Amoxicillin/ clavulanate suspension
Generic Name: amoxicillin/clavulanate (a-MOX-i-SIL-in/KLAV-ue-lan-ate)
Brand Name: Examples include Amoclan and Augmentin
Amoxicillin/ clavulanate suspension is used for:
Treating infections caused by certain bacteria.
Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension is a penicillin antibiotic. It works by killing sensitive bacteria.
Do NOT use amoxicillin/ clavulanate suspension if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension or another penicillin antibiotic (eg, ampicillin)
- you have a history of liver problems or yellowing of the eyes or skin caused by amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension
- you have infectious mononucleosis (mono)
- you are taking a tetracycline antibiotic (eg, doxycycline)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using amoxicillin/ clavulanate suspension:
Some medical conditions may interact with amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of asthma, hay fever, or hives
- if you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, dizziness) to a cephalosporin (eg, cephalexin) or another beta-lactam antibiotic (eg, imipenem)
- if you have kidney problems, phenylketonuria, or gonorrhea
- if you have a history of liver problems or yellowing of the eyes or skin
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin) because the risk of bleeding may be increased
- Probenecid because it may increase the risk of amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension's side effects
- Chloramphenicol, macrolide antibiotics (eg, erythromycin), sulfonamides (eg, sulfamethoxazole), or tetracycline antibiotics (eg, doxycycline) because they may decrease amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension's effectiveness
- Methotrexate because the risk of its side effects may be increased by amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension
- Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) because their effectiveness may be decreased by amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use amoxicillin/ clavulanate suspension:
Use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension by mouth at the start of a meal to decrease the chance of stomach upset.
- Shake well before each use.
- Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
- To clear up your infection completely, take amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.
- If you miss a dose of amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension.
Important safety information:
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension may cause dizziness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension only works against bacteria; it does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold).
- Be sure to use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future.
- Long-term or repeated use of amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension may cause a second infection. Tell your doctor if signs of a second infection occur. Your medicine may need to be changed to treat this.
- Mild diarrhea is common with antibiotic use. However, a more serious form of diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) may rarely occur. This may develop while you use the antibiotic or within several months after you stop using it. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe diarrhea, or bloody stools occur. Do not treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor.
- Do not receive a live vaccine (eg, oral typhoid vaccine) while you are taking amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. Talk with your doctor before you receive any vaccine.
- Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control (eg, condoms).
- Some of these products contain phenylalanine. If you must have a diet that is low in phenylalanine, ask your pharmacist if it is in your product.
- Brown, yellow, or gray tooth discoloration has occurred rarely in some patients taking amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. It occurred most often in children. The discoloration was reduced or removed by brushing or dental cleaning in most cases. Contact your doctor if you experience this effect.
- Diabetes patients - Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension may cause the results of some tests for urine glucose to be wrong. Ask your doctor before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- Lab tests, including liver function, kidney function, and complete blood cell counts, may be performed if you use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension for a long period of time. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 3 months old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension while you are pregnant. Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of amoxicillin/ clavulanate suspension:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Diarrhea; nausea; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); behavior changes; bloody stools; confusion; dark urine; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent diarrhea; severe stomach pain or cramps; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual tiredness or weakness; vaginal discharge or irritation; white patches in the mouth or on the tongue; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include decreased urination; severe nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; stomach pain; unusual drowsiness.Proper storage of amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension:
Store amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension in the refrigerator, between 36 and 46 degrees F (2 and 8 degrees C). Do not freeze. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Throw away any unused medicine after 10 days. Keep amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- Do not use amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension for other health conditions.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold).
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about amoxicillin/clavulanate
- Amoxicillin and Clavulanate
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate chewable tablets
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate extended-release tablets
- Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium
- Amoxicillin and clavulanate (Advanced Reading)