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8 Ways to Help Kids Dodge Germs

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 8, 2017 – There are a number of ways parents can help give a boost to their child's immune system, a family doctor suggests. "The immune system helps us fight infections," said Dr. Palak Shroff, a family medicine specialist at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center. "Immunity develops over time, so the more someone gets exposed, the more the immune system develops," Shroff explained in a center news release. "Kids' whole environment is new, but over time, their immunity will develop and get better," she added. Shroff suggested eight keys to helping children minimize their risk of catching every cold and virus that comes their way: Breast-feeding is the first step. It is an important way to help your child develop a strong immune system. "During breast-feeding, the mother's immunity transfers to the child," Shroff said. Vaccination is another crucial factor. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Insomnia, Obesity, Sleep Disorders, Cough, Fatigue, Bacterial Infection, Smoking, Influenza, Pneumonia, Smoking Cessation, Pseudoephedrine, Bacterial Skin Infection, Flonase, Phenylephrine, Nasonex, Human Papilloma Virus, Skin and Structure Infection, Cough and Nasal Congestion, BCG

U.S. Vaccine Guidelines for Flu, HPV Updated

Posted 7 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 7, 2017 – Roll up your sleeves, America. A national advisory panel of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released its 2017 advisory for recommended shots affecting adults. This year's advisory revises guidance on seasonal flu shots by eliminating nasal flu vaccines and modifying flu-shot advice for people with egg allergy. It also tweaks recommendations for vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and meningococcal disease. Doctors use the annually updated vaccine schedule to ensure that patients receive the right vaccines for their age, medical condition and other risk factors. The entire list includes 13 vaccinations. "All adults need immunizations to help them prevent getting and spreading serious disease that could result in poor health, missed work, medical bills, and not being able to care for family," said the report's lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, HIV Infection, Liver Cirrhosis, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Autoimmune Disorders, Gardasil, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Twinrix, Hepatitis B Prevention, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Tetanus Immune Globulin, Influenza Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, HyperTET S/D, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Engerix-B, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

Health Tip: Getting Your Child Vaccinated

Posted 22 Dec 2016 by Drugs.com

-- Vaccinations are a necessary part of keeping your child healthy, but the pain and fear may be difficult to endure. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Talk to the pediatrician about ways to manage your child's pain. Distract a young child during the shot by singing a song, blowing bubbles or playing a game. Act the doctor about using a numbing spray or cream. Breast-feed or offer a pacifier to babies during vaccination. Stay calm and reassure your child that everything is OK. Read more

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Use of Needle Exchange Programs Up Dramatically in 10 Years: CDC

Posted 30 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 – Although there was a significant increase in the use of syringe services programs (SSPs) – more commonly known as needle exchange programs – across the United States over the past decade, many injection drug users don't always use sterile needles, a federal government report says. Previously used needles put drug users at risk for infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis B and C, the report noted. Needle exchange programs provide sterile needles and syringes to injection drug users. These programs also refer drug users to prevention, care and treatment services. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at data from injection drug users in 22 cities with high rates of HIV. In 2015, 54 percent of injection drug users said they used a needle exchange program in the past year. That was up significantly compared to the 36 ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Hepatitis C, HIV Infection, Drug Dependence, Hepatitis B, Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Hepatitis B Prevention, Exposure to Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

One in Five Pediatricians Drops Families Who Refuse Vaccines: Survey

Posted 2 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 – One of every five U.S. pediatricians regularly drops families who refuse to have their children vaccinated, a new survey shows. Doctors in the South and Northeast were more likely to take this hardline stance, said study lead author Dr. Sean O'Leary, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Children's Hospital Colorado in Denver. But O'Leary said he's heard anecdotally that pediatricians across the nation have come under pressure to refuse to take on unvaccinated children, following the Disneyland measles outbreak that occurred earlier this year. "I'm hearing the practice has become more common, particularly in California, following the outbreak," O'Leary said. "Parents say, 'I don't want to take my child to a clinic with non-vaccinators and expose them to risk,' so there is parental pressure on some pediatricians." An ongoing medical debate continues to ... Read more

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Start of School Year Calls for Vaccine Check

Posted 21 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2015 – With the start of a new school year, many parents are searching for vaccination records and hoping they're current, but what does "up-to-date" look like these days? That depends on whether it's what the school requires or what pediatric experts recommend. "Not all vaccines that we recommend on the schedule are required by schools," said Wendy Sue Swanson, a pediatrician at Seattle Children's Hospital. "But schools help us keep up-to-date and have an annual assessment" of vaccine status. Swanson explained that during childhood, three key school transitions coincide with vaccine schedules. The first, she said, is when a child enters kindergarten. Then, "typically, at sixth grade, we refresh again. And there are updates that we provide kids at the end of high school as get they ready to go to college," she added. Each of these turning points usually means exposure ... Read more

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Doctors Worry About Return of Vaccine-Preventable Ills in Kids

Posted 12 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 12, 2015 – Although most U.S. children are getting their routine vaccinations, recent trends have experts concerned that Americans will lose some of the "herd immunity" that has long protected many from serious infections. The vast majority of U.S. kids are up-to-date with routine jabs against once-common infections like polio, measles, mumps, whooping cough and chickenpox. But that "coverage" varies from state to state, according to the latest figures from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, there were 17 states where less than 90 percent of 1.5- to 3-year-olds had gotten their first dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, the CDC found. And nationally, recent years have seen a small dip in the percentage of young children who are up-to-date with some other vaccines, according to Dr. Mark Sawyer, an infectious disease specialist at Rady ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis

Infectious-Disease Expert Debunks Common Vaccine Myths

Posted 12 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 12, 2015 – A small minority of people still distrust the safety of routine childhood vaccinations, but one expert says the myths that swirl around vaccines are easily dismissed. "Both parents and doctors have the same goal, to keep a child healthy, and the best way to keep a child safe is through vaccination," said Dr. Nadia Qureshi, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Loyola University Health System in Chicago. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, vaccines have saved more than 732,000 lives in the United States over the past two decades. But misconceptions about these simple but crucial health care interventions persist. One major myth is that the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine causes autism, said Qureshi, who is also an assistant professor of pediatrics at Loyola University. "This myth began in 1998 when an English surgeon ... Read more

Related support groups: Autism, Measles, Hepatitis B Prevention, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Herpes Zoster - Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

Vaccine Opponents Often Cluster in Communities

Posted 19 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 19, 2015 – Parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated appear to be clustered in certain areas, a new study suggests. Among more than 150,000 children in 13 counties in Northern California, the researchers found five clusters where kids had missed one or more vaccinations by the time they were 3 years old. "It's known from other studies that areas where there are clusters of vaccine refusal are at higher risk of epidemics, such as whooping cough epidemics," said lead investigator Dr. Tracy Lieu, a pediatrician and director of the division of research at Kaiser Permanente Northern California, in Oakland. "Clusters may deserve special outreach efforts to make sure parents have all the information they need to make informed decisions about vaccination," she said. Specifically, the researchers found the rate of missed vaccinations within these clusters ranged from 18 ... Read more

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Childhood Vaccines Vindicated Once More

Posted 1 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 – Parents worried about getting young children vaccinated against infectious diseases have fresh cause for reassurance, researchers say. A new review of existing scientific evidence has concluded that childhood vaccines are safe and don't cause serious health problems such as autism or leukemia. "Our findings support that vaccines are very safe for children, and add to a substantial body of evidence that the benefits of vaccination outweigh the very low risks," said senior author Dr. Courtney Gidengil, an associate physician scientist at RAND Corporation and an instructor at Harvard Medical School. "Hopefully, this will engage hesitant parents in discussions with their health care providers." The review found strong evidence that the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine is not associated with autism, which is consistent with previous reviews of this rumored ... Read more

Related support groups: Tetanus Toxoid, FluLaval, Hepatitis B Prevention, Afluria, Rotarix, Fluzone, Influenza Prophylaxis, Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Flucelvax, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Tripedia (DTaP), Daptacel (DTaP), Rota Teq, Rotavirus Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Measles Virus Vaccine/Mumps Virus Vaccine/Rubella Virus Vaccine, Infanrix (DTaP), Flushield

Hepatitis B Screening Proposed for All High-Risk Adults

Posted 11 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2014 – Adults at high risk for hepatitis B should be screened for the viral infection, according to a draft recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Although most people born in the United States are vaccinated against hepatitis B, there are still nearly 1 million infected people in the United States. Of those with chronic hepatitis B infection, 15 percent to 25 percent die from serious liver disease or liver cancer. "The good news is that evidence shows we can catch the disease early in many people who are already infected by screening for hepatitis B virus infection in persons at high risk for infection," task force member Dr. Douglas Owens, a professor of medicine at Stanford University, said in a task force news release. "And treatment can help prevent liver cancer in people who have chronic hepatitis B infection." Screening consists of a blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

Hepatitis B Vaccination Cuts Deaths From Liver Disease, Cancer: Study

Posted 4 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 3 – Taiwanese researchers report a 90 percent reduction in deaths from complications of hepatitis B since the country began its infant vaccination program in 1984. Vaccinations have also decreased the spread of hepatitis B, which can cause liver damage, liver cancer and a deadly reaction in babies called infant fulminant hepatitis, the researchers said. "Immunization has provided 30-year protection against acute hepatitis and end-stage chronic liver diseases, including cirrhosis and liver cancer," said lead researcher Chien-Jen Chen, a vice president at the Genomics Research Center at Academia Sinica in Taipei. The implications of the findings are global. Chen said there are 350 million chronic carriers of hepatitis B in the world, with the highest prevalence in the Asia-Pacific region and sub-Saharan Africa. The infection can be spread from mothers to newborns. "All ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Engerix-B, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Recombivax HB, Engerix-B Pediatric, Hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine

Whooping Cough Cases Rise as Parents Opt Out of Vaccine

Posted 3 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 3 – Parents who opt out of vaccinating their children are putting their own kids and others around them at risk of serious illness, finds a study conducted in New York. Almost twice as many parents in New York sought religious exemptions from vaccination in 2011 compared to 12 years earlier, and cases of whooping cough (pertussis) increased simultaneously, the study found. "The reason for the rising rates for religious exemptions is unknown. Our preliminary results suggest that it's not for religious reasons alone," said study senior author Dr. Jana Shaw, an assistant professor of pediatrics at SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse. Counties with exemption rates of 1 percent or more experienced higher rates of whooping cough in both unvaccinated and vaccinated children – 33 cases per 100,000 children on average compared to 20 cases per 100,000 in counties with lower ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Pertussis, Acellular, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis

Parents Who Veto Vaccinations Often Seek Like-Minded Opinions

Posted 15 Apr 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 15 – Friends and family may be key in parents' decisions on whether to vaccinate their young children, a small study suggests. The study, of about 200 parents, found that those who had opted not to follow the standard vaccine schedule often sought advice from anti-vaccine friends and family. Experts said it's not certain that the advice actually steered parents in an anti-vaccine direction: Parents who were already prone to shunning vaccines may have turned to like-minded people for reinforcement. "It's the chicken-and-egg question," said researcher Emily Brunson, an assistant professor of anthropology at Texas State University, in San Marcos. "The answer is, we don't know which came first." To be more sure, Brunson said, parents would have to be followed over time, to see whether undecided parents actually base vaccine decisions on advice from other people. But Brunson ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis

Too Few Adults Get Recommended Vaccines: CDC

Posted 29 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 29 – Vaccines aren't just for kids, and most American adults aren't getting their recommended vaccinations, federal health officials said Tuesday. "In general, too few adults are taking advantage of the protection of vaccines, leaving themselves and those around them at greater risk of vaccine-preventable diseases," Dr. Howard Koh, assistant secretary for health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, said during a news conference. For example, Koh said, in 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, there were some 37,000 cases of preventable pneumococcal pneumonia that resulted in 4,000 deaths. The majority of deaths occurred among adults 50 and older, and the highest rates were seen among those 65 years and older. Almost everyone who gets invasive pneumococcal disease needs treatment in the hospital, and that's why people 65 and older should ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Prevnar 13, Prevnar, Tetanus Toxoid, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Pneumococcal 23-polyvalent Vaccine, Twinrix, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Cervarix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 23-Valent Vaccine, Havrix, Influenza Prophylaxis, Pneumococcal 7-Valent Vaccine, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Toxoid/Tetanus Toxoid, Daptacel (DTaP)

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