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Related terms: Morning-After Pill, Emergency Birth Control, ECP, Emergency Contraceptives

FDA Explains Pros, Cons of Permanent Birth Control

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 – Women need to carefully consider the benefits and risks of permanent birth control devices, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. The agency recently introduced labeling changes for one such device called Essure. It consists of flexible metal coils that are implanted into the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Within about three months, tissue forms around the coils and blocks sperm from reaching the eggs. Because the device is made with metal, women who are sensitive or allergic to nickel or other metals should be sure to let their doctor know about their allergy, the FDA said. The labeling changes for Essure include a boxed warning and patient decision checklist to help ensure that women receive and understand the benefits and risks of the device in order to make an informed decision about whether to use it. An important ... Read more

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DNA May Influence Your Reproductive Decisions

Posted 1 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 31, 2016 – Your DNA may influence how old you are when you become a parent and how many kids you have, a new study suggests. An international team of more than 250 scientists said it has identified 12 areas of DNA associated with age of first childbirth and total family size. The findings suggest that genetics may play a role in reproductive behavior – along with personal choice, social circumstances and environmental factors, the researchers said. "Our genes do not determine our behavior, but for the first time, we have identified parts of the DNA code that influence it. This is another small piece to understanding this very large jigsaw puzzle," study first author Nicola Barban, of Oxford University in England, said in a university news release. The analysis of data from more than 568,000 men and women was published Oct. 31 in the journal Nature Genetics. "For the first ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Female Infertility

Some Doctors Swayed by Political Beliefs

Posted 4 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 3, 2016 – A doctor's political beliefs can sway his or her treatment decisions. That's the conclusion of a study by Yale University researchers who surveyed primary care doctors in 29 states on how they would deal with different types of patient health concerns, including abortion, firearms and marijuana use. While Republican and Democratic doctors had similar views about general issues such as depression, alcohol abuse and obesity, there were significant differences when it came to political hot-button topics. Republican doctors expressed more concern than Democratic doctors about marijuana use and abortion, while Democratic physicians were more concerned about firearms, the findings showed. Democratic doctors were more likely to urge patients not to keep guns in the home while Republican doctors were more likely to warn patients about the mental health risks of abortion. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Cannabis

'The Pill' May Raise Depression Risk

Posted 28 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – Women who use hormonal methods for birth control, such as "the pill," may have a slightly higher risk of developing depression – and teenagers may be most vulnerable, a large study suggests. Researchers said the findings confirm the link between hormonal birth control and depression symptoms. However, the association does not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Manufacturers already list "mood changes," including new or worsening depression, on their products' list of potential side effects. But this new study of more than 1 million women strengthens the evidence of a connection, said Dr. Ojvind Lidegaard, of the University of Copenhagen, in Denmark. Lidegaard said women with a history of depression symptoms might want to consider nonhormonal contraception – such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) that release copper to prevent sperm from fertilizing the ... Read more

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U.S. Teen Births Hit Another Record Low: CDC

Posted 28 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 2016 – Births to U.S. teens reached a record low last year, continuing a dramatic two-decade decline, federal health officials reported Wednesday. The then-historic low achieved in 2014 was surpassed in 2015, with the overall birth rate for 15- to 19-year-olds falling another 8 percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The current rate – 22.3 births per 1,000 females – represents a 64 percent falloff in teen motherhood since 1991, health officials noted. Record lows were reported for minorities and whites. Among younger teens – girls 15 to 17 --- the birth rate has fallen 74 percent from 1991, the CDC said. "There is a phenomenal decline in teen births we see across the board – it's just really amazing," said lead researcher Brady Hamilton, from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Despite these successes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception

Vasectomy May Not Raise Prostate Cancer Risk After All

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – A large, new study challenges previous research that suggested vasectomies might increase the risk of prostate cancer or dying from it. In the latest finding, researchers found no connection between vasectomies and overall risk of prostate cancer, or of dying from the disease. The American Cancer Society epidemiologists reviewed more than 7,000 prostate cancer deaths, as opposed to the just over 800 prostate cancer deaths that were studied by Harvard scientists in a 2014 study. "Vasectomy is an effective and inexpensive long-term method of birth control," said new study author Eric Jacobs. "This new, large study provides some reassurance that vasectomy is unlikely to meaningfully increase risk of prostate cancer." Jacobs and his colleagues reviewed data on almost 364,000 men aged 40 and older who participated in the Cancer Prevention Study II, a vast research ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Prostate Cancer, Postcoital Contraception, Prostatitis, Prostate Tumor - Benign, Genitourinary Surgical and Other Conditions

CDC Ends Zika Travel Advisory for Miami Neighborhood

Posted 19 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – U.S. health officials on Monday lifted the Zika virus travel advisory that urged pregnant women to avoid travel to Miami's Wynwood neighborhood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to ask pregnant women and their partners to take precautions to prevent mosquito bites if they travel to or live in Wynwood. An arts district north of downtown Miami, Wynwood became the first area in the continental United States with mosquito transmissions of the virus that can cause terrible birth defects. But vigorous mosquito-control efforts appear to have paid off in Wynwood, halting new cases of Zika virus transmission in that area, CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said Monday. "We've reached this point because of the tremendous progress with mosquito control in the affected area, including the combination of aerial application of the larvicide Bti and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

CDC May Lift Zika Travel Advisory for Miami Neighborhood

Posted 15 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – America's top public health agency could lift its Zika virus travel advisory for the Wynwood neighborhood of Miami as early as Monday, officials said Thursday afternoon. "Barring any new local transmissions in the affected area, we are expecting to be able to update guidance early next week," Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said during a media briefing. Since early August, the CDC has urged pregnant women to avoid travel to the Wynwood neighborhood, based on evidence that mosquitoes had been actively transmitting Zika from person to person. Zika is the first mosquito-borne virus known to cause terrible birth defects, most of them brain-related. The most common one is microcephaly, in which a child is born with an abnormally small brain and skull. In other news, Congressional aides say Republicans ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Many Teens Give Sex Ed a Failing Grade

Posted 13 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Teens around the world are getting sex education in schools that fails to address their needs and concerns, researchers report. By not addressing the complex nature of sex education and offering a curriculum that isn't practical or helpful to young people, educators are missing a key opportunity to protect students' health and well-being, the study authors added. "Schools should acknowledge that sex is a special subject with unique challenges, as well as the fact and range of young people's sexual activity, otherwise [they] will continue to disengage from [sex ed], and opportunities for safeguarding and improving their sexual health will be reduced," the British researchers wrote. The research team, led by Dr. Pandora Pound of the University of Bristol School of Social and Community Medicine, analyzed 55 studies that examined sex education programs in schools ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Erectile Dysfunction, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Sexual Deviations or Disorders, Gender Dysphoria, Hypersexuality State

For Teens With Leukemia, Pregnancy Tests Often Neglected

Posted 12 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Many teen girls with leukemia aren't checked for pregnancy before they receive chemotherapy drugs that can cause birth defects, a new study finds. Despite the risk of birth defects posed by these drugs, there are no standardized guidelines for pregnancy screening in teen cancer patients, the researchers said. "Since nearly all chemotherapy agents used for childhood/adolescent acute leukemia can cause potential harm to a developing fetus, our findings indicate a need for standardized pregnancy screening practices for adolescent patients being treated for cancer," said study author Dr. Pooja Rao. She was with a team from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia when the study was conducted. The researchers analyzed data from 10- to 18-year-old girls in the United States diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Leukemia, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation

CDC's Frieden: We're Nearly Out of Money to Fight Zika

Posted 9 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 9, 2016 – The federal government is basically out of money to fight the Zika virus, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday. Dr. Tom Frieden offered that assessment to a group of reporters as Congress began negotiations on a stopgap spending bill that's also intended to include long-delayed money to battle Zika. The mosquito-borne virus causes severe birth defects and continues to make inroads into Florida, the only state in the continental U.S. to report local transmission of the virus. The Associated Press quoted Frieden as saying the country is "about to see a bunch of kids born with microcephaly" in the coming months. Microcephaly is a condition in which babies are born with abnormally small heads and brains. Frieden said Congress' lack of action to approve more Zika funding has hampered research into the virus and production of new ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Postcoital Contraception, Hydrocephalus, Insect Bites, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Zika Virus Infection

Newer Epilepsy Drugs May Be Safer During Pregnancy

Posted 1 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 – Women who take the new epilepsy drugs levetiracetam and topiramate during pregnancy don't run the risk of harming their infant's mental development, British researchers report. But the commonly prescribed anti-seizure drug valproate was linked with lower IQs in children, especially when taken at higher doses, researchers say. "The treatment of epilepsy in women who are considering a pregnancy or are pregnant involves optimizing the health of the mother as well as keeping the risk to the fetus as low as possible," said lead researcher Rebecca Bromley, a research fellow at the Institute for Human Development at the University of Manchester. In the study, children exposed to levetiracetam (Keppra) or topiramate (Topamax) in the womb did not differ from children not exposed to these drugs. And they had better outcomes than the children exposed to valproate ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Seizures, Topamax, Epilepsy, Keppra, Topiramate, Qsymia, Postcoital Contraception, Seizure Prevention, Levetiracetam, Seizure Prophylaxis, Keppra XR, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Phentermine/topiramate, Status Epilepticus, West Syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Trokendi XR

Just Spraying Adult Mosquitoes Won't Curb Zika: Study

Posted 29 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 – Female mosquitoes can transmit the Zika virus to their eggs and offspring, and this may make it harder to contain outbreaks, a new lab study suggests. Control programs that focus only on adult mosquitoes may not halt Zika's spread, the researchers warned. The researchers injected laboratory-grown Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which spread the virus, with Zika and tracked its spread to their offspring. "The implications for viral control are clear," said study co-author Dr. Robert Tesh, of the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. "Spraying affects adults, but it does not usually kill the immature forms – the eggs and larvae," said Tesh. As a result, "spraying will reduce transmission, but it may not eliminate the virus." Based on their findings, the study authors say larvicide should become an integral part of efforts to stop the spread of the virus. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

Heart Birth Defects Dropped After Folic Acid Was Added to Food

Posted 29 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 – The introduction of folic acid-fortified foods in Canada was associated with a decrease in babies being born with heart defects, a new study found. Researchers reviewed data from nearly 6 million births in Canada. The births occurred between 1990 and 2011. Folic acid food fortification became mandatory for all types of flour, enriched pasta and cornmeal in 1998 in Canada. During the study period, there was an 11 percent decline in rates of congenital heart defects overall. But decreases weren't seen in all types of heart defects present at birth. The biggest declines – between 15 percent and 27 percent – were in structural defects of the heart, such as holes in the wall of the heart or a narrowing of the major artery (the aorta) that carries blood to the body from the heart, the investigators found. But, there was no reduction in heart defects at birth caused ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Anemia, Postcoital Contraception, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Folic Acid Deficiency, Spina bifida, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital

Sex Partner With No Zika Symptoms Transmits Virus: CDC

Posted 26 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 26, 2016 – U.S. health officials report that the Zika virus can be spread sexually even when a partner shows no signs of infection. A Maryland woman who had not traveled to an active Zika area was diagnosed with the virus in June after having condomless sex with a man who had been to the Dominican Republic, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The mosquito-borne virus is circulating in the Dominican Republic, but the man had experienced no Zika symptoms, such as fever, pink eye or rash. Although he had felt tired, he blamed that on traveling. Testing, however, confirmed that he had been exposed to Zika, researchers said. "As more is learned about the incidence and duration of seminal shedding of Zika virus in infected men, recommendations to prevent sexual transmission of Zika virus will be updated if needed," the CDC researchers said. Zika can ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Emergency Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Postcoital Contraception, Viral Infection, Insect Bites, Zika Virus Infection

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