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Related terms: Brain Cancer, Brain Tumor, metastatic, Cancer, Brain, Intracranial Tumors

Cancer Patients in Poorer Countries Often Go Without Radiation

Posted 2 Oct 2016 by

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 – Many cancer patients in low- and middle-income nations who would benefit from radiation treatment don't receive it, a new study finds. "In Ghana and the Philippines, for example, about eight in 10 cancer patients who need radiation therapy will not receive needed treatment," said study co-author Dr. Elena Fidarova, a researcher at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria. She and her colleagues analyzed data from nine nations: Costa Rica, Ghana, Malaysia, the Philippines, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Tunisia and Uruguay. Overall, about five out of 10 cancer patients in these countries require radiation therapy to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells. But up to half of them do not have access to it, the researchers found. In individual nations, the rates of patients who can benefit from radiation therapy but do not receive it ranged from 18 to 82 ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Bladder Cancer, History - Radiation Therapy

Childhood Cancer Death Rates Continue to Fall: CDC

Posted 16 Sep 2016 by

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – The number of U.S. children who die from cancer has fallen 20 percent since 1999, and leukemia is no longer the top killer, a new federal government report shows. The decline continues a trend that began back in the 1970s, experts said. What's new is that leukemia – the most common type of childhood cancer – is no longer the leading cause of cancer deaths. Survival among children with leukemia has improved to the degree that brain cancer now tops the list. "It had been leukemia for decades, but only recently has there been this switch," said lead researcher Sally Curtin, who is with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). It's not that deaths from childhood brain cancer are rising, according to Curtin. Instead, the rate has remained stubbornly stable, while leukemia deaths keep declining, she ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Hairy Cell Leukemia, Leukemia, Brain Tumor

Strides Made in Treating Childhood Cancer: Report

Posted 11 Sep 2016 by

FRIDAY, Sept. 9, 2016 – Significant progress has been made in treating childhood cancers, but more needs to be done to fight tougher cancers and protect the long-term health of survivors, a new report says. In 2016, more than 14,600 children aged 19 and younger will be diagnosed with some form of pediatric cancer, and 1,850 will die, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS), which compiled the report with the Alliance for Childhood Cancer. "The numbers here tell a compelling story," said Katherine Sharpe, senior vice president of patient and caregiver support at the ACS. "We have seen significant progress when it comes to developing effective treatments for a variety of pediatric cancer sites and ultimately saving lives," she said in an ACS news release. "But when we expand our view to look at all pediatric cancers, as well as long-term health and survival, it becomes clear that ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Leukemia, Brain Tumor, Neuroblastoma

Health Insurance Status May Affect Cancer Patients' Survival

Posted 8 Aug 2016 by

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2016 – Two large studies suggest that surviving certain cancers in America could depend on your health insurance status. Despite improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment, patients who were uninsured or had Medicaid coverage were more likely to suffer worse outcomes, compared with people who have other forms of health insurance, the studies found. People who were uninsured or relied on Medicaid were diagnosed at a later stage, received sub-optimal treatment and had shorter survival, the findings showed. In the case of testicular cancer, they were at greater risk of death from their disease than patients with other insurance, the researchers found. The findings, published online Aug. 8 in the journal Cancer, add to evidence linking poor outcomes and inadequate health insurance. Dr. Christopher Sweeney, a medical oncologist at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic

New Guidelines Issued for Cancer Patients' Post-Treatment Pain

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 – More people are surviving cancer, but many are left with persistent pain after treatment. New guidelines from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recommend that doctors routinely screen for such pain. The guidelines also advise doctors to consider the use of non-traditional treatments for pain. These include hypnosis, meditation and medical marijuana where it's legal. ASCO also cautioned doctors to assess patients' risk for overuse of opioid painkillers. "Many oncologists and primary care physicians are not trained to recognize or treat long-term pain associated with cancer," guideline panel co-chair Judith Paice said in an ASCO news release. "This guideline will help clinicians identify pain early and develop comprehensive treatment plans, using a broad range of approaches," she said. Advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment have led to a record ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, Cancer, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Fentanyl, Morphine, Codeine, Lortab, Tylenol, Chronic Pain, Opana, Ibuprofen, Subutex

Some Brain Cancer Patients Have Radiation Options: Study

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 – For some brain cancer patients, pinpoint radiation of tumors, known as stereotactic radiosurgery, appears to do less damage to mental abilities than whole brain radiation, a new study finds. Neither technique cures cancer that has spread to the brain, but both temporarily stop tumors from growing and equally extend survival, researchers said. Stereotactic radiosurgery is nonsurgical radiation that precisely targets tumor areas. When just a few lesions exist, this directed type of radiation appears to provide a better quality of life by not altering short-term memory and thinking skills, the study found. "We now have a better understanding of the toxicity of whole brain radiation, and we know that the toxicity of whole brain radiation is worse for patients than the recurrence of their cancer," said lead researcher Dr. Paul Brown, from the department of radiation ... Read more

Related support groups: Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Malignant Glioma, History - Radiation Therapy, Angioblastoma

Cancer Patients, Doctors Often Disagree About Prognosis

Posted 15 Jul 2016 by

FRIDAY, July 15, 2016 – Cancer patients and their doctors often hold different opinions about the patient's chances for survival and how long he or she might live, according to a new study. And, in many cases, patients are unaware there's any misunderstanding. "First, some patients might know the doctor's prognosis estimate but the patient chooses to disagree, often because they believe other sources. And second, some patients think that their doctor agrees with their opinion about prognosis but, in fact, the doctor doesn't," said study co-author Dr. Ronald Epstein. He is a professor of family medicine, psychiatry and oncology at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York. For the study, researchers asked 236 patients with advanced cancer about their prognosis. The 38 doctors who treated them independently said they would "not have been surprised" if their patients died ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Ovarian Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Cervical Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Brain Tumors More Common in Better Educated, Wealthier Folks: Study

Posted 21 Jun 2016 by

MONDAY, June 20, 2016 – People who have a college education, a professional career or a big paycheck may be more likely to be diagnosed with a brain tumor than people who are less well-off or not as educated, a new study reports. Medical data for more than 4.3 million residents of Sweden revealed that people with higher education or better jobs were more likely to be found with one of three types of brain tumor – glioma, meningioma or acoustic neuroma. However, this doesn't necessarily mean that achievement in life increases the risk of brain tumors, said lead researcher Amal Khanolkar, a research associate with University College London's Institute of Child Health. People with money or a better education might be better able to notice something's wrong with their health. "People with higher education are perhaps more likely to detect symptoms and seek medical care earlier on," ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme

Extensive Surgery Best for an Aggressive Brain Cancer: Study

Posted 16 Jun 2016 by

THURSDAY, June 16, 2016 – When it comes to battling a particularly aggressive form of brain tumor, more extensive surgeries may be best to boost patient survival, researchers have concluded. The brain cancer – called glioblastoma multiforme – is often treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. However, the ideal combination of treatments for this cancer isn't clear. One expert said glioblastoma surgeries are especially complicated. "Since this tumor infiltrates normal brain and is often indistinguishable from it, it is difficult to know where the tumor ends and normal brain begins," explained Dr. Raj Narayan, a neurosurgeon who reviewed the new study findings. "Therefore, an aggressive effort to remove 'all' of the tumor runs the risk of causing increased neurological deficits such as paralysis and loss of speech," said Narayan, who is chair of neurosurgery at North ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme

Cancer's Heavy Financial Burden

Posted 8 Jun 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, June 8, 2016 – Many cancer patients can't afford to see their doctor or take the medications they've been prescribed, a new study finds. And the problem will likely only get worse as the cost of cancer treatments continues to rise, the study authors said. "You can prescribe the best drug in the world, but if patients can't afford it and they can't get it, then it won't be effective," said study author Dr. Greg Knight. He is chief fellow with the University of North Carolina School of Medicine's division of hematology and oncology. "We saw a significant portion of patients in our study who were stretching their prescriptions or not coming to the doctor's office," Knight said in a university news release. The researchers reviewed survey results from nearly 2,000 patients at the N.C. Cancer Hospital in Chapel Hill, N.C. The participants were all 18 and older, and had been ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Gleevec, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Votrient, Brain Tumor, Avastin, Tarceva, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Tasigna, Sutent, Ovarian Cancer, Sprycel, Endometrial Cancer, Afinitor, Herceptin, Nausea/Vomiting - Chemotherapy Induced

Brain Cancer Treatment Shows Promise in Early Trial

Posted 1 Jun 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, June 1, 2016 – An experimental viral treatment may extend the lives of patients with a hard-to-treat brain cancer, researchers say. For the phase 1 study, patients with recurrent glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive brain tumor, were injected with an engineered virus. Survival was 13.6 months among 43 patients treated with the viral therapy, compared with 7.1 months for patients who did not receive the new therapy, according to the study. "For the first time, this clinical data shows that this treatment, used in combination with an antifungal drug, kills cancer cells and appears to activate the immune system against them while sparing healthy cells," said study co-leader Dr. Timothy Cloughesy. He is director of the neuro-oncology program at the University of California, Los Angeles. "This approach also has potential in additional types of the disease, such as ... Read more

Related support groups: Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Diagnosis and Investigation, Malignant Glioma, Head Imaging

NIH Experts Cast Doubt on Rat Study Linking Cellphones, Tumors

Posted 27 May 2016 by

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 – Experts at the U.S. National Institutes of Health are questioning the validity of a widely reported study in rats that linked cellphone radiation to tumors. The study, released Friday by the federal government's National Toxicology Program (NTP), found "low incidences" of two types of tumors in male rats exposed to the type of radio frequencies emitted by cellphones, the Wall Street Journal reported. The two types of tumors were glioma brain cancer and benign schwannomas of the heart, according to the $25 million study that is one of the largest and most comprehensive to assess the health impacts of cellphones. "Given the widespread global usage of mobile communications among users of all ages, even a very small increase in the incidence of disease resulting from exposure to [radio-frequency radiation] could have broad implications for public health," according ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Malignant Glioma

Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths

Posted 26 May 2016 by

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 – The 2008 global economic crisis has been linked to a sharp rise in deaths from cancer, a new study reports. Unemployment and cuts in public health-care spending were associated with more than 260,000 additional cancer deaths by 2010. Most of those deaths – 160,000 – were in the European Union, the researchers said. The study included 70 countries and a total of more than 2 billion people, according to the report published online May 25 in The Lancet. "Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, so understanding how economic changes affect cancer survival is crucial," lead author Dr. Mahiben Maruthappu, of Imperial College London, said in a journal news release. "We found that increased unemployment was associated with increased cancer mortality, but that universal health coverage protected against these effects. This was especially the case for treatable ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Researchers Find 8 Immune Genes in Aggressive Brain Cancer

Posted 25 May 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 – Researchers have identified immune genes that may affect how long people live after diagnosis with a common type of brain cancer. If confirmed in other studies, the researchers say their findings could lead to improved treatment in the future. The type of brain cancer in the study is glioblastoma multiforme, a fast-growing tumor. People with this type of cancer survive an average of less than two years, even after treatment with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, the study authors said. "We've had luck with other types of cancer in removing the brakes on the immune system to allow it to fight the tumors, but this has not been the case with glioblastoma," said study author Dr. Anhua Wu, of First Hospital of China Medical University in Shenyang, China. "If our discovery of these genes is validated in other studies, we could use this 'gene signature' to ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Brain Tumor, Nausea/Vomiting - Chemotherapy Induced, Head & Neck Surgery, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Diagnosis and Investigation, Malignant Glioma, Head Imaging

Too Many Advanced Cancer Patients Lack Info About Their Disease

Posted 23 May 2016 by

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Many patients battling advanced cancer lack basic information about their prognosis or treatment, meaning they can't make informed decisions about their care, a small new study suggests. "These were people with highly lethal metastatic cancers that had progressed after at least one prior line of chemotherapy; their life expectancy was approximately four months from our interview," said lead researcher Dr. Holly Prigerson. She is a professor of geriatrics at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. "We were astonished to learn that only 5 percent of this sample had sufficient knowledge about their illness to make informed decisions about their care," Prigerson said in a Weill Cornell news release. The findings highlight the need for doctors to improve communication with these patients, she said. In the study, Prigerson's team compared 178 advanced cancer patients' ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

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