Sucralfate

Pronunciation

Generic Name: sucralfate (soo-KRAL-fate)
Brand Name: Carafate

Sucralfate is used for:

Short-term (up to 8 weeks) treatment of certain intestinal ulcers. It is also used in patients that have had certain intestinal ulcers to prevent further development of more ulcers. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Sucralfate is a gastric protective agent. It works by forming a protective layer on the ulcer to serve as a barrier against acid, bile salts, and enzymes in the stomach.

Do NOT use sucralfate if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in sucralfate

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using sucralfate:

Some medical conditions may interact with sucralfate. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have kidney problems or are on dialysis, or you have blockage of the intestines or difficulty swallowing

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with sucralfate. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Citrate salts or medicines that contain aluminum (eg, certain antacids), specifically in patients with kidney disease, because side effects from aluminum buildup may occur
  • Penicillamine or thyroid hormones (eg, levothyroxine) because their effectiveness may be decreased by sucralfate.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if sucralfate may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use sucralfate:

Use sucralfate as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take sucralfate by mouth on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating.
  • Do not take an antacid for at least 30 minutes before or after taking sucralfate.
  • It may take 4 to 8 weeks for complete healing of your ulcer to occur. Continue to take sucralfate even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
  • Do not take sucralfate at the same time as other medicines. Take sucralfate at least 2 hours after other medicines. If you are not sure about the best time to take sucralfate, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • If you miss a dose of sucralfate, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use sucralfate.

Important safety information:

  • Sucralfate may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Take sucralfate with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
  • Sucralfate has aluminum in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has aluminum in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Use sucralfate with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
  • Sucralfate should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of taking sucralfate while you are pregnant. It is not known if sucralfate is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you take sucralfate, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of sucralfate:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; dizziness; lightheadedness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue; unusual hoarseness).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms of overdose may include indigestion, nausea, stomach pain, or vomiting.

Proper storage of sucralfate:

Store sucralfate at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep sucralfate out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about sucralfate, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Sucralfate is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take sucralfate or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about sucralfate. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to sucralfate. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using sucralfate.

Issue Date: September 3, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.003
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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