Prostate Cancer


The prostate is the male sex gland that helps make semen. It is about the size of a walnut and wraps around the urethra and the neck of the bladder. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the end of the penis. In most cases, prostate cancer is slow growing.



  • Hormone therapy: This medicine is used to decrease testosterone (male hormone) levels. Take as directed.

  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take this medicine.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your urologist or oncologist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Rest: Rest when you feel it is needed. Slowly start to do more each day. Return to your daily activities as directed.

  • Personal care: Learn how to do catheter care if you need a catheter to drain your urine. Ask for more information about catheter care. You may also have some urine leakage after prostate cancer treatment.

  • Sex: You may have problems with sex because of your prostate cancer. These problems usually do not last forever and most can be helped. Ask for more information on ways to help with these problems.

Contact your urologist or oncologist if:

  • You have a fever.

  • You feel you cannot cope with your illness.

  • You have blood in your urine or have trouble urinating.

  • You have pain that does not decrease or go away after you take your medicine.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have a blocked catheter or a problem with your catheter.

  • You suddenly feel lightheaded and short of breath.

  • You have chest pain when you take a deep breath or cough. You may cough up blood.

  • Your leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Prostate Cancer (Discharge Care)