Step 4: Read and complete the decision guide to learn more about your symptoms.
Based on your answers (you are age 45 or younger, joints other than your knee are not bothering you, your painful knee is swollen but there is no locking and/or giving way of the knee), there are a number of possible causes of knee pain. More than one may be present at the same time, including:
crystal-induced disease such as gout, especially if you are male
cartilage damage and/or ligament damage
isolated arthritis, as in spondyloarthropathy
infection, including Lyme disease.