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Related terms: Carcinoma, Malignant Disease, Malignant Tumor

Alcohol, Obesity Could Raise Esophageal Cancer Risk

Posted 15 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 28, 2016 – Drinking plus being overweight may be a bad combo when it comes to risks for the two most common types of esophageal cancer, a new report warns. The findings suggest that in the United States, a third of esophageal cancer cases – that's about 5,600 per year – could be prevented if people maintained a healthy weight and didn't drink. "These findings add to the evidence that lifestyle plays a powerful role in cancer risk," said Alice Bender, head of nutrition at the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR). "Obesity is now linked to 11 types of cancer and alcohol links to six," she said in an institute news release. "We want individuals to know you can take important lifestyle steps to reduce risk for many kinds of cancer." In the new report, experts at the AICR and the World Cancer Research Fund reviewed 46 studies involving more than 15 million adults, ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Head and Neck Cancer, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Esophageal Carcinoma, Alcoholic Gastritis

Family Lifestyles May Be as Important to Health as Genes

Posted 1 day 11 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 27, 2016 – Shared lifestyles and surroundings may play as strong a role as genes in diseases that run in families, a new study indicates. The study included medical histories of more than 500,000 people and their families in the United Kingdom. The information included blood and adoptive relatives. The researchers focused on 12 common diseases, including high blood pressure and heart disease, as well as several cancers and neurological diseases. Factors shared by family members can have a significant influence on a person's risk for some diseases. These factors include the same living space and similar eating habits. The impact of genes on disease risk may be overestimated by 47 percent when shared family factors aren't taken into account, the study authors contended. The study offers "precise estimates of the role of genetics in these important diseases. It also ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Cancer, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Delirium Common in Cancer Patients Seen in ER

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 25, 2016 – Delirium is fairly common, yet often missed, in advanced cancer patients who visit emergency departments, a new study says. Delirium is a serious disturbance in thinking and awareness, according to the U.S. National Cancer Institute. Researchers looked for delirium in 243 advanced cancer patients seen at an emergency department. The patients were between the ages of 19 and 89. The researchers found that 22 patients – 9 percent – had delirium. Eighteen had mild delirium and four had moderate delirium. Ten percent of the 99 patients older than 65 had delirium, compared with eight percent of the 144 patients younger than 65. This suggests that advanced cancer patients of all ages should be considered at high risk for delirium, the researchers said. ER doctors failed to diagnose delirium in nine (41 percent) of the patients with delirium, the study said. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Breast Cancer - Palliative

Cancer Experts Criticize Report on Rising Prostate Cancer Numbers

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 21, 2016 – A headline-grabbing report earlier this week claimed that new cases of advanced prostate cancer in the United States had skyrocketed 72 percent in the past decade. And the study authors from Northwestern University suggested the increase might be tied to a 2012 recommendation that men not be screened for prostate cancer by using the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. PSA, a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland, is often elevated in men with prostate cancer. However, the validity and usefulness of the PSA test has been debated for years. But on Wednesday, the American Cancer Society challenged the validity of the Northwestern researchers' findings. Dr. Otis Brawley, the society's chief medical officer, said the methodology used by the Northwestern researchers was flawed, thereby making the study's conclusions flawed. "This study makes a dramatic ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), Prostate Cancer, Prostatitis, Prostate Tumor - Benign

Living Past 90 Doesn't Doom You to Disease, Disability

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 20, 2016 – What if you could live well into your 90s and still be in good health? A new study suggests that may be possible, particularly if you have good genes. "Chronic disease is not an inevitable part of aging," said Dr. Sofiya Milman, an assistant professor of medicine at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. "An extended period of good health can accompany a long life span and is an achievable goal." Milman is one of the authors of a U.S. National Institutes of Health-funded study on aging. Americans are living longer than ever. In 2014, the average life expectancy at birth had reached nearly 79 years, according to the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. A century earlier, it was just slightly over 54 years. But gains in "health span – the period of time that people live in good health – have not kept pace with longevity, the study ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Ischemic Stroke, Osteoporosis, Transient Ischemic Attack, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Diabetes Mellitus, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Prevention of Fractures

Number of Advanced Prostate Cancer Cases Soars: U.S. Study

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 19, 2016 – New cases of advanced prostate cancer in the United States have skyrocketed 72 percent in the past decade, a troubling new study shows. The biggest increase was among men aged 55 to 69, with a 92 percent jump seen over 10 years. This rise is worrisome because these men are the ones who may benefit most from screening and early treatment, the researchers said. "The increase could be because the disease is becoming more aggressive, or it could be because there is less screening being done, but we don't know why," said lead researcher Dr. Edward Schaeffer. He is chair of urology at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. It's possible that prostate cancer may be getting more aggressive, Schaeffer said, but statistics also show that fewer men are being screened. That's the probable consequence of a 2012 recommendation by the U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), Prostate Cancer, Prostatitis, Prostate Tumor - Benign

Cancer Patients, Doctors Often Disagree About Prognosis

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Cancer patients and their doctors often hold different opinions about the patient's chances for survival and how long he or she might live, according to a new study. And, in many cases, patients are unaware there's any misunderstanding. "First, some patients might know the doctor's prognosis estimate but the patient chooses to disagree, often because they believe other sources. And second, some patients think that their doctor agrees with their opinion about prognosis but, in fact, the doctor doesn't," said study co-author Dr. Ronald Epstein. He is a professor of family medicine, psychiatry and oncology at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York. For the study, researchers asked 236 patients with advanced cancer about their prognosis. The 38 doctors who treated them independently said they would "not have been surprised" if their patients died ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Ovarian Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Weight Loss Might Reduce Cancer Risk: Study

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 – Overweight and obese women who lose weight may lower their odds of developing cancer as their levels of cancer-linked proteins drop, a new study suggests. These proteins – VEGF, PAI-1 and PEDF – promote the growth of blood vessels, a process that is necessary to help tumors thrive. The more weight the women lost, the greater the drop in the levels of these proteins, the researchers found. "It's another piece of evidence in the jigsaw of the benefits of losing weight, and how important weight loss is to prevent cancer," said lead researcher Catherine Duggan. She is a principal staff scientist in the public health sciences division of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. In general, losing weight reduces the risk of breast, colon and prostate cancer by as much as 20 percent, she said. This might be due to a reduction in inflammatory factors ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Weight Loss, Solid Tumors

'Liquid Biopsy' May Show Whether Cancer Drugs Are Working

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 13, 2016 – Researchers have developed a blood test that might allow doctors to know quickly whether a cancer drug is working. The technique is in the early stages of testing, and not ready for "prime time," scientists said. But they were also hopeful that the research will help advance the use of so-called liquid biopsies in treating cancer. Doctors have long used invasive biopsy procedures to get tumor samples, study them, then use the information to make treatment decisions or monitor a patient's response to treatment. But those procedures can be uncomfortable and carry some risks, like bleeding and infection, said Dr. Erica Mayer, a breast cancer expert with the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Plus, she noted, some tumors are difficult to reach, and some patients are not healthy enough to have an invasive biopsy. So there's been "great interest," Mayer ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Tarceva, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Adriamycin, Diagnosis and Investigation, Doxorubicin, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Body Imaging, Adriamycin PFS, Adriamycin RDF

Study Suggests Type 2 Diabetes-Cancer Link

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 – The risk of cancer may be higher the decade before – and three months following – a type 2 diabetes diagnosis, new research suggests. Although it's not clear why, the researchers have a theory to explain the seemingly higher risk of cancer incidence so soon after a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. "This may in part be explained by increased health care visits and screening tests following a diagnosis of diabetes," said study author Dr. Iliana Lega, of the University of Toronto. The study included more than one million adults with cancer. The researchers found that people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were 23 percent more likely to have been diagnosed with cancer during the 10 years prior to their diabetes diagnosis than people without the blood sugar disorder. Previous studies have hinted that cancer and diabetes may share similar risk factors, Lega said. She noted ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer

Heart Failure After Heart Attack Tied to Cancer Risk in Study

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 – People who develop heart failure after a heart attack may also face a higher risk of cancer, a new study suggests. And, they may be prone to cancers affecting the lungs or the digestive system, according to the researchers. "Patients with cardiovascular disease experience a high burden of other diseases and should be followed with that awareness in mind," said study co-author Dr. Veronique Roger, a professor of medicine and epidemiology at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. The researchers said the new study wasn't designed to prove a cause-and-effect relationship between heart problems and cancers. Also, the number of heart failure patients diagnosed with cancer in the study was small. Still, the research shows the importance of closely monitoring cardiac patients, Roger said. Previous Mayo Clinic research has linked heart failure to a 70 percent higher risk ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Dinosaurs Got Tumors, Too

Posted 9 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 – Even dinosaurs developed tumors, with some more prone to growths than others, a new study suggests. An international group of researchers detected a facial tumor in the fossilized jawbone of a dwarf dinosaur (Telmatosaurus transsylvanicus), also known as a hadrosaur. Subsequent imaging indicated the duck-billed dinosaur had a noncancerous tumor called an ameloblastoma. This type of growth has been found in people, other mammals and some modern reptiles, according to the study. "This discovery is the first ever described in the fossil record and the first to be thoroughly documented in a dwarf dinosaur," said study researcher Kate Acheson, a doctoral student at the University of Southampton in England. "Telmatosaurus is known to be close to the root of the duck-billed dinosaur family tree, and the presence of such a deformity early in their evolution provides us ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer

Second, Unrelated Cancers Strike 1 in 12 Cancer Patients

Posted 8 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 7, 2016 – A new study found that 8 percent of patients – or one in 12 – already diagnosed with one form of cancer end up developing a second type of unrelated cancer. The second cancer was fatal in 55 percent of the cases, the study found. "As clinicians, we can become so focused on surveilling our patients to see if a primary cancer recurs that we sometimes may not be aware that patients can be at risk of developing a second, unrelated cancer," said study author Dr. Karim Chamie, an assistant professor of urology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles. Chamie added that the findings should encourage physicians to adjust the way they tackle follow-up care and monitoring among cancer patients. The current study included more than 2 million people diagnosed with cancer. Patients in the study were initially diagnosed with cancers ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Why Breast Cancer Survivors Should Exercise

Posted 8 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 – Excessive stress can lead to memory problems among breast cancer survivors, but exercise can help, according to new research. "We found moderate to vigorous physical activity actually benefits women psychologically and that, in turn, helps their memory," said the study's lead author, Siobhan Phillips. She is assistant professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. Post-cancer memory issues are often attributed to chemotherapy or radiation treatments, known as "chemo brain." However, the new study findings suggest "these self-reported memory problems may be in part emotionally related," Phillips said in a university news release. "These women are frightened, stressed, fatigued, tapped out emotionally and have low self-confidence, which can be very mentally taxing and can lead to perceived memory problems," she ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer, Metastatic, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Osteolytic Bone Metastases of Breast Cancer

Could Statins Help Fight Cancer?

Posted 8 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 8, 2016 – Some cancer patients who take cholesterol-lowering statins may live longer than those not on these heart medications, a study from Britain suggests. While it did not prove a cause-and-effect connection, the study of nearly 1 million cancer patients found that those taking statin drugs such as Lipitor and Crestor appeared to have: a 22 percent lower risk of dying from lung cancer, a 43 percent lower risk of dying from breast cancer, a 47 percent lower risk of dying from prostate cancer, and a 30 percent lower risk of dying from colon cancer. "We need to further investigate the reasons for patients with high cholesterol having improved mortality in four of the most common cancers," said senior researcher Dr. Rahul Potluri, a clinical lecturer at Aston University School of Medicine in Birmingham. Potluri cautioned, however, that this study can't prove that statins ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Prostate Cancer, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Zocor, Colorectal Cancer, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Pravachol, Livalo, Red Yeast Rice, Lescol, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Altoprev

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