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Bacterial Infection News

Related terms: Infection, Bacterial

Gene Test Might Quickly ID Baby's Infection

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 – A quick genetic test might one day help doctors determine within hours whether a baby's fever is from a virus or a serious bacterial infection. "Doctors have great difficulty in distinguishing whether a child with a high fever has a bacterial or viral infection on clinical features alone," said Dr. Michael Levin. He is a professor of pediatrics and international child health at Imperial College London in England. "As a result, thousands of children each day worldwide undergo investigations to rule out bacterial infection and are generally treated with antibiotics while the results are awaited," said Levin. While viral infections generally resolve without treatment, bacterial infections can be life-threatening, so it's important to identify and treat them. But antibiotic overuse has led to a problem called antibiotic resistance – bacteria that don't respond to ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Fever, Bacterial Infection, Viral Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation

FDA Medwatch Alert: Oxacillin for Injection, USP, 10g by Sagent: Recall - Iron Oxide Particulate Matter

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

ISSUE: Sagent Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced the voluntary nationwide recall of one lot of Oxacillin for Injection, USP, 10 g (NDC 25021-163-99) Lot OXT512 (Exp. Date March 2017) manufactured by Astral SteriTech Private Limited and distributed by Sagent. Sagent initiated this recall to the user level due to the receipt of a product complaint for a single vial containing small, dark particulate matter found within the solution after reconstitution. The particulate matter has been identified as iron oxide. If metal particulate in an injectable product is administered to a patient, it may result in local swelling, irritation of blood vessels or tissue, or blockage of blood vessels. Blockage of blood vessels can lead to serious events, which may be life-threatening, such as stroke, heart attack, respiratory failure, kidney failure, or liver failure. BACKGROUND: The product is packaged in ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Oxacillin, Bactocill

FDA Medwatch Alert: Amikacin Sulfate Injection USP 500 mg/2 mL (250 mg/mL) and 1 Gram/4 mL (250 mg/mL) Vials by Teva: Recall - Glass Particulate Matter

Posted 3 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: Teva Pharmaceuticals announced a voluntary recall of seven lots of Amikacin Sulfate Injection USP, 500 mg/2mL (250 mg/mL) and 1 gram/4mL (250 mg/mL) vials due to the potential for the presence of glass particulate matter. The administration of a glass particulate, if present in an intravenous drug, may result in local irritation or swelling in response to the foreign material. More serious potential outcomes would include blockage and clotting in blood vessels, which may be life-threatening if a critical organ is affected. See the press release for a listing of affected lot numbers. BACKGROUND: Amikacin Sulfate Injection USP is used in the short-term treatment of serious infections due to susceptible strains of Gram-negative bacteria, and has also been shown to be effective in staphylococcal infections and may be considered as initial therapy under certain conditions in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Amikacin, Amikin, Amikin Pediatric

Humans Can Pass Staph Germs to Monkeys

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 29, 2016 – A new study finds that monkeys can acquire Staphylococcus aureus bacteria from people. Many deadly diseases in people originally came from animals, but this study shows that dangerous pathogens can also move from people to animals, the researchers said. The investigators discovered that certain strains of S. aureus in green monkeys in The Gambia were acquired from humans. Most of the human-to-monkey transmission likely occurred 2,700 years ago. But two of the S. aureus transfers occurred about 30 years ago and about seven years ago, the findings showed. Those recent transmissions are likely the result of human encroachment into the monkeys' natural habitat, and probably resulted from bacteria transferred from human hands to food that was fed to monkeys, according to the study authors. "Although wild, these monkeys are very acclimated to humans, who often feed ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation

New Antibiotic Discovered in the Nose

Posted 29 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

A new antibiotic has been discovered in people's noses. German researchers analyzed germs that inhabit the human body and found that about 30 percent of people had Staphylococcus aureus bacteria in their noses, but 70 percent did not, the Associated Press reported. Those without S. aureus have another type of bacteria – Staphyloccus lugdunensis – in the nose that produces an antibiotic that keeps S. aureus in check, according to the study published online in the journal Nature. The scientists isolated this antibiotic, which they call lugdunin, and found that it was effective in treating mice whose skin was infected with S. aureus, the AP reported. Lugdunin may offer a new way to fight antibiotic-resistant staph bacteria, one of the superbugs that pose a major health threat worldwide. Tests of lugdunin in humans have yet to be conducted. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation

FDA Medwatch Alert: Fluoroquinolone Antibacterial Drugs for Systemic Use: Drug Safety Communication - Warnings Updated Due to Disabling Side Effects

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: FDA approved changes to the labels of fluoroquinolone antibacterial drugs for systemic use (i.e., taken by mouth or by injection). Includes the following currently available fluoroquinolones: Avelox (moxifloxacin) Cipro (ciprofloxacin) Cipro extended-release (ciprofloxacin extended-release) Factive (gemifloxacin) Levaquin (levofloxacin) Ofloxacin (generic brand) These medicines are associated with disabling and potentially permanent side effects of the tendons, muscles, joints, nerves, and central nervous system that can occur together in the same patient. As a result, FDA revised the Boxed Warning, FDA’s strongest warning, to address these serious safety issues. In addition, FDA updated other parts of the drug label including the Warnings and Precautions and Medication Guide sections. FDA has determined that fluoroquinolones should be reserved for use in patients who have no o ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Pneumonia, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Factive, Floxin, Plague, Cipro XR, Anthrax, Cipro IV, Floxin IV

FDA Updates Warnings for Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Posted 26 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

July 26, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved safety labeling changes for a class of antibiotics, called fluoroquinolones, to enhance warnings about their association with disabling and potentially permanent side effects and to limit their use in patients with less serious bacterial infections. “Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully,” said Edward Cox, M.D., director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “It’s important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of fluoroquinolones and make an informed decision about their use.” Fluoroquinolones are antibiotics that kill or stop the growth of bacteria. While these drugs are effective in treating serious bacterial infections, an FDA safety review found that both oral and inj ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Pneumonia, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Factive, Floxin, Plague, Cipro XR, Anthrax, Cipro IV, Floxin IV

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Detected in Sewage Spill

Posted 22 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 – Sewer line breaks can release antibiotic-resistant bacteria that pose a public health threat, a new study says. Consider the 2014 sewer line break in St. Petersburg, Fla., that released 500,000 gallons of untreated wastewater into neighborhoods and Boca Ciega Bay. University of South Florida researchers who did follow-up testing of soil and water said they detected genes from vancomycin-resistant bacteria for nearly two weeks after the sewer line break. One of those genes is capable of transferring vancomycin resistance to other strains of bacteria. Vancomycin, considered an antibiotic of last resort, is used to treat serious infections that don't respond to other antibiotics, the researchers noted. "While we have known that raw sewage contains many disease-causing bacteria, this experience tells us that sewage and fecal pollution also carry vancomycin-resistant ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Adjunct to Antibiotic Therapy

2nd U.S. Case of Bacteria Resistant to Last-Resort Antibiotic

Posted 12 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 – Scientists have identified a second patient in the United States who was infected with a bacteria that is resistant to an antibiotic of last resort. The new case involved a patient in New York, while the first reported case involved a woman from Pennsylvania. However, the New York patient was actually infected more than a year ago and the resistant bacteria was only spotted recently in lab testing. The Pennsylvania infection occurred last spring, researchers said. Both patients had E. coli with a gene called mcr-1, which makes bacteria resistant to the antibiotic colistin, the scientists explained. In the latest study, the researchers tested more than 13,500 strains of E. coli and nearly 7,500 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae collected from hospitals in North America, Latin America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region in 2015. The results showed that almost 2 ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection

Headed to the Pool? Protect Yourself From the Poop

Posted 10 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, July 9, 2016 – Swimming is a great way to cool off on a hot day, but beware of fecal contamination that can make you sick, an expert says. "The most common problems people get while swimming are intestinal infections, either bacterial or viral," said Dr. William Schaffner, chairman of the Department of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, in Nashville. Symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and sometimes fever. These symptoms occur several hours after infection, so people often don't realize they were infected while swimming. There are a number of ways to reduce the risk of such infections. Check the pool before you or your children get in. "Does it have clear and clean water? If not, you should reconsider getting in," Schaffner said in a medical center news release. Before going into a pool, always take a shower. Anyone who has had stomach ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Infectious Gastroenteritis, Traveler's Diarrhea

Can an Antibiotic Help You? Quick Test Might Someday Tell

Posted 9 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 – Health experts have long warned that antibiotics are overused, often prescribed for viral infections for which the drugs are useless. A quick blood test to determine whether an infection is viral or bacterial would help curb the problem – and scientists now say that test may come soon. One family physician believes the screen could be a great advance for patients. "It would reduce unnecessary antibiotic use – which, if it continues unchecked, will threaten entire populations of individuals because of growing antibiotic resistance," said Dr. Howard Selinger. He is chair of family medicine at Quinnipiac University's School of Medicine in Hamden, Conn. Such a blood test "would also have the advantage of helping patients avoid potentially dangerous and harmful antibiotic side effects," Selinger added. As explained by researchers at Stanford University in ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection

Health Tip: Protect Your Child's Sandbox

Posted 9 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

-- A sandbox is a fun way for your child to get creative outdoors. But it also can harbor germs. To help keep your child's sandbox safer, the American Academy of Pediatrics suggests: Use only natural river or beach sand. Cover the sandbox when not in use to keep animals and insects out. Let wet sand dry completely before covering. Rake sand regularly to get rid of clumps and debris. Keep pets out of the sandbox Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection

1 in 3 Hospitals in Developing World Lack Running Water

Posted 3 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, July 3, 2016 – Clean running water is essential for hospital sanitation, but a new report finds a third of hospitals in the developing world don't have it. "Running water is something we so take for granted and it doesn't exist in a third of hospitals in these countries," said study co-leader Dr. Adam Kushner, adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in Baltimore. He said some hospitals try to find a way around the problem, but hazards remain. "Some hospitals truck in water or collect it in rain barrels, with no guarantee of its cleanliness," Kushner said. "Without clean water, there is no way to clean surgeons' hands or instruments, wash gowns and sheets or clean wounds to prevent or reduce infections." His team examined 19 studies published between 2009 and 2015. The studies included data on water availability in 430 hospitals in 19 low- and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Viral Infection

New Test Help Detect Drug-Resistant Bacteria

Posted 1 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 30, 2016 – The Xpert Carba-R Assay diagnostic, which tests patient specimens for genetic markers associated with drug-resistant bacteria, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The test specifically looks for bacteria resistant to Carbapenem antibiotics, powerful drugs typically given in hospitals to treat severe infections. Standard methods require the organisms to be grown and tested in lab cultures, which can take four days or longer, the FDA said in a news release. However, the agency stressed the new test only determines the presence of certain genetic markers, not for the actual resistant bacteria. It advised that hospitals should continue to use culture-based testing to confirm findings from the new test. In two clinical studies involving more than 1,100 people, the new test was found to be as effective as culture-based testing in evaluating ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Skin and Structure Infection

FDA clears first test to detect specific genetic markers for certain antibiotic-resistant bacteria directly from clinical specimens

Posted 29 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

June 29, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today cleared for marketing the Xpert Carba-R Assay, an infection control aid that tests patient specimens to detect specific genetic markers associated with bacteria that are resistant to Carbapenem antibiotics. Carbapenem antibiotics are widely used in hospitals to treat severe infections. These resistant organisms are commonly referred to as Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, and have been reported in almost all states within the U.S. “By using a specimen taken directly from a patient to test for the presence of genetic markers, hospitals can more quickly identify these dangerous bacteria resistant to certain antibiotics,” said Alberto Gutierrez, M.D., director of the FDA’s Office of In Vitro Diagnostics and Radiological Health within the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. Current methods to identify colon ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Ertapenem, Meropenem, Invanz, Diagnosis and Investigation, Merrem, Cilastatin/Imipenem, Primaxin IM, Merrem Novaplus, Primaxin IV, Doribax, Doripenem

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