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Head Injury News

Related terms: Traumatic Brain Injury, Brain Injury, TBI

In America's Poorest Communities, a Greater Risk of Child Abuse Deaths

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 24, 2017 – Growing up in a poor family is a well-known risk factor for child abuse, but a new analysis suggests it may also raise a young child's chances of dying from that abuse. More than 11,000 children, from newborn to age 4, died of physical abuse in the United States during the 15-year study period. In U.S. counties with the highest levels of poverty, rates of child abuse fatalities were more than three times greater than in counties with the lowest levels of poverty, the researchers found. Infants accounted for 20 percent of children in the study, but 45 percent of child abuse deaths. In high-poverty counties, there were 9.6 infant deaths per 100,000. The study also highlights racial disparities. It found that the fatality rate for black children in the lowest-poverty communities is higher than the rate for white children in counties with the highest levels of ... Read more

Related support groups: Agitation, Head Injury, Agitated State

At What Age Can Kids Safely Cross the Street?

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 21, 2017 – Crossing a busy street requires calculations too complex for kids younger than 14, a new study finds. In simulated experiments, University of Iowa researchers found children lack the perceptual judgment and physical skills needed to consistently get across safely. "Some people think younger children may be able to perform like adults when crossing the street," said study corresponding author Jodie Plumert, a professor of psychological and brain sciences. "Our study shows that's not necessarily the case on busy roads where traffic doesn't stop," Plumert said in a university news release. In 2014, there were 8,000 injuries and 207 deaths involving motor vehicles and pedestrians aged 14 and younger in the United States, according to the National Center for Statistics and Analysis. For this new study, researchers used a realistic simulated setting to assess the ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Prevention of Fractures

Body Temperature Might Give Clues to Coma

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – Adjusting the so-called body clock might help severely brain-injured patients regain consciousness from a coma, researchers say. The preliminary study included 18 people with severe brain injuries. Their body temperature was continually monitored for one week, which enabled researchers to calculate the length of each patient's circadian rhythm – the natural cycles that tell you when to sleep, wake or eat. The researchers found circadian rhythms ranged from 23.5 to 26.3 hours among the study patients. The investigators also evaluated the patients' levels of consciousness by measuring things such as response to sound, and ability to open eyes with or without stimulation. Body temperature fluctuates throughout the day based on environmental cues, including daylight and darkness, the study authors explained. The researchers found that patients with a higher ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Many Kids Still Being Injured on ATVs

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 – They may look like tons of fun, but all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are actually tons of trouble for kids. And efforts to reduce ATV-related injuries among children in the United States haven't had much impact, a new study said. "The injuries children sustain from ATV-related accidents are frequently more severe than injuries received from motor vehicle crashes," said study lead author Dr. Thomas Pranikoff. He is a professor of pediatric surgical sciences at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C. Children are also at greater risk for ATV-related injuries than adults. Yet the major risk factors for young riders are entirely preventable, the study authors said. The most recent year of data available from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission was 2013. That data revealed almost 100,000 ATV-related injuries nationwide requiring treatment in ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Fractures, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Health Tip: Stay Aware While Running

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

-- On the run? You need to remember some safety tips before you hit the trail. The Road Runners Club of America advises: Skip the headphones so you can hear what is going on around you. Carry a cell phone and some form of identification that includes your address, phone number, blood type and important medical information. Run against the flow of traffic to better see oncoming vehicles. When crossing streets, get acknowledgement from a driver that he or she sees you. Always obey traffic signals. Vary your running location, but stick to familiar routes. Tell someone before you leave where you will be running and when you expect to return. Run with a friend or a pet. Avoid isolated areas, including overgrown trails and deserted streets. Wear reflective material if you're running when it is dark or near-dark. Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Fractures

Hockey Doesn't Seem to Hit Players' Thinking Skills: Study

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 – The pounding that professional hockey players take on the ice doesn't seem to damage their thinking skills in retirement, a small study suggests. But they do appear to struggle with high levels of behavioral and emotional problems, the researchers added. For the study, Carrie Esopenko of the Rotman Research Institute in Toronto, and colleagues looked at 33 retired pro players and a "control group" of 18 men of the same age who had not played professional contact sports. Compared to the men in the control group, the ex-players had similar scores on memory and attention tests, and slightly lower scores on measures of executive and intellectual functioning, the study findings showed. The scores on these tests were associated with the number of concussions the players had sustained. But the study did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Overall, there was ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness

U.S. Pedestrian Deaths Surged to Record Levels in 2016

Posted 30 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 30, 2017 – For the second straight year, U.S. pedestrian deaths are setting alarming new records. The number of pedestrians killed on U.S. roads rose a projected 11 percent between 2015 and 2016, the largest year-to-year increase on record, according to a new Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) report. During the first six months of 2016, preliminary data show 2,660 pedestrian deaths nationwide, compared to 2,486 for the same period during 2015. The year-long projection is based on those numbers. The report also projects a 22 percent rise in pedestrian deaths from 2014. Both estimates are sharply higher than the 9 percent increase in pedestrian deaths between 2014 and 2015. "This is the second year in a row that we have seen unprecedented increases in pedestrian fatalities, which is both sad and alarming," said report author Richard Retting, who's with Sam ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Prevention of Fractures

'Heads Up' Football Program Tackles Concussion Danger in Kids

Posted 22 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 22, 2017 – A concussion prevention program that teaches young football players safer ways to block and tackle was tied to about a one-third lower risk of head injury, according to a new study. And, in those players who did sustain a concussion, recovery was 27 percent faster for those involved in the program, the researchers found. "It is difficult to say which aspect of the program did this," said one of the study's authors, Dr. John Tokish. He's a professor of orthopaedics at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine in Greenville. Tokish, a former football player and youth coach who's also the father of two football players himself, said the findings are encouraging. "I think the results are promising," he said. "However, they spur more questions that we are anxious to go after. It is certainly possible that further research would demonstrate different ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Injury Risk May Rise When Kids Play Just One Sport

Posted 17 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 17, 2017 – Focusing too much on playing one favorite sport probably isn't a good idea for kids under 12, researchers report. That's because specializing in a single sport seems to increase a child's risk of injury, researchers say. "Young athletes should participate in one competitive sport per season, and take at least three months off (non-consecutive) from competition per year," said the study's leader, Dr. Neeru Jayanthi. He's a physician with Emory Sports Medicine and an associate professor of orthopaedics and family medicine at Emory University in Atlanta. For the study, Jayanthi's team assessed the risk of sports-related injuries among nearly 1,200 young athletes. After tracking their training schedules over the course of three years, the investigators found that nearly 40 percent of the athletes suffered an injury during the study period. The findings also showed ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Prevention of Fractures, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Serious Crash Often a Wake-Up Call for Teen Drivers

Posted 17 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 16, 2017 – No matter how often teenagers are told to drive safely, some might not heed that advice until they are involved in a crash, new research suggests. The study included 254 teens, ages 16 and 17, who were participating in a driving study. Their cars were equipped with cameras and a device to measure acceleration, and researchers analyzed their driving habits. The investigators found that among teens who were involved in a severe collision – defined as "police-reportable" and causing major damage, airbag deployment, injury or a rollover – there was an immediate change in their driving habits. Rapid acceleration – a sign of risky driving – dropped by 34 percent, the findings showed. After about two months, instances of rapid acceleration tended to rise again, but stayed below pre-crash levels, according to the study published in a recent issue of the journal ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Compression Fracture of Vertebral Column, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Why Some Kids Take Longer to Recover From Brain Injury

Posted 15 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – Brain scans may reveal which children will take longer to recover from a traumatic brain injury, according to a new small study. Damage to white matter in the brain – seen with brain imaging – appears to be associated with slower recovery, researchers found. "Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of disability in children, but it's very difficult to predict long-term outcome and which kids might need more aggressive treatment," said study author Emily Dennis. "While the severity of the injury certainly plays a role in this, there's still a lot of uncertainty – you frequently have two patients with similar injuries who have different recoveries," said Dennis, a postdoctoral scholar at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. The study included 21 children, aged 8 to 18. They had been hit by a car, hurt in a car crash, or had fallen from ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Imaging, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Which High School Sport Has the Most Concussions?

Posted 15 Mar 2017 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – Female soccer players suffer the highest rate of concussions among all high school athletes in the United States, a new study finds. "While American football has been both scientifically and colloquially associated with the highest concussion rates, our study found that girls, and especially those who play soccer, may face a higher risk," said study author Dr. Wellington Hsu. He is a professor of orthopaedics at Northwestern University in Chicago. "The new knowledge presented in this study can lead to policy and prevention measures to potentially halt these trends," Hsu said in a news release from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. For the study, the researchers analyzed data on nearly 41,000 injuries suffered by high school athletes in nine sports between 2005 and 2015. The injuries included nearly 6,400 concussions. The sports studied included ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Concussions More Likely in Female Athletes

Posted 28 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 – Female athletes appear to be more likely than men to suffer concussions during their careers on the field, a new study suggests. The findings add to the existing evidence that female athletes may be more susceptible to concussions, even as attention has tended to focus on the risk to male football players. "The more we look at concussion, the more we realize that women are at high risk," said study co-author Dr. James Noble. He's an assistant professor of neurology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. Once a concussion occurs, however, the gender gap dwindles, the researchers found. "For the most part, men and women experience concussion in about the same way," Noble said, "although men were more likely to report forgetfulness and women more likely to report sleep problems." Concussions, especially among football players from high school to ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Ice Fishing Can Invite Serious Injuries

Posted 26 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 – Ice fishing may seem like a relaxing pastime, but it can result in broken bones, concussions and other injuries, according to surgeons from the Mayo Clinic. "Ice fishing has become more popular in the last few years, and, with this, we have seen an increase in ice fishing-related injuries," study author Dr. Cornelius Thiels, a surgical resident, said in a hospital news release. "What is even more concerning is that ice fishing injuries tend to be more severe than injuries associated with traditional fishing," Thiels said. "We hope this research will bring awareness to the safety issues that surround this pastime and help prevent similar incidents," he said. For the study, the researchers examined ER records of visits that occurred between 2009 and 2014. Overall, they identified 85 people treated for injuries sustained while ice fishing. Ironically, burns are ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Prevention of Fractures, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Repeat Head Hits May Not Put NFL Players at Risk of Motor Problems

Posted 20 Feb 2017 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Feb. 19, 2017 – Repeated hits to the head may not doom NFL players to suffer movement disorders after they retire, new research suggests. "We found that while the motor functions of former NFL players were not as good as other men their age, they were still within normal range and not related to repeated head injury," said study author Dr. Samuel Frank, of Harvard Medical School in Boston. Repeated head injuries have been linked to a devastating brain disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), the researchers noted in a news release from the American Academy of Neurology. Numerous NFL players have been diagnosed with CTE after their deaths. Performing an autopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose the condition. In January, a $1 billion concussion lawsuit settlement for former NFL players was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court, despite legal challenges from ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Imaging, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

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