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Cardiovascular Risk Reduction News

Exercise Speeds Seniors' Recovery From Disability

Posted 1 day 7 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 26, 2016 – Elderly adults who regularly exercise are less likely to suffer a disability – and if they do, they tend to recover faster, a new clinical trial finds. Researchers found that when they got sedentary older adults into an exercise routine, it curbed their risk of suffering a disabling injury or illness. And those who did develop a physical disability were one-third more likely to recover from it, compared to seniors who remained sedentary. Experts said the findings underscore an important message: It's never too late to reap the benefits of exercise. "And it doesn't have to be some heavy-duty regimen. You don't have to join a gym," said Patricia Katz, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. In this study, she pointed out, moderate walking was the main activity. Katz wrote an editorial published online with the study Sept. 26 in ... Read more

Related support groups: Fracture, bone, Periodic Limb Movement Disorder, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Prevention of Fractures

Annual Checkups Are Becoming Wellness Visits

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 20, 2016 – Annual medical checkups are changing so that they'll be more beneficial for patients, according to a family medicine physician. Research suggests that getting a regular physical examination doesn't necessarily improve patient health. So, the annual physical is transforming into a wellness visit, said Dr. Bill Curry, from Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. Instead of a short physical exam, a brief chat and some blood work, wellness visits include discussions about family history and lifestyle, medication reviews, checks of vital signs and scheduling preventive screenings and vaccinations. "When you look at me, my lifestyle factors and my family history, it will dictate something different for my care than someone else," Curry said in a medical center news release. Patients are encouraged to take a more active role in their health care. Curry ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Prevention of Fractures

Sleep Troubles, Heart Troubles?

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 – Sleep disorders – including too little or too much sleep – may contribute to heart disease risk factors, the American Heart Association said in its first statement on the risks of sleep problems. But, the heart group stopped short of recommending a certain amount of sleep per night. "We know that short sleep, usually defined as under seven hours per night, overly long sleep, usually defined as more than nine hours per night, and sleep disorders may increase some cardiovascular risk factors, but we don't know if improving sleep quality reduces those risk factors," Marie-Pierre St-Onge said in a news release from the heart association. St-Onge is an associate professor of nutritional medicine at Columbia University in New York City. At the request of the heart association, St-Onge and her colleagues reviewed research into sleep and heart health. Much of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Fatigue, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Health Tip: Know Your Family Health History

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Your doctor may have asked you for your family health history, but do you know why? The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says a family's health history, spanning at least three generations, can: Help determine your own risk of health conditions, such as cancer, diabetes or heart disease. Your risk of developing a chronic condition is higher if a close family member has had it. You can't affect your family's medical history, but you can affect your own health by not smoking, exercising and by eating healthier foods. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Diet or Exercise: What's Best for the Middle-Aged Heart

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – If you're a middle-aged couch potato in serious need of boosting your heart health, is it better to exercise or diet? New research says dieting, exercising or a combination of the two can all get the job done about equally well as long as you lose some weight. But the study authors added that exercising in tandem with dieting is probably the best way to go. The researchers designed the three study interventions so people participating would drop about 7 percent of their body weight – through any method – over a roughly three-month period. The study showed it didn't seem to matter which intervention people chose to lose weight. Participants in all three groups saw their lifetime cardiovascular risk drop from 46 percent to 36 percent. "Exercise and a low-calorie healthy diet are both known to improve risk factors for cardiovascular disease, even in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Early Menopause Linked to Higher Heart Disease, Death Risks

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – Women who enter menopause early may be at greater risk for heart disease and premature death, a new analysis suggests. To reach this conclusion, the Dutch researchers reviewed 32 studies involving more than 300,000 women. The investigators compared women who were younger than 45 at the start of menopause with those who were aged 45 and older when it began. Overall, heart disease risk appeared to be 50 percent greater for the women who were under 45 when menopause began. Early menopause also appeared to boost the risk of cardiovascular death and death from all causes. But, it showed no association with stroke risk, the study authors said. However, the study only uncovered an association – not a cause-and-effect connection – between early menopause and heart and death risk. The study findings were published Sept. 14 online in JAMA Cardiology. "These findings ... Read more

Related support groups: Hot Flashes, Menopausal Disorders, Postmenopausal Symptoms, Perimenopausal Symptoms, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Dyspareunia, Atrophic Urethritis, Vaginal Dryness

31 Million Older Americans Aren't Getting Enough Exercise

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 15, 2016 – More than one-quarter of Americans over 50 don't exercise, a new federal report estimates, increasing their risk for heart disease, diabetes and cancer. "Adults benefit from any amount of physical activity," said study co-author Janet Fulton. "Helping inactive people become more physically active is an important step towards healthier and more vibrant communities." Fulton is chief of the Physical Activity and Health Branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For the study, the researchers analyzed results of a 2014 national survey about health, focusing on people aged 50 and older. The investigators defined inactivity as moving around only to accomplish routine daily duties. Based on that definition, 31 million older Americans are inactive – just over 29 percent of women and nearly 26 percent of men. One-third of Hispanics and blacks were ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Sugar Companies Shifted Focus to Fat as Heart Harm: Study

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 13, 2016 – Analysis of 50-year-old documents suggests the sugar industry manipulated research to play down the harmful effects of sugar on the heart, a new study says. The sugar industry paid Harvard University nutrition scientists to build a case against saturated fat and cholesterol as primary causes of heart disease while downplaying the negative health effects of sugary foods and beverages, according to researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Those Harvard scientists received the equivalent of $50,000 in today's dollars, the investigators said. As a result, consumers may have been misled for decades into thinking only saturated fat harmed the heart, and not sweets, the researchers said. During that time, obesity and associated ills like diabetes reached alarming levels in the United States. "There are all kinds of ways that you can subtly ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Health Tip: Create a Heart-Healthy Salad

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Salads don't have to be bland to be nutritious. At the same time, it's easy to overdo calories and fats when adding ingredients to your greens. The American Heart Association offers these salad-creating tips: Choose dark, leafy greens and accent with fresh herbs. Adding veggies – such as cucumber, cauliflower and broccoli – boosts crunch and nutrition. Include lean proteins – such as fish, skinless chicken, hard-boiled egg, beans, nuts and low-fat cheese. Chop up fresh fruit for added sweetness. Add whole grains to help you feel fuller. Opt for quinoa, barley, couscous, bulgur or wild rice. Make a healthy vinaigrette with olive oil, vinegar, herbs and spices. Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Heart Docs: Never Expose Kids to Cigarette Smoke

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – A new American Heart Association statement recommends a "zero tolerance" approach for children's exposure to secondhand smoke. "Parents should consider making their children's environment smoke-free because cigarette smoke exposure is harmful to children's long-term heart health and may shorten life expectancy," statement panel chair Dr. Geetha Raghuveer, a pediatric cardiologist, said in an AHA news release. "Children exposed to cigarette smoke may develop early heart disease as adults, due to poorly functioning, stiffer blood vessels. Some babies who were exposed to cigarette smoke while still in the womb may be at risk for sudden death during infancy," Raghuveer said. Along with damaging arteries, secondhand smoke has been linked to other heart disease risk factors such as obesity, high cholesterol, and insulin resistance, which is associated with type 2 ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Many With Diabetes Missing Out on Statins

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Nearly all middle-aged patients with diabetes should be taking cholesterol-lowering statins, but cardiologists fail to prescribe these medications for 2 out of every 5 diabetics in their care, a new study finds. Multiple prior studies have shown that diabetics have a lower risk of heart attack and stroke if they take a statin, even those with no history of heart problems, said senior study author Dr. Salim Virani, a cardiologist at the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center in Houston. "That's not debatable at this point," said Virani, who is also an associate professor at Baylor College of Medicine. "They should all be on statins." But analysis of data from 204 cardiology practices across the United States revealed that 38 percent of middle-aged diabetics have not been prescribed statins. The American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Lescol, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Altoprev, Fluvastatin, Pitavastatin

Does Losing a Father in War Shorten a Child's Life?

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 12, 2016 – Young children whose fathers are killed in war may die prematurely themselves, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at more than 4,000 French children born between 1914 and 1916 whose fathers were killed or gravely injured in World War I. The study found that their overall adult life expectancy was about one year shorter than other children. But the decrease in life expectancy was even higher – a median of 2.2 years – among children whose mothers were pregnant with them when their fathers were killed. The findings do not prove cause and effect. But they do add to knowledge about the long-term effects of negative early life experiences and the impact of mothers' mental stress on young children, the researchers said. The study was scheduled for presentation Sunday at the annual meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology in Paris. "The next ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Psychiatric Disorders, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

What's Regular Exercise Worth? Maybe $2,500 Per Year

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – Trying to decide whether you can afford the time and money to start an exercise routine? Maybe this will help: A new study finds that the average adult with heart disease who exercises regularly can save $2,500 annually in health care costs. Even healthy people without heart troubles can expect to save about $500 per year by working out regularly, the report found. "The message to the patient is clear: There is no better pill in reducing the risk of disease and health care costs than optimizing physical activity," said study senior author Dr. Khurram Nasir. He directs the High Risk Cardiovascular Disease Clinic at Baptist Health South Florida in Coral Gables. In the study, Nasir's team tracked 2012 data from more than 26,000 Americans aged 18 and older. Nearly one-third of those with heart disease and half of those without heart disease said they met standard ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Intensive Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Can Extend Survival: Study

Posted 8 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – Intensive management of type 2 diabetes can make a difference in how long and how well you live, even if you don't start until middle age, researchers report. People who were already at risk of type 2 diabetes complications were randomly selected to continue with their normal treatment or to be placed in an aggressive and multipronged treatment group. Two decades after the study began, the researchers found that people in the aggressive treatment group lived almost eight years longer. Not only that, they lived better – their risk of heart disease, kidney disease and blindness all dropped. The only complication that didn't seem to improve was nerve damage caused by diabetes. "Early, intensified intervention in type 2 diabetes patients with microalbuminuria with both target-driven pharmacological (medication) and behavioral actions increased life span. And, ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Insulin, Victoza, Lantus, Januvia, Glucophage, Novolog, Glipizide, Humalog, Janumet, Byetta, Glyburide, Lantus Solostar, Bydureon, Saxenda, Invokana, Levemir, Actos, Glimepiride

Thyroid Levels in High-Normal Range May Be Linked to Cardiac Arrest

Posted 6 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 – People with higher levels of thyroid hormone in their bloodstream may be at greater risk of sudden cardiac death, even if those levels aren't abnormally high, a new study suggests. "Our study shows that the risk of sudden cardiac death increases with higher thyroid hormone levels, even in the normal range," said lead researcher Dr. Layal Chaker, a research fellow in endocrinology and epidemiology at Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Sudden cardiac death occurs when a person's heart stops due to a malfunction in the electrical system that drives the heartbeat. Researchers found that people with thyroid hormone levels at the high end of the normal range were 2.5 times more likely to die from sudden cardiac death, compared with people at the lower end of the range. In addition, the 10-year risk of sudden cardiac death was four times ... Read more

Related support groups: Thyroid Disease, Hyperthyroidism, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thyrotoxicosis

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