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Cardiovascular Risk Reduction News

Sleepless Nights Could Pose Heart Risk Dangers

Posted 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – Getting less than six hours of sleep a night may double the odds of dying from heart disease or stroke for people who already have risk factors for heart disease and diabetes, new research suggests. Known as metabolic syndrome, this cluster of risk factors can include high blood pressure, high levels of LDL ("bad") cholesterol, high blood sugar, obesity, high levels of blood fats known as triglycerides and low levels of HDL ("good") cholesterol. Someone with at least three of these conditions has metabolic syndrome. "It is possible that improving sleep in people with metabolic syndrome may lead to a better prognosis, which means not worsening into cardiovascular disease or stroke that could ultimately lead to early death," said study lead researcher Julio Fernandez-Mendoza. He is a sleep psychologist at the Sleep Research and Treatment Center at Penn State's ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Sleep Disorders, Fatigue, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Sleep Apnea, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease

At Major Teaching Hospitals, Lower Death Rates

Posted 1 day 19 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – Major U.S. teaching hospitals are often considered more expensive than the competition, but a new study suggests they may have an important quality advantage. Older adults treated at major teaching facilities are less likely to die in the weeks and months following their discharge than patients admitted to "non-teaching" or community hospitals, the study found. The study involved more than 21 million hospitalizations of Medicare beneficiaries from 2012 through 2014. Overall, the likelihood of dying within 30 days of being admitted for care was 1.5 percent lower at major teaching facilities compared with non-teaching hospitals. (Thirty-day mortality is a widely used measure of hospital quality.) Even after adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics that could influence the data, the difference was still 1.2 percent, the findings showed. Put another way, ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Chances of Successful CPR Dwindle as Seniors Age

Posted 1 day 19 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – A new study finds that older Americans have little CPR training, and they are less likely to get CPR when they suffer cardiac arrest at home. "The new data affirms the need for targeted training in the older population," said senior study author Dr. Benjamin Abella, an associate professor of emergency medicine at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine. "There is a striking relationship between age and CPR training and delivery that is really important to better understand," Abella said in a university news release. The researchers estimate that more than 350,000 Americans suffer from cardiac arrest outside the hospital every year, and only a third receive CPR. With cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly stops beating, and speedy resuscitation is critical. The researchers reached some of their conclusions by examining responses to telephone ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiogenic Shock, Post MI Syndrome

Anabolic Steroids May Tax the Heart

Posted 2 days 19 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 – Long-term use of muscle-building anabolic steroids may take a toll on the heart, researchers say. Bodybuilders who take these drugs to bulk up should take note: prolonged use of anabolic steroids makes it harder for the heart to function properly. The steroids might also contribute to artery-clogging, study findings showed. "It is critical that clinicians become aware of the long-term risks of anabolic steroid use on the heart," said Dr. Harrison Pope Jr., a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and co-lead author of the study. Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male hormone testosterone. An estimated 2.9 million to 4 million Americans have used these drugs, and about one million are dependent on the pills or injections, the researchers said. For the new study, Pope and his colleagues tracked 140 male weight-lifters. Eighty-six had used ... Read more

Related support groups: Muscle Pain, Testosterone, AndroGel, Testim, Axiron, Frozen Shoulder, Androderm, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Depo-Testosterone, Fortesta, Testopel, Methyltestosterone, Testopel Pellets, Stanozolol, Android, Oxandrolone, Winstrol, Durabolin, Testim 5 g/packet

Cut Calories, Lengthen Life Span?

Posted 2 days 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 – Limiting calorie intake may slow aging, a new study suggests. Previous research has shown that calorie restrictions slow aging in worms, flies and mice, so Duke University researchers wanted to see if it could slow biological aging in people. "Biological aging is the gradual and progressive deterioration of systems in the body that occurs with advancing chronological age," said study author Daniel Belsky, an assistant professor of medicine at Duke, in Durham, N.C. "If we can intervene to slow the rate of biological aging, it may be possible to prevent or at least delay onset for many age-related diseases and disabilities," he explained in a university news release. The researchers looked at 145 people who achieved a 12 percent reduction in calorie intake over two years and a control group of 75 people who did not restrict calories. At the start of the study, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Americans Skeptical of Corporate-Backed Health Research

Posted 2 days 20 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 – Most people don't trust health research when industry is involved, a new study finds. "People have a hard time seeing research related to health risks as legitimate if done with a corporate partner," said lead author John Besley. He's an associate professor at Michigan State University's College of Communication Arts and Sciences who studies the public's perception of science. Study participants included adult U.S. residents who were asked to evaluate 15 partnership scenarios for research about genetically modified foods and trans fats. The scenarios included different combinations of scientists from a university, a government agency, a non-governmental organization and a large food company. Skepticism was much higher when a food company was among the partners, the investigators found. For example, 77 percent of study participants were concerned about company ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Study Casts Doubt on Need for Statins in the 'Healthy Old'

Posted 2 days 22 hours ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 – Senior citizens with no history of heart problems appear to gain no health benefit from cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, a new study suggests. People 65 and older treated with pravastatin (Pravachol) as part of a major clinical trial had about the same risk of death as people in a placebo group, according to the results. They also appeared to suffer strokes and heart attacks at about the same rate. "Our study shows there may not be any benefit for taking a statin therapy for primary prevention for people who are over the age of 65," said Dr. Benjamin Han. Statins might even pose a risk to people 75 and older, added Han, an assistant professor of medicine and population health at New York University School of Medicine. "There was some suggestion the statin group had a little bit higher mortality than the placebo group" at that age, Han said. But, this result was ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Livalo, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Red Yeast Rice, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Lescol, Ischemic Heart Disease, Lescol XL

Dying Patients Often Given Medicines That Won't Help Them

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – As older people approach the end of life, many are being prescribed drugs of questionable benefit, a new study finds. "People with life-limiting illness often receive medications whose benefit is unlikely to be achieved within their remaining life span," said study author Lucas Morin. He is from the Aging Research Center at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. The study included more than half a million people, aged 65 and older, in Sweden. All died between 2007 and 2013. The proportion of patients getting at least 10 different drugs rose from 30 percent to 47 percent during the year before death, the findings showed. People who died from cancer had the largest increase in the number of drugs. Those living in institutions were given more medications than people living in the community. But the number of drugs increased more slowly for those living in an ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Metoprolol, Amlodipine, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Diltiazem, Bystolic, Norvasc, Verapamil, Bisoprolol, Nifedipine, Cardizem, Toprol-XL, Lopressor, Lotrel, Metoprolol Succinate ER, Tenormin, Felodipine, Adalat, Cardizem CD

Obamacare a Win-Win for Poorer Adults: Study

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Low-income Americans have gained access to medical care and improved their health under the Affordable Care Act's coverage expansions, a new study says. "With Congress debating major changes to the Affordable Care Act, especially for people on Medicaid and with pre-existing conditions, it's critical for policymakers to understand what's at risk. Our study shows that the ACA continues to improve medical care and health among low-income patients and those with chronic illnesses," said study author Benjamin Sommers. He's an associate professor of health policy and economics at Harvard University's School of Public Health. The researchers found that people who obtained health coverage under Medicaid or through the federal insurance marketplace had reduced out-of-pocket spending, better access to primary care and preventive services, and improved self-reported ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Asthma, Asthma - Acute, Pre-Diabetes, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Intravenous Insulin Drip

Just 2 Weeks on the Couch Can Trigger Body's Decline

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Taking a short break from an active lifestyle may do more harm than most people might think, a new study warns. Just two weeks of sedentary behavior can cause healthy, young people to start losing muscle and develop fat around their organs. And this can increase their risk for conditions such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes that could eventually lead to a premature death, British researchers report. "What's alarming about this study is that it was done in healthy volunteers. They were not patients or overweight or had risks for type 2 diabetes," said lead researcher Kelly Bowden-Davies, from the Institute of Aging and Chronic Disease at the University of Liverpool. "In 14 days we see small, but significant, changes in markers that predispose people to risk," she said. In the study, people were asked to limit their physical activity for two weeks. This ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Hypertension, High Cholesterol, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Heart Disease the No. 1 Killer Worldwide

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Roughly a third of all deaths around the world are the result of heart disease and stroke, making cardiovascular disease the number one killer globally, new research finds. Big declines in heart disease-driven fatalities in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, South Korea and many countries in Western Europe have started to level off over the past 20 years, investigators reported. "It is an alarming threat to global health," said study lead author Dr. Gregory Roth, an assistant professor of cardiology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. "Trends in cardiovascular disease mortality are no longer declining for high-income regions," he noted in an American College of Cardiology news release, "and low- and middle-income countries are also seeing more cardiovascular disease-related deaths." The study included 2,300 ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Alcoholism, Hangover, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Hypertensive Heart Disease

'Healthy Obese' May Be a Myth

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – The so-called "healthy obese" don't get off scot-free. They still have a higher risk of heart disease than normal-weight people, a new British study finds. Folks dubbed healthy obese don't have metabolic problems typically associated with obesity – such as high cholesterol, poor blood sugar control, diabetes or high blood pressure. But, it's been unclear if they are at increased risk for problems such as heart failure or stroke. In this study, researchers analyzed 1995-2015 electronic health records of 3.5 million people aged 18 and older in the United Kingdom who were initially free of heart disease. Compared to normal-weight people with no metabolic problems, healthy obese people had a 50 percent higher risk of heart disease, a 7 percent higher risk of stroke, twice the risk of heart failure, and a greater risk of peripheral artery disease (or PAD, which is ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Weight Loss, Ischemic Stroke, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Your Doctor's Age Might Affect Your Care

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – Contrary to popular wisdom, an older, more experienced doctor may not always be the best choice. New research suggests that when treated by an older doctor, hospitalized patients 65 and older may face a slightly higher risk of dying within a month of their admittance than if treated by a younger physician. One exception to that finding is that no age-related difference was found when considering in-patients cared for by older physicians who handle a high volume of admitted patients, meaning 200 or more a year. Otherwise, the 30-day mortality rate was 10.8 percent for older people treated by doctors under 40 years of age. When a doctor was between 40 and 49 years old, the patient mortality rate was 11.1 percent. And, for physicians from 50 to 59 years old, the patients' 30-day mortality rate was 11.3 percent. Seniors cared for by doctors aged 60 and up faced the ... Read more

Related support groups: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Hormone Therapy Not Advised for Preventing Disease After Menopause

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – Using hormone therapy to prevent chronic health issues, such as heart disease and bone loss, in postmenopausal women may do more harm than good, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) says. After reviewing current evidence, the task force has issued an updated draft recommendation, reaffirming its final statement issued in 2012. The expert panel advises against the use of hormones – including estrogen and progestin – to prevent chronic conditions among postmenopausal women, including those who've had their uterus removed. Hormone therapy in postmenopausal women first came under scrutiny in 2002, when a large U.S. trial known as the Women's Health Initiative abruptly halted a look at the benefits and harms of hormone therapy because it appeared to raise the risks of breast cancer, heart attack, stroke and blood clots. Women typically enter menopause ... Read more

Related support groups: Hot Flashes, Menopausal Disorders, Osteoporosis, Progesterone, Postmenopausal Symptoms, Prometrium, Fracture, bone, Atrophic Vaginitis, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Estratest, Perimenopausal Symptoms, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Crinone, Dyspareunia, Estratest HS, Atrophic Urethritis, Esterified Estrogens, Menest, Endometrin

Heart Health Might Be a Matter of Geography

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 16, 2017 – The county you call home may have a lot to do with your chances of dying from heart disease or stroke, a new U.S. study reveals. Although deaths from cardiovascular disease have been dropping overall for the past 35 years in the United States, there are still pockets across the country where these death rates are unusually high, the researchers said. Poverty and lack of access to quality care may doom many Americans to early deaths, the study authors suggested. "In some counties, the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease is extremely low, while in other counties the risk continues to be very high," said lead researcher Dr. Gregory Roth. He is an assistant professor of cardiology at the University of Washington. In Pitkin County in Colorado, for example, about 35 people out of 100,000 died from heart disease in 2014 – the lowest death rate in the United ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Disease, Arrhythmia, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Aortic Aneurysm, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Endocarditis, Bacterial Endocarditis Prevention, Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

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