It only takes three of these risk factors for you to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. And once you have metabolic syndrome, you're ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Emergency

Advances Against Heart Disease Haven't Reached America's Poor: Studies

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 7, 2017 – Americans have made major strides in reducing heart disease, but two new studies suggest one group – the poor – still lags behind. Risk of heart disease among middle-class and rich Americans declined 20 percent between 1999 and 2014, researchers said. But those levels changed little among the poor, who are as likely to have high blood pressure, to smoke and have other risk factors for heart disease and stroke as they did 15 or 20 years ago, the researchers found. "Adults in all income strata have not benefited equally from efforts to improve control of cardiovascular risk factors in the United States," said Dr. Ayodele Odutayo, lead researcher of one of the studies. Public health must focus on reducing income disparities in cardiovascular risk factors, particularly blood pressure and smoking, said Odutayo. He is with St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. "This ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Moving Toward a Better Blood Pressure Pill

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 5, 2017 – Combining low doses of several different blood pressure drugs may be better than using a standard dose of just one medication, a new review of past studies suggests. Two-thirds of patients taking a blood pressure-lowering drug don't improve as much as their doctors would like, the researchers noted. Citing a "critical need" for new approaches, they reviewed 42 studies involving ultra-low doses of multiple medications. Their conclusion: "Low doses can achieve large effects when used in combination," said review co-author Dr. Anthony Rodgers. "What we found was that four quarter doses [of different medications] gives a lot of benefit with few apparent side effects." High blood pressure is a leading cause of stroke, heart attack and several other major conditions, so it's important to get good treatment, said Rodgers. He is a professor of global health at the George ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Azor, Benicar HCT, Exforge, Diovan HCT, Hyzaar, Lotrel, Avalide, Hydrochlorothiazide/Lisinopril, Maxzide, Dyazide, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Micardis HCT, Tribenzor, Hydrochlorothiazide/Triamterene, Ziac, Caduet, Edarbyclor, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis

Stroke Risk Can Rise With Pregnancy-Linked High Blood Pressure

Posted 25 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 – Several factors raise the risk of pregnancy-related stroke in women with preeclampsia, a new study suggests. Preeclampsia is a condition marked by high blood pressure and protein in a pregnant woman's urine. It affects between 3 percent and 8 percent of pregnancies. Women with preeclampsia are at increased risk for stroke during and after pregnancy, though pregnancy-related strokes are rare. "Preeclampsia is a very complex disorder that's not completely understood. Our study sought to discover if there are ... clues that may help identify the women with preeclampsia who are at the highest risk for pregnancy-related stroke," said lead author Dr. Eliza Miller, a vascular neurology fellow at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center. Researchers looked at nearly 89,000 women who developed preeclampsia between 2003 and 2012. Of those, about ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Urinary Tract Infection, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Toxemia of pregnancy, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease, HELLP Syndrome

Hospitals Vary in Moving Stroke Patients to Comfort or Hospice Care

Posted 25 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 25, 2017 – U.S. hospitals differ greatly in how often they move new stroke patients from treatment to comfort or hospice care, researchers report. Comfort care refers to medical care designed to ease suffering for a patient near death. "End-of-life and palliative care plays an important role with stroke, since the death rate is high, yet there has been limited data on the transition from treatment to comfort care," said study author Dr. Shyam Prabhakaran. He is a professor of neurology and medical social sciences at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. Prabhakaran and his colleagues analyzed data from nearly 1 million people treated for stroke in 1,675 hospitals between 2009 and 2013. About 55,000 had doctor's orders for comfort care only. Overall, 5.6 percent of the patients were moved to comfort care only. But the rate varied widely among ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Heart Disease the No. 1 Killer Worldwide

Posted 17 May 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Roughly a third of all deaths around the world are the result of heart disease and stroke, making cardiovascular disease the number one killer globally, new research finds. Big declines in heart disease-driven fatalities in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, South Korea and many countries in Western Europe have started to level off over the past 20 years, investigators reported. "It is an alarming threat to global health," said study lead author Dr. Gregory Roth, an assistant professor of cardiology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. "Trends in cardiovascular disease mortality are no longer declining for high-income regions," he noted in an American College of Cardiology news release, "and low- and middle-income countries are also seeing more cardiovascular disease-related deaths." The study included 2,300 ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Alcoholism, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Hangover, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

'Healthy Obese' May Be a Myth

Posted 17 May 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – The so-called "healthy obese" don't get off scot-free. They still have a higher risk of heart disease than normal-weight people, a new British study finds. Folks dubbed healthy obese don't have metabolic problems typically associated with obesity – such as high cholesterol, poor blood sugar control, diabetes or high blood pressure. But, it's been unclear if they are at increased risk for problems such as heart failure or stroke. In this study, researchers analyzed 1995-2015 electronic health records of 3.5 million people aged 18 and older in the United Kingdom who were initially free of heart disease. Compared to normal-weight people with no metabolic problems, healthy obese people had a 50 percent higher risk of heart disease, a 7 percent higher risk of stroke, twice the risk of heart failure, and a greater risk of peripheral artery disease (or PAD, which is ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Weight Loss, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Better Treatment Might Prevent Hundreds of Thousands of Strokes

Posted 15 May 2017 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 15, 2017 – Hundreds of thousands of strokes might be prevented in the United States each year if more people with a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation took blood-thinning medications, a new study estimates. Atrial fibrillation causes the heart to quiver instead of beating normally. This causes blood to pool and possibly clot, according to the American Heart Association. If one of those clots breaks free, it can go to the brain and cause a stroke. "Though not a life-threatening rhythm abnormality per se, atrial fibrillation can be associated with devastating life-altering consequences, namely disabling stroke," said one expert, Dr. Nicholas Skipitaris. He directs cardiac electrophysiology at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Unfortunately, too few people are getting the treatment for "a-fib" that they need, the new study found. Taking blood thinners might ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Eliquis, Lovenox, Transient Ischemic Attack, Heparin, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Rivaroxaban, Enoxaparin, Apixaban, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Fragmin, Clexane, Arixtra, Hep-Pak, Jantoven

Blood Thinners May Prevent Dementia in Atrial Fibrillation Patients

Posted 14 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Blood thinners are often prescribed to prevent strokes in people with the abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation. But a new study suggests these drugs may also help keep dementia at bay. The researchers said that the key is to start blood thinners, such as warfarin, soon after atrial fibrillation is diagnosed. That's true even for people at low risk of a stroke who wouldn't normally be given blood thinners. "We found that people who are on warfarin – the most common blood thinner used to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation – experienced very low rates of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease," said lead researcher Dr. T. Jared Bunch. He's director of heart rhythm research at Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Murray, Utah. Atrial fibrillation is a common heart abnormality that affects nearly 3 million American adults. ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Warfarin, Coumadin, Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Xarelto, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Eliquis, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Rivaroxaban, Excedrin Migraine, Arthritis Pain, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Ecotrin

Speed Is Key When a Stroke Strikes

Posted 12 May 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 12, 2017 – Every 40 seconds someone in America has a stroke. But fast action and quick treatment can save lives and reduce disability. "Stroke statistics are alarming. It's the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of serious adult disabilities," said Dr. Randolph Marshall, chief of the stroke division at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center. "The most effective method in saving a stroke victim's life is to diagnose and treat immediately after a stroke occurs," said Dr. Matthew Fink, neurologist-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center. Both hospitals are in New York City. "Strokes kill nearly 133,000 people a year. The good news is that approximately 80 percent of strokes can be prevented," Marshall said in a NewYork-Presbyterian news release. As part of Stroke Awareness Month, the two experts ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Ischemic Stroke, Smoking Cessation, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Common Painkillers Tied to Slight Rise in Heart Attack Risk

Posted 10 May 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – Commonly used painkillers such as Motrin, Advil and Aleve might increase your risk for heart attack, even in the first week of use, a new study suggests. Overall, these drugs and others known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of a heart attack by 20 to 50 percent, compared with not using them, researchers found. For most people, however, this represents only a small increased risk – about 1 percent a year, the researchers said. Still, "from the viewpoint of public health, even small increases in risk of heart attack are important because use of NSAIDs is so widespread," said lead researcher Michele Bally. She's an epidemiologist at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center. The increased risk of heart attack associated with NSAIDs was seen at any dose taken for one week, one month or more than one month. And the risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Celebrex, Diclofenac, Advil, Voltaren, Aleve, Voltaren Gel, Motrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Vicoprofen, Flector, Flector Patch, Arthrotec, Naprosyn, Advil PM

Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Posted 4 May 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 4, 2017 – The antioxidant resveratrol – found in red wine, peanuts and berries – might improve the health of blood vessels in people with type 2 diabetes, a small study suggests. The study found that resveratrol supplements lessened artery stiffness in some people with type 2 diabetes. Stiffening of the arteries, called arteriosclerosis, raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. "In treatment with resveratrol among people with diabetes, there was a trend toward improvement in the stiffness. And in people with higher stiffness there was more of a benefit," said lead researcher Dr. Naomi Hamburg. She is chief of the vascular biology section at Boston University School of Medicine. While the research suggests there might be ways to improve blood vessel abnormalities in people with type 2 diabetes, it's too soon to recommend resveratrol for that purpose, said Hamburg. "We ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Resveratrol, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

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