Generic Name: aminocaproic acid (a-mee-noe-ka-PROE-ik)
Brand Name: Amicar
Aminocaproic acid is used for:
Preventing and treating severe bleeding in patients with medical conditions that cause blood clots to dissolve faster than normal and lead to severe bleeding, including hemophilia; aplastic anemia; lung, prostate, stomach and cervical cancer; cirrhosis; and certain complications of surgery.
Aminocaproic acid is an antifibrinolytic. It works by blocking the breakdown of blood clots.
Do NOT use aminocaproic acid if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in aminocaproic acid
- you are experiencing blood clots
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using aminocaproic acid:
Some medical conditions may interact with aminocaproic acid. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have upper urinary tract bleeding, kidney problems, liver problems, certain blood disorders (eg, hemophilia, uremia), blood clotting problems (active intravascular clotting), undiagnosed bleeding disorder, heart problems, or a history of seizures
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with aminocaproic acid. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Factor IX complex concentrates or anti-inhibitor coagulant concentrates because the risk of blood clots may be increased
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if aminocaproic acid may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use aminocaproic acid:
Use aminocaproic acid as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Aminocaproic acid may be taken with or without food.
- Do not miss any doses.
- If you miss a dose of aminocaproic acid, contact your doctor immediately.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use aminocaproic acid.
Important safety information:
- Aminocaproic acid may cause dizziness or changes in vision. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to aminocaproic acid. Using aminocaproic acid alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
- LAB TESTS, including creatine phosphokinase levels, may be performed to monitor your progress or to check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Aminocaproic acid is not recommended for use in CHILDREN. Safety and effectiveness have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you plan on becoming pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using aminocaproic acid during pregnancy. It is unknown if aminocaproic acid is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast feeding while you are using aminocaproic acid, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of aminocaproic acid:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Confusion; decreased vision; diarrhea; dizziness; fatigue or tiredness; general body discomfort; headache; lightheadedness; muscle aches or swelling; nausea; pain; ringing in the ears; stomach pain; stuffy nose; swelling; vomiting; watery eyes.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); delirium; fainting; fever; hallucinations; muscle pain or weakness; seizures; slow heartbeat; sore throat; stroke; sudden change in the amount of urine you are producing; swelling of ankles, feet, or hands; unusual bleeding or bruising.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include fainting; seizures; severe or unusual weakness; sudden change in amount of urine you produce.Proper storage of aminocaproic acid:
Store aminocaproic acid at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C), in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep aminocaproic acid out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about aminocaproic acid, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Aminocaproic acid is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take aminocaproic acid or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about aminocaproic acid. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to aminocaproic acid. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using aminocaproic acid.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.