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Related terms: Carcinoma, Malignant Disease, Malignant Tumor

Many Talks on End-of-Life Wishes End in Confusion, Study Shows

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 – You've filled out a living will, and designated a surrogate to make medical decisions if you're incapacitated. But, your end-of-life planning may not be done yet. That's because, according to a new study, your surrogate may still not have a clear idea about what you really want done in a crisis situation – even after you've discussed your wishes with them. In the study, seven out of every 10 surrogates didn't have an accurate understanding of their loved one's wishes regarding potentially life-altering medical treatment, even though both believed they had adequately discussed the topic. "There were a lot of surrogates in those pairs where they both said, 'yes, we've had this communication,' who didn't have a good understanding of the patient's goals of care," said lead researcher Dr. Terri Fried. She is a professor of geriatrics with the Yale School of ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative

Most Cancers Caused by Random DNA Copying Errors

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 – The "Why me?" reaction that can come after a cancer diagnosis may have no easy answer, with new research showing that most tumors are caused by random genetic "mistakes." Investigators at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore used complex mathematical modeling to track mutations driving abnormal cell growth for 32 types of cancer. The model was based on data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, as well as epidemiologic data from the Cancer Research UK database. Scientists have long known that it usually takes two or more gene mutations for cancer to arise. And those mutations can be caused by environmental factors, genes inherited from parents, or simply random DNA copying errors. From their calculations, the researchers now believe that the bulk of cancers are caused by random copying errors. The findings will be published March 24 in the journal Science. "It is ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Young Cancer Survivors Can Face Higher Risk of Pregnancy Complications

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 – Surviving a cancer when young may leave some women with another health issue: An increased risk for certain pregnancy complications. That's the conclusion of a new study of more than 15,000 births to teen and young adult women, aged 15 to 39, living in North Carolina. Those who were cancer survivors had a higher risk for preterm birth, cesarean delivery and low birth weight infants, the researchers said. "While we believe these findings are something women should be aware of, we still have a lot of work to do to understand why this risk is becoming apparent, and whether or not the children who are born preterm to these women go on to develop any health concerns," said study author Hazel Nichols. She's an assistant professor in the School of Global Public Health at the University of North Carolina. One ob/gyn said that, given the effects of cancer treatment, ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Cancer, Female Infertility, Delivery, Ovulation Induction, Premature Labor, Primary Ovarian Failure, Cesarean Section, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Helping Cancer Caregivers Help Themselves

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 22, 2017 – When people are diagnosed with cancer, it's easy to overlook the toll the disease also takes on their caregivers, say social workers who specialize in cancer care. Cancer can dramatically alter relationships, forcing parents to depend on their children, or independent people to rely on loved ones. Meanwhile, those who support cancer patients – such as spouses, partners, siblings, children or friends – tend to put their own needs on the back burner. Caregivers who keep their mind and body healthy, however, are able to provide better care for their loved ones, advise Lauren Kriegel and Autumn Banta, oncology social workers at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey. Finding the time and energy to take care of yourself may seem difficult while caring for someone with cancer, Kriegel and Banta pointed out in a Rutgers news release. However, there are ways ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer

Smoking Rates Drop After Global Tobacco Treaty

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 22, 2017 – After 180 countries agreed to a global tobacco control treaty in 2005, there was a 2.5 percent decrease in smoking worldwide during the next decade, a new study shows. All of the participating countries agreed to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Signing countries committed to introducing policies such as high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces. They also agreed to warning labels, advertising bans, and support for smoking cessation services. "The study provides strong evidence that the FCTC has led to a significant increase in the implementation of tobacco control measures," said study co-author Geoffrey Fong, professor of psychology and health studies at the University of Waterloo in Canada. He and his colleagues reviewed data from 116 countries that signed the treaty and 10 that didn't. Overall, smoking ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, Nicotrol NS, ProStep

Family History of Colon Cancer Calls for Earlier Screening

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 21, 2017 – If you've got a family history of colon or rectal cancers, you probably need to start screening for these conditions before you turn 50, a cancer expert says. People with a close relative who has had colon or rectal cancer have a greater risk of being diagnosed with these cancers too, said Dr. Walter Koltun, chief of colon and rectal surgery at the Penn State Health Hershey Medical Center in a hospital news release. "A significant portion of the population does have those risk factors," Koltun said. "And their risk goes up significantly depending on who has been affected." If more than one close relative has had colon or rectal cancer, your risk of getting such a cancer is 12 times greater, he added. People who are diagnosed with colon or rectal cancers at a young age are more likely to have a genetic trait that could increase their risk for the disease. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Crohn's Disease, Prostate Cancer, Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, History - Radiation Therapy

Seniors With Brain Cancer May Have Better Treatment Option

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – Combined chemotherapy and radiation treatment appears to extend the lives of older patients with brain cancer, new research finds. The study involved more than 560 older patients with glioblastoma, the most common malignant brain cancer in adults. The average age of disease onset is 65 and there is no cure, according to the study. On average, patients who received the chemotherapy pill temozolomide plus a short course of radiation therapy survived two months longer than those who underwent radiation alone, an international team of researchers found. And, many patients in the combination treatment group survived nearly 14 months – about twice that compared to those who received radiation alone, the researchers reported. "Everyone benefited to a varying degree," said co-principal investigator Dr. Normand Laperriere. "There has been no clear standard of care ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Temodar, Diagnosis and Investigation, Malignant Glioma, Temozolomide

Another Obesity Downside: Higher Esophageal Cancer Risk

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 15, 2017 – Overweight 20-somethings dramatically increase their risk of esophageal and stomach cancer if they become obese later in life, a new study suggests. The research indicated that people who were overweight in their 20s had a 60 percent to 80 percent increased risk of developing these cancers, compared with those who maintained a normal weight throughout their life, researchers said. And those who then gained more than 40 pounds by age 50 doubled their risk of esophageal cancer and moderately increased their risk for stomach cancer, the study found. But, it was those individuals who progressed from overweight at age 20 to obese at age 50 and older who had three times or more increased risk for esophageal and stomach cancer, the study found. "These findings underscore the potential of weight control programs for decreasing the likelihood of developing esophageal ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Erosive Esophagitis, Esophageal Disease, Stomach Cancer, Esophageal Carcinoma

Is Radiation Therapy Overused in Breast Cancer Care?

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – More than half of older American women with early breast cancer may get more radiation therapy than needed, which significantly boosts medical costs, a new study indicates. Analyzing 2011 data on breast cancer patients, researchers estimated $164 million could have been saved by ordering a shorter radiation course. "Women who were eligible for shorter radiation courses or omission of radiation were still often receiving longer and more costly radiation courses," said study leader Dr. Rachel Greenup. She's an assistant professor of surgery at Duke University Medical Center Cancer Institute in Durham, N.C. However, Greenup and other experts said the study results might not be applicable to today because more women are receiving shorter courses of radiation than in 2011. For the study, Greenup's team used data on 43,000 breast cancer patients age 50 and older ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Tamoxifen, Breast Cancer - Adjuvant, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Nausea/Vomiting - Radiation Induced, History - Radiation Therapy, Tamoxifen Hexal, Nolvadex, Soltamox, Tamone, Tamoxen, Genox, Nolvadex D, Tamofen, Tamosin, Emblon

'No One Dies Alone' Program Offers Comfort at Life's End

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 14, 2017 – Millions of older Americans live out their final hours alone in a hospital bed. But at some hospitals, a comforting presence at a patient's bedside is considered essential end-of-life medicine. So, if there are no friends or loved ones to keep vigil, a volunteer might fill the void. "It's amazing how much just having someone hold a hand makes a difference," said Rebecca Hixson, a registered nurse at Vanderbilt Hospital Medical Center in Nashville. Americans are living longer, with more seniors living alone – and dying alone. They may be single, childless, or getting treatment long distances away from their loved ones. A trauma patient who was flown to the Vanderbilt medical center is a case in point. "His family lived two states away. Once they left, they didn't have the money for gas to come back," said Hixson, clinical staff leader in the hospital's ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative

Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors Face Risk of Second Cancer: Study

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – The risk of developing a second type of cancer may be high among Hodgkin lymphoma survivors, especially those with a family history of cancer. That's the finding of a new European study in which researchers examined data from more than 9,500 Hodgkin lymphoma patients. Hodgkin lymphoma, once known as Hodgkin's disease, is a cancer that starts in the white blood cells called lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are part of the immune system, according to the American Cancer Society. "The vast majority of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma are cured with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy," said study author Amit Sud, a clinical research fellow at the Institute of Cancer Research in London. "Our research has shown that these patients are at substantially increased risk of a second cancer later in life – and particularly if they have a family history of cancer," Sud ... Read more

Related support groups: Blood Disorders, Cancer, Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Analysis of GOP Health Plan Coming Soon

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 13, 2017 – The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) may soon answer key questions about costs and coverage under the Republicans' plan for replacing the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. In a report due out as early as Monday, the CBO is expected to show that fewer Americans will have insurance, Republicans acknowledge, despite President Donald Trump's assertion that no one would lose their coverage, according to various news reports. Republican leaders say their proposal is designed to fix many aspects of what they call the failure of Obamacare, including escalating premiums and deductibles, and fewer insurance plans from which to choose. The Congressional Budget Office provides Congress with nonpartisan analyses for economic and budget decisions, and with estimates required for the Congressional budget process. The CBO report is likely to provide ammunition to ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Cure Found for Cancer Killing Endangered Tasmanian Devils

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 10, 2017 – Immunotherapy seems to cure endangered Tasmanian devils of a deadly disease, a new study indicates. Researchers used immunotherapy on animals with golf ball-sized tumors caused by devil facial tumor disease (DFTD). Over three months, the tumors gradually shrank and then disappeared. "This is almost a Eureka moment for us because it's the first time we can say for sure that it was the immunotherapy that was making the tumor shrink," said study leader Greg Woods, a professor of immunology at the University of Tasmania. In 2015, the research team showed that the devils' immune system could attack DFTD. The new study shows that the immune system is its best weapon against the disease, according to Woods. "This is an important step along the way to developing a vaccine to protect against DFTD and potentially for immunotherapy to cure devils of established DFTD," he ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer

New Health Care Bill Clears House Committee

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 9, 2017 – A House panel cleared the Republicans' plan to replace the Affordable Care Act early Thursday morning amid growing backlash from consumer and medical groups that oppose the GOP plan. Following a marathon session, the House Ways and Means committee approved the plan, rejecting a variety of Democratic amendments along the way. House Ways and Means Chairman Kevin Brady (R-Texas) said the legislation would "help Americans finally have access to affordable health care." Meanwhile, the Energy and Commerce Committee continued to debate the measure. As the bill winds its way through the House, opposition continues to grow. Seven major hospital groups have joined major physician and consumer organizations in opposing the GOP replacement plan. In a letter to Congress, hospital groups, including the American Hospital Association, warned that the proposal is likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Obamacare's Medicaid Expansion Cut Medical Bill Worries, Study Finds

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 8, 2017 – People living in states that expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) are less likely to be uninsured or struggling with the strain of unpaid medical bills, a new study finds. The study is the latest to examine the impact of expanding Medicaid, the public health insurance program for low-income Americans. To date, 31 states plus the District of Columbia have expanded Medicaid under the ACA, also known as Obamacare. States were allowed to decide whether to implement that provision of the health law after a 2012 U.S. Supreme Court ruling made it optional. "Low-income adults in expansion states do appear to be better off after the Medicaid expansion," said study co-author Laura Wherry, an assistant professor of medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine. By the second year of expansion, fewer low-income ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

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