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Related terms: Carcinoma, Malignant Disease, Malignant Tumor

Scientists Report Progress on Genetic Test for Anal Cancer

Posted 1 day 11 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 – A new genetic test may detect anal cancer, a disease that's become more common in women, gay and bisexual men, and people with HIV. "If other studies confirm and build upon these findings, this promising research could be used to develop a less invasive method to help doctors identify people who are at a higher risk of anal cancer and avoid unnecessary procedures for those who are at a lower risk," said Dr. Rachel Orritt, Cancer Research U.K.'s health information officer. In most cases, anal cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus, a virus that causes the majority of cervical cancers. "This study builds on what we already know about the link between changes to cell DNA and cervical cancer, and shows that similar changes to the DNA in anal cells could suggest anal cancer," she said. Diagnosing anal cancer is difficult and tough for patients, the researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, HIV Infection, Colorectal Cancer, Anal Fissure and Fistula, Diagnosis and Investigation

CBO: 23 Million Would Lose Health Insurance Under House Health Care Bill

Posted 2 days 12 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – The Republican-led bill to repeal and replace Obamacare that passed the House last month would result in 23 million Americans losing their health insurance coverage, according to a much-anticipated report released Wednesday. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projects that a total of 51 million people under age 65 would be uninsured in 2026 under the Republican-backed measure, called the American Health Care Act. That figure is a combination of the 28 million Americans under 65 who still lack insurance under the Affordable Care Act (often called Obamacare) plus the 23 million projected to lose their coverage if the GOP-sponsored bill passes the Senate to become law. The new CBO estimate of the newly uninsured is only about a million people less than the prior plan rejected by the House in March. The newer version – with concessions to the far ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Blood Test for Pancreatic Cancer Shows Early Promise

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – Scientists say they've developed a new blood test for identifying pancreatic cancer – a step that might eventually allow earlier diagnosis. Pancreatic cancer is a particularly deadly type of tumor because it's often detected too late for effective treatment. The still-experimental test detects a bundle of proteins churned out by pancreatic tumors. And it appears to be more accurate than a currently available test for a protein called CA19-9, according to the study findings. That CA 19-9 test is "very imperfect," said Dr. Cesar Castro, one of the researchers on the new study. For one, levels of CA 19-9 often rise only in the later stages of pancreatic cancer, according to Castro, an oncologist at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Plus, a spike in the protein is not specific to the cancer. It can go up when the pancreas is inflamed, for example, or when ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer

New Drug Approved for All Cancers With Genetic Marker

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – Keytruda (pembrolizumab) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat any cancer that has a certain genetic biomarker, regardless of where in the body the cancer originated. "This is an important first for the cancer community," said Dr. Richard Pazdur, acting director of the agency's Office of Hematology and Oncology Products. "Until now, the FDA has approved cancer treatments based on where in the body the cancer started, for example lung or breast cancers. We have now approved a drug based on a tumor's biomarker without regard to the tumor's original location." The cancers targeted by this new drug have a genetic feature rendering them "microsatellite instability-high" (MSI-H) or "mismatch repair deficient" (dMMR), the agency explained Tuesday in a news release. MSI-H/dMMR tumors are most often found in colorectal, endometrial or ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Keytruda

Thick Middle May Raise Risk of Some Cancers

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – Where you carry extra fat may be as key to your cancer risk as how much extra fat you carry, new research suggests. The study revealed that too much fat around the waist is as good an indicator of obesity-related cancer risk as body mass index (BMI), which is an estimate of body fat based on weight and height. "Our findings show that both BMI and where body fat is carried on the body can be good indicators of obesity-related cancer risk," said study lead author Heinz Freisling, a scientist at the International Agency for Research on Cancer. "To better reflect the underlying biology at play, we think it's important to study more than just BMI when looking at cancer risk. And our research adds further understanding to how people's body shape could increase their risk," Freisling said in a Cancer Research UK news release. In the study, the researchers analyzed ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Weight Loss

FDA OKs First Cancer Drug by Genetic Type, Not Organ of Origin

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 – Many new cancer drugs target genetic "biomarkers" that are specific to tumors – wherever in the body they may appear. So on Tuesday, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that, for the first time, it had approved a cancer drug based on disease genetics rather than the body part where the cancer originated. The drug, Keytruda (pembrolizumab), is targeted to what are called "mismatch repair genes," and its approval means it can be used to fight tumors with these genes wherever they appear – in the colon, pancreas, stomach, ovaries or other body sites. "This is an important first for the cancer community," Dr. Richard Pazdur, acting director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, said in an agency news release. "Until now, the FDA has approved cancer treatments based on where in the body ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Keytruda, Diagnosis and Investigation, Gastric Cancer

3 Key Lifestyle Factors Can Lower Breast Cancer Odds

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 – Things that keep you healthy overall, also appear to help lower a woman's risk of breast cancer, a new review says. The review found that exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight and limiting alcohol could all reduce breast cancer odds. The report, from the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund, is based on a review of over 100 studies. On balance, researchers found, regular exercise was tied to small reductions in the risk of breast cancer. On the other hand, the risk was elevated among women who drank regularly – even at a "moderate" one-drink-a-day level. Meanwhile, women who were overweight throughout adulthood faced a heightened risk of breast cancer after menopause. The bottom line is that women can take steps to cut their odds of developing the disease, according to Dr. Anne McTiernan, one of the report ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Heart Disease, Weight Loss, Breast Cancer, Alcohol Dependence, Pre-Diabetes, Alcoholism, Hangover, Diabetes Mellitus, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Ischemic Heart Disease, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Yoga, Meditation May Ease Some Breast Cancer Symptoms

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer can come with a lot of anxiety, depression and other symptoms that affect quality of life. But mind-body therapies, such as yoga or meditation, may help ease these troubling concerns, a new study suggests. The researchers reviewed previous studies done on 80 integrative therapies. "We have good evidence that [some] mind-body therapies – such as meditation, yoga, relaxation – can provide benefit to breast cancer patients during and after treatment," said study researcher Heather Greenlee. She's an assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. "And we do have evidence that acupuncture is very useful in managing pain," she added. Evidence about dietary supplements and botanicals, however, are lacking when it comes to helping symptoms and side effects, she said. Greenlee ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Cancer, Major Depressive Disorder, Breast Cancer, Dysthymia, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Breast Cancer - Male, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer

1 in 5 U.S. Cancers Is 'Rare'

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – Rare cancers account for one in five cancers diagnosed in the United States, presenting special challenges to doctors and patients, a new study shows. "Continued efforts are needed to develop interventions for prevention, early detection, and treatment to reduce the burden of rare cancers," said researchers led by Carol DeSantis, an epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society. "Such discoveries can often advance knowledge for all cancers," the team added in a cancer society news release. A rare cancer is one that's diagnosed in fewer than six cases per 100,000 people a year. Overall, the analysis of national cancer data showed that 20 percent of all cancers are rare cancers. These infrequently seen cancers can be tougher to diagnose because most research focuses on more common cancers, and they're tougher to treat for the same reason, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Dying Patients Often Given Medicines That Won't Help Them

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – As older people approach the end of life, many are being prescribed drugs of questionable benefit, a new study finds. "People with life-limiting illness often receive medications whose benefit is unlikely to be achieved within their remaining life span," said study author Lucas Morin. He is from the Aging Research Center at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. The study included more than half a million people, aged 65 and older, in Sweden. All died between 2007 and 2013. The proportion of patients getting at least 10 different drugs rose from 30 percent to 47 percent during the year before death, the findings showed. People who died from cancer had the largest increase in the number of drugs. Those living in institutions were given more medications than people living in the community. But the number of drugs increased more slowly for those living in an ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Metoprolol, Amlodipine, Heart Disease, Atenolol, Diltiazem, Bystolic, Norvasc, Verapamil, Bisoprolol, Nifedipine, Cardizem, Toprol-XL, Lopressor, Lotrel, Metoprolol Succinate ER, Tenormin, Felodipine, Adalat, Cardizem CD

Chemo Drug May Buy Time for Those With Bile Duct Cancer

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – The chemotherapy drug Xeloda may prolong survival in those struck by a type of digestive system cancer, a new study finds. People with bile duct cancer who received the medication lived for an average of about 17 months longer than those who didn't take it, the researchers found. Based on the findings, the study authors suggested that Xeloda should be given routinely to patients with this disease. Bile duct cancer – which occurs in an area that connects the liver, gallbladder and the small intestine – is rare and aggressive. It affects an estimated 8,000 people in the United States each year, according to the American Cancer Society. A statement from Cancer Research UK, which funded the new study, said it's difficult to study treatments for bile duct cancer because so few patients are available to take part in clinical trials. For the study, researchers gave ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Xeloda, Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders

More Cancers Caught Early Since Obamacare

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 18, 2017 – More cancers have been spotted in their early stages since the Affordable Care Act (ACA) became the law of the land, new research finds. Finding breast, colon, cervical and lung cancers early greatly improves the odds of successful treatment, said study author Xuesong Han. She's the strategic director of health policy and health care delivery research at the American Cancer Society. "We wanted to see if the introduction of the ACA affected the diagnosis of these cancers," she said. Although the increase in early-stage cancer diagnosis was only 1 percent, it's a significant increase that includes thousands of patients whose cancer might not have been found until it was too late for effective treatment and potential cure, Han noted. The increases in diagnosis of lung and cervical cancer were mostly among people on Medicaid, she said. A large part of the ACA is ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Cervical Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer

Fresh Hot Chili Peppers For A Longer Life

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 17, 2017 – Variety is often called the spice of life. Now it turns out that an actual spice – chili peppers – may be the key to a longer one. A multi-year study done in China, where chili peppers are one of the most popular ingredients in recipes, looked at spicy food consumption among nearly half a billion people. The research, published in the British journal BMJ, found that people who ate spicy foods 6 or 7 days a week had a 14 percent relative risk reduction in total mortality compared to those who spiced it up less than once a week. And the relationship was even stronger in people who didn't drink alcohol. While you can choose from dried chili peppers, chili sauce and chili oil, the protective factor was greatest for people who ate the fresh peppers, the study authors said. Other studies done around the world have found many benefits to these hot peppers and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Capsaicin, Capzasin, Zostrix, Terocin, Pain Doctor, Salonpas, Capzasin-HP, Capzasin-P, Icy Hot PM, Capzasin Back and Body, MaC Patch, Trixaicin, Sloan's Liniment, Qutenza, Drs Cream, Ameripatch, Migryl, Capsin

People With Pre-Existing Health Issues Fear Repeal-and-Replace Bill

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 11, 2017 – Maureen Murphy believes she has much to lose if Republicans in Congress pass a bill to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. One of millions of Americans with a pre-existing condition, Murphy was a healthy nonsmoker with normal blood pressure when her medical saga began. What one hospital wrongly diagnosed as Bell's palsy turned out to be "antiphospholipid antibody syndrome with anticardiolipin antibodies." In short, her own body was attacking normal blood proteins and forming multiple blood clots. An MRI revealed that she had suffered a series of small strokes. Murphy, a television and video production specialist, had tried to buy coverage ahead of her diagnosis in October 2010. But she got stung by a proposed rate hike because of a pre-existing condition. Turns out she had been tagged with "depression" because she attended ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease, HIV Infection, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Heart Disease

A Movie Instead of Anesthesia for Kids' Radiation Therapy

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 – For children with cancer, watching movies during radiation therapy might eliminate their need for general anesthesia, a new study suggests. Kid-friendly movies such as "SpongeBob SquarePants" and "Cars" helped reduce the risks, trauma and costs of treatment for kids evaluated in the small European study. Cancer is rare in children, but those who develop tumors in their brain, bone and other soft tissues may require radiation therapy. "Being treated with radiotherapy means coming in for a treatment every weekday for four to six weeks. The children need to remain motionless during treatment and, on the whole, that means a general anesthesia. That, in turn, means they have to keep their stomach empty for six hours before the treatment," said study author and radiation therapist Catia Aguas. "We wanted to see if installing a projector and letting children watch a ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Anesthesia, Nausea/Vomiting - Radiation Induced, History - Radiation Therapy, Coma Induction, Anesthetic Adjunct, Light Anesthesia

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