Dexamethasone Intensol Side Effects
Generic Name: dexamethasone
Note: This page contains information about the side effects of dexamethasone. Some of the dosage forms included on this document may not apply to the brand name Dexamethasone Intensol.
Not all side effects for Dexamethasone Intensol may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.
For the Consumer
Applies to dexamethasone: oral elixir, oral solution, oral tablet
In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by dexamethasone (the active ingredient contained in Dexamethasone Intensol). In the event that any of these side effects do occur, they may require medical attention.
You should check with your doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking dexamethasone:More common
- blurred vision
- decrease in the amount of urine
- fast, slow, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
- mental depression
- mood changes
- noisy, rattling breathing
- numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
- pounding in the ears
- shortness of breath
- swelling of the fingers, hands, feet, or lower legs
- trouble thinking, speaking, or walking
- troubled breathing at rest
- weight gain
- Abdominal cramping and/or burning (severe)
- abdominal pain
- bloody, black, or tarry stools
- cough or hoarseness
- darkening of skin
- decrease in height
- decreased vision
- dry mouth
- eye pain
- eye tearing
- facial hair growth in females
- fever or chills
- flushed, dry skin
- fruit-like breath odor
- full or round face, neck, or trunk
- heartburn and/or indigestion (severe and continuous)
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- loss of appetite
- loss of sexual desire or ability
- lower back or side pain
- menstrual irregularities
- muscle pain or tenderness
- muscle wasting or weakness
- pain in back, ribs, arms, or legs
- painful or difficult urination
- skin rash
- trouble healing
- trouble sleeping
- unexplained weight loss
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- vision changes
- vomiting of material that looks like coffee grounds
Some of the side effects that can occur with dexamethasone may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:More common
- Increased appetite
- Abnormal fat deposits on the face, neck, and trunk
- dry scalp
- lightening of normal skin color
- red face
- reddish purple lines on the arms, face, legs, trunk, or groin
- swelling of the stomach area
- thinning of the scalp hair
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to dexamethasone: compounding powder, inhalation aerosol with adapter, injectable solution, injectable suspension, intravenous solution, oral concentrate, oral liquid, oral tablet
Cardiovascular side effects have included bradycardia, cardiac arrest, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac enlargement, circulatory collapse, congestive heart failure, fat embolism, hypertension, myocardial rupture following recent myocardial infarction, edema, pulmonary edema, syncope, tachycardia, thromboembolism, thrombophlebitis and vasculitis.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included muscle weakness, steroid myopathy, loss of muscle mass, osteoporosis, vertebral compression fractures, aseptic necrosis of femoral and humoral heads, pathologic fracture of long bones, and tendon rupture.
Gastrointestinal side effects have included peptic ulcer with potential perforation and hemorrhage, perforation of small and large bowel, pancreatitis, abdominal distention, nausea, increased appetite, and ulcerative esophagitis.
Endocrine side effects have included development of cushingoid state, suppression of growth in children, and secondary adrenocortical and pituitary unresponsiveness.
Nervous system side effects have included convulsions, increased intracranial pressure with papilledema, vertigo, myalgia, arthralgia, malaise, headache, hiccups, and psychic disturbances.
Metabolic side effects have included negative nitrogen balance due to protein catabolism, decreased carbohydrate and glucose tolerance, weight gain, hirsutism, hypokalemic alkalosis, and increased requirements for insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetics.
Ocular side effects have included posterior subcapsular cataracts, increased intraocular pressure, glaucoma, and exophthalmos.
Dermatologic side effects have included impaired wound healing, thin fragile skin, petechiae and ecchymoses, dry scaly skin, erythema, acne, thinning scalp hair, urticaria, increased sweating, rash, striae, allergic dermatitis, urticaria, angioneurotic edema, and suppression of skin test reactions.
Psychiatric side effects have included euphoria, insomnia, mood swings, personality changes, severe depression, and psychotic manifestations.
Hematologic side effects have included rare reports of thromboembolism.
Genitourinary effects have included increase/decrease in motility and number of spermatozoa in men and menstrual irregularities in women.
Hepatic side effects have included reports of reversible hepatomegaly. Three case reports of children treated with high dose dexamethasone (the active ingredient contained in Dexamethasone Intensol) describe the earliest diagnosis of hepatomegaly as early as 8 days from the start of therapy.
Hypersensitivity side effects have included anaphylactoid reactions, anaphylaxis and angioedema.
Renal side effects have included fluid retention, sodium retention, and potassium loss,
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