Tolcapone Side Effects
Some side effects of tolcapone may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
For the Consumer
Applies to tolcapone: oral tablet
Along with its needed effects, tolcapone may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking tolcapone:Incidence not known
- Dark urine
- light-colored stools
- loss of appetite
- nausea (continuing)
- tenderness in upper right part of abdomen
- unusual drowsiness, dullness, or feeling sluggish
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- yellow eyes or skin
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur while taking tolcapone:More common
- Abdominal pain
- dizziness or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position
- hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there)
- nasal congestion (stuffy nose)
- runny nose
- sore throat
- trouble in sleeping
- twitching, twisting, or other unusual body movements
- Absence of or decrease in body movement
- blood in urine
- chest pain
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- loss of balance control
- muscle pain
- troubled breathing
- bloody or cloudy urine
- burning of feet
- burning, prickling, or tingling sensations
- chest discomfort
- difficult or painful urination
- difficulty in thinking or concentrating
- frequent urge to urinate
- joint pain, redness, or swelling
- low blood pressure
- muscle cramps
- neck pain
Some side effects of tolcapone may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- dryness of mouth
- excessive dreaming
- increased sweating
- difficulty in sleeping
- excessive muscle tone
- muscle stiffness
- muscle tension or tightness
- trouble in holding or releasing urine
After you stop using this medicine, it may still produce some side effects that need attention. During this period of time, check with your doctor immediately if you notice the following side effects:
- muscle rigidity
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to tolcapone: oral tablet
In general, tolcapone was well tolerated in clinical trials with most adverse events being mild to moderate in severity. Dyskinesia and other dopaminergic-related effects were the most frequently reported adverse events in patients with motor fluctuations. Diarrhea was the most common nondopaminergic adverse event, occurring in up to 26% of patients who received tolcapone, and necessitating discontinuation of treatment in approximately 5% to 10% of patients.
Hepatic side effects have included severe liver damage, including fulminant liver failure resulting in death. Three cases of fatal fulminant hepatic failure have been reported from more than 40,000 patient years of worldwide use. Increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) have also been reported.
Gastrointestinal side effects have included nausea (30% to 35%), anorexia (19% to 23%), diarrhea (16% to 18%), vomiting (8% to 10%), constipation (6% to 8%), xerostomia (5% to 6%), abdominal pain (5% to 6%), dyspepsia (3% to 4%), flatulence (2% to 4%), and dry mouth.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included dystonia (19% to 22%), muscle cramps (17% to 18%), stiffness (2%), arthritis (1% to 2%), and hypertonia (1%).
Respiratory side effects have included upper respiratory tract infection (5% to 7%), dyspnea (3%), and sinus congestion (1% to 2%).
Genitourinary side effects have included urine discoloration (2% to 7%), urinary tract infection (5%), and micturition disorder (1% to 2%).
Cardiovascular side effects have included chest pain (1% to 3%), hypotension (2%), chest discomfort (1% to 2%), and orthostatic symptoms.
A case report of vitiligo has been reported in a 50-year-old man with Parkinson's disease one week after the start of therapy with tolcapone 300 mg per day.
Dermatologic side effects have included dermal bleeding (1%), alopecia (1%), and increased sweating. At least one case of vitiligo has also been reported.
Oncologic side effects have included tumors of the skin (1%) and tumors of the uterus (1%).
Ocular side effects have included cataracts (1%) and inflamed eyes (1%).
Nervous system side effects have included dyskinesia (42% to 51%), sleep disorder (24% to 25%), excessive dreaming (16% to 21%), somnolence (14% to 18%), orthostatic complaints (17%), dizziness (6% to 13%), confusion (10% to 11%), headache (10% to 11%), hallucination (8% to 10%), syncope (4% to 5%), hyperkinesia (2% to 3%), paresthesia (1% to 3%), hypokinesia (1% to 3%), loss of balance (2% to 3%), mental deficiency (1%), agitation (1%), hyperactivity (1%), and neuroleptic malignant-like syndrome. Akathisia, insomnia and sleep disturbances have also been reported.
The neuroleptic malignant-like syndrome was reported in an elderly patient. It was caused by abrupt withdrawal of tolcapone.
Other side effects have included fatigue (3% to 7%), falling (4% to 6%), increased sweating (4% to 7%), influenza (3% to 4%), neck pain (2%), burning (1% to 2%), irritability (1%), malaise (1%), panic reaction (1%), euphoria (1%), and fever (1%).
More tolcapone resources
- tolcapone Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum)
- tolcapone MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- tolcapone Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- Tolcapone Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer)
- Tolcapone Monograph (AHFS DI)
- Tasmar Prescribing Information (FDA)
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